Vermont House of Representatives
|Vermont General Assembly|
New session started
|January 5, 2015|
Speaker of the House
since January 4, 2017
Republican Minority Leader
Progressive Minority Leader
since January 4, 2017
Length of term
|Authority||Section 7, Legislative Department, Constitution of Vermont|
|Salary||$636/week + per diem|
| November 6, 2018 |
|November 6, 2020|
|State House Chamber,|
Vermont State House
Montpelier, Vermont, U.S.
The Vermont House of Representatives is the lower house of the Vermont General Assembly, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Vermont. The House comprises 150 members, with each member representing around 4,100 citizens. Representatives are elected to a two-year term without term limits.
A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.
The Vermont General Assembly is the legislative body of the state of Vermont, in the United States. The Legislature is formally known as the "General Assembly," but the style of "Legislature" is commonly used, including by the body itself. The General Assembly is a bicameral legislature, consisting of the 150-member Vermont House of Representatives and the 30-member Vermont Senate. Members of the House are elected by single and two-member districts. 58 districts choose one member, and 46 choose two, with the term of service being two years. The Senate includes 30 Senators, elected by 3 single-member and 10 multi-member districts with two, three, or six members each. It is the only state legislative body in the United States in which a third-party has had continuous representation and been consecutively elected alongside Democrats and Republicans.
A state legislature in the United States is the legislative body of any of the 50 U.S. states. The formal name varies from state to state. In 25 states, the legislature is simply called the Legislature, or the State Legislature, while in 19 states, the legislature is called the General Assembly. In Massachusetts and New Hampshire, the legislature is called the General Court, while North Dakota and Oregon designate the legislature the Legislative Assembly.
Vermont had a unicameral legislature until 1836. It added a senate by constitutional amendment.The House meets in Representatives Hall at the Vermont State House in Montpelier.
The Vermont State House, located in Montpelier, is the state capitol of the U.S. state of Vermont. It is the seat of the Vermont General Assembly. The current Greek Revival structure is the third building on the same site to be used as the State House. Designed by Thomas Silloway in 1857 and 1858, it was occupied in 1859.
Montpelier is the capital city of the U.S. state of Vermont and the seat of Washington County. As the site of Vermont's state government, it is the least populous state capital in the United States. The population was 7,855 at the 2010 Census. However, the daytime population grows to about 21,000, due to the large number of jobs within city limits. The Vermont College of Fine Arts and New England Culinary Institute are located in the municipality. It was named after Montpellier, a city in the south of France.
This section needs additional citations for verification . (April 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The Speaker of the House presides over the House of Representatives. The Speaker is elected by the full House by Australian Ballot. If there is only one candidate, the election is usually held by voice vote. In addition to presiding over the body, the Speaker controls committee assignments and the flow of legislation. Other House leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders and whips, are elected by their respective party caucuses relative to their party's strength in the chamber. There are three party caucuses in the Vermont House; the Democratic Caucus which is currently in the majority, and the Republican and Progressive Caucuses, each currently being in the minority. Independent members of the House may choose to caucus with a party or none at all.
In U.S. politics, the majority floor leader is a partisan position in a legislative body.
In U.S. politics, the minority leader is the floor leader of the second largest caucus in a legislative body. Given the two-party nature of the U.S. system, the minority leader is almost inevitably either a Republican or a Democrat. The position could be considered similar to that of the Leader of the Opposition in Parliamentary systems. In bicameral legislatures, the counterpart to the minority leader in the lower house is the Speaker, and the majority leader is hence only the second-most senior member of the majority caucus. Contrastingly, in upper houses the titular Speaker is frequently a separately elected officer such as a lieutenant governor or vice president.
A whip is an official of a political party whose task is to ensure party discipline in a legislature. This usually means ensuring that members of the party vote according to the party platform, rather than according to their own individual ideology or the will of their constituents.
As of 2018, the Speaker was Democrat Mitzi Johnson of the Grand Isle-Chittenden District.The Majority Leader was Democrat Jill Krowinski of the Chittenden-6-3 District. The Republican Minority Leader was Republican Donald H. Turner of the Chittenden-9 District. The Progressive Minority Leader was Progressive Robin Chesnut-Tangerman of the Rutland-Bennington district. The Clerk of the House was William M. MaGill.
