El Paso County, Texas

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El Paso County, Texas
El Paso Skyline.jpg
El Paso skyline
El Paso County tx seal.png
Seal
Map of Texas highlighting El Paso County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of USA TX.svg
Texas's location within the U.S.
Founded1871
Seat El Paso
Largest cityEl Paso
Area
  Total1,015 sq mi (2,629 km2)
  Land1,013 sq mi (2,624 km2)
  Water2.3 sq mi (6 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
  (2017)840,410
  Density830/sq mi (320/km2)
Congressional districts 16th, 23rd
Time zone Mountain: UTC−7/−6
Website www.epcounty.com

El Paso County is the westernmost county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 800,647, [1] making it the sixth-most populous county in the state of Texas. Its seat is the city of El Paso, [2] the sixth-most populous city in Texas and the 19th-most populous city in the United States. The county was created in 1850 and later organized in 1871. [3]

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

Contents

El Paso is short for "El Paso del Norte", which is Spanish for "The Pass of the North". It is named for the pass the Rio Grande creates through the mountains on either side of the river. The county is northeast of the Mexico–United States border.

Spanish language Romance language

Spanish or Castilian is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas and Spain. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.

Rio Grande River forming part of the US-Mexico border

The Rio Grande is one of the principal rivers in the southwest United States and northern Mexico. The Rio Grande begins in south-central Colorado in the United States and flows to the Gulf of Mexico. Along the way, it forms part of the Mexico–United States border. According to the International Boundary and Water Commission, its total length was 1,896 miles (3,051 km) in the late 1980s, though course shifts occasionally result in length changes. Depending on how it is measured, the Rio Grande is either the fourth- or fifth-longest river system in North America.

Mexico–United States border international border between the two countries in North America

The Mexico–United States border is an international border separating Mexico and the United States, extending from the Pacific Ocean in the west to the Gulf of Mexico in the east. The border traverses a variety of terrains, ranging from urban areas to deserts. The Mexico–United States border is the most frequently crossed border in the world, with approximately 350 million documented crossings annually.

El Paso County is included in the El Paso metropolitan area. Along with Hudspeth County, it is one of two counties in Texas in the Mountain Time Zone (all other Texas counties use Central Time). El Paso County is one of nine counties that comprise the Trans-Pecos region of West Texas.

The El Paso Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of two counties – El Paso and Hudspeth – in far West Texas, anchored by the city of El Paso. As of the 2017 census estimate, the MSA had a population of 844,818. The El Paso MSA forms part of the larger El Paso–Las Cruces combined statistical area, with a total population of 1,060,397 as of the 2017 Census estimate.

Hudspeth County, Texas County in the United States

Hudspeth County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,476. Its county seat is Sierra Blanca, and the largest community is Fort Hancock. The county is named for Claude Benton Hudspeth, a state senator and United States Representative from El Paso. It is northeast from the Mexican border.

Mountain Time Zone time zone of North America

The Mountain Time Zone of North America keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) when standard time is in effect, and by subtracting six hours during daylight saving time (UTC−06:00). The clock time in this zone is based on the mean solar time at the 105th meridian west of the Greenwich Observatory. In the United States, the exact specification for the location of time zones and the dividing lines between zones is set forth in the Code of Federal Regulations at 49 CFR 71.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,015 square miles (2,630 km2), of which 1,013 square miles (2,620 km2) is land and 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) (0.2%) is water. [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]

Adjacent counties and municipalities

Doña Ana County, New Mexico County in the United States

Doña Ana County is a county located in the southern part of the State of New Mexico of the United States. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, its population was 209,233, which makes it the second-most populated county in New Mexico. Its county seat is Las Cruces, the second-most populous municipality in New Mexico.

Otero County, New Mexico County in the United States

Otero County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 63,797. Its county seat is Alamogordo. Its southern boundary is the Texas state line. It is named for Miguel Antonio Otero, the territorial governor when the county was created.

Chihuahua (state) State of Mexico

Chihuahua, officially the Estado Libre y Soberano de Chihuahua, is one of the 31 states of Mexico. It is located in Northwestern Mexico and is bordered by the states of Sonora to the west, Sinaloa to the southwest, Durango to the south, and Coahuila to the east. To the north and northeast, it has a long border with the U.S. adjacent to the U.S. states of New Mexico and Texas. Its capital city is Chihuahua City.

National protected area

Chamizal National Memorial

Chamizal National Memorial, located in El Paso, Texas, along the United States–Mexico international border, is a National Park Service site commemorating the peaceful settlement of the Chamizal boundary dispute.

