Texas State University System

Last updated
The Texas State University System
Texas State University System seal.svg
Former names
  • State Normal School Board of Regents (1911–1923)
  • Board of Regents, State Teachers Colleges (1923–1965)
  • Board of Regents, State Senior Colleges (1965-1975)
Type State university system
Established1911
Budget$1.4 billion (system office and all institutions, fiscal year 2016) [1]
Chancellor Brian McCall
Students84,000 (Fall 2018) [2]
Address, , ,
78701
,
U.S.

30°16′17.6″N97°44′22.3″W / 30.271556°N 97.739528°W / 30.271556; -97.739528 Coordinates: 30°16′17.6″N97°44′22.3″W / 30.271556°N 97.739528°W / 30.271556; -97.739528
Colors Pewter, bronze, red, blue [3]
                   
Website www.tsus.edu
Texas State University System logo.svg

The Texas State University System (TSUS) was created in 1911 to oversee the state's normal schools. Since its creation it has broadened its focus and comprises institutions of many different scopes. [1] The other systems of state universities are the Texas A&M System, the Texas Tech System, the University of Houston System, the University of North Texas System, and the University of Texas System.

Normal school educational institution to train teachers

A normal school is the historical term for an institution created to train high school graduates to be teachers by educating them in the norms of pedagogy and curriculum. Most such schools, where they still exist, are now denominated "teacher-training colleges" or "teachers' colleges" and may be organized as part of a comprehensive university. Normal schools in the United States and Canada trained teachers for primary schools, while in continental Europe, the equivalent colleges educated teachers for primary, secondary and tertiary schools.

Texas A&M University System

The Texas A&M University System is a state university system in Texas and is one of the state's six independent university systems.

Texas Tech University System

The Texas Tech University System is a state university system in Texas consisting of four separate universities in the state of Texas, of which two are academic institutions: Angelo State University and Texas Tech University, and a health institutions: Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, with different campuses across the state. The System is headquartered in the Administration Building on the Texas Tech University campus in Lubbock, Texas.

Contents

The system is unique in Texas because it is the only horizontal state university system in Texas; the System does not have a flagship institution and considers each university to be equal partners receiving the same level of support from the system. [4] The TSUS is composed of four comprehensive universities offering baccalaureate and postgraduate degrees: Lamar University in Beaumont, Sam Houston State University in Huntsville, Sul Ross State University in Alpine, and Texas State University in San Marcos. The system also includes three two-year colleges offering associate degrees and professional certifications: Lamar Institute of Technology in Beaumont, Lamar State College-Orange in Orange, and Lamar State College-Port Arthur in Port Arthur. [4]

State university system group of public universities supported by an individual state in the United States

A state university system in the United States is a group of public universities supported by an individual state or a similar entity such as the District of Columbia. These systems constitute the majority of public-funded universities in the country. Each state supports at least one such system.

Bachelors degree Undergraduate academic degree

A bachelor's degree or baccalaureate is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study lasting three to seven years. In some institutions and educational systems, some bachelor's degrees can only be taken as graduate or postgraduate degrees after a first degree has been completed. In countries with qualifications frameworks, bachelor's degrees are normally one of the major levels in the framework, although some qualifications titled bachelor's degrees may be at other levels and some qualifications with non-bachelor's titles may be classified as bachelor's degrees.

Postgraduate education, or graduate education in North America, involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor's degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of higher education. In North America, this level is typically referred to as graduate school.

Angelo State University in San Angelo, Stephen F. Austin State University in Nacogdoches, Texas A&M University-Commerce in Commerce, Texas A&M University-Kingsville in Kingsville, West Texas A&M University in Canyon, and the University of North Texas in Denton were former members of the system. The Texas State University System saw its largest growth in 1995 when the Lamar University System with its four institutions was incorporated into the TSUS.

Angelo State University university

Angelo State University is a public university in San Angelo, Texas. It was founded in 1928 as San Angelo College. It gained university status and awarded its first baccalaureate degrees in 1967 and graduate degrees in 1969, the same year it took on its current name. It offers over 100 undergraduate programs and 34 graduate programs. It is the second-largest campus in the Texas Tech University System.

San Angelo, Texas City in Texas, United States

San Angelo is a city in and the county seat of Tom Green County, Texas, United States. Its location is in the Concho Valley, a region of West Texas between the Permian Basin to the northwest, Chihuahuan Desert to the southwest, Osage Plains to the northeast, and Central Texas to the southeast. According to a 2014 Census estimate, San Angelo has a total population of 100,450. It is the principal city and center of the San Angelo metropolitan area, which has a population of 118,182.