The Vermont Democratic Party is the affiliate branch of the United States Democratic Party in the state of Vermont. The party advocates progressivism and American liberalism.
The Vermont Republican Party is the affiliate of the United States Republican Party in Vermont. Deb Billado serves as Chairperson of the Vermont Republican State Committee.
Donald H. Turner Jr. is a Republican politician who currently serves in the Vermont House of Representatives, to which he was first elected in 2006. He represented the Chittenden-9 district until 2012 and has represented the Chittenden-10 since 2013 for the town of Milton in Chittenden County. He has also served as the Minority Leader of the Vermont House of Representatives since 2011. Turner currently serves as the Town Manager of Milton as well as a member of the Board of Civil Authority, while continuing his service in the legislature. He is also a certified fire instructor, a member of the International Association of Fire Chiefs, Milton Firefighters Association, and is the Milton Fire and Rescue Chief and Forest Fire Warden.
|Speaker of the House||Mitzi Johnson||Democratic||Grand Isle||Chittenden|
|Majority Leader||Jill Krowinski||Democratic||Burlington||Chittenden-6-3|
|Assistant Majority Leader (Whip)||Tristan Toleno||Democratic||Brattleboro||Windham-2-3|
|Deputy Assistant Majority Leader||Emily Long||Democratic||Newfane||Windham-5|
|Minority Leader||Donald H. Turner||Republican||Milton||Chittenden-10|
|Assistant Minority Leader (Whip)||Brian K. Savage||Republican||Swanton||Franklin-4|
|Deputy Assistant Minority Leader||Patricia McCoy||Republican||Poultney||Rutland-1|
|Progressive Leader||Robin Chesnut-Tangerman||Progressive||Middletown Springs||Rutland-Bennington|
|Assistant Progressive Leader (Whip)||Diana Gonzalez||Progressive||Burlington||Chittenden-6-7|
|Deputy Assistant Progressive Leader||Sandy Haas||Progressive||Rochester||Windsor-Rutland|
(shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of previous legislature||94||5||3||47||150||0|
|Latest voting share||71.3%||28.7%|
|Warren Van Wyck||Rep||Ferrisburgh||2013↑|
|Addison-5||Harvey Smith||Rep||New Haven||2010|
|Bennington-Rutland-1||Linda Joy Sullivan||Dem||Dorset||2016|
|Caledonia-2||Chip Troiano||Dem||East Hardwick||2014|
|Caledonia-3||Scott Beck||Rep||St. Johnsbury||2014|
|Scott Campbell||Dem||St. Johnsbury||2018|
|Chittenden-6-5||Johannah Leddy Donovan||Dem||Burlington||2000|
|Chittenden-7-1||Martin LaLonde||Dem||South Burlington||2014|
|Chittenden-7-2||Ann Pugh||Dem||South Burlington||1992|
|Chittenden-7-3||Helen Head||Dem||South Burlington||2002|
|Chittenden-7-4||Maida Townsend||Dem||South Burlington||2012|
|Chittenden-8-1||Betsy Dunn||Dem||Essex Junction||2016|
|Linda Myers||Rep||Essex Town||2000|
|Chittenden-8-2||Dylan Giambatista||Dem||Essex Junction||2016|
|Lori Houghton||Dem||Essex Junction||2016|
|Donald H. Turner||Rep||Milton||2006↑|
|Essex-Caledonia-Orleans||Paul Lefebvre||Rep||Island Pond||2014|
|Franklin-3-1||Kathleen Keenan||Dem||St. Albans City||1988|
|Corey Parent||Rep||St. Albans City||2014|
|Franklin-3-2||Eileen Dickinson||Rep||St. Albans Town||2008|
|Brian K. Savage||Rep||Swanton||2008|
|Franklin-5||Stephen Beyor||Rep||Highgate Springs||2012|
|Franklin-7||Cindy Weed||Prog||Enosburg Falls||2016|
|Grand Isle-Chittenden-1||Mitzi Johnson||Dem||South Hero||2002|
|Ben Joseph||Dem||North Hero||2016|
|Orange-Caledonia||Chip Conquest||Dem||Wells River||2008|
|Orleans-1||Lynn Batchelor||Rep||Derby Line||2010|
|Orleans-2||Michael Marcotte||Rep||Newport Town||2004|
|Gary Viens||Rep||Newport City||2014|
|Sam Young||Dem||West Glover||2010|
|Rutland-2||Thomas Burditt||Rep||West Rutland||2010|
|Rutland-3||William Canfield||Rep||Fair Haven||2004|
|Robert Helm||Rep||Fair Haven||1990|
|Rutland-4||Thomas Terenzini||Rep||Rutland Town||2012|
|Rutland-5-1||Peter Fagan||Rep||Rutland City||2008|
|Rutland-5-2||Lawrence Cupoli||Rep||Rutland City||2012|
|Rutland-5-3||Mary Howard||Dem||Rutland City||2016|
|Rutland-5-4||Douglas Gage||Rep||Rutland City||2012|
|Rutland-Bennington||Robin Chesnut-Tangerman||Prog||Middletown Springs||2014|
|Washington-2||Robert LaClair||Rep||Barre Town||2014|
