Vermont House of Representatives

Last updated
Vermont House of Representatives
Vermont General Assembly
Seal of Vermont (B&W).svg
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
January 5, 2015
Leadership
Speaker of the House
Mitzi Johnson (D)
since January 4, 2017
Majority Leader
Jill Krowinski(D)
since January 4, 2017
Republican Minority Leader
Donald H. Turner (R)
since January 5, 2011
Progressive Minority Leader
Robin Chesnut-Tangerman(P)
since January 4, 2017
Structure
Seats150
Vermont House 2019-2020.svg
Political groups
Majority

Minority

Length of term
2 years
AuthoritySection 7, Legislative Department, Constitution of Vermont
Salary$636/week + per diem
Elections
Last election
November 6, 2018
(150 seats)
Next election
November 6, 2020
(150 seats)
RedistrictingLegislative control
Meeting place
Vermont State House Representatives Hall.jpg
State House Chamber,
Vermont State House
Montpelier, Vermont, U.S.

The Vermont House of Representatives is the lower house of the Vermont General Assembly, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Vermont. The House comprises 150 members, with each member representing around 4,100 citizens. Representatives are elected to a two-year term without term limits.

A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.

The Vermont General Assembly is the legislative body of the state of Vermont, in the United States. The Legislature is formally known as the "General Assembly," but the style of "Legislature" is commonly used, including by the body itself. The General Assembly is a bicameral legislature, consisting of the 150-member Vermont House of Representatives and the 30-member Vermont Senate. Members of the House are elected by single and two-member districts. 58 districts choose one member, and 46 choose two, with the term of service being two years. The Senate includes 30 Senators, elected by 3 single-member and 10 multi-member districts with two, three, or six members each. It is the only state legislative body in the United States in which a third-party has had continuous representation and been consecutively elected alongside Democrats and Republicans.

State legislature (United States) legislature of a U.S. state

A state legislature in the United States is the legislative body of any of the 50 U.S. states. The formal name varies from state to state. In 25 states, the legislature is simply called the Legislature, or the State Legislature, while in 19 states, the legislature is called the General Assembly. In Massachusetts and New Hampshire, the legislature is called the General Court, while North Dakota and Oregon designate the legislature the Legislative Assembly.

Contents

Vermont had a unicameral legislature until 1836. It added a senate by constitutional amendment. [1] The House meets in Representatives Hall at the Vermont State House in Montpelier.

Vermont State House capitol building

The Vermont State House, located in Montpelier, is the state capitol of the U.S. state of Vermont. It is the seat of the Vermont General Assembly. The current Greek Revival structure is the third building on the same site to be used as the State House. Designed by Thomas Silloway in 1857 and 1858, it was occupied in 1859.

Montpelier, Vermont Capital of Vermont, United States

Montpelier is the capital city of the U.S. state of Vermont and the seat of Washington County. As the site of Vermont's state government, it is the least populous state capital in the United States. The population was 7,855 at the 2010 Census. However, the daytime population grows to about 21,000, due to the large number of jobs within city limits. The Vermont College of Fine Arts and New England Culinary Institute are located in the municipality. It was named after Montpellier, a city in the south of France.

Leadership

The Speaker of the House presides over the House of Representatives. The Speaker is elected by the full House by Australian Ballot. If there is only one candidate, the election is usually held by voice vote. In addition to presiding over the body, the Speaker controls committee assignments and the flow of legislation. Other House leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders and whips, are elected by their respective party caucuses relative to their party's strength in the chamber. There are three party caucuses in the Vermont House; the Democratic Caucus which is currently in the majority, and the Republican and Progressive Caucuses, each currently being in the minority. Independent members of the House may choose to caucus with a party or none at all.

In U.S. politics, the majority floor leader is a partisan position in a legislative body.

In U.S. politics, the minority leader is the floor leader of the second largest caucus in a legislative body. Given the two-party nature of the U.S. system, the minority leader is almost inevitably either a Republican or a Democrat. The position could be considered similar to that of the Leader of the Opposition in Parliamentary systems. In bicameral legislatures, the counterpart to the minority leader in the lower house is the Speaker, and the majority leader is hence only the second-most senior member of the majority caucus. Contrastingly, in upper houses the titular Speaker is frequently a separately elected officer such as a lieutenant governor or vice president.

A whip is an official of a political party whose task is to ensure party discipline in a legislature. This usually means ensuring that members of the party vote according to the party platform, rather than according to their own individual ideology or the will of their constituents.