Stephen F. Austin State University public university located in Nacogdoches, Texas, United States

Stephen F. Austin State University (SFA) is a public university located in Nacogdoches, Texas, United States. Founded as a teachers' college in 1923 as a result of legislation authored by State Senator Wilfred Roy Cousins, Sr., the university was subsequently renamed after one of Texas's founding fathers, Stephen F. Austin. Its campus resides on part of the homestead of Thomas Jefferson Rusk. Stephen F. Austin is one of four independent public universities in Texas.

The Texas State University System is headquartered in Austin. The system is governed by a nine-member Board of Regents appointed by the governor of Texas. The administration is headed by a Board-appointed chancellor based in Austin.

Austin, Texas Capital of Texas

Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties. It is the 11th-most populous city in the United States and the 4th-most populous city in Texas. It is also the fastest growing large city in the United States, the second most populous state capital after Phoenix, Arizona, and the southernmost state capital in the contiguous United States. As of the U.S. Census Bureau's July 1, 2017 estimate, Austin had a population of 950,715 up from 790,491 at the 2010 census. The city is the cultural and economic center of the Austin–Round Rock metropolitan statistical area, which had an estimated population of 2,115,827 as of July 1, 2017. Located in Central Texas within the greater Texas Hill Country, it is home to numerous lakes, rivers, and waterways, including Lady Bird Lake and Lake Travis on the Colorado River, Barton Springs, McKinney Falls, and Lake Walter E. Long.

Governor of Texas head of state and of government of the U.S. state of Texas

The Governor of Texas is the head of the executive branch of Texas's government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor has the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Texas Legislature, and to convene the legislature. The governor may grant pardons in cases other than impeachment or in the case of treason, with permission by the legislature. The current Governor is Greg Abbott.

The system owns and manages a 9,269-acre (3,751 ha) property encompassing much of the Christmas Mountains located adjacent to Big Bend National Park in southern Brewster County. The remote tract is regulated under strict conservation easements ensuring preservation in its natural state. The property serves as an open-air classroom for the system's member institutions and a laboratory for their research efforts. [5]

The Christmas Mountains are a small range of mountains next to Big Bend National Park in Brewster County, Texas, United States. The highest peak is 5,728 feet (1,746 m) above sea level. The 9,270 acre tract is owned by the Texas State University System and is open to the public and to academic researchers studying the area's natural resources. The area's shallow, stony soils support oak, juniper, mesquite, chaparral, various cacti, and grasses.

Big Bend National Park U.S. national park located in Southern Texas, bordering Mexico

For the Texas State Park see Big Bend Ranch State Park.

Brewster County, Texas County in the United States

Brewster County is a county located in the western part of the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,232. Its county seat and only city is Alpine. The county is named for Colonel Henry Percy Brewster, a Secretary of War for the Republic of Texas.

History

The Texas Legislature established the State Normal School Board of Regents in 1911, which would later become the present-day Texas State University System, for the control and management of the state normal schools for white teachers. [6] The Board originally assumed authority over North Texas State Normal College (founded 1890), Sam Houston Normal Institute (1879), Southwest Texas Normal School (1899), and West Texas State Normal College (1909). [7]

Texas Legislature

The Legislature of the state of Texas is the state legislature of Texas. The legislature is a bicameral body composed of a 31-member Senate and a 150-member House of Representatives. The state legislature meets at the Capitol in Austin. It is a powerful arm of the Texas government not only because of its power of the purse to control and direct the activities of state government and the strong constitutional connections between it and the Lieutenant Governor of Texas, but also due to Texas's plural executive.

The Legislature authorized the establishment of Sul Ross Normal College [8] [9] and the purchase of the private East Texas Normal College, founded in 1889, in 1917 [10] That same year, the Legislature authorized the renaming of the system's normal schools to normal colleges. Political struggles for the creation of Stephen F. Austin Normal College and South Texas Normal College (Texas A&M-Kingsville) were resolved in 1921. [11] Further legislation in 1923 renamed the system's members again to state teachers colleges [12] while the Board was renamed the Board of Regents, State Teachers Colleges. [7] South Texas left the system in 1929 to be governed independently as Texas Arts and Industrial College (Texas A&I) before eventually joining the Texas A&M University System as Texas A&M-Kingsville. [13]

Sul Ross and West Texas received name changes in 1949 becoming Sul Ross State College and West Texas State College. [14] [15] North Texas would leave the system the same year becoming independently governed North Texas State College. [16] North Texas would later become the flagship campus of the University of North Texas System. Similar name changes would result in Southwest Texas State College in 1959 and Sam Houston State College in 1965. [7] West Texas State College became West Texas State University in 1963. [17]

The year 1965 also saw the incorporation of Angelo State College, founded as a junior college in 1928, into the system. With these changes, the Board became titled the Board of Regents, State Senior Colleges. All of the system's components had their names changed from state colleges to state universities in 1969 [7] [18] while East Texas (Texas A&M-Commerce) [19] and West Texas (West Texas A&M) [20] left the system entirely in 1969 to become independent before settling on their present affiliations with the Texas A&M University System. Stephen F. Austin left the system the same year [21] but continues to be an independent with its separate governing regents outside any of the state's other university systems.

