Ellis County, Texas

Last updated
Ellis County, Texas
Ellis County Courthouse (1 of 1).jpg
The Ellis County Courthouse in Waxahachie
Map of Texas highlighting Ellis County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of USA TX.svg
Texas's location within the U.S.
Founded1850
Named for Richard Ellis
Seat Waxahachie
Largest cityWaxahachie
Area
  Total952 sq mi (2,466 km2)
  Land936 sq mi (2,424 km2)
  Water16 sq mi (41 km2), 1.7%
Population
  (2018)179,436
  Density191/sq mi (74/km2)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.co.ellis.tx.us
Across from the courthouse is the Ellis County Museum. Waxahachie masonic lodge 2013.jpg
Across from the courthouse is the Ellis County Museum.

Ellis County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 149,610. [1] The county seat is Waxahachie. [2] The county was founded in 1849 and organized the next year. [3] It is named for Richard Ellis, [4] president of the convention that produced the Texas Declaration of Independence.

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

Contents

Ellis County is included in the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Dallas City in Texas, United States

Dallas, officially the City of Dallas, is a city in the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Dallas County, with portions extending into Collin, Denton, Kaufman and Rockwall counties. With an estimated 2017 population of 1,341,075, it is the ninth most-populous city in the U.S. and third in Texas after Houston and San Antonio. It is also the eighteenth most-populous city in North America as of 2015. Located in North Texas, the city of Dallas is the main core of the largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States and the largest inland metropolitan area in the U.S. that lacks any navigable link to the sea. It is the most populous city in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in the country at 7.5 million people as of 2018. The city's combined statistical area is the seventh-largest in the U.S. as of 2017, with 7,846,293 residents.

Fort Worth, Texas City in Texas, United States

Fort Worth is a city in the U.S. state of Texas. It is the 15th-largest city in the United States and fifth-largest city in Texas. It is the county seat of Tarrant County, covering nearly 350 square miles (910 km2) into four other counties: Denton, Johnson, Parker, and Wise. According to the 2017 census estimates, Fort Worth's population is 874,168. Fort Worth is the second-largest city in the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, which is the 4th most populous metropolitan area in the United States.

Arlington, Texas City in Texas, United States

Arlington is a city in the U.S. state of Texas, located in Tarrant County. It is part of the Mid-Cities region of the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, approximately 12 miles (19 km) east of downtown Fort Worth and 20 miles (32 km) west of downtown Dallas.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 952 square miles (2,470 km2), of which 935 square miles (2,420 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (1.7%) is water. [5]

Major highways

Interstate 35E (Texas) highway in Texas

Interstate 35E (I-35E), an Interstate Highway, is the eastern half of I-35 where it splits to serve the Dallas/Fort Worth metropolitan area. I-35 splits into two branch routes, I-35W and I-35E at Hillsboro. I-35E travels northward for 97 miles (156 km), maintaining I-35's sequence of exit numbers. It travels through Dallas before rejoining with I-35W to reform I-35 in Denton. This is one of two pairs of suffixed Interstates that has not been eliminated; I-35 also splits into I-35E and I-35W in Minneapolis–Saint Paul, Minnesota.

Interstate 45 (I-45) is an interstate highway located entirely within the U.S. state of Texas. While most interstate routes ending in five are cross-country north-south routes, I-45 is comparatively short, with the entire route located in Texas. It connects the cities of Dallas and Houston, continuing southeast from Houston to Galveston over the Galveston Causeway to the Gulf of Mexico.

U.S. Route 67 highway in the United States

U.S. Route 67 is a major north–south U.S. highway which extends 1,560-mile-long (2,511 km) in the Central United States. The southern terminus of the route is at the United States-Mexico border in Presidio, Texas, where it continues south as Mexican Federal Highway 16 upon crossing the Rio Grande. The northern terminus is at U.S. Route 52 in Sabula, Iowa.

Adjacent counties

Dallas County, Texas County in the United States

Dallas County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,368,139. It is Texas' second-most populous county and the ninth-most populous in the United States. Its county seat is Dallas, which is also Texas' third-largest city and the ninth-largest city in the United States. The county was founded in 1846 and was possibly named for George Mifflin Dallas, the 11th Vice President of the United States under U.S. President James K. Polk.

Kaufman County, Texas County in the United States

Kaufman County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 103,350. Its county seat is Kaufman. Both the county, established in 1848, and the city were named for David S. Kaufman, a diplomat and U.S. Representative from Texas.

Henderson County, Texas County in the United States

Henderson County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 78,532. The county seat is Athens. The county is named in honor of James Pinckney Henderson, the first Attorney General of the Republic of Texas, and Secretary of State for the republic. He later served as the first Governor of Texas.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 989
1860 5,246430.4%
1870 7,51443.2%
1880 21,294183.4%
1890 31,77449.2%
1900 50,05957.5%
1910 53,6297.1%
1920 55,7003.9%
1930 53,936−3.2%
1940 47,733−11.5%
1950 45,645−4.4%
1960 43,395−4.9%
1970 46,6387.5%
1980 59,74328.1%
1990 85,16742.6%
2000 111,36030.8%
2010 149,61034.3%
Est. 2018179,436 [6] 19.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1850–2010 [8] 2010–2014 [1]

As of the census [9] of 2000, there were 111,360 people, 37,020 households, and 29,653 families residing in the county. The population density was 118 people per square mile (46/km2). There were 39,071 housing units at an average density of 42 per square mile (16/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 80.63% White, 8.64% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 7.90% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. 18.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 37,020 households out of which 42.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.80% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.90% were non-families. 16.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.31.