|Francis McFaun||Rep||Barre Town||2004|
|Washington-3||Paul Poirier||Ind||Barre City||2008|
|Tommy Walz||Dem||Barre City||2014|
|Matt Trieber||Dem||Bellows Falls||2011↑|
|Windham-Bennington-Windsor||Kelly Pajala||Ind||South Londonderry||2017↑|
|Robert Forguites||Dem||North Springfield||2014|
|Windsor-4-2||Kevin Christie||Dem||White River Junction||2010|
|Gabrielle Lucke||Dem||White River Junction||2014|
|Windsor-Orange-1||David Ainsworth||Rep||South Royalton||2016|
|Windsor-Orange-2||Timothy Briglin||Dem||Thetford Center||2014|
|Jim Masland||Dem||Thetford Center||1998|
Nearly all of the Governors of the state and most of its U.S. representatives and U.S. senators were first members of this house. Other prominent members include:
Consuelo Northrop Bailey was an American lawyer and elected official.
Edna Louisa Beard was the first woman legislator in Vermont; she was the first woman elected to the Vermont House of Representatives, and the first woman elected to the Vermont Senate.
The Vermont Senate is the upper house of the Vermont General Assembly, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Vermont. The senate consists of 30 members. Senate districting divides the 30 members into three single-member districts, six two-member districts, three three-member districts, and one six-member district. Each senator represents at least 20,300 citizens. Senators are elected to two-year terms and there is no limit to the number of terms that a senator may serve.
The house typically meets Tuesday through Friday during the session.
The California State Assembly is the lower house of the California State Legislature, the upper house being the California State Senate. The Assembly convenes, along with the State Senate, at the California State Capitol in Sacramento.
The Vermont Progressive Party is a political party in the United States founded in 1999 and active only in the state of Vermont. The party is largely social democratic and progressive. As of 2019, the Party has 2 members of the Vermont Senate and 7 members of the Vermont House of Representatives. After the Democratic Party and the Republican Party, the Vermont Progressive Party has the highest number of seats among State and National offices for any organized party.
The Tennessee General Assembly (TNGA) is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Tennessee. It is a part-time bicameral legislature consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives. The Speaker of the Senate carries the additional title and office of Lieutenant Governor of Tennessee. In addition to passing a budget for state government plus other legislation, the General Assembly appoints three state officers specified by the state constitution. It is also the initiating body in any process to amend the state's constitution.
The Connecticut House of Representatives is the lower house in the Connecticut General Assembly, the state legislature of the US state of Connecticut. The house is composed of 151 members representing an equal number of districts, with each constituency containing nearly 22,600 residents. Representatives are elected to two-year terms with no term limits. The House convenes within the Connecticut State Capitol in Hartford.
The Rhode Island House of Representatives is the lower house of the Rhode Island General Assembly, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Rhode Island, the upper house being the Rhode Island Senate. It is composed of 75 members, elected to two year terms from 75 districts of equal population. The Rhode Island General Assembly does not have term limits. The House meets at the Rhode Island State Capitol in Providence.
The Kentucky House of Representatives is the lower house of the Kentucky General Assembly. It is composed of 100 Representatives elected from single-member districts throughout the Commonwealth. Not more than two counties can be joined to form a House district, except when necessary to preserve the principle of equal representation. Representatives are elected to two-year terms with no term limits. The Kentucky House of Representatives convenes at the State Capitol in Frankfort.
