Antelope Wells, New Mexico

Last updated
Antelope Wells, New Mexico
USA New Mexico location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Antelope Wells
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Antelope Wells
Coordinates: 31°20′56.4″N108°30′32.4″W / 31.349000°N 108.509000°W / 31.349000; -108.509000 Coordinates: 31°20′56.4″N108°30′32.4″W / 31.349000°N 108.509000°W / 31.349000; -108.509000
Country United States
U.S. state New Mexico
County Hidalgo
Elevation
[1]
4,665 ft (1,422 m)
Population
 (1981) [2]
  Total2
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain Standard Time (MST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-6 (Mountain Daylight Time (MDT))
Area code(s) 575
Antelope Wells Border Station in 2019 AWPOE APR 2019 1.jpg
Antelope Wells Border Station in 2019

Antelope Wells is a small unincorporated community in Hidalgo County, New Mexico, United States. The community is located along the Mexico-United States border, in the New Mexico Bootheel region, located across the border from the small settlement of El Berrendo, Chihuahua, Mexico. Despite its name, there are neither antelope nor wells in the area. The name comes from an old ranch, located 2.5 miles (4.0 km) north of the current community. [3] The only inhabitants of the community are U.S. Customs and Border Protection employees. [3]

Contents

Antelope Wells is the southernmost settlement of New Mexico, situated in the region commonly known as the Bootheel of New Mexico. [4] It is the smallest and least-used border crossing of the 43 ports of entry along the border with Mexico. The crossing, which is open solely for non-commercial traffic, is open every day from 10:00 AM to 4:00 PM. [4]

The port was established by Ulysses S. Grant in 1872 and has been staffed since 1928. [3] In 1981, the community had a population of two, living in trailers behind the customs station, and averaged three people entering per day. [2] In 2005, 93 pedestrians crossed over the border in the community, which consisted of just four buildings: the port of entry building, two houses and a trailer. [3] Including domestic and international travelers, fewer than 500 buses and privately owned vehicles pass through the community each month, though traffic has been increasing as of 2006 with more international shuttle van service. [3] Despite its low usage, there is no move to close the port, which is the only port between Douglas, Arizona, and Columbus, New Mexico, and provides the most direct route from the United States to the Sierra Madre Occidental. [3]

Recreation

Antelope Wells is located on New Mexico State Road 81, which links it with Interstate 10 and New Mexico State Road 9. [5] Antelope Wells was the official southern terminus of the 3,100-mile (5,000 km) long Continental Divide Trail until it was relocated to Crazy Cook, east of the nearby Hatchet Mountains in the mid-1990s [6] and remains the location of the 2,745-mile (4,418 km) long Great Divide Mountain Bike Route. [7]

See also

Notes

  1. "Antelope Wells, New Mexico NM Community Profile / Hidalgo County, NM Data". HTL, Inc. Retrieved December 8, 2010.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. 1 2 "A Big Day for Antelope Wells, N.M., Pop. 2". The New York Times. Retrieved January 24, 2007.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Innes, Stephanie (September 20, 2006). "Quiet N.M. road leads to least-used legal crossing". Arizona Daily Star . Retrieved July 14, 2012.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. 1 2 "Antelope Wells POE". New Mexico Border Authority. Archived from the original on 27 November 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2010.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. Google (December 8, 2010). "NM 31" (Map). Google Maps . Google. Retrieved December 8, 2010.
  6. "Continental Divide Trail Coalition | Connecting the community that supports the Continental Divide National Scenic Trail" . Retrieved 2020-07-15.
  7. "Great Divide Mountain Bike Route | Adventure Cycling Route Network". Adventure Cycling Association. 2017-10-04. Retrieved 2020-07-15.

Related Research Articles

Continental Divide of the Americas principal hydrological divide of North and South America

The Continental Divide of the Americas is the principal, and largely mountainous, hydrological divide of the Americas. The Continental Divide extends from the Bering Strait to the Strait of Magellan, and separates the watersheds that drain into the Pacific Ocean from those river systems that drain into the Atlantic Ocean and, along the northernmost reaches of the Divide, those river systems that drain into the Arctic Ocean and Hudson Bay.