Sul Ross established upper-division and post-graduate study centers in 1973 on campuses of Southwest Texas Junior College in Del Rio, Eagle Pass, and Uvalde.

The Legislature conferred upon the system in 1975 its present designation as the Texas State University System. Angelo State University was re-designated as a member along with Sam Houston State University, Southwest Texas State University, and Sul Ross State University. [7]

In the most transformative change to the TSUS in its history, the Lamar University System was abolished in 1995 and its four members were incorporated into the TSUS: Lamar University (founded 1923), Lamar Institute of Technology (1995), Lamar University-Orange (1969), and Lamar University-Port Arthur (1909). [7] [22]

Southwest Texas State opened an extension center in 1996 housed in temporary buildings adjacent to a Round Rock high school. After a 2004 land donation, the permanent Texas State University Round Rock Campus was opened in 2005. [23]

Sam Houston State opened The Woodlands University Center in 1998. The following year, the former Lamar campuses in Orange and Port Arthur were renamed Lamar State College-Orange and Lamar State College-Port Arthur.

In 2003, the Legislature changed the name of Southwest Texas State to Texas State University-San Marcos. The name was shortened to Texas State University in 2013. [7]

Angelo State University left the system to affiliate with the Texas Tech University System in 2007 in the most recent change in system membership. [24]

Sam Houston State operated an additional branch, the University Park Campus at Lone Star College–University Park near Tomball from 2011 [25] until it was discontinued at the beginning of 2016. [26]

Membership timeline
Lamar Institute of TechnologyLamar State College–OrangeLamar State College–Port ArthurLamar UniversityAngelo State UniversityTexas A&M University–KingsvilleStephen F. Austin State UniversitySul Ross State UniversityTexas A&M University–CommerceWest Texas A&M UniversityTexas State UniversityUniversity of North TexasSam Houston State UniversityTexas State University System

 TSUS members  Private institution  Public independent  Lamar Univ. component  Lamar System member 
 North Texas System member  Texas A&M System member  Texas Tech System member 

Administration

The Texas Legislature has delegated administrative power and authority over the Texas State University System in its Board of Regents including the organization, control, and management of the system and each of its component institutions including employing and discharging the presidents, officers, and other employees of each member institution. [27] :21–22

The Board consists of nine regents including its chair and vice chair. Members of the Board are appointed by the governor with Senate confirmation to staggered, six-year terms with three regents appointed every two years. In addition, a non-voting student regent is appointed annually. [28] The chair and vice chair of the Board of Regents are elected by the membership of the board to one-year terms. [27] :25

The chair of the Board of Regents is William F. Scott, who replaced Rossanna Salazar in 2018.

The chief executive officer of the university is the chancellor, who also serves as secretary to the Board of Regents without being a member of the Board. The chancellor is appointed without a fixed term by a majority of the Board of Regents and serves at the pleasure of the Board. The chancellor has ultimate authority and responsibility over all system components including recommending the hiring and firing of the presidents of system institutions, maintaining the permanent records of the system, and advising, assisting, and representing the Board in administrative matters. [27] :29–30

The current chancellor of the Texas State University System is Brian McCall, a former legislator in the Texas House of Representatives. [29]

The system's administration consists of six offices. One office, the Office of Audits and Analysis, is independent of the chancellor and headed by a director appointed by the regents. The remaining five, Academic Affairs, Finance, General Counsel, Governmental Relations, and Marketing and Communications, are led by vice chancellors under the authority of the system chancellor. [27] :30–31

Headquarters

O. Henry Hall, the main administrative building for the system, is in Downtown Austin OHenryHall.JPG
O. Henry Hall, the main administrative building for the system, is in Downtown Austin

O. Henry Hall in Downtown Austin serves as the administrative headquarters of the TSUS. [30] In 2015, system regents approved the acquisition of O. Henry Hall from the University of Texas System. O. Henry Hall is a former U.S. post office and federal building and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [31] This was done so that there was a single administrative building for the system. [32] TSUS paid $8.2 million for O. Henry Hall. [33]

The system headquarters was previously in the Thomas J. Rusk State Office Building, Suite 600, 200 East 10th Street in Downtown Austin, [27] :29 and it occupied space in two other state office buildings in Downtown. In 2015, within those three buildings, TSUS had 24 full-time employees. [32]

Board and executive personnel

Current members of the Board of Regents
Current executive officers

Comparison of present and former component institutions

The member institutions of the Texas State University system are separate and distinct institutions, have their own local presidents and administration, confer their own degrees, and establish their own criteria and requirements for admission.

