Collin County, Texas

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Collin County, Texas
County
Collin County
Collin county tx courthouse.jpg
The Collin County Courthouse in McKinney
Flag of Collin County, Texas.svg
Flag
Seal of Collin County, Texas.svg
Seal
Map of Texas highlighting Collin County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of USA TX.svg
Texas's location within the U.S.
Founded1846
Named for Collin McKinney
Seat McKinney
Largest city Plano
Area
  Total886 sq mi (2,295 km2)
  Land841 sq mi (2,178 km2)
  Water45 sq mi (117 km2), 5.1%
Population (est.)
  (2018)1,005,146
  Density1,153/sq mi (445/km2)
Congressional districts 3rd, 4th, 32nd
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.co.collin.tx.us

Collin County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 United States Census, the county's population was 782,341, [1] making it the seventh-most populous county in Texas and the 45th-largest county by population in the United States. The 2017 Census Bureau estimate for Collin County's population was 969,603, and reached 1,005,146 in 2018. [2] Its county seat is McKinney. [3]

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

Contents

Collin County is part of the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area. A small portion of the city of Dallas is in the county.

Dallas City in Texas, United States

Dallas, officially the City of Dallas, is a city in the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Dallas County, with portions extending into Collin, Denton, Kaufman and Rockwall counties. With an estimated 2018 population of 1,345,047, it is the ninth most-populous city in the U.S. and third in Texas after Houston and San Antonio. It is also the eighteenth most-populous city in North America as of 2015. Located in North Texas, the city of Dallas is the main core of the largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States and the largest inland metropolitan area in the U.S. that lacks any navigable link to the sea. It is the most populous city in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in the country at 7.5 million people as of 2018. The city's combined statistical area is the seventh-largest in the U.S. as of 2017, with 7,846,293 residents.

Fort Worth, Texas City in Texas, United States

Fort Worth is a city in the U.S. state of Texas. It is the 13th-largest city in the United States and fifth-largest city in Texas. It is the county seat of Tarrant County, covering nearly 350 square miles (910 km2) into three other counties: Denton, Parker, and Wise. According to the 2017 census estimates, Fort Worth's population is 874,168. Fort Worth is the second-largest city in the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, which is the 4th most populous metropolitan area in the United States.

Arlington, Texas City in Texas, United States

Arlington is a city in the U.S. state of Texas, located in Tarrant County. It is part of the Mid-Cities region of the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, approximately 12 miles (19 km) east of downtown Fort Worth and 20 miles (32 km) west of downtown Dallas.

History

Both the county and the county seat were named after Collin McKinney [4] (1766-1861), one of the five men who drafted the Texas Declaration of Independence and the oldest of the 59 men who signed it.

Collin McKinney was a land surveyor, merchant, politician, and lay preacher. He is best known as an important figure in the Texas Revolution, as one of the five individuals who drafted the Texas Declaration of Independence and the oldest person to sign it.

Texas Declaration of Independence Document of Texan Indpendence from Mexico

The Texas Declaration of Independence was the formal declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico in the Texas Revolution. It was adopted at the Convention of 1836 at Washington-on-the-Brazos on March 2, 1836, and formally signed the next day after mistakes were noted in the text.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 886 square miles (2,290 km2), of which 841 square miles (2,180 km2) is land and 45 square miles (120 km2) (5.1%) is covered by water. [5]

Lakes

Major highways

Dallas North Tollway highway in Texas

The Dallas North Tollway is a 30.2-mile (49 km) controlled-access toll road operated by the North Texas Tollway Authority (NTTA), which runs from Interstate 35E near downtown Dallas, Texas (USA), to U.S. Highway 380, in Frisco, Texas.

President George Bush Turnpike toll road that runs around Dallas, Texas, USA

The President George Bush Turnpike (PGBT) is a 52-mile (84 km) toll road running through the northern, northeastern and western suburbs, forming a partial loop around Dallas, Texas, United States. It is named for the late George H. W. Bush, the 41st President of the United States. At its west end near Belt Line Road in Irving, State Highway 161 continues southwest to Interstate 20 (I-20) in Grand Prairie. The discontinuous free frontage roads along the turnpike from I-35E in Carrollton east to its end at I-30 in Garland are assigned the State Highway 190 designation. SH 190 signage appears only along the Garland, Richardson, Plano, and Carrollton sections of the frontage road with the undersign "frontage road only". At intersections with city streets, only the Bush Turnpike signs are displayed, not the SH 190 signage. Prior to the construction of the main lanes as a tollway, SH 190 was used as the name of the planned main lanes too. Similarly, the part west of I-35E was planned as part of SH 161. Bush Turnpike is signed as a north–south road from I-20 to I-35E, an east–west road from I-35E to the Merritt Main Lane Gantry and as a north–south road from the Merritt Main Lane Gantry to I-30, as Bush Turnpike makes a nearly 90-degree curve in both places.

