Municipality and Town
Primero México, Después México, Siempre México
(First Mexico, Then Mexico, Always Mexico)
Location of Janos in Chihuahua
|Founded by||Franciscan missionaries|
|Named for||Janos people|
|• Municipal President||Leonel Molina García (PRI)|
|• Total||6,930.50 km2 (2,675.88 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,369 m (4,491 ft)|
Janos is a municipality in the Mexican state of Chihuahua. It is located in the extreme northwest of Chihuahua, on the border with the state of Sonora and the U.S. states of Arizona & New Mexico. As of 2010, the municipality had a total population of 10,953.The municipal seat is the town of Janos, Chihuahua, which shares its name with the municipality.
Chihuahua is a state in Northwest Mexico that is divided into 67 municipalities. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Chihuahua is the 11th most populous state with 3,554,877 inhabitants and the largest by land area spanning 247,798.08 square kilometres (95,675.37 sq mi).
Chihuahua, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Chihuahua, is one of the 31 states of Mexico. It is located in Northwestern Mexico and is bordered by the states of Sonora to the west, Sinaloa to the southwest, Durango to the south, and Coahuila to the east. To the north and northeast, it has a long border with the U.S. adjacent to the U.S. states of New Mexico and Texas. Its capital city is Chihuahua City.
Sonora, officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora, is one of 31 states that, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 federal entities of United Mexican States. It is divided into 72 municipalities; the capital city is Hermosillo. Sonora is bordered by the states of Chihuahua to the east, Baja California to the northwest and Sinaloa to the south. To the north, it shares the U.S.–Mexico border with the states of Arizona and New Mexico, and on the west has a significant share of the coastline of the Gulf of California.
The El Berrendo/Antelope Wells border crossing is located in the municipality.
As of 2010, the town of Janos had a population of 2,738.Other than the town of Janos, the municipality had 315 localities, the largest of which (with 2010 populations in parentheses) was: Monte Verde (Altamira) (1,087), classified as rural.
The name "Janos" was given by the Janos people, the indigenous inhabitants of the area upon the arrival of the Spaniards.The Janos were probably a sub-tribe or closely related to the Suma people. Neither the Janos nor the Suma survived contact and are now extinct. Franciscan missionaries originally built a mission in the location in 1640, under the name Soledad de Janos. The mission did not, however, survive a series of native revolts and was replaced on 16 October 1686 by a military presidio under Gen. Juan Fernández de la Fuente. The presidio retained control of the area until the municipality was established in 1820.
Indigenous peoples of Mexico, Native Mexicans, or Mexican Native Americans, are those who are part of communities that trace their roots back to populations and communities that existed in what is now Mexico prior to the arrival of Europeans.
The overseas expansion under the Crown of Castile was initiated under the royal authority and first accomplished by the Spanish conquistadors. The Americas were incorporated into the Spanish Empire, with the exception of Brazil, Canada, the eastern United States and several other small countries in South America and The Caribbean. The crown created civil and religious structures to administer the region. The motivations for colonial expansion were trade and the spread of the Catholic faith through indigenous conversions.
A presidio is a fortified base established by the Spanish in areas under their control or influence. The term is derived from the Latin word praesidium meaning protection or defense.
The largest localities (cities, towns, and villages) are:
|Name||2010 Census Population|
|Monte Verde (Altamira)||1,087|
|Pancho Villa (La Morita)||812|
|Casa de Janos||399|
|Buenos Aires (Campo Uno)||275|
|Buenos Aires (Campo Cuatro)||213|
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