As of 2018, the Speaker was Democrat Mitzi Johnson of the Grand Isle-Chittenden District. [2] The Majority Leader was Democrat Jill Krowinski of the Chittenden-6-3 District. The Republican Minority Leader was Republican Donald H. Turner of the Chittenden-9 District. The Progressive Minority Leader was Progressive Robin Chesnut-Tangerman of the Rutland-Bennington district. The Clerk of the House was William M. MaGill. [3]

Vermont Democratic Party

The Vermont Democratic Party is the affiliate branch of the United States Democratic Party in the state of Vermont. The party advocates progressivism and American liberalism.

Vermont Republican Party

The Vermont Republican Party is the affiliate of the United States Republican Party in Vermont. Deb Billado serves as Chairperson of the Vermont Republican State Committee.

Donald H. Turner American politician

Donald H. Turner Jr. is a Republican politician who currently serves in the Vermont House of Representatives, to which he was first elected in 2006. He represented the Chittenden-9 district until 2012 and has represented the Chittenden-10 since 2013 for the town of Milton in Chittenden County. He has also served as the Minority Leader of the Vermont House of Representatives since 2011. Turner currently serves as the Town Manager of Milton as well as a member of the Board of Civil Authority, while continuing his service in the legislature. He is also a certified fire instructor, a member of the International Association of Fire Chiefs, Milton Firefighters Association, and is the Milton Fire and Rescue Chief and Forest Fire Warden.

Current leadership

PositionNamePartyResidenceDistrict
Speaker of the House Mitzi JohnsonDemocratic Grand Isle Chittenden
Majority Leader Jill KrowinskiDemocratic Burlington Chittenden-6-3
Assistant Majority Leader (Whip)Tristan TolenoDemocratic Brattleboro Windham-2-3
Deputy Assistant Majority LeaderEmily LongDemocratic Newfane Windham-5
Minority Leader Donald H. Turner Republican Milton Chittenden-10
Assistant Minority Leader (Whip) Brian K. Savage Republican Swanton Franklin-4
Deputy Assistant Minority LeaderPatricia McCoyRepublican Poultney Rutland-1
Progressive LeaderRobin Chesnut-TangermanProgressive Middletown Springs Rutland-Bennington
Assistant Progressive Leader (Whip)Diana GonzalezProgressive Burlington Chittenden-6-7
Deputy Assistant Progressive Leader Sandy Haas Progressive Rochester Windsor-Rutland

Composition

AffiliationParty
(shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Progressive Independent Republican Vacant
End of previous legislature9453471500
Begin 20139654441491
End 2014451500
Begin 20158566531500
End 2016
Begin 20178377531500
End 2018531500
Begin 20199665431500
Latest voting share71.3%28.7%

