John Connally

Last updated

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1960 United States presidential election</span> 44th quadrennial U.S. presidential election

The 1960 United States presidential election was the 44th quadrennial presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 8, 1960. In a closely contested election, Democratic United States Senator John F. Kennedy defeated the incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon, the Republican Party nominee. This was the first election in which fifty states participated, and the last in which the District of Columbia did not, marking the first participation of Alaska and Hawaii. This made it the only presidential election where the threshold for victory was 269 electoral votes. It was also the first election in which an incumbent president was ineligible to run for a third term because of the term limits established by the 22nd Amendment. This is the most recent election in which three of the four major party nominees for President and Vice-President were eventually elected President of the United States. Kennedy won the election, but was murdered in 1963 and succeeded by Johnson, who won re-election in 1964. Then, Nixon won the 1968 election to succeed Johnson who decided not to run for re-election that year. Of the four candidates, only Vice Presidential nominee Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. failed to succeed to the presidency. The election saw the first time that a candidate won the presidency while carrying fewer states than the other candidate, something that would not occur again until 1976.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1968 United States presidential election</span> 46th quadrennial U.S. presidential election

The 1968 United States presidential election was the 46th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 5, 1968. The Republican nominee, former vice president Richard Nixon, defeated the Democratic nominee, incumbent vice president Hubert Humphrey, and the American Independent Party nominee, former Alabama governor George Wallace.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Warren Commission</span> U.S. commission established by President Lyndon B. Johnson to investigate the Kennedy assassination

The President's Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy, known unofficially as the Warren Commission, was established by President Lyndon B. Johnson through Executive Order 11130 on November 29, 1963, to investigate the assassination of United States President John F. Kennedy that had taken place on November 22, 1963. The U.S. Congress passed Senate Joint Resolution 137 authorizing the Presidential appointed Commission to report on the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, mandating the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of evidence. Its 888-page final report was presented to President Johnson on September 24, 1964, and made public three days later. It concluded that President Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald and that Oswald acted entirely alone. It also concluded that Jack Ruby acted alone when he killed Oswald two days later. The Commission's findings have proven controversial and have been both challenged and supported by later studies.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hale Boggs</span> American politician (1914–1972)

Thomas Hale Boggs Sr. was an American Democratic politician and a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Orleans, Louisiana. He was the House majority leader and a member of the Warren Commission.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Assassination of John F. Kennedy</span> 1963 murder of the U.S. President

John F. Kennedy, the 35th president of the United States, was assassinated on Friday, November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. CST in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza. Kennedy was in the vehicle with his wife, Jacqueline, Texas Governor John Connally, and Connally's wife, Nellie, when he was fatally shot from the nearby Texas School Book Depository by Lee Harvey Oswald, a former US Marine. Governor Connally was seriously wounded in the attack. The motorcade rushed to Parkland Memorial Hospital, where Kennedy was pronounced dead about 30 minutes after the shooting; Connally recovered.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lloyd Bentsen</span> American politician (1921-2006)

Lloyd Millard Bentsen Jr. was an American politician who was a four-term United States Senator (1971–1993) from Texas and the Democratic Party nominee for vice president in 1988 on the Michael Dukakis ticket. He also served as the 69th United States Secretary of the Treasury under President Bill Clinton.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Single-bullet theory</span> Theory that President Kennedy and Governor Connally were both hit by same bullet in 1963 shooting

The single-bullet theory, often derided and discredited by referring to it as the magic-bullet theory, was introduced by the Warren Commission in its investigation of the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy to explain what happened to the bullet that struck Kennedy in the back and exited through his throat. Given the lack of damage to the presidential limousine consistent with it having been struck by a high-velocity bullet, and the fact that Texas Governor John Connally was wounded and was seated on a jumper seat 1+12 feet in front of and slightly to the left of the president, the Commission concluded they were likely struck by the same bullet.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ralph Yarborough</span> American politician in Texas (1903–1996)