The Arizona House of Representatives is the lower house of the Arizona Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Arizona. The upper house is the Senate. Its members are elected to two-year terms with a term limit of four consecutive terms. Members of the Republican Party currently hold a narrow majority in the House.
Gaye R. Symington is the former Speaker of the Vermont House of Representatives, the lower house of the Vermont General Assembly. She was the 2008 Democratic nominee for the 2008 Vermont gubernatorial election against incumbent Republican Governor Jim Douglas and Independent Anthony Pollina.
The Alabama House of Representatives is the lower house of the Alabama Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Alabama. The House is composed of 105 members representing an equal number of districts, with each constituency containing at least 42,380 citizens. There are no term limits in the House. The House is also one of the five lower houses of state legislatures in the United States that is elected every four years. Other lower houses, including the United States House of Representatives, are elected for a two-year term.
David Zuckerman is an American businessman and politician of the Vermont Progressive Party serving as the 81st and current Lieutenant Governor of Vermont, elected in 2016. He previously served in the Vermont House of Representatives for six terms (1997–2011), and the Vermont Senate for two (2013–2017).
Nevada State Assembly is the lower house of the Nevada Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Nevada, the upper house being the Nevada Senate. The body consists of 42 members, elected to two-year terms from single-member districts. Each district contained approximately 64,299 people as of the 2010 United States Census. Term limits, limiting assembly members to six 2-year terms, took effect in 2010. Twelve members of the Nevada Assembly were termed out with the 2010 election serving their last legislative session in 2011.
The Chittenden-3-4 Representative District is a two-member state Representative district in the U.S. state of Vermont. It is one of the 108 one or two member districts into which the state was divided by the redistricting and reapportionment plan developed by the Vermont General Assembly following the 2000 U.S. Census. The plan applies to legislatures elected in 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, and 2010. A new plan will be developed in 2012 following the 2010 Census.
The Chittenden-5-2 Representative District is a one-member state Representative district in the U.S. state of Vermont. It is one of the 108 one- or two-member districts into which the state was divided by the redistricting and reapportionment plan developed by the Vermont General Assembly following the 2000 U.S. Census. The plan applies to legislatures elected in 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, and 2010. A new plan will be developed in 2012 following the 2010 U.S. Census.
The Chittenden-8 Representative District is a two-member state Representative district in the U.S. state of Vermont. It is one of the 108 one or two member districts into which the state was divided by the redistricting and reapportionment plan developed by the Vermont General Assembly following the 2000 U.S. Census. The plan applies to legislatures elected in 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, and 2010. A new plan will be developed in 2012 following the 2010 U.S. Census.
The Chittenden-9 Representative District is a two-member state Representative district in the U.S. state of Vermont. It is one of the 108 one or two member districts into which the state was divided by the redistricting and reapportionment plan developed by the Vermont General Assembly following the 2000 U.S. Census. The plan applies to legislatures elected in 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, and 2010. A new plan will be developed in 2012 following the 2010 U.S. Census.
Christopher A. Pearson is a Vermont politician and a member of the Vermont Progressive Party. He currently serves as a State Senator in a 6-seat district representing Chittenden County. He previously served five terms in the Vermont House of Representatives representing the Chittenden-3-4 District during 2006-2009 and 2011-2017.
The Ninety-first Minnesota Legislature is the legislature of the U.S. state of Minnesota from January 8, 2019 to January 4, 2021. It is composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives, based on the results of the 2016 Senate election and the 2018 House election. It first convened and began its regular session in Saint Paul on January 8, 2019. It will end its regular session in 2019 not later than May 20 and may meet again from sometime in 2020 to not later than May 18, 2020.
The One Hundred Thirty-Third Ohio General Assembly is the current meeting of the Ohio state legislature, composed of the Ohio State Senate and the Ohio House of Representatives. It convened in Columbus, Ohio on January 7, 2019 and is scheduled to adjourn December 31, 2020. The apportionment of legislative districts is based on the 2010 United States Census and 2011 redistricting plan. Both the Ohio Senate and Ohio House of Representatives were retained by the Ohio Republican Party.