Sandoval County, New Mexico

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Sandoval County
Sandoval County New Mexico Court House.jpg
Sandoval County Courthouse in Bernalillo
Sandoval County nm seal.jpg
Seal
Map of New Mexico highlighting Sandoval County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of New Mexico
New Mexico in United States.svg
New Mexico's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°41′N106°51′W / 35.69°N 106.85°W / 35.69; -106.85
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of New Mexico.svg  New Mexico
Founded1903
Seat Bernalillo
Largest city Rio Rancho
Area
  Total3,716 sq mi (9,620 km2)
  Land3,711 sq mi (9,610 km2)
  Water5.3 sq mi (14 km2)  0.1%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2016)
142,025
  Density35/sq mi (14/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional districts 1st, 3rd
Website www.sandovalcountynm.gov

Sandoval County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 131,561, [1] making it the fourth-most populous county in New Mexico. The county seat is Bernalillo. [2]

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders.

New Mexico U.S. state in the United States

New Mexico is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States of America; its capital and cultural center is Santa Fe, which was founded in 1610 as capital of Nuevo México, while its largest city is Albuquerque with its accompanying metropolitan area. It is one of the Mountain States and shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona; its other neighboring states are Oklahoma to the northeast, Texas to the east-southeast, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua to the south and Sonora to the southwest. With a population around two million, New Mexico is the 36th state by population. With a total area of 121,592 sq mi (314,920 km2), it is the fifth-largest and sixth-least densely populated of the 50 states. Due to their geographic locations, northern and eastern New Mexico exhibit a colder, alpine climate, while western and southern New Mexico exhibit a warmer, arid climate.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million people as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

Sandoval County is part of the Albuquerque, NM Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Albuquerque, New Mexico City in New Mexico, United States

Albuquerque, also known locally as Duke City and abbreviated as ABQ, is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Mexico and the 32nd-most populous city in the United States, with a census-estimated population of 558,545 in 2017. It is the principal city of the Albuquerque metropolitan area, which has 915,927 residents as of July 2018. Albuquerque's Metropolitan statistical area is the 60th-largest in the United States. The Albuquerque MSA population includes the cities of Rio Rancho, Bernalillo, Placitas, Corrales, Los Lunas, Belen, and Bosque Farms, and forms part of the larger Albuquerque–Santa Fe–Las Vegas combined statistical area, with a total population of 1,171,991 in 2016.

Albuquerque metropolitan area Place in New Mexico, United States

The Albuquerque Metropolitan Statistical Area is a metropolitan area in central New Mexico centered on the city of Albuquerque comprising four counties: Bernalillo, Sandoval, Torrance, and Valencia. As of the 2010 United States Census, the MSA had a population of 887,077. The population is estimated to be 915,927 as of the July 1, 2018 Census estimate. The Albuquerque MSA forms a part of the larger Albuquerque–Santa Fe–Las Vegas combined statistical area.

History

Sandoval County was created in 1903 from the northern part of Bernalillo County. Its name comes from one of the large land-holding Spanish families in the area. The original county seat was Corrales, but it was moved to Bernalillo in 1905. [3]

Bernalillo County, New Mexico U.S. county in New Mexico

Bernalillo County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 662,564. The county seat, Albuquerque, is the most populous city in New Mexico.

Corrales, New Mexico Village in New Mexico, United States

Corrales is a village in Sandoval County, New Mexico, United States which is located on the site of a pre-Spanish conquest era Tiguex pueblo complex and which was originally founded and settled by Spanish Colonists in the late 1500's AD. The population was 8,329 at the 2010 Census. With proximity to the Rio Grande, the village was founded for agricultural purposes. The Rio Grande Bosque on the eastern edge of the village provides refuge for native animals and plants. The village fights hard to maintain its rural character in light of being surrounded by the rapidly expanding cities of Rio Rancho and Albuquerque.

Mormon Battalion Monument (New Mexico) is in the county.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,716 square miles (9,620 km2), of which 3,711 square miles (9,610 km2) is land and 5.3 square miles (14 km2) (0.1%) is water. [4] The highest point in the county is the summit of Redondo Peak, at 11,254 feet (3,430 m).

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

A relatively small portion of the county exists as a geographically separate exclave between Los Alamos County and Santa Fe County. This came about when Los Alamos County was created; the land that became the exclave would have been part of Los Alamos but was excluded owing to its sacred status among the local Indians. Rather than be ceded to neighboring Santa Fe (or Los Alamos) it has remained part of Sandoval.

Adjacent counties

Rio Arriba County, New Mexico U.S. county in New Mexico

Rio Arriba County is a county in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 40,246. Its county seat is Tierra Amarilla. Its northern border is the Colorado state line.

Los Alamos County, New Mexico U.S. county in New Mexico

Los Alamos County is a county in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,950. The smallest county in area of this state was administered exclusively by the U.S. federal government during the Manhattan Project, but now has equal status to New Mexico's other counties. The county has two population centers known as CDPs: Los Alamos and White Rock.