Ralph Webster Yarborough was an American politician and lawyer. He was a Texas Democratic politician who served in the United States Senate from 1957 to 1971 and was a leader of the progressive wing of his party. Along with Senate Majority Leader Lyndon B. Johnson and Speaker of the House Sam Rayburn, but unlike most Southern congressmen, Yarborough refused to support the 1956 Southern Manifesto, which called for resistance to the racial integration of schools and other public places. Yarborough voted in favor of the Civil Rights Acts of 1957, 1960, 1964, and 1968, as well as the 24th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the confirmation of Thurgood Marshall to the U.S. Supreme Court. Yarborough was the only senator from a state that was part of the Confederacy to vote for all five bills.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Winton M. Blount</span> American industrialist and postmaster general

Winton Malcolm Blount Jr., known as Red Blount, was an American philanthropist and politician who served as the United States Postmaster General from January 22, 1969, to January 1, 1972. He founded and served as the chief executive officer of the large construction company, Blount International, based in Montgomery, Alabama.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Robert S. Strauss</span> American diplomat

Robert Schwarz Strauss was an influential figure in American politics, diplomacy, and law whose service dated back to future President Lyndon Johnson's first congressional campaign in 1937. By the 1950s, he was associated in Texas politics with the faction of the Democratic Party that was led by Johnson and John Connally. He served as the Chairman of the Democratic National Committee between 1972 and 1977 and served under President Jimmy Carter as the U.S. Trade Representative and special envoy to the Middle East. He later served as the Ambassador to Russia under President George H.W. Bush. Strauss also served as the last United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Timeline of the John F. Kennedy assassination</span>

This article considers the detailed timeline of events before, during, and after the assassination of John F. Kennedy, the 35th president of the United States.

The 1960 Democratic National Convention was held in Los Angeles, California, on July 11–15, 1960. It nominated Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts for president and Senate Majority Leader Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas for vice president.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1962 California gubernatorial election</span>

The 1962 California gubernatorial election was held on November 6, 1962. The Democratic incumbent, Pat Brown, ran for re-election against former U.S. vice president and 1960 Republican presidential nominee Richard Nixon. In his concession speech, Nixon accused the media of favoring his opponent Brown, stating that it was his "last press conference" and "You won't have Nixon to kick around any more." Six years later, Nixon was elected President of the United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nellie Connally</span> First Lady of Texas

Idanell Brill Connally was the First Lady of Texas from 1963 to 1969. She was the wife of John Connally, who served as Governor of Texas and later as Secretary of the Treasury.

John Luke Hill Jr. was an American lawyer, Democratic politician, and judge. He is the only person to have served as Secretary of State of Texas, Texas Attorney General, and Chief Justice of the Texas Supreme Court.

Democrats for Nixon was a campaign to promote Democratic support for the then-incumbent Republican President Richard Nixon in the 1972 presidential election. The campaign was led by the former Democratic governor of Texas, John Connally. Connally, who was serving as the United States Secretary of the Treasury, announced that he would be supporting Nixon for re-election and would spend his time until the elections working on behalf of the incumbent.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hubert Humphrey 1968 presidential campaign</span> United States presidential campaign

The 1968 presidential campaign of Hubert Humphrey began when Vice President of the United States Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota decided to seek the Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States following President Lyndon B. Johnson's announcement ending his own bid for the nomination. Johnson withdrew after an unexpectedly strong challenge from anti-Vietnam War presidential candidate, Senator Eugene McCarthy of Minnesota, in the early Democratic primaries. McCarthy, along with Senator Robert F. Kennedy of New York, became Humphrey's main opponents for the nomination. Their "new politics" contrasted with Humphrey's "old politics" as the increasingly unpopular Vietnam War intensified.

