Hidalgo County, New Mexico

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Hidalgo County, New Mexico
Hidalgo County New Mexico Courthouse.jpg
Hidalgo County courthouse in Lordsburg
Map of New Mexico highlighting Hidalgo County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of New Mexico
Map of USA NM.svg
New Mexico's location within the U.S.
FoundedJanuary 1, 1920
Named for Villa de Guadalupe Hidalgo
Seat Lordsburg
Largest cityLordsburg
Area
  Total3,446 sq mi (8,925 km2)
  Land3,437 sq mi (8,902 km2)
  Water9.1 sq mi (24 km2), 0.3%
Population (est.)
  (2016)4,302
  Density1.4/sq mi (0.5/km2)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Mountain: UTC−7/−6
Website www.hidalgocounty.org

Hidalgo County (Spanish : Condado de Hidalgo) is the southernmost county of the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,894. [1] The county seat and largest city is Lordsburg. [2] A bill creating Hidalgo from the southern part of Grant County was passed on February 25, 1919, taking effect at the beginning of 1920. [3] [4] The county was named for the town north of Mexico City where the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed, [5] which in turn was named for Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, the priest who is known as the "Father of Mexican Independence". This county abuts the Mexican border.

Spanish language Romance language

Spanish, known in the Middle Ages as Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas and Spain. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

New Mexico State of the United States of America

New Mexico is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States of America; its capital and cultural center is Santa Fe, which was founded in 1610 as capital of Nuevo México, while its largest city is Albuquerque with its accompanying metropolitan area. It is one of the Mountain States and shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona; its other neighboring states are Oklahoma to the northeast, Texas to the east-southeast, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua to the south and Sonora to the southwest. With a population around two million, New Mexico is the 36th state by population. With a total area of 121,592 sq mi (314,920 km2), it is the fifth-largest and sixth-least densely populated of the 50 states. Due to their geographic locations, northern and eastern New Mexico exhibit a colder, alpine climate, while western and southern New Mexico exhibit a warmer, arid climate.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,446 square miles (8,930 km2), of which 3,437 square miles (8,900 km2) is land and 9.1 square miles (24 km2) (0.3%) is water. [6] The southern part of the county, the part bounded on the east and south by Mexico, is known as the Boot Heel.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Mexico Country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometers (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the tenth most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.

New Mexico Bootheel

New Mexico's Bootheel comprises the southwestern corner of New Mexico. As part of the Gadsden Purchase it is bounded on the east by the Mexican state of Chihuahua along a line at 31°47′0″N108°12′30″W extending south to latitude 31°20′0″N at 31°20′0″N108°12′30″W. The bootheel's southern border is shared between the Mexican States of Chihuahua and Sonora along latitude 31°20′0″N, while the western border with Arizona is along meridian 109°03′0″W at 31°20′0″N109°03′0″W, bounding an area of 50 by 30 miles (48 km) and comprising 1,500 square miles (3,900 km2).

Adjacent counties and municipios

Grant County, New Mexico County in the United States

Grant County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,514. Its county seat is Silver City. The county was founded in 1868 and named for Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President of the United States.

Luna County, New Mexico County in the United States

Luna County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,095. Its county seat is Deming. This county abuts the Mexican border.

Cochise County, Arizona County in the Arizona, United States

Cochise County is located in the southeastern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. The population was 131,346 at the 2010 census. The county seat is Bisbee.

National protected areas

Coronado National Forest

The Coronado National Forest is a United States National Forest that includes an area of about 1.78 million acres (7,200 km2) spread throughout mountain ranges in southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico.

Gila National Forest national forest in the US state of New Mexico

The Gila National Forest is a protected national forest in New Mexico in the southwestern part of the United States established in 1905. It covers approximately 2,710,659 acres (10,969.65 km2) of public land, making it the sixth largest National Forest in the continental United States. The Forest also manages that part of the Apache National Forest that is in New Mexico which totals an additional 614,202 acres for a total of 3.3 million acres managed by the Gila National Forest. Part of the forest, the Gila Wilderness, was established in 1924 as the first designated wilderness reservation by the U.S. federal government. Aldo Leopold Wilderness and the Blue Range Wilderness are also found within its borders.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1920 4,338
1930 5,02315.8%
1940 4,821−4.0%
1950 5,0955.7%
1960 4,961−2.6%
1970 4,734−4.6%
1980 6,04927.8%
1990 5,958−1.5%
2000 5,932−0.4%
2010 4,894−17.5%
Est. 20164,302 [7] −12.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]
1790-1960 [9] 1900-1990 [10]
1990-2000 [11] 2010-2016 [1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, [12] there are 5,932 people in the county, organized into 2,152 households, and 1,542 families. The population density is 1 person per square mile (1/km²). There are 2,848 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county is 42% White and about 55% of the population is Hispanic.

