Nuevo Casas Grandes

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Nuevo Casas Grandes
The mormon academia juarez001.jpg
Academia Juárez, part of the Mormon community from Colonia Juárez.
Nuevocasasgrandes.png
Coat of arms
Location Nuevo Casas Grandes.png
Country Mexico
State Chihuahua
Government
   Mayor Héctor Mario Galaz Griego PRD
Elevation
1,457 m (4,780 ft)
Population
(2010)
  Total55,553

Nuevo Casas Grandes is a city in, and the seat of, the Nuevo Casas Grandes Municipality in northern Mexico. It is located in the northwestern part of the state of Chihuahua, on the Casas Grandes or San Miguel river, situated in a wide, fertile valley on the 4,000-foot Mesa del Norte of the Plateau of Mexico. Nearby is the Sierra Madre Occidental.

Nuevo Casas Grandes Municipality municipality of Mexico

Nuevo Casas Grandes is a Mexican municipality, located in the state of Chihuahua, northwestern Mexico. The capital and seat of the municipality is the city of Nuevo Casas Grandes, which has the same name as the surrounding municipality.

Mexico Country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.

Chihuahua (state) State of Mexico

Chihuahua, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Chihuahua, is one of the 31 states of Mexico. It is located in Northwestern Mexico and is bordered by the states of Sonora to the west, Sinaloa to the southwest, Durango to the south, and Coahuila to the east. To the north and northeast, it has a long border with the U.S. adjacent to the U.S. states of New Mexico and Texas. Its capital city is Chihuahua City.

Contents

Population

As of 2010, the city of Nuevo Casas Grandes had a population of 55,553, [1] up from 50,863 as of 2005. The city was founded in the 1870s. Nuevo Casas Grandes got its name from another town about a mile away called Casas Grandes. A train station was built in that area and soon people migrated near it. Many of the region's inhabitants were of Native American ethnic groups closely related to those of the American Southwest.

Casas Grandes prehistoric archaeological site in the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua

Casas Grandes is a prehistoric archaeological site in the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua. Construction of the site is attributed to the Mogollon culture. Casas Grandes has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is under the purview of INAH.

History

The area around Nuevo Casas Grandes is noted for its great historical and archaeological heritage. Five miles southwest of Nuevo Casas Grandes is the most important archaeological site in northern Mexico, the Casas Grandes or Paquimé Archaeological Zone highlighted by the new Paquimé (which, translated to Spanish, means "Big Houses" or Casas Grandes) Museum. Nuevo Casas Grandes is also world-famous for the nearby "potter village" of Mata Ortiz an ejido and its revival of pottery in the ancient Paquimé tradition.

Mata Ortiz is a small village in the state of Chihuahua, Mexico, less than 100 miles (160 km) from the US-Mexico border. The community is one of the designated localidades (localities) in the municipio libre (municipality) of Casas Grandes, one of several such pueblos in a wide, fertile valley long inhabited by indigenous people. Mata Ortiz is located at the base of a mountain known as El Indio and on the west bank of the Rio Palanganas, a tributary of the Rio Casas Grandes. The ancient ruins of Casas Grandes are located nearby. As of 2010, Mata Ortiz had a population of 1,182.

Mata Ortiz pottery

Mata Ortiz pottery is a recreation of the Mogollon pottery found in and around the archeological site of Casas Grandes (Paquimé) in the Mexican state of Chihuahua. Named after the modern town of Mata Ortiz, which is near the archeological site, the style was propagated by Juan Quezada Celado. Quezada learned on his own to recreate this ancient pottery and then went on to update it. By the mid 1970s, Quezada was selling his pottery and teaching family and friends to make it and the pottery was able to penetrate the U.S. markets thanks to efforts by Spencer MacCallum and later Walt Parks along with Mexican traders. By the 1990s, the pottery was being shown in museums and other cultural institutions and sold in fine galleries. The success of the pottery, which is sold for its aesthetic rather than its utilitarian value, has brought the town of Mata Ortiz out of poverty, with most of its population earning income from the industry, directly or indirectly.

