Mescalero, New Mexico

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Mescalero, New Mexico
Otero County New Mexico Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Mescalero Highlighted.svg
Location of Mescalero, New Mexico
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Mescalero
Location in the United States
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Mescalero
Mescalero (the United States)
Coordinates: 33°9′27″N105°46′50″W / 33.15750°N 105.78056°W / 33.15750; -105.78056 Coordinates: 33°9′27″N105°46′50″W / 33.15750°N 105.78056°W / 33.15750; -105.78056
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of New Mexico.svg  New Mexico
County Otero
Area
  Total17.9 sq mi (46.3 km2)
  Land17.9 sq mi (46.3 km2)
  Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
6,611 ft (2,015 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total1,338
  Density68.9/sq mi (26.6/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
88340
Area code(s) 575
FIPS code 35-47920
GNIS feature ID0923626

Mescalero is a census-designated place (CDP) in Otero County, New Mexico, United States, located on the Mescalero Apache Reservation. The population was 1,338 at the 2010 census.

Contents

History

St. Joseph's Catholic Church, Mescalero 1975 St. Joseph's Mescalero.jpg
St. Joseph's Catholic Church, Mescalero 1975

The settlement was originally called Blazer's Mill, the location of a famous gunfight during the Lincoln County War. [1]

Geography

Mescalero is located at 33°9′27″N105°46′50″W / 33.15750°N 105.78056°W / 33.15750; -105.78056 (33.157440, -105.780482). [2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 17.9 square miles (46 km2) 17.9 square miles (46.3 km2), all land.

Demographics

As of the census [3] of 2010, there were 1,338 people, 404 households, and 283 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 68.9 people per square mile (26.6/km2). There were 373 housing units at an average density of 20.9 per square mile (8.1/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 4.06% White, 0.16% African American, 90.59% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 2.27% from other races, and 2.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.68% of the population.

There were 351 households, out of which 49.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.5% were married couples living together, 33.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.2% were non-families. 16.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.50 and the average family size was 3.88.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 38.4% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 16.3% from 45 to 64, and 4.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $22,353, and the median income for a family was $22,969. Males had a median income of $23,125 versus $20,573 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $8,554. About 34.5% of families and 39.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.7% of those under age 18 and 34.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Mescalero Apache Schools is a tribal K-12 school associated with the Bureau of Indian Education (BIE). It is outside of the Mescalero CDP although it has a Mescalero post office address. [4]

Tularosa Municipal Schools is the local school district. [5]

See also

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References

  1. Caldwell, pg. 101
  2. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  3. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "Home". Mescalero Apache Schools. Retrieved 2021-07-29. 249 White Mountain Drive Mescalero, NM 88340
    Compare to: "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP (INDEX): Mescalero CDP, NM" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau . Retrieved 2021-07-29. - Pages: 1, 2, and 3
  5. "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Otero County, NM" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau . Retrieved 2021-07-27.

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