A Williams Institute analysis of 2010 census data found there were about 3.2 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county. [10]

In the county, the population was spread out with 30.20% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 9.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,350, and the median income for a family was $55,358. Males had a median income of $37,613 versus $26,612 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,212. About 6.80% of families and 8.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.10% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Ellis is a staunchly Republican county in presidential elections. The last Democratic presidential candidate to carry the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976, and since 2000, Republican presidential candidates have won with more than two-thirds of the vote.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [11]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 70.1%44,94125.4% 16,2534.6% 2,916
2012 72.9%39,57425.6% 13,8811.5% 799
2008 70.7%38,07828.5% 15,3330.8% 442
2004 74.5%34,60225.1% 11,6400.4% 202
2000 69.9%26,09128.5% 10,6291.6% 587
1996 53.9%16,04636.4% 10,8329.7% 2,888
1992 40.5%13,56428.5% 9,53731.0% 10,394
1988 59.2%16,42240.3% 11,1690.6% 158
1984 67.6%16,87332.2% 8,0290.3% 72
1980 51.3%10,04647.1% 9,2191.6% 315
1976 41.0% 6,99658.6%9,9910.4% 68
1972 69.5%8,77930.4% 3,8390.1% 8
1968 31.4% 3,79445.0%5,43123.6% 2,842
1964 27.6% 2,77972.3%7,2780.1% 5
1960 38.4% 3,66661.2%5,8410.4% 36
1956 40.7% 3,58559.1%5,2110.3% 24
1952 39.9% 4,18359.9%6,2750.2% 24
1948 13.8% 1,05575.6%5,79210.7% 818
1944 8.0% 66685.1%7,0656.9% 573
1940 8.1% 69291.9%7,8810.1% 5
1936 5.3% 31994.5%5,6440.2% 12
1932 6.9% 52792.5%7,0330.6% 44
1928 44.7% 3,56955.1%4,3990.2% 13
1924 13.5% 1,22084.9%7,6781.6% 142
1920 14.0% 81969.7%4,08116.3% 957
1916 6.3% 32492.0%4,7181.7% 85
1912 7.4% 29388.2%3,4834.3% 171

Media

Ellis County is part of the Dallas/Fort Worth Television media market in North Central Texas. Local News media outlets are: KDFW-TV, KXAS-TV, WFAA-TV, KTVT-TV, KERA-TV, KTXA-TV, KDFI-TV, KDAF-TV, KFWD-TV, and KDTX-TV.

Communities

Bardwell Dam and Lake in Ellis County near the town of Ennis USACE Bardwell Dam and Lake.jpg
Bardwell Dam and Lake in Ellis County near the town of Ennis
Ellis County Courts building Ellis County, TX Courts building IMG 5610.JPG
Ellis County Courts building

Cities (multiple counties)

Cities

Towns

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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Rockwall County, Texas County in the United States

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Robertson County, Texas County in the United States

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Parker County, Texas County in the United States

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Hill County, Texas County in the United States

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Eastland County, Texas County in the United States

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Italy, Texas Town in Texas, United States

Italy is a town in Ellis County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 1,863, down from 1,993 at the 2000 census.

Midlothian, Texas City in Texas, United States

Midlothian is a city in northwest Ellis County, Texas, United States. The city is 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Dallas. It is the hub for the cement industry in North Texas as it is the home to three separate cement production facilities, as well as a steel mill. The population of Midlothian grew by 121% between 2000 and 2010, to a population of 18,037.

Milford, Texas Town in Texas, United States

Milford is an incorporated rural community located in North Central Texas, in the southwestern corner of Ellis County, in the United States. The population was 728 at the 2010 census.

Oak Leaf, Texas City in Texas, United States

Oak Leaf is a city in Ellis County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,298 at the 2010 census.

Pecan Hill, Texas City in Texas, United States

Pecan Hill is a city in Ellis County, Texas, United States. The population was 626 at the 2010 census, down from 672 at the 2000 census.

Ferris, Texas City in Texas, United States

Ferris is a city in Dallas and Ellis counties in the U.S. state of Texas. It is 20 miles (32 km) south of downtown Dallas. The population was 2,436 at the 2010 census.

Reno, Parker County, Texas City in Texas, United States

Reno is a city located in Parker County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 2,494.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
  4. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 117.
  5. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
  6. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
  8. "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
  9. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  10. Where Same-Sex Couples Live, June 26, 2015, retrieved July 6, 2015
  11. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-22.

Coordinates: 32°21′N96°47′W / 32.35°N 96.79°W / 32.35; -96.79