Members

DistrictRepresentativePartyResidenceFirst elected
Addison-1 Amy Sheldon DemMiddlebury2014
Robin Scheu DemMiddlebury2016
Addison-2 Peter Conlon Dem Cornwall 2016
Addison-3 Diane Lanpher Dem Vergennes 2008
Warren Van Wyck Rep Ferrisburgh 2013↑
Addison-4 Fred Baser Rep Lincoln 2000
David Sharpe Dem Bristol 2014
Addison-5 Harvey Smith Rep New Haven 2010
Addison-Rutland-1 Terry Norris Ind Shoreham 2018↑
Bennington-1 Bill Botzow Dem Bennington 2002
Bennington-2-1 Timothy Corcoran DemBennington2002
Rachael Fields DemBennington2014
Bennington-2-2 Kiah Morris DemBennington2014
Mary Morrissey RepBennington1996
Bennington-3 Alice Miller Dem Shaftsbury 1996
Bennington-4 Cynthia Browning Dem Arlington 2006
Brian Keefe Rep Manchester 2016
Bennington-Rutland-1 Linda Joy Sullivan Dem Dorset 2016
Caledonia-1 Marcia Martel Rep Waterford 2014
Caledonia-2 Chip Troiano Dem East Hardwick 2014
Caledonia-3 Scott Beck Rep St. Johnsbury 2014
Scott Campbell DemSt. Johnsbury2018
Caledonia-4 Martha Feltus Rep Lyndonville 2012
Richard Lawrence RepLyndonville2004
Caledonia-Washington-1 Catherine Toll Dem Danville 2008
Chittenden-1 Marcia Gardner Dem Richmond 2016
Chittenden-2 Terence Macaig Dem Williston 2008
Jim McCullough DemWilliston2002
Chittenden-3 Trevor Squirrell Dem Underhill 2016
George Till Dem Jericho 2008
Chittenden-4-1 Mike Yantachka Dem Charlotte 2010
Chittenden-4-2 Bill Lippert Dem Hinesburg 1992
Chittenden-5-1 Kathryn Webb Dem Shelburne 2008
Chittenden-5-2 Jessica Brumsted Dem Shelburne 2016
Chittenden-6-1 Carol Ode Dem Burlington 2016
Kurt Wright RepBurlington2000
Chittenden-6-2 Jean O'Sullivan DemBurlington2012↑
Chittenden-6-3 Jill Krowinski DemBurlington2012↑
Curtis McCormack DemBurlington2012
Chittenden-6-4 Brian Cina ProgBurlington2016
Selene Colburn ProgBurlington2016
Chittenden-6-5 Johannah Leddy Donovan DemBurlington2000
Mary Sullivan DemBurlington2008
Chittenden-6-6 Barbara Rachelson DemBurlington2012
Chittenden-6-7Clem Bissonnette Dem Winooski 2008
Diana Gonzalez ProgWinooski2014
Chittenden-7-1 Martin LaLonde Dem South Burlington 2014
Chittenden-7-2 Ann Pugh DemSouth Burlington1992
Chittenden-7-3 Helen Head DemSouth Burlington2002
Chittenden-7-4 Maida Townsend DemSouth Burlington2012
Chittenden-8-1 Betsy Dunn Dem Essex Junction 2016
Linda Myers Rep Essex Town 2000
Chittenden-8-2 Dylan Giambatista DemEssex Junction2016
Lori Houghton DemEssex Junction2016
Chittenden-8-3 Robert Bancroft Rep Westford 2014
Chittenden-9-1 Jim Condon Dem Colchester 2004
Curt Taylor DemColchester2016
Chittenden-9-2 Patrick Brennan RepColchester2002
Maureen Dakin DemColchester2014
Chittenden-10 Chris Mattos Rep Milton 2017↑
Donald H. Turner RepMilton2006↑
Essex-Caledonia Constance Quimby Rep Concord 2012
Essex-Caledonia-Orleans Paul Lefebvre Rep Island Pond 2014
Franklin-1 Carl Rosenquist Rep Georgia 2016
Franklin-2 Barbara Murphy Ind Fairfax 2014
Franklin-3-1 Kathleen Keenan Dem St. Albans City 1988
Corey Parent RepSt. Albans City2014
Franklin-3-2 Eileen Dickinson Rep St. Albans Town 2008
Franklin-4 Marianna Gamache Dem Swanton 2014
Brian K. Savage RepSwanton2008
Franklin-5 Stephen Beyor Rep Highgate Springs 2012
Albert Pearce Rep Richford 2008
Franklin-6 Daniel Connor Dem Fairfield 2012
Franklin-7 Cindy Weed Prog Enosburg Falls 2016
Grand Isle-Chittenden-1 Mitzi Johnson Dem South Hero 2002
Ben Joseph Dem North Hero 2016
Lamoille-1 Heidi Scheuermann Rep Stowe 2006
Lamoille-2 Matthew Hill Dem Wolcott 2016
Daniel Noyes DemWolcott2016
Lamoille-3 Bernard Juskiewicz Rep Cambridge 2012
Lamoille-Washington Gary Nolan Rep Morrisville 2016
David Yacovone DemMorrisville2016
Orange-1 Robert Frenier Rep Chelsea 2016
Rodney Graham Rep Williamstown 2014
Orange-2 Sarah Copeland-Hanzas Dem Bradford 2004
Orange-Caledonia Chip Conquest Dem Wells River 2008
Orange-Washington-Addison Jay Hooper Dem Brookfield 2016
Ben Jickling IndBrookfield2016
Orleans-1 Lynn Batchelor Rep Derby Line 2010
Brian Smith Rep Derby 2016
Orleans-2 Michael Marcotte Rep Newport Town 2004
Gary Viens Rep Newport City 2014
Orleans-Caledonia Vicki Strong Rep Irasburg 2010