Continental Divide Trail Long-distance scenic trail in the western United States

The Continental Divide National Scenic Trail is a United States National Scenic Trail with a length measured by the Continental Divide Trail Coalition of 3,028 miles (4,873 km) between the U.S. border with Chihuahua, Mexico and the border with Alberta, Canada. Frequent route changes and a large number of alternate routes result in the actual hiking distance to be between 2,700 miles (4,300 km) and 3,150 miles (5,070 km). The CDT follows the Continental Divide of the Americas along the Rocky Mountains and traverses five U.S. states — Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Colorado, and New Mexico. In Montana near the Canadian border the trail crosses Triple Divide Pass (near Triple Divide Peak, from which waters may flow to either the Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean or Pacific Ocean.

State Road 80 (NM 80) is 32.416-mile-long (52.168 km) north–south state road in southwestern New Mexico, between the Arizona state line near Rodeo and Interstate 10 (I-10) at Road Forks. Lying entirely within Hidalgo County, New Mexico, it is the only section of the old U.S. Route 80 (US 80) in New Mexico which still retains its number. The route was re-designated NM 80 in 1989. This is the reason why NM 80 has an even number designation despite the highway being north/south. From the south, AZ 80 acts as a continuation of NM 80 into Arizona.

Otay Mesa, San Diego Community of San Diego in California

Otay Mesa is a community in the southern section of the city of San Diego, just north of the U.S.–Mexico border.

U.S. Route 66 in New Mexico Historic highway in the United States

The historic U.S. Route 66 ran east–west across the central part of the state of New Mexico, along the path now taken by Interstate 40 (I-40). However, until 1937, it took a longer route via Los Lunas, Albuquerque, and Santa Fe, now roughly New Mexico State Road 6 (NM 6), I-25, and US 84. Large portions of the old road parallel to I-40 have been designated NM 117, NM 118, NM 122, NM 124, NM 333, three separate loops of I-40 Business, and state-maintained frontage roads.

Interstate 10 (I-10) in the US state of New Mexico is a 164.264-mile (264.357 km) long route of the United States Interstate Highway System. I-10 traverses southern New Mexico through Hidalgo, Grant, Luna, and Doña Ana counties. The Interstate travels west–east from the Arizona state line to the interchange with I-25 in Las Cruces, and then travels north–south to the Texas state line. US Route 80 in New Mexico (US 80) was replaced by Interstate 10.

Big Hatchet Mountains

The Big Hatchet Mountains are an 18 mi (29 km) long, mountain range in southeast Hidalgo County, New Mexico, adjacent the northern border of Chihuahua state, Mexico.

Animas Mountains

The Animas Mountains are a small mountain range in Hidalgo County, within the "Boot-Heel" region of far southwestern New Mexico, in the United States. They extend north-south for about 30 miles (50 km) along the Continental Divide, from near the town of Animas to a few miles north of the border with Mexico. The range is about 12 miles (20 km) wide at its widest. The highest point of the range is the southern summit of the mile-long Animas Peak massif, 8,565 feet (2,611 m). The Animas Mountains lie between the Animas Valley on the west and the Playas Valley on the east. Nearby ranges include the Peloncillo Mountains, across the Animas Valley, and the Big Hatchet and Little Hatchet Mountains, across the Playas Valley. Physiographically, the range divides into two parts. The compact southern part, which includes Animas Peak, is higher and wider, rising up to 4,000 ft above the nearby valleys. It has a sky island character, with dense coniferous forests at the higher elevations. The longer, narrow northern portion is lower, reaching only 7,310 ft at Gillespie Peak, and is characterized by grassland and piñon-juniper woods and shrubs. The Animas Mountains lie near the Chihuahuan Desert, the Sonoran Desert, the Sierra Madre Occidental of Mexico, and the mountains surrounding the headwaters of the Gila River. Biotic influences from these regions, as well as the more distant Rocky Mountains, give the southern portion of the range a great diversity of species, including "approximately 130 species of birds, 60 species of mammals, and 40 species of reptiles."

State Road 9 (NM 9) is a 109.154-mile-long (175.666 km) state road in the U.S. state of New Mexico. The highway spans Hidalgo, Grant, and Luna counties from its western terminus at NM 80 to its eastern terminus at CR A003 at the Doña Ana county line. NM 9 and NM 338 are the only remaining New Mexico State Roads to form a concurrency.

