Northfield, Vermont

Last updated
Northfield, Vermont
Town
Depot Square, Downtown Northfield.jpg
Depot Square, Downtown Northfield
Motto(s): 
"Where the Good Life Begins" [1]
Washington County Vermont Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Northfield highlighted.svg
Location in Washington County and the state of Vermont
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Northfield, Vermont
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 44°8′28″N72°39′52″W / 44.14111°N 72.66444°W / 44.14111; -72.66444 Coordinates: 44°8′28″N72°39′52″W / 44.14111°N 72.66444°W / 44.14111; -72.66444
CountryUnited States
State Vermont
County Washington
Chartered1781 [1]
Incorporated1855 [2]
Area
  Total43.6 sq mi (113.0 km2)
  Land43.5 sq mi (112.7 km2)
  Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation
735 ft (441 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total5,918
  Density140/sq mi (52/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
05663
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-50275 [3]
GNIS feature ID1462163 [4]
Website www.northfield-vt.gov

Northfield is a town in Washington County, Vermont, United States. The town lies in a valley within the Green Mountains and has been home to Norwich University since 1866. It contains the village of Northfield, where over half of the population lives. The town's total population was 5,918 at the 2020 census. [5]

Contents

History

Northfield was chartered in 1781, [1] and incorporated in 1855. [2] The community was named after Northfield, Massachusetts. [6]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 43.6 square miles (113.0 km2), of which 43.5 square miles (112.7 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.29%, is water. [7]

The geographic center of Vermont is located within the town, with markers on the university campus of the geographical and magnetic centers.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1800 204
1810 426108.8%
1820 69062.0%
1830 1,412104.6%
1840 2,01342.6%
1850 2,92245.2%
1860 4,32948.2%
1870 3,410−21.2%
1880 2,836−16.8%
1890 2,628−7.3%
1900 2,8558.6%
1910 3,22613.0%
1920 3,096−4.0%
1930 3,43811.0%
1940 3,6014.7%
1950 4,31419.8%
1960 4,5114.6%
1970 4,8708.0%
1980 5,43511.6%
1990 5,6103.2%
2000 5,7913.2%
2010 6,2077.2%
2020 5,918−4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [8] [9]

As of the census [3] of 2000, there were 5,791 people, 1,819 households, and 1,224 families residing in the town. The population density was 132.5 people per square mile (51.2/km2). There were 1,958 housing units at an average density of 44.8 per square mile (17.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.41% White, 1.02% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 1.33% Asian, 0.43% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.21% of the population.

There were 1,819 households, out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were couples living together and joined in either marriage or civil union, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. Of all households 24.3% were made up of individuals, and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 19.4% under the age of 18, 27.2% from 18 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 122.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 122.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $41,523, and the median income for a family was $51,818. Males had a median income of $32,168 versus $24,781 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,592. About 3.2% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Norwich University enrolls undergraduate students, and has a large online graduate program. [10]

Winter at Norwich University, the town's main employer, located just south of downtown NorwichUniversityWinter.JPG
Winter at Norwich University, the town's main employer, located just south of downtown

Media

Published locally is the Northfield News & Transcript . [11] [12] It is a weekly newspaper and was established in 1878 by George Richmond.

Economy

The town's largest employer is Norwich University, followed by Cabot Hosiery Mills. [13]

Infrastructure

Transportation

Bus

Northfield is served by Green Mountain Transit Agency's commuter route 93 between Montpelier and Northfield.

Roads

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

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