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1860 4,051
1870 3,671−9.4%
1880 3,8454.7%
1890 15,678307.8%
1900 24,88658.7%
1910 52,599111.4%
1920 101,87793.7%
1930 131,59729.2%
1940 131,067−0.4%
1950 194,96848.8%
1960 314,07061.1%
1970 359,29114.4%
1980 479,89933.6%
1990 591,61023.3%
2000 679,62214.9%
2010 800,64717.8%
Est. 2017840,410 [10] 5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [11]
1850–2010 [12] 2010–2014 [1]

2015 Texas population estimate program

As of the 2015 Texas population estimate program, the population of the county was 837,353: Hispanics and Latinos (of any race), 698,534 (83.4%), non-Hispanic whites, 97,439 (11.6%); non-Hispanic blacks, 21,137 (2.5%); other non-Hispanics, 20,243 (2.4%); [13]

2010 Census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 800,647 people residing in the county. 82.1% were White of largely Hispanic descent, 10.5% of other races, 3.1% African American or Black, 2.5% of two or more races, 1.0% Asian, 0.8% Native American and 0.1% Pacific Islander. 82.2% were Latino (of any race).

2000 Census

As of the census [14] of 2000, there were 679,622 people, 210,022 households, and 166,127 families residing in the county. The population density was 671 people per square mile (259/km²). There were 224,447 housing units at an average density of 222 per square mile (86/km²). The city was 78.23% Latino of any race. The racial makeup of the county was 73.95% White, 17.91% from other races, 3.06% African American or Black, 0.82% Native American, 0.98% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, and 3.19% from two or more races.

There were 210,022 households out of which 44.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 18.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.90% were non-families. 17.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.18 and the average family size was 3.63.

In the county, the population was spread out with 32.00% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 18.40% from 45 to 64, and 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,051, and the median income for a family was $33,410. Males had a median income of $26,882 versus $20,722 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,421. About 20.50% of families and 23.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.50% of those under age 18 and 18.50% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Most of El Paso County is included in the 16th Congressional District in the U.S House, represented by Democrat Veronica Escobar. A small eastern portion of the county is in the 23rd Congressional District, represented since 2015 by Republican Will Hurd. El Paso County is historically Democratic and the 2008 presidential election was no exception. Democrat Barack Obama won 66% of the vote with 121,589 votes even though he lost the entire state of Texas by about 946,000 votes. Republican John McCain won 33% of the vote in El Paso County with 61,598 votes. Other candidates won 1% of the vote. In 2004, Democrat John F. Kerry won El Paso County but by a smaller margin than Barack Obama. John Kerry won 56% of the vote and 95,142 votes. Republican George W. Bush won 43% of the vote with 73,261 votes. Other candidates won 1% of the vote.[ citation needed ]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 25.7% 55,51268.5%147,8435.8% 12,567
2012 33.1% 57,15065.4%112,9521.5% 2,601
2008 33.3% 61,78365.7%122,0211.0% 1,826
2004 43.2% 73,26156.1%95,1420.7% 1,170
2000 39.7% 57,57457.8%83,8482.5% 3,620
1996 32.1% 43,25562.3%83,9645.6% 7,491
1992 34.9% 47,22450.1%67,71515.0% 20,224
1988 46.8% 55,57352.7%62,6220.5% 586
1984 55.8%66,11443.8% 51,9170.3% 399
1980 53.5%53,27640.3% 40,0826.2% 6,168
1976 47.7% 42,69750.8%45,4771.4% 1,291
1972 60.2%49,98139.0% 32,4350.8% 674
1968 44.6% 30,34747.9%32,6587.5% 5,111
1964 37.0% 20,68762.7%35,0500.3% 190
1960 45.2% 21,55154.6%26,0270.2% 99
1956 54.7%18,53244.7% 15,1570.6% 193
1952 57.7%20,00542.1% 14,5950.1% 47
1948 25.9% 5,54471.5%15,3412.6% 563
1944 13.2% 2,07272.7%11,42614.1% 2,220
1940 23.3% 3,76476.6%12,3740.2% 27
1936 12.8% 1,77386.3%11,9200.8% 116
1932 19.7% 2,84178.8%11,3361.5% 215
1928 49.7% 6,05050.3%6,114
1920 49.1% 4,07050.0%4,1430.9% 73
1916 32.1% 1,77065.3%3,6032.6% 145
1912 7.2% 29172.2%2,91420.6% 832

The El Paso County Sheriff's Office is headquartered in an unincorporated area in El Paso County. [16] At one point it was headquartered within the City of El Paso. [17] The Leo Samaniego Law Enforcement Complex is adjacent to the sheriff's office headquarters. [18]

Like all Texas counties, El Paso County is governed by a Commissioners Court, which consists of a County Judge, who is elected county-wide, and four County Commissioners, who represent individual precincts. [19] While the County Judge possesses some traditional powers of a judge, the County Judge functions primarily as the chief executive of the county. The County Judge presides over Commissioners Court meetings, casts one vote on Commissioners Court (as do County Commissioners), and lacks veto authority.

The El Paso County Judge is Ruben Vogt, and the county commissioners are Carlos Leon (Precinct 1), David Stout (Precinct 2), Vince Perez (Precinct 3), [20] and Andrew Haggerty (Precinct 4). Haggerty is a Republican, the other commissioners and the county judge are Democrats.