Santa Fe County, New Mexico U.S. county in New Mexico

Santa Fe County is a county in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 144,170, making it New Mexico's third-most populous county, after Bernalillo County and Doña Ana County. Its county seat is Santa Fe, the state capital.

Native American Reservations

Northside of Jemez Pueblo, New Mexico, 1915 Northside of Jemez Pueblo, New Mexico, 1915.jpg
Northside of Jemez Pueblo, New Mexico, 1915

Sandoval County has 12 Indian reservations and two joint-use areas lying within its borders. This is the second highest number of reservations of any county in the United States (after San Diego County, California, which has 18 reservations.) Riverside County, California also has 12 reservations, but no joint-use areas.

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 8,579
1920 8,8633.3%
1930 11,14425.7%
1940 13,89824.7%
1950 12,438−10.5%
1960 14,20114.2%
1970 17,49223.2%
1980 34,79998.9%
1990 63,31982.0%
2000 89,90842.0%
2010 131,56146.3%
Est. 2016142,025 [5] 8.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790-1960 [7] 1900-1990 [8]
1990-2000 [9] 2010-2016 [1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, [10] there were 89,908 people, 31,411 households, and 23,621 families residing in the county. The population density was 24 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 34,866 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.08% White, 16.28% Native American, 1.71% Black or African American, 0.99% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 12.37% from other races, and 3.47% from two or more races. 29.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 31,411 households out of which 38.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.70% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.80% were non-families. 19.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the county, the population was spread out with 29.60% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 30.10% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,949, and the median income for a family was $48,984. Males had a median income of $36,791 versus $26,565 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,174. About 9.00% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 9.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 131,561 people, 47,602 households, and 34,548 families residing in the county. [11] The population density was 35.5 inhabitants per square mile (13.7/km2). There were 52,287 housing units at an average density of 14.1 per square mile (5.4/km2). [12] The racial makeup of the county was 68.0% white, 12.9% American Indian, 2.1% black or African American, 1.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 11.5% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 35.1% of the population. [11] In terms of ancestry, 13.2% were German, 9.3% were Irish, 8.7% were English, and 3.3% were American. [13]

Of the 47,602 households, 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.4% were non-families, and 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.22. The median age was 37.9 years. [11]

The median income for a household in the county was $57,158 and the median income for a family was $65,906. Males had a median income of $48,967 versus $35,101 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,979. About 8.3% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.0% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over. [14]

Communities

City

Town

Villages

Census-designated places

Unincorporated community

Politics

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 42.0% 25,90544.9% 27,70713.1% 8,078
2012 45.1% 24,38750.4% 27,2364.5% 2,455
2008 43.0% 25,19355.7% 32,6691.3% 768
2004 50.8% 22,62848.1% 21,4211.1% 492
2000 48.6% 15,42346.9% 14,8994.5% 1,433
1996 41.7% 11,01549.5% 13,0818.9% 2,352
1992 36.0% 8,49146.5% 10,95117.5% 4,132
1988 49.5% 9,41149.1% 9,3321.4% 268
1984 55.4% 9,00543.6% 7,0801.0% 161
1980 53.7% 6,76237.7% 4,7408.6% 1,080
1976 44.3% 4,11054.7% 5,0720.9% 87
1972 50.3% 3,50747.2% 3,2932.6% 179
1968 41.4% 1,95955.2% 2,6093.4% 160
1964 24.4% 1,07775.4% 3,3320.3% 11
1960 35.1% 1,44764.9% 2,672
1956 55.7% 1,97944.3% 1,5740.0% 1
1952 52.1% 1,79547.8% 1,6470.2% 6
1948 47.3% 1,67552.3% 1,8510.4% 13
1944 51.5% 1,43948.4% 1,3540.1% 2
1940 49.1% 1,99050.9% 2,0600.0% 1
1936 46.2% 1,80053.7% 2,0940.1% 4
1932 46.2% 1,56253.5% 1,8080.2% 8
1928 59.4% 1,70040.5% 1,1590.0% 1
1924 58.5% 1,58740.4% 1,0961.1% 29
1920 57.5% 1,19442.5% 884
1916 45.4% 61154.6% 734
1912 22.9% 21113.7% 12663.4% 583

See also

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Santa Ana Pueblo, New Mexico CDP in New Mexico, United States

Santa Ana Pueblo is a census-designated place (CDP) in Sandoval County, New Mexico, United States. As of the 2000 census, the CDP had a total population of 479. It is part of the Albuquerque Metropolitan Statistical Area. The Pueblo, named Tamaya in Keres, administers a total reservation land of 73,000 acres (295 km2) in the Rio Grande valley and is composed of Native Americans who speak an eastern dialect of the Keresan languages.

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Jemez Pueblo, New Mexico CDP in New Mexico, United States

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References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 30, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. "Bernalillo is now the county seat". Santa Fe New Mexican. May 8, 1905. p. 8. Retrieved April 28, 2017 via Library of Congress.
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  5. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  8. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  10. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. 1 2 3 "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  12. "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  13. "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  14. "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  15. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 2, 2018.

Coordinates: 35°41′N106°51′W / 35.69°N 106.85°W / 35.69; -106.85