Climate

Climate data for Nuevo Casas Grandes (1951–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)31.5
(88.7)
33.0
(91.4)
33.5
(92.3)
36.5
(97.7)
40.5
(104.9)
42.8
(109.0)
41.5
(106.7)
39.5
(103.1)
41.0
(105.8)
39.5
(103.1)
33.5
(92.3)
27.5
(81.5)
42.8
(109.0)
Average high °C (°F)16.2
(61.2)
18.5
(65.3)
21.7
(71.1)
26.0
(78.8)
30.4
(86.7)
34.4
(93.9)
33.0
(91.4)
31.6
(88.9)
30.1
(86.2)
26.2
(79.2)
20.3
(68.5)
16.3
(61.3)
25.4
(77.7)
Daily mean °C (°F)7.6
(45.7)
9.5
(49.1)
12.6
(54.7)
16.7
(62.1)
20.8
(69.4)
25.3
(77.5)
25.5
(77.9)
24.2
(75.6)
22.0
(71.6)
17.3
(63.1)
11.3
(52.3)
7.7
(45.9)
17.0
(62.6)
Average low °C (°F)−1.0
(30.2)
0.6
(33.1)
3.6
(38.5)
7.4
(45.3)
11.3
(52.3)
16.2
(61.2)
17.9
(64.2)
16.8
(62.2)
14.0
(57.2)
8.4
(47.1)
2.4
(36.3)
−0.8
(30.6)
8.1
(46.6)
Record low °C (°F)−21.5
(−6.7)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−8.0
(17.6)
−5.0
(23.0)
−0.5
(31.1)
5.0
(41.0)
9.0
(48.2)
7.0
(44.6)
3.3
(37.9)
−6.0
(21.2)
−11.0
(12.2)
−15.0
(5.0)
−21.5
(−6.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches)13.1
(0.52)
10.8
(0.43)
8.0
(0.31)
5.9
(0.23)
6.7
(0.26)
15.7
(0.62)
83.9
(3.30)
79.1
(3.11)
40.2
(1.58)
24.8
(0.98)
21.2
(0.83)
16.7
(0.66)
326.1
(12.84)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)3.72.92.91.52.03.914.613.47.44.33.43.963.9
Average relative humidity (%)51474136354055625955515749
Mean monthly sunshine hours 2322342903083293062702622602802512323,254
Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (humidity 1981–2000) [2] [3] [4]
Source #2: Ogimet (sun 1981–2010) [5]

Culture

The city is the see city of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Nuevo Casas Grandes. Nearby Nuevo Casas Grandes are Mennonite and Mormon communities. Both of those groups are bilingual with Spanish as their second language. However most of the Mormons in the region are of Mexican descent and speak Spanish as their mother tongue. The Mennonites are Old Colony Mennonites (not to be confused with Old Order Mennonites who live in Canada, the United States and Latin America) and speak a Germanic dialect called Plautdietsch as their primary language in addition to Standard German and Spanish, while those in the Mormon community are of American descent and speak English. As Nuevo Casas Grandes has grown in the last few decades, it now meets on the north side with the Mormon colony, Colonia Dublán. Many who reside near Nuevo Casas Grandes endeavor to maintain orchards which grow a variety fruits, including peaches, apples, pears, and pecans. Shade and street trees include ash, cypress, deodar, eucalyptus, mulberry, pine, and sycamore. There is also significant activity in wheat and cattle.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Nuevo Casas Grandes diocese of the Catholic Church

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Nuevo Casas Grandes is a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese of Chihuahua, in Mexico. It was created as a territorial prelature in 1977 and elevated in 2000. It has an area of 36,320, a population of 149,000, a Catholic population of 130,000, 37 priests, and 45 religious.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints nontrinitarian Christian restorationist church

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, often informally known as the LDS Church or Mormon Church, is a nontrinitarian, Christian restorationist church that is considered by its members to be the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus Christ. The church is headquartered in Salt Lake City, Utah in the United States, and has established congregations and built temples worldwide. According to the church, it has over 16 million members and 67,000 full-time volunteer missionaries. In 2012, the National Council of Churches ranked the church as the fourth-largest Christian denomination in the United States, with over 6.5 million members reported by the church, as of January 2018. It is the largest denomination in the Latter Day Saint movement founded by Joseph Smith during the period of religious revival known as the Second Great Awakening.

A person’s second language, or L2, is a language that is not the native language of the speaker, but is learned later. For example, there are two official languages of Canada and some people use both.

Nuevo Casas Grandes has an airport, Nuevo Casas Grandes, airport code NCG.

Sister cities

Nuevo Casas Grandes has two sister cities:

Transportation

The city is served by the Nuevo Casas Grandes Municipal Airport ( IATA : NCG, ICAO : MMCG).

Nuevo Casas Grandes Municipal Airport airport in Mexico

Nuevo Casas Grandes Municipal Airport is an airport located in Nuevo Casas Grandes, Chihuahua, Mexico.

An IATA airport code, also known as an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier, is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). The characters prominently displayed on baggage tags attached at airport check-in desks are an example of a way these codes are used.

ICAO airport code four-letter code designating many airports around the world

The ICAOairport code or location indicator is a four-letter code designating aerodromes around the world. These codes, as defined by the International Civil Aviation Organization and published in ICAO Document 7910: Location Indicators, are used by air traffic control and airline operations such as flight planning.

See also

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References

  1. "Nuevo Casas Grandes". Catálogo de Localidades. Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL). Retrieved 23 April 2014.
  2. "Nuevo Casas Grandes (SMN)". NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1951–2010 (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
  3. "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for Nuevo Casas Grandes (DGE) 1943-2001" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
  4. "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1981–2000" (PDF) (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
  5. "CLIMAT summary for 76122: Nueva Casas Grandes, Chihuahua (Mexico) – Section 2: Monthly Normals". CLIMAT monthly weather summaries. Ogimet. Retrieved February 4, 2018.

Coordinates: 30°25′N107°55′W / 30.417°N 107.917°W / 30.417; -107.917