Rockwall County, Texas

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Rockwall County, Texas
Rockwall county tx courthouse 2014.jpg
The Rockwall County Courthouse in Rockwall
Map of Texas highlighting Rockwall County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of USA TX.svg
Texas's location within the U.S.
Founded1873
Seat Rockwall
Largest city Dallas
Area
  Total149 sq mi (386 km2)
  Land127 sq mi (329 km2)
  Water22 sq mi (57 km2), 15%
Population
  (2014)87,810
  Density691/sq mi (267/km2)
Demonym(s) Rockwallian
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.rockwallcountytexas.com

Rockwall County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. At 149 square miles, Rockwall County has the smallest area of any Texas county. As of the 2014 U.S. census estimate, its population was 87,809. [1] Its county seat is Rockwall. [2] The county and city are named for a wall-like subterranean rock formation that runs throughout the county.

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

Contents

Rockwall County is part of the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. It was one of the top 25 fastest-growing counties in the U.S. in 2010. [3] Rockwall County is listed as the 6th wealthiest county in Texas.

Dallas City in Texas, United States

Dallas, officially the City of Dallas, is a city in the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Dallas County, with portions extending into Collin, Denton, Kaufman and Rockwall counties. With an estimated 2017 population of 1,341,075, it is the ninth most-populous city in the U.S. and third in Texas after Houston and San Antonio. It is also the eighteenth most-populous city in North America as of 2015. Located in North Texas, the city of Dallas is the main core of the largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States and the largest inland metropolitan area in the U.S. that lacks any navigable link to the sea. It is the most populous city in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in the country at 7.5 million people as of 2018. The city's combined statistical area is the seventh-largest in the U.S. as of 2017, with 7,846,293 residents.

Fort Worth, Texas City in Texas, United States

Fort Worth is a city in the U.S. state of Texas. It is the 15th-largest city in the United States and fifth-largest city in Texas. It is the county seat of Tarrant County, covering nearly 350 square miles (910 km2) into four other counties: Denton, Johnson, Parker, and Wise. According to the 2017 census estimates, Fort Worth's population is 874,168. Fort Worth is the second-largest city in the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, which is the 4th most populous metropolitan area in the United States.

Arlington, Texas City in Texas, United States

Arlington is a city in the U.S. state of Texas, located in Tarrant County. It is part of the Mid-Cities region of the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, approximately 12 miles (19 km) east of downtown Fort Worth and 20 miles (32 km) west of downtown Dallas.

Cities in Rockwall county include Rockwall, Royse City, Fate, McClendon-Chisolm, Mobile City, and part of Rowlett.

Rockwall, Texas City in Texas, United States

Rockwall is a city in Rockwall County, Texas, United States, which is part of the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex. It is the county seat of Rockwall County. The population was 37,490 at the 2010 census. The name Rockwall is derived from a naturally jointed geological formation, which has the appearance of an artificial wall.

Royse City, Texas City in Texas, United States

Royse City is a city in Rockwall County in the U.S. state of Texas. It also extends into Collin and Hunt counties. The population was 2,957 at the 2000 census, rising to 9,349 in 2010. The estimated population in 2016 was 12,093.

Fate, Texas City in Texas, United States

Fate is a city located in the center of Rockwall County, Texas. The 2010 National Census data identified it as the fastest-growing city in the state of Texas for the past decade, and one of the fastest-growing cities in the nation. The population in 2010 was 6,357, up from 602 in 2000; a 1,179.1% increase. Based on building permits and current utility bills, the population was over 17,000 as of February, 2019. This population boom is expected to continue, topping the 20,000 population mark sometime in 2021.

History

Rockwall County was formed in 1873 from portions of Kaufman County. It split off because access to the county seat of Kaufman was inconvenient. It was named for its county seat, Rockwall.

Kaufman, Texas City in Texas, United States

Kaufman is a city in Kaufman County, Texas, United States. The population was 6,703 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Kaufman County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 149 square miles (390 km2), of which 127 square miles (330 km2) is land and 22 square miles (57 km2) (15%) is water. [4] It is the smallest county by area in Texas.

Major highways

Texas State Highway 66 highway in Texas

State Highway 66 or Lakeview Pkwy (Rowlett) or E Avenue B (Garland) is a state highway in the U.S. state of Texas, connecting Garland to Greenville. The route runs roughly parallel to Interstate 30, passing through Rowlett, Rockwall, Fate, Royse City, and Caddo Mills. It also crosses Lake Ray Hubbard twice.

