Otero County, New Mexico

Last updated

Otero County
Otero County Court House Alamogordo.jpg
Otero County courthouse in Alamogordo
Map of New Mexico highlighting Otero County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of New Mexico
New Mexico in United States.svg
New Mexico's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°37′N105°44′W / 32.62°N 105.73°W / 32.62; -105.73
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of New Mexico.svg  New Mexico
FoundedJanuary 30, 1899
Named for Miguel Antonio Otero
Seat Alamogordo
Largest cityAlamogordo
Area
  Total6,628 sq mi (17,170 km2)
  Land6,613 sq mi (17,130 km2)
  Water14 sq mi (40 km2)  0.2%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2019)
67,490
  Density9.6/sq mi (3.7/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district 2nd
Website co.otero.nm.us

Otero County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 63,797. [1] Its county seat is Alamogordo. [2] Its southern boundary is the Texas state line. It is named for Miguel Antonio Otero, the territorial governor when the county was created. [3]

Contents

Otero County includes the Alamogordo Micropolitan Statistical Area. [4]

History

The county declared a state of emergency in April 2019 when the federal inspection stations on U.S. Route 70 and U.S. Route 54 were left unstaffed by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection as part of the temporary closure of all six checkpoints in the El Paso Sector, which covers West Texas and New Mexico. The county was concerned about the possibility of illegal narcotics flowing north unchecked since the checkpoint agents had been shifted to the border to help process migrant asylum-seekers. [5] The inspection stations reopened August 5, 2019.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,628 square miles (17,170 km2), of which 6,613 square miles (17,130 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (0.2%) is water. [6] It is the third-largest county in New Mexico by area.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 7,069
1920 7,90211.8%
1930 9,77923.8%
1940 10,5227.6%
1950 14,90941.7%
1960 36,976148.0%
1970 41,09711.1%
1980 44,6658.7%
1990 51,92816.3%
2000 62,29820.0%
2010 63,7972.4%
2019 (est.)67,490 [7] 5.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]
1790-1960 [9] 1900-1990 [10]
1990-2000 [11] 2010-2016 [1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, [12] there were 62,298 people, 22,984 households, and 16,801 families living in the county. The population density was 9 people per square mile (4/km2). There were 29,272 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 73.71% White, 3.92% Black or African American, 5.80% Native American, 1.17% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 11.67% from other races, and 3.60% from two or more races. 32.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 22,984 households, out of which 37.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.50% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.90% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 29.50% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 99.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,861, and the median income for a family was $34,781. Males had a median income of $27,657 versus $18,470 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,345. About 15.60% of families and 19.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.90% of those under age 18 and 12.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 63,797 people, 24,464 households, and 16,641 families living in the county. [13] The population density was 9.6 inhabitants per square mile (3.7/km2). There were 30,992 housing units at an average density of 4.7 per square mile (1.8/km2). [14] The racial makeup of the county was 72.7% white, 6.7% American Indian, 3.5% black or African American, 1.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific islander, 11.5% from other races, and 4.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 34.5% of the population. [13] In terms of ancestry, 13.4% were German, 8.1% were English, 8.0% were Irish, and 4.4% were American. [15]

Of the 24,464 households, 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.0% were non-families, and 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.05. The median age was 36.5 years. [13]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,615 and the median income for a family was $46,210. Males had a median income of $32,939 versus $25,965 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,255. About 15.2% of families and 20.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.0% of those under age 18 and 13.5% of those age 65 or over. [16]

Communities

City

Villages

Census-designated places

Other communities

Other places

Coordinates: 32°37′N105°44′W / 32.62°N 105.73°W / 32.62; -105.73

Politics and government

Governance of the county is under a three-member county commission. [17]

In early 2021 Commissioner Couy Griffin, [18] a former street preacher [19] with a record of extreme political statements, was banned from entering the sizable Mescalero Apache Reservation in his own jurisdiction, [20] participated in the storming of the United States Capitol on January 6th. Griffin was charged with two federal crimes for his involvement. [21] On January 19th the other two commissioners called for his resignation. [20] They joined New Mexico Attorney General Hector Balderas, who had also called on Griffin to resign for neglecting his duties, for using his office for personal gain, and for his role in the attack. [21]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [22]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 61.6%14,52136.0% 8,4852.4% 565
2016 59.3%11,88730.5% 6,12410.2% 2,049
2012 62.2% 12,45134.1% 6,8293.7% 732
2008 58.8% 12,80639.6% 8,6101.6% 350
2004 67.7% 14,06631.0% 6,4331.3% 265
2000 63.3% 10,25833.7% 5,4653.0% 481
1996 55.5% 9,06536.4% 5,9388.2% 1,334
1992 46.2% 7,48133.2% 5,37720.6% 3,345
1988 64.5% 9,98434.1% 5,2841.4% 210
1984 69.2% 9,75129.6% 4,1671.2% 169
1980 60.3% 7,21034.4% 4,1115.4% 644
1976 52.1% 5,91447.0% 5,3330.9% 105
1972 65.9% 7,03327.9% 2,9816.2% 656
1968 43.8% 4,47538.9% 3,97817.3% 1,771
1964 36.6% 3,49863.1% 6,0350.3% 27
1960 47.8% 4,50752.2% 4,9160.0% 3
1956 60.5% 3,91939.5% 2,5580.1% 6
1952 53.2% 2,45646.8% 2,1620.0% 2
1948 36.3% 1,35463.3% 2,3610.5% 18
1944 43.6% 1,46756.3% 1,8920.1% 3
1940 47.1% 1,59652.8% 1,7880.2% 5
1936 39.7% 1,33359.3% 1,9891.0% 33
1932 31.0% 96966.9% 2,0912.1% 67
1928 51.9% 1,25047.7% 1,1480.4% 10
1924 41.2% 83243.8% 88615.0% 303
1920 51.4% 1,22945.8% 1,0952.9% 69
1916 37.0% 56154.4% 8248.6% 130
1912 21.9% 22041.8% 42036.4% 366

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved September 30, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. Thompson, Mark. "Miguel Otero: Father, Son, and Grandson". New Mexico Office of the State Historian. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  4. "Alamogordo, NM Micropolitan Statistical Area" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 2006. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
  5. Burnett, John (April 26, 2019). "New Mexico County Declares Local Emergency Over Abandoned Border Patrol Checkpoints". NPR News. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  6. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  7. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved December 23, 2019.
  8. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  9. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  10. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  11. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  12. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. 1 2 3 "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  14. "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  15. "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  16. "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  17. "Government" Otero County website
  18. "Couy Griffin". County of Otero New Mexico. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
  19. Simonich, Milan (May 21, 2020). "He's king of the cowboys and self-promotion". Santa Fe New Mexican. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
  20. 1 2 "2 Otero County Commissioners call for resignation of Couy Griffin". KQRE. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
  21. 1 2 "FBI: Cowboys for Trump founder taken into custody in connection to Capitol riots". KOB. January 17, 2021. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
  22. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 1, 2018.

Further reading