2000 United States Census 22nd determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000

The Twenty-second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2% over the 248,709,873 people enumerated during the 1990 Census. This was the twenty-second federal census and was at the time the largest civilly administered peacetime effort in the United States.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

Size of family households: 592 2-persons, 341 3-persons, 316 4-persons, 165 5-persons, 83 6-persons, 48 7-or-more-persons. The average household size is 2.7 and the average family size is 3.29. In non-family households, there are 684 with 314 male householders (286 living alone), 293 female householders (262 living alone), and 77 non-relatives. In group quarters, there are 85 (all institutionalized).

In the county, the population is spread out with 31.70% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 99.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 97.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $31,286. The per capita income for the county is $12,431. 27.8% of the population is below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 38.90% of those under the age of 18 and 17.00% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. Unemployment rates in April 2010 was 7.6%.

Per capita income mean income of the people in an economic unit such as a country or city

Per capita income (PCI) or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 4,894 people, 1,936 households, and 1,286 families residing in the county. [13] The population density was 1.4 inhabitants per square mile (0.54/km2). There were 2,393 housing units at an average density of 0.7 per square mile (0.27/km2). [14] The racial makeup of the county was 85.3% white, 0.8% American Indian, 0.6% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 11.0% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 56.6% of the population. [13] The largest ancestry groups were: [15]

  • 50.3% Mexican
  • 15.2% German
  • 10.0% English
  • 6.0% Irish
  • 4.4% Dutch
  • 3.6% American
  • 2.1% Scottish
  • 2.0% Italian
  • 1.7% Swedish
  • 1.4% Norwegian
  • 1.0% Polish

Of the 1,936 households, 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.6% were non-families, and 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.09. The median age was 40.9 years. [13]

The median income for a household in the county was $36,733 and the median income for a family was $41,594. Males had a median income of $43,531 versus $23,482 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,451. About 20.6% of families and 22.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.3% of those under age 18 and 15.0% of those age 65 or over. [16]

Communities

City

Village

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Politics

Hidalgo has historically been a swing county, going for the winner every time since 1928, except for 1968, when it went for Hubert Humphrey over the winner, Richard Nixon.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [17]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 48.6% 91041.9% 7849.5% 178
2012 46.5% 89951.4% 9952.1% 41
2008 48.0% 93650.9% 9931.1% 22
2004 55.0% 1,08143.8% 8611.1% 22
2000 52.0% 95445.8% 8392.2% 41
1996 40.4% 78948.3% 94311.3% 220
1992 37.6% 87143.0% 99519.4% 449
1988 54.5% 1,10044.6% 9010.9% 19
1984 59.3% 1,28239.8% 8600.9% 19
1980 53.2% 1,05942.2% 8404.6% 92
1976 48.6% 89151.1% 9380.3% 6
1972 63.4% 1,05133.9% 5622.7% 44
1968 39.3% 60643.9% 67816.8% 260
1964 38.4% 62860.9% 9950.7% 11
1960 45.7% 75054.1% 8890.2% 4
1956 50.5% 79049.3% 7710.2% 3
1952 50.6% 78149.0% 7570.4% 6
1948 30.1% 37469.2% 8590.7% 9
1944 31.3% 36768.7% 807
1940 33.0% 51667.0% 1,049
1936 22.3% 32676.4% 1,1151.2% 18
1932 20.5% 29977.5% 1,1312.1% 30
1928 52.4% 56147.5% 5090.1% 1
1924 28.2% 26151.4% 47620.4% 189
1920 44.4% 44355.2% 5510.4% 4

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. "County History". Hidalgo County, NM. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  4. "New Mexico: Consolidated Chronology of State and County Boundaries". New Mexico Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  5. Herrera, Mary (Secretary of State) (2008) New Mexico Blue Book 2007-2008 Office of the Secretary of State, Santa Fe, New Mexico, page 226
  6. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  7. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  8. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  9. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  10. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  11. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  12. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. 1 2 3 "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  14. "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  15. "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  16. "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  17. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 1, 2018.

Coordinates: 31°55′N108°43′W / 31.92°N 108.71°W / 31.92; -108.71