Universities

USA Texas location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Lamar  
Red pog.svg
Sam Houston St.
Red pog.svg
Sul Ross St.
Red pog.svg
Texas St.
Green pog.svg
Angelo St.
Green pog.svg
North Texas
Green pog.svg
Stephen F. Austin St.
Green pog.svg
Texas A&M-
Commerce
Green pog.svg
Texas A&M-Kingsville
Green pog.svg
West Texas A&M
Red pog.svg
Lamar-Orange
Red pog.svg
Lamar-Port Arthur
Current and former universities of the Texas State University System
Red pog.svg Current members
Green pog.svg Former members

The TSUS does not have a flagship university. All of its comprehensive universities are regarded as stand-alone institutions equal in stature under system administration.

The University of North Texas and West Texas A&M University were founding members of the Texas State University System along with Sam Houston State and Texas State.

Official nameLocation
(Pop. 2010)
FoundedJoined
system
Left
system
Present affiliationEnrollment
(Fall 2015) [2] [42]
Endowment (2015)NicknameAthletic
conference
Current universities
LUWimberlyTree.jpg
Lamar University
Beaumont
118,296
19231995Current member14,494$106,826,000 [43] [Note 1] Cardinals Southland
NCAA Div. I FCS
Austin hall huntsville tx 2014.jpg
Sam Houston State University
Huntsville
38,548
18791911Current member20,031$94,419,903 [45] Bearkats Southland
NCAA Div. I FCS
Sul Ross State University Alpine Texas DSC 5570 ad.JPG
Sul Ross State University
Alpine
5,905
19171917Current member2,992 [Note 2] $17,087,787 [46] Lobos American Southwest
NCAA Div. III
Old Main Txstate.JPG
Texas State University
San Marcos
44,894
18991911Current member38,694$167,116,848 [47] Bobcats Sunbelt
NCAA Div. I FBS
Former universities
Administration Building ASU.jpg
Angelo State University
San Angelo
93,200
192819752007 Texas Tech University System 8,452$158,754,431 [48] Rams Lone Star
NCAA Div. II
Sfastatue.jpg
Stephen F. Austin State University
Nacogdoches
32,996
192119211969Stephen F. Austin State University regents (independent)12,484$74,316,267 [49] Lumberjacks Southland
NCAA Div. I FCS
ETSTC Heritage Garden-8270 (17883809346).jpg
Texas A&M University-Commerce
Commerce
8,078
188919171969 Texas A&M University System 12,302$19,924,955 [50] Lions Lone Star
NCAA Div. II
Collegehallaftervictory004.jpg
Texas A&M University-Kingsville
Kingsville
26,213
192119211929Texas A&M University System9,207$20,803,959 [51] Javelinas Lone Star
NCAA Div. II
University of North Texas September 2015 11 (Hurley Administration Building).jpg
University of North Texas
Denton
113,383
189019111949 University of North Texas System 37,175$131,749,714 [52] Mean Green Conference USA
NCAA Div. I FBS
Canyon Texas - WTAMU - Old Main Building.jpg
West Texas A&M University
Canyon
13,303
191019111969Texas A&M University System9,482$73,403,068 [53] Buffaloes Lone Star
NCAA Div. II
Note
  1. US News and World Report shows Lamar endowment of $20,410,201. According to National Association of College and University Business Officers 2015 study, the endowment is $106,826,000 made up of two endowment funds, Lamar University and Lamar University Foundation, Inc. funds. US News and World Reports states that the NACUBO study is a primary source. [44]
  2. Enrollment for Sul Ross State University includes 1,973 students at the main Alpine campus and 1,019 students at Sul Ross Rio Grande College locations

Community and technical colleges

USA Texas location map.svg
Blue pog.svg
LIT
Blue pog.svg
LSC-O     
Blue pog.svg
LSC-PA     
Member two-year colleges of the Texas State University System

All three of the TSUS' two-year institutions offering associate degrees and professional certifications are located in the state's two most southeastern counties, Jefferson and Orange, in the Golden Triangle region where the Gulf Coast meets the Louisiana state line. All were formerly components of the now-defunct Lamar University System before the former system was incorporated into the TSUS. The three institutions, along with LIT's extension center in Silsbee located in Hardin County, are within the Beaumont–Port Arthur metropolitan area.