Clymer Lewis Wright Jr. was a Texas conservative political activist and journalist. He brought term limits to Houston municipal government and encouraged Ronald Reagan to run for president.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1972 United States presidential election in Texas</span> Election in Texas

The 1972 United States presidential election in Texas was held on November 7, 1972, as part of the 1972 United States presidential election. Incumbent Republican President Richard Nixon overwhelmingly won the state of Texas with 66.20% of the vote, to the Democratic Party candidate George McGovern’s 33.24%, thus giving him the state’s 26 electoral votes. This result made Texas 9.8% more Republican than the nation-at-large. This was the first time a Republican won the state of Texas since Texas-born Dwight D. Eisenhower won it in 1956.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1964 United States presidential election in Arkansas</span> Election in Arkansas

The 1964 presidential election in Arkansas was held on November 3, 1964 as part of the 1964 United States presidential election. State voters chose six electors, or representatives to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president. Incumbent President Lyndon B. Johnson won the state of Arkansas with 56.06% of the popular vote, which was a substantial increase upon John F. Kennedy's 50.19% from the preceding election, although the Republican vote remained virtually unchanged at 43.41%. Johnson won all but ten of Arkansas' seventy-five counties, and all four congressional districts. As of the 2020 presidential election, this is the last election in which Arkansas voted for a different candidate than neighboring Louisiana. Furthermore, with Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and South Carolina voting for Goldwater, Arkansas became the last Southern state to have never voted for a Republican candidate since Reconstruction.

