Casas Grandes Municipality

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Casas Grandes
Municipio libre (municipality)
Municipio de Casas Grandes
Escudo Casas Grandes.png
Coat of arms
Casas Grandes en Chihuahua.svg
location within the state of Chihuahua
Mexico States blank map.svg
Red pog.svg
Casas Grandes
location of cabecera municipal within Mexico
Coordinates(municipal seat): 30°22′31″N107°56′54″W / 30.37528°N 107.94833°W / 30.37528; -107.94833 Coordinates: 30°22′31″N107°56′54″W / 30.37528°N 107.94833°W / 30.37528; -107.94833
Country Mexico
State Chihuahua
Settlement founded 1661
Municipality created 1820
Founded by Captain Andrés Gracia
Cabecera municipal (Municipal seat) Casas Grandes
localidades (localities)
Governmentelection held July 1, 2007
  TypeH. Ayuntamiento Municipal
(municipal government)
  Presidente Municipal Dagoberto Quintana Cano (PAN)
Area
   Municipio libre (municipality) 3,719 km2 (1,436 sq mi)
  Urban 3.82 km2 (1.47 sq mi)
Elevation [1] 1,480 m (4,860 ft)
Population (2010) [2]
   Municipio libre (municipality) 10,587
  Density 2.8/km2 (7.4/sq mi)
Time zone Tiempo de la Montaña
(Mountain Time) (UTC-7)
  Summer (DST)Tiempo de la Montaña (UTC-6)
códigos postales (postal codes)31850 through to 31863
Area code(s) 636
INEGI state code08
INEGI municipality code013

Casas Grandes Municipality is located in the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua. The municipal seat is the town of Casas Grandes, Chihuahua.

Mexico country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.

Chihuahua (state) State of Mexico

Chihuahua, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Chihuahua, is one of the 31 states of Mexico. It is located in Northwestern Mexico and is bordered by the states of Sonora to the west, Sinaloa to the southwest, Durango to the south, and Coahuila to the east. To the north and northeast, it has a long border with the U.S. adjacent to the U.S. states of New Mexico and Texas. Its capital city is Chihuahua City.

Municipal seat term for an administrative center used in several Spanish-speaking countries

A municipal seat or cabecera municipal is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a municipality or civil parish with other villes or towns subordinated. The term is used in Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Guatemala and Venezuela, countries of Latin-America.

Contents

The pre-Columbian archaeological zone Casas Grandes and its central site, after which the municipality is named, is located within the municipality's territory. The site of Casas Grandes, alternatively known as Paquimé, is one of the most significant pre-Columbian cultural and archaeological sites in the region of northwestern Mexico and the southwestern United States known in some archaeological contexts as the Oasisamerica culture area.

Casas Grandes prehistoric archaeological site in the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua

Casas Grandes is a prehistoric archaeological site in the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua. Construction of the site is attributed to the Mogollon culture. Casas Grandes has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is under the purview of INAH.

Oasisamerica Pre-Columbian cultural region of North America

Oasisamerica is a term used by some scholars, primarily Mexican anthropologists, for the broad cultural area defining pre-Columbian southwestern North America. It extends from modern-day Utah down to southern Chihuahua, and from the coast on the Gulf of California eastward to the Río Bravo river valley. Its name comes from its position in relationship with the similar regions of Mesoamerica and mostly nomadic Aridoamerica. The term Greater Southwest is often used to describe this region by American anthropologists.

Geography

The municipality of Casas Grandes is situated in the northwestern sector of Chihuahua state, the largest state of Mexico by area. (Pueblo de) Casas Grandes, the municipal capital and its most populous localidad (locality or settlement), is approximately 359 kilometres (223 mi) to the northwest of the state's capital, the city of Chihuahua. Casas Grandes is bounded by the municipalities of Janos to the north, Galeana, Nuevo Casas Grandes and Madera, Chihuahua to the east, and Ignacio Zaragoza to the south. On its western flank Casas Grandes adjoins municipalities within the state of Sonora. [3]

Janos is a town located in the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua. It serves as the municipal seat of government for the surrounding Janos Municipality of the same name. As of 2010, the town of Janos had a population of 2,738.

Galeana, Chihuahua Municipality in Chihuahua, Mexico

Galeana is one of the 67 municipalities of Chihuahua, in northern Mexico. The municipal seat lies at Hermenegildo Galeana. The municipality covers an area of 1,529 km².

Nuevo Casas Grandes Place in Chihuahua, Mexico

Nuevo Casas Grandes is a city in, and the seat of, the Nuevo Casas Grandes Municipality in northern Mexico. It is located in the northwestern part of the state of Chihuahua, on the Casas Grandes or San Miguel river, situated in a wide, fertile valley on the 4,000-foot Mesa del Norte of the Plateau of Mexico. Nearby is the Sierra Madre Occidental.

Demographics

As of 2010, the municipality had a total population of 10,587, [2] up from 8,413 as of 2005.

As of 2010, the town of Casas Grandes had a population of 5,256. [2] Other than the town of Casas Grandes, the municipality had 296 localities, the largest of which (with 2010 populations in parentheses) were: Juan Mata Ortíz (Pearson) (1,182) and Colonia Juárez (1,035), classified as rural. [2]

Mata Ortiz is a small village in the state of Chihuahua, Mexico, less than 100 miles (160 km) from the US-Mexico border. The community is one of the designated localidades (localities) in the municipio libre (municipality) of Casas Grandes, one of several such pueblos in a wide, fertile valley long inhabited by indigenous people. Mata Ortiz is located at the base of a mountain known as El Indio and on the west bank of the Rio Palanganas, a tributary of the Rio Casas Grandes. The ancient ruins of Casas Grandes are located nearby. As of 2010, Mata Ortiz had a population of 1,182.

Colonia Juárez, Chihuahua human settlement in Mexico

Colonia Juárez is a small town in the northern part of the Mexican state of Chihuahua. Colonia Juárez is located in the valley of the Piedras Verdes River on the western edge of the Chihuahuan Desert and beneath the eastern front of the Sierra Madre Occidental. It is roughly 9 miles (14 km) north of Mata Ortiz and 12 miles (19 km) southeast of Nuevo Casas Grandes. The town had a population of 1,035 in 2010.

Notes

  1. Elevation given is that of the municipal seat and largest settlement, Pueblo de Casas Grandes. Source: INAFED (2005)
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Casas Grandes". Catálogo de Localidades. Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL). Retrieved 23 April 2014.
  3. INAFED (2005)

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References

INAFED (Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal) (2005). "Casas Grandes, Estado de Chihuahua". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México (in Spanish) (online version at E-Local ed.). INAFED, Secretaría de Gobernación. Archived from the original on 2007-04-01. Retrieved 2008-08-11. 
INEGI (Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática) (2006). "Estado de Chihuahua: Población total, edad mediana y relación hombres-mujeres por municipio según sexo" (PDF). II Conteo de Población y Vivienda 2005. Resultados definitivos. Tabulados básicos (in Spanish). INEGI.