Official NameLocation
(Population)
FoundedJoined
system
Enrollment
Fall 2015 [2] [42]
Carnegie classification NicknameAthletic
conference
Lamar Institute of Technology Beaumont
118,296
199019952,846 Associate's Colleges:
High Career & Technical-High Traditional
No intercollegiate athletics
Lamar State College–Orange Orange
18,595
196919952,318Associate's Colleges:
High Career & Technical-High Traditional
Lamar State College–Port Arthur Port Arthur
53,818
190919951,802 Special Focus Two-Year:
Health Professions
Seahawks Southwest JCC
NJCAA Div. I

Branch campuses and extension centers

USA Texas location map.svg
Red pog.svg
SRSU Del Rio
Red pog.svg
SRSU Eagle Pass
Red pog.svg
          SRSU Uvalde
Brown pog.svg
TX St.-Round Rock
Orange pog.svg
SHSU-The          
Woodlands         
Blue pog.svg
LIT-
Silsbee
Branch and extension centers of the Texas State University System
Blue pog.svg Lamar Institute of Technology branch
Orange pog.svg Sam Houston State University branch
Red pog.svg Sul Ross State University branches
Brown pog.svg Texas State University branch

Branch locations of the system's comprehensive universities only offer upper-division (junior and senior) undergraduate and graduate coursework.

Sam Houston State formerly operated the Sam Houston State University Park Campus at Lone Star College-University Park near Tomball.

See also

Related Research Articles

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Lamar Institute of Technology

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Lamar State College–Orange

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History of East Texas State Normal College

The history of East Texas State Normal College (ETSNC) comprises the history of the university now known as Texas A&M University–Commerce from when it was acquired by the State of Texas in 1917, to when it was renamed East Texas State Teachers College in 1923. In the context of the college's significant institutional debt, a pressing need for repairs to campus facilities, and American entry into World War I, Randolph B. Binnion, the Assistant State Superintendent of Public Instruction, was selected as its second president in July 1917. Among Binnion's first accomplishments in office were enlarging the faculty and repairing the physical plant. Despite having an enrollment of just 234 when it reopened as a public school in 1917, by 1922 ETSNC was the second best attended normal college in the state.

References

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  2. 1 2 3 "Enrollment". Texas State University System. Archived from the original on April 18, 2014. Retrieved June 7, 2016.
  3. "Branding Style Guide, Texas State University System" (PDF). Retrieved June 7, 2016.
  4. 1 2 "Institutions". Texas State University System. Retrieved August 10, 2016.
  5. "Texas State University System Accepts Christmas Mountains" (Press release). Austin, Texas: Texas State University System. September 15, 2011. Retrieved July 8, 2017.[ permanent dead link ]
  6. Gammel, Hans Peter Mareus Neilsen, ed. (1911). "Chapter 5: Creating a state Normal School Board of Regents for the State Normal Schools for White Teachers". General and Special Laws of the State of Texas Passed by the Thirty-Second Legislature at its First Called Session. The Laws of Texas [Volume 15]. Austin, Texas: Gammel's Book Store. pp. 74–76. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "History". Texas State University System. Archived from the original on September 10, 2015. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  8. Gammel, Hans Peter Mareus Neilsen, ed. (1917). "Chapter 197: Establishment of "Sul Ross Normal College."". General Laws of the State of Texas Passed by the Thirty-Fifth Legislature at its Regular Session. The Laws of Texas [Volume 17]. Austin, Texas: Gammel's Book Store. pp. 442–444. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  9. Gammel, Hans Peter Mareus Neilsen, ed. (1918). "Chapter 32: Postponing Construction and Expenditure of Appropriations for "Sul Ross Normal College," "Stephen F. Austin State Normal College" and "South Texas State Normal College."". Local and Special Laws of the State of Texas Passed at the Third Called Session of the Thirty-Fifth Legislature. The Laws of Texas [Volume 18]. Austin, Texas: Gammel's Book Store. pp. 74–76. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  10. Gammel, Hans Peter Mareus Neilsen, ed. (1917). "Chapter 195: Purchase of East Texas Normal College.". General Laws of the State of Texas Passed by the Thirty-Fifth Legislature at its Regular Session. The Laws of Texas [Volume 17]. Austin, Texas: Gammel's Book Store. pp. 438–440. Retrieved August 22, 2016.
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