Sam Young Dem West Glover 2010
Orleans-Lamoille Mark Higley Rep Lowell 2008
Rutland-1 Patricia McCoy Rep Poultney 2014
Rutland-2 Thomas Burditt Rep West Rutland 2010
Dave Potter Dem Clarendon 2004
Rutland-3 William Canfield Rep Fair Haven 2004
Robert Helm RepFair Haven1990
Rutland-4 Thomas Terenzini Rep Rutland Town 2012
Rutland-5-1 Peter Fagan Rep Rutland City 2008
Rutland-5-2 Lawrence Cupoli RepRutland City2012
Rutland-5-3 Mary Howard DemRutland City2016
Rutland-5-4 Douglas Gage RepRutland City2012
Rutland-6 Stephen Carr Dem Brandon 2012
Butch Shaw Rep Pittsford 2010
Rutland-Bennington Robin Chesnut-Tangerman Prog Middletown Springs 2014
Rutland-Windsor-1 Jim Harrison Rep Mendon 2017↑
Rutland-Windsor-2 Dennis Devereux Rep Belmont 2006
Washington-1 Anne Donahue Rep Northfield 2002
Patti Lewis Rep Berlin 2010
Washington-2 Robert LaClair Rep Barre Town 2014
Francis McFaun RepBarre Town2004
Washington-3 Paul Poirier Ind Barre City 2008
Tommy Walz DemBarre City2014
Washington-4 Mary Hooper Dem Montpelier 2008
Warren Kitzmiller DemMontpelier2000
Washington-5 Kimberly Jessup Dem Middlesex 2016
Washington-6 Janet Ancel Dem Calais 2004
Washington-7 Maxine Grad Dem Moretown 2000
Edward Read Ind Fayston 2018↑
Washington-Chittenden Tom Stevens Dem Waterbury 2008
Theresa Wood DemWaterbury2015↑
Windham-1 Sara Coffey Dem Guilford 2018
Windham-2-1 Emilie Kornheiser Dem Brattleboro 2018
Windham-2-2 Mollie Burke ProgBrattleboro2008
Windham-2-3 Tristan Toleno DemBrattleboro2012
Windham-3 Carolyn Partridge Dem Windham 1998
Matt Trieber Dem Bellows Falls 2011↑
Windham-4 Nader Hashim Dem Dummerston 2018
Mike Mrowicki DemPutney2008
Windham-5 Emily Long Dem Newfane 2014
Windham-6 John Gannon Dem Wilmington 2016
Windham-Bennington Laura Sibilia Ind Dover 2014
Windham-Bennington-Windsor Kelly Pajala Ind South Londonderry 2017↑
Windsor-1 John Bartholomew Dem Hartland 2010
Paul Belaski Dem Windsor 2016
Windsor-2 Annmarie Christensen Dem Perkinsville 2016
Windsor-3-1 Thomas Bock Dem Chester 2016
Windsor-3-2 Alice Emmons Dem Springfield 1982
Robert Forguites Dem North Springfield 2014
Windsor-4-1 Susan Buckholz Dem Quechee 2016
Windsor-4-2 Kevin Christie Dem White River Junction 2010
Gabrielle Lucke DemWhite River Junction2014
Windsor-5 Charlie Kimbell Dem Woodstock 2016
Windsor-Orange-1 David Ainsworth Rep South Royalton 2016
Windsor-Orange-2 Timothy Briglin Dem Thetford Center 2014
Jim Masland DemThetford Center1998
Windsor-Rutland Sandy Haas Prog Rochester 2004

Past notable members

Nearly all of the Governors of the state and most of its U.S. representatives and U.S. senators were first members of this house. Other prominent members include:

Consuelo Northrop Bailey was an American lawyer and elected official.

Edna Beard American politician

Edna Louisa Beard was the first woman legislator in Vermont; she was the first woman elected to the Vermont House of Representatives, and the first woman elected to the Vermont Senate.

Vermont Senate

The Vermont Senate is the upper house of the Vermont General Assembly, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Vermont. The senate consists of 30 members. Senate districting divides the 30 members into three single-member districts, six two-member districts, three three-member districts, and one six-member district. Each senator represents at least 20,300 citizens. Senators are elected to two-year terms and there is no limit to the number of terms that a senator may serve.

Operations

The house typically meets Tuesday through Friday during the session. [4]

See also

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References

  1. "Home | Vermont General Assembly | Vermont Legislature". legislature.vermont.gov. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  2. "Clerk of the House | Vermont General Assembly | Vermont Legislature". legislature.vermont.gov. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  3. Remsen, Nancy & Hallenbeck, Teri (January 8, 2009). Following the Legislature. Burlington Free Press.

Coordinates: 44°15′46″N72°34′51″W / 44.26268°N 72.58075°W / 44.26268; -72.58075