Hidalgo County, New Mexico

Last updated

Hidalgo County
Hidalgo County New Mexico Courthouse.jpg
Hidalgo County courthouse in Lordsburg
Map of New Mexico highlighting Hidalgo County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of New Mexico
New Mexico in United States.svg
New Mexico's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°55′N108°43′W / 31.92°N 108.71°W / 31.92; -108.71
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of New Mexico.svg  New Mexico
FoundedJanuary 1, 1920
Named for Villa de Guadalupe Hidalgo
Seat Lordsburg
Largest cityLordsburg
Area
  Total3,446 sq mi (8,930 km2)
  Land3,437 sq mi (8,900 km2)
  Water9.1 sq mi (24 km2)  0.3%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2019)
4,198
  Density1.4/sq mi (0.5/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district 2nd
Website www.hidalgocounty.org

Hidalgo County (Spanish : Condado de Hidalgo) is the southernmost county of the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,894. [1] The county seat and largest city is Lordsburg. [2] A bill creating Hidalgo from the southern part of Grant County was passed on February 25, 1919, taking effect at the beginning of 1920. [3] [4] The county was named for the town north of Mexico City where the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed, [5] which in turn was named for Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, the priest who is known as the "Father of Mexican Independence". This county abuts the Mexican border.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,446 square miles (8,930 km2), of which 3,437 square miles (8,900 km2) is land and 9.1 square miles (24 km2) (0.3%) is water. [6] The southern part of the county, the part bounded on the east and south by Mexico, is known as the Boot Heel.

Adjacent counties and municipios

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1920 4,338
1930 5,02315.8%
1940 4,821−4.0%
1950 5,0955.7%
1960 4,961−2.6%
1970 4,734−4.6%
1980 6,04927.8%
1990 5,958−1.5%
2000 5,932−0.4%
2010 4,894−17.5%
Est. 20194,198 [7] −14.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]
1790-1960 [9] 1900-1990 [10]
1990-2000 [11] 2010-2016 [1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, [12] there are 5,932 people in the county, organized into 2,152 households, and 1,542 families. The population density is 1 person per square mile (1/km²). There are 2,848 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county is 42% White and about 55% of the population is Hispanic.

Size of family households: 592 2-persons, 341 3-persons, 316 4-persons, 165 5-persons, 83 6-persons, 48 7-or-more-persons. The average household size is 2.7 and the average family size is 3.29. In non-family households, there are 684 with 314 male householders (286 living alone), 293 female householders (262 living alone), and 77 non-relatives. In group quarters, there are 85 (all institutionalized).

In the county, the population is spread out with 31.70% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 99.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 97.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $31,286. The per capita income for the county is $12,431. 27.8% of the population is below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 38.90% of those under the age of 18 and 17.00% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. Unemployment rates in April 2010 was 7.6%.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 4,894 people, 1,936 households, and 1,286 families residing in the county. [13] The population density was 1.4 inhabitants per square mile (0.54/km2). There were 2,393 housing units at an average density of 0.7 per square mile (0.27/km2). [14] The racial makeup of the county was 85.3% white, 0.8% American Indian, 0.6% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 11.0% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 56.6% of the population. [13] The largest ancestry groups were: [15]

  • 50.3% Mexican
  • 15.2% German
  • 10.0% English
  • 6.0% Irish
  • 4.4% Dutch
  • 3.6% American
  • 2.1% Scottish
  • 2.0% Italian
  • 1.7% Swedish
  • 1.4% Norwegian
  • 1.0% Polish

Of the 1,936 households, 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.6% were non-families, and 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.09. The median age was 40.9 years. [13]

The median income for a household in the county was $36,733 and the median income for a family was $41,594. Males had a median income of $43,531 versus $23,482 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,451. About 20.6% of families and 22.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.3% of those under age 18 and 15.0% of those age 65 or over. [16]

Communities

City

Village

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Politics

Hidalgo has historically been a swing county, going for the winner every time since 1928, except for 1968, when it went for Hubert Humphrey over the winner, Richard Nixon.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [17]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 48.6% 91041.9% 7849.5% 178
2012 46.5% 89951.4% 9952.1% 41
2008 48.0% 93650.9% 9931.1% 22
2004 55.0% 1,08143.8% 8611.1% 22
2000 52.0% 95445.8% 8392.2% 41
1996 40.4% 78948.3% 94311.3% 220
1992 37.6% 87143.0% 99519.4% 449
1988 54.5% 1,10044.6% 9010.9% 19
1984 59.3% 1,28239.8% 8600.9% 19
1980 53.2% 1,05942.2% 8404.6% 92
1976 48.6% 89151.1% 9380.3% 6
1972 63.4% 1,05133.9% 5622.7% 44
1968 39.3% 60643.9% 67816.8% 260
1964 38.4% 62860.9% 9950.7% 11
1960 45.7% 75054.1% 8890.2% 4
1956 50.5% 79049.3% 7710.2% 3
1952 50.6% 78149.0% 7570.4% 6
1948 30.1% 37469.2% 8590.7% 9
1944 31.3% 36768.7% 807
1940 33.0% 51667.0% 1,049
1936 22.3% 32676.4% 1,1151.2% 18
1932 20.5% 29977.5% 1,1312.1% 30
1928 52.4% 56147.5% 5090.1% 1
1924 28.2% 26151.4% 47620.4% 189
1920 44.4% 44355.2% 5510.4% 4

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. "County History". Hidalgo County, NM. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  4. "New Mexico: Consolidated Chronology of State and County Boundaries". New Mexico Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  5. Herrera, Mary (Secretary of State) (2008) New Mexico Blue Book 2007-2008 Office of the Secretary of State, Santa Fe, New Mexico, page 226
  6. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  7. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved December 24, 2019.
  8. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  9. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  10. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  11. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  12. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. 1 2 3 "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  14. "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  15. "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  16. "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  17. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 1, 2018.

Coordinates: 31°55′N108°43′W / 31.92°N 108.71°W / 31.92; -108.71