References

  1. 1 2 Severo, Richard (June 16, 1993). "John Connally of Texas, a Power In 2 Political Parties, Dies at 76". The New York Times . Archived from the original on May 26, 2021. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
  2. "Former Texas Governor Dies". The Victoria Advocate. June 16, 1993. p. 5A. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
  3. Ashman, Charles (1974). Connally: The Adventures of Big Bad John. New York: William Morrow & Company. p. 62. ISBN   9780688002220.
  4. 1 2 Ashman 1974, pp. 70–71.
  5. Peppard, Alan (March 30, 2013). "JFK and Texas' John Connally shared a fateful day and fragile past". dallasnews.com. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
  6. Ashman 1974, pp. 74.
  7. Ashman 1974, pp. 89.
  8. Ashman 1974, pp. 90–91.
  9. Ashman 1974, pp. 95–96.
  10. "Nation: Talking in Texas". time.com. April 27, 1962. Archived from the original on October 20, 2007. Retrieved October 6, 2010.
  11. 1 2 Ashman 1974, p. 228.
  12. Ashman 1974, p. 37.
  13. Ashman 1974, p. 5.
  14. Election Statistics, Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections, Gubernatorial elections
  15. Robert C. Borden, "Bull of the Brazos dies: Moore was champion of Texas A&M," Bryan-College Station Eagle , May 28, 1999, pp. 1–3
  16. Ashman 1974, p. 109.
  17. 1 2 3 Barnes, Ben; Dickey, Lisa (2006). Barn Burning Barn Building: Tales of a Political Life from LBJ to George W. Bush and Beyond. Bright Sky Press. p. 189. ISBN   9781931721714.
  18. Ashman 1974, pp. 167.
  19. Warren Commission Hearings, 4 H 133.
  20. "HSCA Report, Volume VII: Entrance (inshoot) wound of the right lateral back (thorax)". Mary Ferrell Foundation. p. 138. Retrieved 27 January 2022.
  21. Thompson, Kyle (November 23, 1963). "Connally told of Kennedy's death". UPI . Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  22. Testimony of Gov. John Bowden Connally, Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 4, p. 133.
  23. Russel Kent, "The Wounding of Governor Connally --- Burying the Single Bullet Theory," The Education Forum, December 17, 2005. retrieved February 25, 2021 at about 3:47 AM EST.
  24. "Connally Says Oswald Acted Alone; Raps Warren Commission Critics". The Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. AP. November 24, 1966. p. 1. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  25. Posner, Gerald (1993). Case Closed: Lee Harvey Oswald and the Assassination of JFK . New York: Random House. p.  332. ISBN   0679418253. While he accepted the Commission's conclusions about Oswald being the lone assassin, he continued to insist that the first bullet fired did not strike him.
  26. Kansas State University website
  27. www.project-syndicate.org Archived 2006-05-29 at the Wayback Machine
  28. Ashman 1974, p. 246.
  29. Ashman 1974, p. 223, 246.
  30. Ashman 1974, p. 198, 240.
  31. Ashman 1974, p. 220.
  32. Ashman 1974, p. 246-249.
  33. ^ Bruce Schulman: The Seventies: The Great Shift in American Culture, Society, and Politics, Da Capo Press
  34. Ashman 1974, p. 271.
  35. Ashman 1974, p. 70.
  36. Johnson, Haynes; Witcover, Jules (January 26, 1973). "LBJ Buried in Beloved Texas Hills". The Washington Post. p. A1.
  37. Burka, Paul (November 1979). "The Truth About John Connally". texasmonthly.com. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
  38. Ashman 1974, pp. 284–285.
  39. "The Deseret News - Google News Archive Search".
  40. "Lewiston Evening Journal - Google News Archive Search".
  41. | AUG. 10, 1974 | Connally Pleads Not Guilty to Bribery, Perjury and Conspiracy in the Milk Case | ANTHONY RIPLEY |
  42. | JUNE 1975 | Not Guilty | The jury in John Connally's trial had been the only silent players on the courtroom stage. Now, while everyone else waited, they talked |
  43. Ron Calhoun, "Agnich to head area Connally group," Dallas Times-Herald , October 9, 1979
  44. Crespino, Joseph (2012-09-04). Strom Thurmond's America: A History. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN   978-1-4299-4548-6.
  45. 1 2 Cannon, Lou (26 March 1980). "Reagan Gains Connally Endorsement". Washington Post. Washington, District of Columbia. Retrieved 20 April 2016.
  46. "Adieu, Big John". Time . March 24, 1980. Archived from the original on November 25, 2010. Retrieved September 8, 2010.
  47. "JUDGE DENIES CONNALLY SUBPOENA IN TRIAL OF 3 ALLEGED MERCENARIES". The New York Times . June 14, 1981. Retrieved 13 August 2022.
  48. H., Gray, Walter (12 June 2010). "Connally, John Bowden Jr".
  49. Pearson, Richard (June 16, 1993). "FREEWHEELING TEXAS GOVERNOR JOHN CONNALLY DIES". Washington Post. ISSN   0190-8286. Archived from the original on May 29, 2021. Retrieved May 29, 2021.
  50. Smith, Matthew P. (June 19, 1993). "Wecht presses to recover Connally bullet fragments". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA USA. p. A-5. Retrieved March 21, 2015.
  51. George Lardner Jr. (June 18, 1993). "Connally Takes Bullet Pieces to Grave". Washington Post.
  52. Hearst Newspapers (June 18, 1993). "Connally Buried with Bullet Fragments". Orlando Sentinel.
  53. "Mourners pay last respects to former Texas Gov. John Connally". UPI. Retrieved 2021-05-29.
  54. "Governor Connally's Suit". tsl.texas.gov. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
  55. Garczyk, Michael (October 16, 2013). "Gov. John Connally's suit from JFK motorcade gets rare public display in Austin". dallasnews.com. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
  56. https://quote.org/author/john-connally-42293 [ bare URL ]
  57. https://www.highered.texas.gov/sites/thecb/assets/File/ConnallysChrgCB1.pdf [ bare URL PDF ]
John Connally
John Connally.jpg
Connally in 1961, as Secretary of the Navy
61st United States Secretary of the Treasury
In office
February 11, 1971 June 12, 1972
Political offices
Preceded by United States Secretary of the Navy
1961
Succeeded by
Preceded by Governor of Texas
1963–1969
Succeeded by
Preceded by United States Secretary of the Treasury
1971–1972
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Democratic nominee for Governor of Texas
1962, 1964, 1966
Succeeded by
New office Chair of the Democratic Governors Association
1965–1966
Succeeded by