The Sam Rayburn Tollway is a tollway operated by the North Texas Tollway Authority that runs from Grapevine to McKinney. Its frontage road is State Highway 121.

Texas State Highway 66 highway in Texas

State Highway 66 or Lakeview Pkwy (Rowlett) or E Avenue B (Garland) is a state highway in the U.S. state of Texas, connecting Garland to Greenville. The route runs roughly parallel to Interstate 30, passing through Rowlett, Rockwall, Fate, Royse City, and Caddo Mills. It also crosses Lake Ray Hubbard twice.

Neighbouring counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 1,950
1860 9,264375.1%
1870 14,01351.3%
1880 25,98385.4%
1890 36,73641.4%
1900 50,08736.3%
1910 49,021−2.1%
1920 49,6091.2%
1930 46,180−6.9%
1940 47,1902.2%
1950 41,692−11.7%
1960 41,247−1.1%
1970 66,92062.2%
1980 144,576116.0%
1990 264,03682.6%
2000 491,67586.2%
2010 782,34159.1%
Est. 20181,005,146 [2] 28.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1850–2010 [7] 2010–2014 [1]

2015 Texas Population Estimate Program

As of the 2015 Texas Population Estimate Program, the population of the county was 923,201, non-Hispanic whites 535,165 (57.9%). Black Americans 84,858 (9.2%). Other non-Hispanic 146,109 (15.8%). Hispanics and Latinos (of any race) 157,069 (17.0%). [8]

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 782,341 people.

According to U.S. Census figures released in 2006, the racial makeup of the county was as follows: 77.21% White, 7.26% African American, 10.02% Asian, 0.45% Native American, 5.06% of other or mixed race. 12.8% Hispanic of any race.

2000 Census

As of the census [9] of 2000, there were 491,675 people, 181,970 households, and 132,292 families residing in the county. The population density was 580 people per square mile (224/km²). There were 194,892 housing units at an average density of 230 per square mile (89/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.39% White, 4.79% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 6.92% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.26% from other races, and 2.11% from two or more races. 10.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 181,970 households out of which 40.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.10% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.30% were non-families. 22.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.18. As of the 2010 census, there were about 4.4 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county. [10]

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.70% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 37.90% from 25 to 44, 20.70% from 45 to 64, and 5.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $70,835, and the median income for a family was $81,856 (these figures had risen to $77,671 and $91,881 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). [11] Males had a median income of $57,392 versus $36,604 for females. The per capita income for the county was $33,345. About 3.30% of families and 4.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.10% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over. Based on median household income, as of 2006, Collin County is the second richest county in Texas after Fort Bend, and is considered one of the wealthiest counties in the United States.

However, Collin - like other Texas counties - has one of the nation's highest property tax rates. In 2007, it was #21 for property taxes as percentage of the homes value on owner occupied housing. [12] It also ranked in the Top 100 for amount of property taxes paid and for percentage of taxes of income. Part of this is due to the Robin Hood plan school financing system in Texas. [13]

Government, Courts, and Politics

Government

Collin County, like all counties in Texas, is governed by a Commissioners Court. The court consists of the county judge (the chairperson of the Court), who is elected county-wide, and four commissioners who are elected by the voters in each of four precincts. [14]

County Commissioners [15]

OfficeNameParty
 County JudgeChris HillRepublican
 Commissioner, Precinct 1Susan FletcherRepublican
 Commissioner, Precinct 2Cheryl WilliamsRepublican
 Commissioner, Precinct 3Darrell HaleRepublican
 Commissioner, Precinct 4Duncan WebbRepublican

County Officials [15]

OfficeNameParty
 County ClerkStacey KempRepublican
 Criminal District AttorneyGreg WillisRepublican
 District ClerkLynne FinleyRepublican
 SheriffJim SkinnerRepublican
 Tax Assessor-CollectorKenneth MaunRepublican

Constables [15]

OfficeNameParty
 Constable, Precinct 1Shane WilliamsRepublican
 Constable, Precinct 2Gary EdwardsRepublican
 Constable, Precinct 3Sammy KnappRepublican
 Constable, Precinct 4Joe WrightRepublican

