Tom Craddick

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  1. Kurtz, Adam (January 8, 2021). "44 years in, Sen. Ray Holmberg is tied for longest serving state senator in the nation". Grand Forks Herald . Archived from the original on December 31, 2021.
  2. Moritz, John C. (January 7, 2019). "Longest-serving man, woman of the Texas Legislature show that grit endures". Abilene Reporter-News . Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  3. Staff (November 21, 2021). "Craddick to seek 28th term in West Texas district". Midland Reporter-Telegram. Retrieved March 17, 2022.
  4. Tastad, Ann (February 8, 2003). "Ex-Beloiter heads Texas House". Beloit Daily News . Retrieved March 17, 2022.
  5. Bickerstaff, Steve. Lines in the Sand: Congressional Redistricting in Texas and the Downfall of Tom DeLay. Univ. of Texas Press, 2010. p. 25.
  6. "Election Returns". Texas Secretary of State. November 13, 2018. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  7. Astudillo, Carla and Chris Essig. Ken Paxton was impeached by the Texas House. See how each representative voted., Texas Tribune , May 27, 2023.
  8. Gwynne, S.C. "How did Tom Craddick become the most powerful Speaker ever — and the most powerful Texan today?". Texas Monthly . Austin, Texas. Archived from the original on April 17, 2021. Retrieved March 17, 2022.
  9. 1 2 Sandberg, Lisa; Peggy Fikac (2007-01-06). "Speaker's job may hang on vote rules: Some say Craddick would lose if balloting is done in secret". Houston Chronicle . p. B1. Retrieved 2007-01-11. Many political watchers say a secret ballot would give House members cover to orchestrate a coup against the incumbent Craddick, and not suffer political fallout (bad committee assignments) if they fail.
  10. 1 2 Sandberg, Lisa; Peggy Fikac (2007-01-10). "Craddick re-elected speaker after Pitts bows out". Houston Chronicle . Retrieved 2007-01-11.
  11. There was one vacancy in the 150-member chamber, and Craddick abstained.
  12. 1 2 "Monkey and other business". The Economist . 2007-05-31. Retrieved 2007-07-30.
  13. "State Representative Kirk England switches to Democratic Party | www.pegasusnews.com | Dallas/Fort Worth". 2014-02-22. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2021-07-16.
  14. 1 2 3 4 R.G. Ratcliffe and Gary Scharrer (2007-05-27). "The House struggles to move forward". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2009-11-11.
  15. Craddick causes frenzy in House
  16. Collier, Ken; Galatas, Steven; Harrelson-Stephens, Julie. Lone Star Politics: Tradition and Transformation in Texas . CQ Press, 2017. p. 109.
  17. "Texas general election returns, November 6, 2012". elections.sos.state.tx.us. Archived from the original on January 9, 2014. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
  18. 1 2 Gold, Russell (2023-03-14). "The Craddicks' Gushers of Cash: How a Powerful Texas Lawmaker and a Key Regulator Profit From the Industry They Oversee". Texas Monthly. Retrieved 2023-03-25.
Tom Craddick
Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives
In office
January 14, 2003 January 13, 2009
Texas House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the Texas House of Representatives
from the 70th district

January 14, 1969–January 9, 1973
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of the Texas House of Representatives
from the 68th district

January 9, 1973–January 11, 1983
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of the Texas House of Representatives
from the 76th district

January 11, 1983–January 12, 1993
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of the Texas House of Representatives
from the 82nd district

January 12, 1993–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives
January 14, 2003–January 13, 2009
Succeeded by

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