Peloncillo Mountains (Hidalgo County)

The Peloncillo Mountains of Hidalgo County,, is a major 35-mile (56 km) long mountain range southwest of New Mexico's Hidalgo County, and also part of the New Mexico Bootheel region. The range continues to the northwest into Arizona as the Peloncillo Mountains of Cochise County, Arizona. The extreme southwest corner of the range also lies in Arizona. It is a linear range bordering the linear San Bernardino Valley of southeast Cochise County, Arizona.

The Great Divide Mountain Bike Route (GDMBR) is a 3,083.8 mi (4,962.9 km), off-road bicycle touring route between Jasper, Alberta, Canada and Antelope Wells, New Mexico, USA. Completed in 1997, the GDMBR was developed by Adventure Cycling Association, who continue to maintain highly detailed route maps and a guidebook.

Playas Valley

The Playas Valley is a lengthy and narrow 60-mi (97-km) long, valley located in Hidalgo County, New Mexico in the Bootheel Region; the extreme south of the valley lies in Chihuahua. Playas, NM is located in the northeast. The valley is noteworthy for the Playas Lake, in the north.

Alamo Hueco Mountains Mountain range in New Mexico, United States

The Alamo Hueco Mountains are a 15-mile (24 km) long mountain range, located in the southeast of the New Mexico Bootheel region, southeast Hidalgo County, New Mexico, adjacent the border of Chihuahua state, Mexico. The range lies near the southern end of the mountains bordering the extensive north-south Playas Valley; the Little Hatchet and Big Hatchet Mountains are adjacent, and mostly attached north; the mountain range series, ends south into the flatland plains of the Chihuahuan Desert. The much smaller Dog Mountains are adjacent south.

New Mexico Bootheel Southwestern corner of US state

The New Mexico Bootheel comprises the southwestern corner of New Mexico. As part of the Gadsden Purchase it is bounded on the east by the Mexican state of Chihuahua along a line at 31°47′0″N108°12′30″W extending south to latitude 31°20′0″N at 31°20′0″N108°12′30″W. The southern border is shared between the Mexican States of Chihuahua and Sonora along latitude 31°20′0″N, while the western border with Arizona is along meridian 109°03′0″W at 31°20′0″N109°03′0″W, bounding an area of 50 by 30 miles and comprising 1,500 square miles (3,900 km2).

Animas Valley

The Animas Valley is a lengthy and narrow, north-south 85 mi (137 km) long, valley located in western Hidalgo County, New Mexico in the Bootheel Region; the extreme south of the valley lies in Sonora-Chihuahua, in the extreme northwest of the Chihuahuan Desert, the large desert region of the north-central Mexican Plateau and the Rio Grande valley and river system.

Hachita Valley Valley in New Mexico, United States of America

The Hachita Valley,, is a small valley in southwest New Mexico. The valley is in the east of the New Mexico Bootheel region and borders Chihuahua state, Mexico. Hachita, New Mexico lies in the valley's northeast, where New Mexico State Road 9 traverses east-west across much of southern New Mexico. The large, and extensive north-south Playas Valley borders to the west on the other side of the west perimeter mountain ranges.

Antelope Wells Port of Entry

The Antelope Wells Port of Entry is an international border crossing between Antelope Wells, New Mexico, United States, and El Berrendo, Chihuahua, Mexico. It is one of three border crossings into New Mexico, along with the Columbus Port of Entry and the Santa Teresa Port of Entry, and by far the most remote, located in the sparsely populated New Mexico Bootheel. The nearest towns, Janos, Chihuahua and Hachita, New Mexico, are both approximately 45 miles (72 km) away. The crossing is open daily from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Mountain Time and is staffed by a single U.S. Customs and Border Protection employee. The port of entry has been temporarily closed since April 18, 2020 due to travel restrictions between the United States and Mexico as a result of the coronavirus pandemic.

New Mexico State Road 81 is a 45.8-mile-long (73.7 km) state road in southwestern New Mexico. The route runs from the Mexico–U.S. border in Antelope Wells north to NM 9 in Hachita, passing through desert and semi-arid farmland. NM 81 is maintained by the New Mexico Department of Transportation (NMDOT).

State Road 136 (NM 136) is a 9.157-mile-long (14.737 km), paved, four-lane, divided state highway in Doña Ana County in the U.S. state of New Mexico. It travels largely south-to-north. NM 136 is an important connecting road between the border and Interstate 10 (I-10).