Texas State Highway 205 highway in Texas

State Highway 205 or SH 205 is a Texas state highway that runs from SH 78 at Lavon to US 80 at Terrell. This route was designated on May 15, 1934 from Terrell to Rockwall, and was extended north to Lavon on September 1, 1939. The route has been under heavy construction since 2006 as part of a new expansion and widening project, and was scheduled to be completed in 2011. The highway has a bypass road as well, John King Blvd., which begins near the Collin county border, and ends just before the intersection with Farm-to-Market Road 549.

Texas State Highway 276 highway in Texas

State Highway 276 or SH 276 is a Texas state highway that runs from Rockwall east to Emory. This route was designated on July 25, 1960 between Rockwall and Quinlan, replacing FM 1143 and part of FM 35. SH 276 was extended to its current terminus on October 25, 1990, replacing most of FM 35.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 2,984
1890 5,972100.1%
1900 8,53142.8%
1910 8,072−5.4%
1920 8,5916.4%
1930 7,658−10.9%
1940 7,051−7.9%
1950 6,156−12.7%
1960 5,878−4.5%
1970 7,04619.9%
1980 14,528106.2%
1990 25,60476.2%
2000 43,08068.3%
2010 78,33781.8%
Est. 201693,978 [5] 20.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1850–2010 [7] 2010–2014 [1]

As of the census [8] of 2000, there were 43,080 people, 14,530 households, and 11,972 families residing in the county. The population density was 334 people per square mile (129/km²). There were 15,351 housing units at an average density of 119 per square mile (46/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.17% White, 3.24% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 1.32% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.45% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. 11.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,530 households out of which 44.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.00% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.60% were non-families. 14.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the county, the population was spread out with 30.10% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 31.10% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 8.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $65,164, and the median income for a family was $71,448 (these figures had risen to $75,915 and $82,150 respectively as of a 2007 estimate [9] ). Males had a median income of $49,636 versus $32,410 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,573. About 3.80% of families and 4.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.60% of those under age 18 and 4.10% of those age 65 or over.

Rockwall County was ranked the sixth fastest-growing county in the nation by the US Census Bureau from 2000 to 2010, adding 35,257 people (an 81.8% change).

Education

The following school districts serve Rockwall County:

Communities

Cities [10]

Politics

Prior to 1972, Rockwall County was a Democratic Party stronghold at the presidential level The 1968 election was highly transitional for the county with Hubert Humphrey only winning with 39% of the vote thanks to the strong third-party candidacy of George Wallace. From 1972 on, the county has become a Republican Party stronghold in presidential elections. George H.W. Bush in 1992 being the only Republican to fail to win a majority in the county since then. as the strong third-party candidacy of Ross Perot that year led him to a second-place finish in the county over national winner Bill Clinton. However, the county was represented in Congress by a conservative Democrat as late as January 2004, when Representative & Rockwall resident Ralph Hall, switched parties to the Republican Party.

Presidential election results
Presidential election results [11]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 70.8%28,45124.0% 9,6555.2% 2,074
2012 75.8%27,11322.7% 8,1201.5% 531
2008 72.5%23,30026.4% 8,4921.2% 370
2004 78.7%20,12020.8% 5,3200.6% 141
2000 77.4%13,66620.6% 3,6422.0% 344
1996 65.0%8,31925.7% 3,2899.3% 1,188
1992 48.4%6,42718.1% 2,39733.5% 4,445
1988 72.6%7,21426.8% 2,6590.7% 66
1984 80.1%6,68819.6% 1,6390.3% 22
1980 65.3%4,03632.1% 1,9852.6% 163
1976 53.0%2,08746.4% 1,8280.5% 21
1972 75.1%1,89024.2% 6100.7% 18
1968 31.1% 61439.4%77829.5% 583
1964 25.4% 44574.4%1,3050.3% 5
1960 41.2% 65257.9%9170.9% 14
1956 41.5% 65758.1%9200.4% 6
1952 33.7% 60265.8%1,1750.5% 8
1948 9.4% 11775.6%94715.0% 188
1944 7.2% 9884.9%1,1537.9% 107
1940 5.9% 9594.1%1,510
1936 2.2% 2697.7%1,1680.1% 1
1932 4.8% 6295.2%1,237
1928 25.4% 28974.6%850
1924 6.3% 9393.2%1,3710.5% 7
1920 10.5% 10487.8%8731.7% 17
1916 3.1% 2795.0%8282.0% 17
1912 0.0% 095.8%6424.2% 28

See also

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Heath, Texas City in Texas, United States

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Wylie, Texas Rural City in Texas, United States of America

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References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. /2010-03-23-census23_N.htm Texas big census winner this decade]
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
  5. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
  7. "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
  8. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  9. U.S. Census Bureau Fact Finder
  10. "Population of Texas Cities and Towns Sorted by County". The County Information Project Texas Association of Counties. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  11. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-29.

Coordinates: 32°53′N96°25′W / 32.89°N 96.41°W / 32.89; -96.41