Justices of the Peace [15]

OfficeNameParty
 Justice of the Peace, Precinct 1Paul RaleehRepublican
 Justice of the Peace, Precinct 2Jerry ShafferRepublican
 Justice of the Peace, Precinct 3, Place 1Chuck RuckelRepublican
 Justice of the Peace, Precinct 3, Place 2Mike MissildineRepublican
 Justice of the Peace, Precinct 4Mike YarbroughRepublican

Courts

County Courts at Law [15]

OfficeNameParty
 County Court at Law 1Corrine MasonRepublican
 County Court at Law 2Barnett WalkerRepublican
 County Court at Law 3Lance S. BaxterRepublican
 County Court at Law 4David RippelRepublican
 County Court at Law 5Dan WilsonRepublican
 County Court at Law 6Jay A. BenderRepublican
 County Court at Law 7David WaddillRepublican

County Probate Court [15]

OfficeNameParty
 County Probate Court 1Weldon CopelandRepublican

District Courts [15]

OfficeNameParty
 199th District CourtAngela TuckerRepublican
 219th District CourtJennifer EdgeworthRepublican
 296th District CourtJohn Roach, Jr.Republican
 366th District CourtRay WhelessRepublican
 380th District CourtBenjamin N. SmithRepublican
 401st District CourtMark RuschRepublican
 417th District CourtCynthia WhelessRepublican
 429th District CourtJill WillisRepublican
 469th District CourtPiper McCrawRepublican
 470th District CourtEmily MiskelRepublican

Politics

Collin County is a Republican stronghold in presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win the county was Lyndon Johnson in 1964. The factors caused Collin to swing hard to the Republican Party in the 1960s and 1970s: and the expansion of the Dallas suburbs into Collin County.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 55.2%201,01438.6% 140,6246.3% 22,792
2012 64.9%196,88833.4% 101,4151.7% 5,264
2008 62.2%184,89736.7% 109,0471.2% 3,513
2004 71.2%174,43528.1% 68,9350.7% 1,784
2000 73.1%128,17924.5% 42,8842.5% 4,357
1996 63.0%83,75028.5% 37,8548.5% 11,321
1992 47.0%60,51419.0% 24,50834.0% 43,811
1988 74.3%67,77625.1% 22,9340.6% 520
1984 81.6%61,09518.2% 13,6040.2% 139
1980 67.9%36,55928.2% 15,1873.9% 2,115
1976 60.0%21,60839.0% 14,0391.0% 353
1972 78.0%17,66721.1% 4,7830.8% 187
1968 39.9%6,49436.4% 5,91823.7% 3,850
1964 29.9% 3,34170.0%7,8330.2% 19
1960 42.2% 3,86557.1%5,2290.7% 64
1956 41.8% 3,82357.8%5,2800.4% 34
1952 40.6% 4,03759.4%5,9060.1% 7
1948 15.9% 1,15576.1%5,5168.0% 579
1944 11.7% 97478.8%6,5749.5% 796
1940 12.2% 1,02887.7%7,3730.1% 11
1936 8.6% 53191.3%5,6690.2% 10
1932 8.8% 58990.5%6,0590.8% 50
1928 50.6%3,47649.1% 3,3770.3% 23
1924 21.2% 1,98177.0%7,2151.8% 169
1920 23.2% 1,33870.0%4,0456.8% 395
1916 12.0% 59483.9%4,1414.0% 198
1912 9.1% 34284.6%3,1876.3% 239

State Board of Education member [17]

DistrictNameParty
 District 12Pam LittleRepublican

Texas State Representatives [17]

DistrictNamePartyResidence
 District 33Justin HollandRepublicanHeath
 District 66Matt ShaheenRepublicanPlano
 District 67Jeff LeachRepublicanPlano
 District 70Scott SanfordRepublicanMcKinney
 District 89Candy NobleRepublicanN/A

Texas State Senators [17]

DistrictNamePartyResidence
 District 8 Angela Paxton RepublicanN/A
 District 30Pat FallonRepublicanN/A

United States Representatives [17]

DistrictNamePartyResidence
  Texas's 3rd congressional district Van Taylor RepublicanPlano
  Texas's 4th congressional district John Ratcliffe RepublicanHeath
  Texas's 32nd congressional district Colin Allred DemocratDallas

Education

The following school districts lie entirely within Collin County:

The following districts lie partly within the county:

Colleges and universities

Collin College [18] opened its first campus on Highway 380 in McKinney in 1985. The college has grown to seven campuses/locations—two in McKinney and two in Plano and as well as Frisco, Allen and Rockwall. Dallas Baptist University [19] also has an extension site in Frisco, DBU Frisco. The majority of the University of Texas at Dallas campus in Richardson, Texas lies within Collin County. [20]

Parks

Collin County Parks and Open Spaces

Media

Collin County is part of the Dallas/Fort Worth DMA. Local media outlets are: KDFW-TV, KXAS-TV, WFAA-TV, KTVT-TV, KERA-TV, KTXA-TV, KDFI-TV, KDAF-TV, and KFWD-TV. Other nearby stations that provide coverage for Collin County come from the Sherman/Denison market and they include: KTEN-TV and KXII-TV.

Newspapers in the Collin County area include the Allen American , Celina Record, Frisco Enterprise, McKinney Courier-Gazette , and the Plano Star-Courier. Nearby publications The Dallas Morning News and the Fort Worth Star-Telegram also provide news coverage of cities in the county.

Communities

Cities (multiple counties)

Cities

Towns

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Historical communities

Ghost towns

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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Kaufman County, Texas County in the United States

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Denton County, Texas County in the United States

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Dallas County, Texas County in the United States

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Lavon, Texas City in Texas, United States

Lavon is a city in Collin County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,219 at the 2010 census, compared to 387 at the 2000 census.

Lucas, Texas City in Texas, United States

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McKinney, Texas City in Texas

McKinney is a city in and the county seat of Collin County, Texas, United States. It is Collin County's second-largest city, after Plano. Part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex, McKinney is about 32 miles (51 km) north of Dallas.

Murphy, Texas City in Texas

Murphy is a city in suburban Collin County, Texas, United States. The 2010 census reported the population as 17,708, compared to 3,099 in 2000. Murphy is located northeast of Dallas and has a history that goes back to the late 1800s.

Parker, Texas City in Texas, United States

Parker is a city in Collin County, Texas, United States. The population was 3,811 at the 2010 census.

Prosper, Texas Town in Texas, United States

Prosper is an affluent suburban town located in Collin and Denton counties within the state of Texas, United States. The Town of Prosper is located within the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,423; As of 2019, the estimated population was 25,630.

Hebron, Texas Town in Texas, United States

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Rockwall, Texas City in Texas, United States

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Frisco, Texas City in Texas, United States

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Plano, Texas City in Texas, United States

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Royse City, Texas City in Texas, United States

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Wylie, Texas Rural City in Texas, United States of America

Wylie is a city and northeastern suburb of Dallas, that was once solely located in Collin County, but now extends into neighboring Dallas and Rockwall Counties in the U.S. state of Texas. It is located on State Route 78 about 20 miles (32 km) northeast of central Dallas and centrally located between nearby Lavon Lake and Lake Ray Hubbard.

Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex Metroplex in Texas, United States

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Collin College Community college system in Collin County, TX, headquartered in McKinney

Collin College is a community college district which serves Collin and Rockwall counties, located north and northeast of Dallas. Founded in 1985, the district has grown as the county has grown from around 5,000 students in 1986 to more than 55,000 credit and continuing education students annually.

Area codes 214, 469, and 972

Area codes 214, 469, and 972 are the North American telephone area codes for Dallas, Texas, and most of the eastern portion of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex.

References

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  2. 1 2 "American FactFinder" . Retrieved March 23, 2018.
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  4. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 87.
  5. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
  7. "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
  8. Estimates of the Population by Age, Sex, and Race/Ethnicity for July 1, 2015 for State of Texas (PDF), July 15, 2015, retrieved June 8, 2017
  9. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  10. Leonhardt, David; Quealy, Kevin (June 26, 2015), "Where Same-Sex Couples Live", The New York Times, retrieved July 6, 2015
  11. Collin County, Texas - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder. Retrieved on 2009-05-21.
  12. "Tax Foundation". Tax Foundation.
  13. Postrel, Virginia (2004-10-07). "A Public Policy Failure". The New York Times.
  14. "Commissioners Court". www.collincountytx.gov. Retrieved 2017-11-03.
  15. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Government". www.collincountytx.gov. Retrieved 2017-12-04.
  16. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-20.
  17. 1 2 3 4 "Texas Redistricting". www.tlc.state.tx.us. Retrieved 2017-11-03.
  18. "Homepage - Collin College". www.collin.edu.
  19. "DBU website".
  20. [ dead link ]

Coordinates: 33°11′N96°35′W / 33.18°N 96.58°W / 33.18; -96.58