Vogt was appointed County Judge in October 2017 by the County Commissioners, following County Judge Veronica Escobar's resignation to run for Congress. He was previously Escobar's chief of staff. He will serve the remainder of her term, through the end of 2018. [21] Leon and Perez were first elected to their positions in 2012, were re-elected in 2016, [22] and have been in office since 2013. Haggerty and Stout were first elected to their positions in 2014, and have been in office since 2015. [23]

Communities

Cities

Towns

Village

Census-designated places

Military Base

Unincorporated communities

See also

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Sunland Park, New Mexico City in New Mexico, United States

Sunland Park is a city in southern Doña Ana County, New Mexico, United States, on the borders of Texas and the Mexican state of Chihuahua, with Ciudad Juárez adjoining it on the south and El Paso, Texas on the east. The community of Santa Teresa adjoins it on the northwest. The population of Sunland Park was 14,106 at the 2010 census and was estimated at 15,400 by the United States Census Bureau in 2014. Though it lies adjacent to El Paso, being in Doña Ana County makes it a part of the Las Cruces metropolitan statistical area. Las Cruces is 42 miles (68 km) to the north.

Anthony, Texas Town in Texas, United States

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El Paso, Texas City in Texas, United States

El Paso is a city in and the county seat of El Paso County, Texas, United States, in the far western part of the state. The 2017 population estimate for the city from the U.S. Census was 683,577. Its metropolitan statistical area (MSA) covers all of El Paso and Hudspeth counties in Texas, and has a population of 844,818.

Horizon City, Texas City in Texas, United States

Horizon City is a city in El Paso County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 16,735, reflecting an increase of 11,502 from the 5,233 counted in the 2000 Census. As of July 1, 2017, the population estimate for the city from the U.S. Census was 19,562. It is part of the El Paso Metropolitan Statistical Area and is situated to the immediate east of the city of El Paso.

San Elizario, Texas City in Texas, United States

San Elizario is a city in El Paso County, Texas, United States. The population was 13,603 at the 2010 census. It is part of the El Paso Metropolitan Statistical Area. It lies on the Rio Grande, which forms the border between the United States and Mexico. The city of Socorro adjoins it on the west and the town of Clint lies to the north.

Socorro, Texas City in Texas, United States

Socorro is a city in El Paso County, Texas, United States. It is located on the north bank of the Rio Grande southeast of El Paso, and on the border of Mexico. El Paso adjoins it on the west and the smaller city of San Elizario on the southeast; small unincorporated areas of El Paso County separate it from the nearby municipalities of Horizon City to the north and Clint to the east. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 27,152. By the 2010 census, the number had grown to 32,013. It is part of the El Paso Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city is El Paso County's second-largest municipality, after El Paso. It has a council-manager type of government with five city council members. Socorro is the 93rd largest community in the state of Texas.

Norma Chávez served seven terms as a Democratic member in the Texas House of Representatives representing District 76 which includes part of El Paso County. She was defeated for re-election by Naomi Gonzalez in the Democratic primary runoff held on April 13, 2010 and left office in January 2011.

Anthony Cobos is a politician from the State of Texas in the United States. He served as the El Paso County Judge from 2007-11 and is a former member of the El Paso City Council. El Paso County, Texas is located on the border of the United States and Mexico.

On November 6, 2018, El Paso County will elect a new member of the Texas House of Representatives, a new county judge and two county commissioners. El Pasoans will also elect five state representatives and four city council members.

Veronica Escobar American politician from El Paso, Texas

Veronica Escobar is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Texas's 16th congressional district, based in El Paso. A member of the Democratic Party, Escobar previously served as a County Commissioner and County Judge for El Paso County from 2010 to 2017.

References

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  11. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
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  13. Estimates of the Population by Age, Sex, and Race/Ethnicity for July 1, 2015 for State of Texas (PDF), July 15, 2015, retrieved June 8, 2017
  14. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  15. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.
  16. "Contact Us Archived 2009-07-20 at the Wayback Machine ." El Paso County Sheriff's Office. Retrieved on December 6, 2009.
  17. "Administration Division." El Paso County Sheriff's Office. April 5, 2001. Retrieved on December 6, 2009.
  18. "Communications Department Archived 2010-01-04 at the Wayback Machine ." El Paso County. Retrieved on December 6, 2009.
  19. "County Commissioners Maps". Epcountyvotes.com. Archived from the original on 2013-10-08. Retrieved 2013-08-30.
  20. "Leon, Perez take posts Tuesday". El Paso Times. January 1, 2013. Archived from the original on January 22, 2013. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  21. "Commissioners choose County Judge Veronica Escobar's chief of staff to replace her". elpasotimes.com.
  22. "Commissioners Leon, Perez sworn in to second term". elpasotimes.com.
  23. "Two new faces to join El Paso County Commissioners Court in the new year". El Paso Times.com. Archived from the original on December 29, 2014. Retrieved July 16, 2015.

Coordinates: 31°46′N106°14′W / 31.77°N 106.24°W / 31.77; -106.24