Windsor County, Vermont

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Windsor County
Woodstock Court House.jpg
Windsor County courthouse in Woodstock
Map of Vermont highlighting Windsor County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Vermont
Vermont in United States.svg
Vermont's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 43°33′30″N72°31′59″W / 43.55827°N 72.53299°W / 43.55827; -72.53299
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Vermont.svg  Vermont
Founded1781
Named for Windsor, Vermont, which was named for Windsor, Connecticut
Shire Town Woodstock
Largest town Hartford
Area
  Total977 sq mi (2,530 km2)
  Land969 sq mi (2,510 km2)
  Water7.4 sq mi (19 km2)  0.8%%
Population
 (2020)
  Total57,753
  Density59/sq mi (23/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district At-large
Website www.swcrpc.org

Windsor County is a county located in the U.S. state of Vermont. As of the 2020 census, the population was 57,753. [1] The shire town (county seat) is the town of Woodstock. [2] The county's largest municipality is the town of Hartford.

Contents

History

Windsor County is one of several Vermont counties created from land ceded by the State of New York on 15 January 1777 when Vermont declared itself to be a distinct state from New York. [3] [4] [5] The land originally was contested by Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and New Netherland, but it remained undelineated until July 20, 1764, when King George III established the boundary between Province of New Hampshire and Province of New York along the west bank of the Connecticut River, north of Massachusetts and south of the parallel of 45 degrees north latitude. New York assigned the land gained to Albany County. [6] [7] On March 12, 1772, Albany County was partitioned to create Charlotte County, [8] and this situation remained until Vermont's independence from New York and Britain.

Windsor County was established on February 16, 1781, from parts of Cumberland County and organized the same year. [9]

Windsor County is notable for being the birthplace (1805) of Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of the Latter Day Saint movement. Calvin Coolidge, the 30th U.S. president, was also born in Windsor County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 977 square miles (2,530 km2), of which 969 square miles (2,510 km2) is land and 7.4 square miles (19 km2) (0.8%) is water. [10] It is the largest county by area in Vermont.

Adjacent counties

National parks

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1790 15,740
1800 26,94471.2%
1810 34,87729.4%
1820 38,2339.6%
1830 40,6256.3%
1840 40,356−0.7%
1850 38,504−4.6%
1860 37,193−3.4%
1870 36,063−3.0%
1880 35,196−2.4%
1890 31,706−9.9%
1900 32,2251.6%
1910 33,6814.5%
1920 36,9849.8%
1930 37,4161.2%
1940 37,8621.2%
1950 40,8858.0%
1960 42,4833.9%
1970 44,0823.8%
1980 51,03015.8%
1990 54,0555.9%
2000 57,4186.2%
2010 56,670−1.3%
2020 57,7531.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [11]
1790–1960 [12] 1900–1990 [13]
1990–2000 [14] 2010–2018 [1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, [15] there were 57,418 people, 24,162 households, and 15,729 families living in the county. The population density was 59 people per square mile (23/km2). There were 31,621 housing units at an average density of 33 per square mile (13/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.72% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. 0.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.1% were of English, 12.9% Irish, 10.9% American, 9.9% French, 7.7% German, 6.7% French Canadian and 5.5% Italian ancestry. 96.4% spoke English and 1.5% French as their first language.

There were 24,162 households, out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.70% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.90% were non-families. 28.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.86. In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.30% under the age of 18, 5.90% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 27.60% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,688, and the median income for a family was $59,002. Males had a median income of $42,648 versus $25,696 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,369. About 3.20% of families and 5.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.50% of those under age 18 and 7.60% of those age 65 or over.

In 2007, the census department estimated that Windsor had the oldest average age in the state, 44.7. This compares with the actual census in 2000 of 41.3 years. [16]

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 56,670 people, 24,753 households, and 15,420 families living in the county. [17] The population density was 58.5 inhabitants per square mile (22.6/km2). There were 34,118 housing units at an average density of 35.2 per square mile (13.6/km2). [18] The racial makeup of the county was 96.3% white, 0.9% Asian, 0.6% black or African American, 0.3% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population. [17]

Of the 24,753 households, 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.7% were non-families, and 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.77. The median age was 45.8 years. [17]

The median income for a household in the county was $50,893 and the median income for a family was $63,387. Males had a median income of $44,610 versus $34,150 for females. The per capita income for the county was $29,053. About 5.6% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.5% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over. [19]

Politics

Since Vermont began using the popular vote in presidential elections in 1828, Windsor County has voted for the statewide winner in every presidential election in the state's history with the exception of 1912 when it voted for Progressive candidate Theodore Roosevelt over statewide winner William Taft. Mirroring the politics of the state as a whole, Windsor County was solidly Republican from its inception in the 1856 election until the 1980s, voting only for Democrat Lyndon Johnson in 1964 when he faced the highly conservative Barry Goldwater. It has supported the Democratic presidential candidate in every election since 1992. While the county did not swing as hard to the Democrats as other parts of Vermont, it has given the Democrats at least 60 percent of the vote at every election since 2004.

United States presidential election results for Windsor County, Vermont [20]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 9,97128.95%23,37667.86%1,0993.19%
2016 8,60528.75%17,55658.66%3,76712.59%
2012 8,59829.96%19,49467.93%6072.12%
2008 9,08429.15%21,44468.81%6372.04%
2004 11,49137.35%18,56160.33%7152.32%
2000 11,71340.19%15,14051.94%2,2947.87%
1996 8,01530.80%14,07054.07%3,93815.13%
1992 9,03530.95%13,87147.52%6,28621.53%
1988 12,58450.48%12,00948.17%3371.35%
1984 14,05457.96%9,86940.70%3241.34%
1980 10,47045.71%8,06735.22%4,36619.06%
1976 11,00155.80%8,28242.01%4332.20%
1972 12,42163.59%6,98935.78%1220.62%
1968 9,79556.47%6,98640.27%5663.26%
1964 5,85932.51%12,16367.49%10.01%
1960 12,65766.94%6,25033.05%20.01%
1956 14,15778.73%3,82021.24%50.03%
1952 13,94178.46%3,79121.33%370.21%
1948 9,62670.95%3,73627.54%2061.52%
1944 9,93066.12%5,08933.88%00.00%
1940 9,10962.34%5,47537.47%280.19%
1936 9,48964.90%5,08434.77%490.34%
1932 9,35367.16%4,34331.18%2311.66%
1928 10,73979.46%2,74720.33%290.21%
1924 10,22388.43%1,0158.78%3222.79%
1920 8,40082.56%1,71416.85%610.60%
1916 4,23664.54%2,21633.77%1111.69%
1912 2,40937.48%1,30220.26%2,71642.26%
1908 4,68381.61%90715.81%1482.58%
1904 4,83083.74%79713.82%1412.44%
1900 5,22784.25%94315.20%340.55%
1896 6,12888.02%6749.68%1602.30%
1892 4,75376.79%1,32921.47%1081.74%
1888 5,16375.48%1,45721.30%2203.22%
1884 5,16375.48%1,45721.30%2203.22%
1880 6,12277.29%1,74021.97%590.74%

Transportation

In 2009, the United States Department of Transportation measured 113.6 miles (182.8 km) of "major arteries", the highest in the state. [21]

Because US Route 4 had the "feel" of a freeway, motorists were inclined to speed. As a result, the Windsor County Sheriff's Department wrote 2,452 tickets in 2007. [22]

Communities

Towns

Villages

Villages are census divisions, but have no separate corporate existence from the surrounding towns.

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

See also

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Andover, Vermont</span> Town in Vermont, United States

Andover is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. The population was 568 at the 2020 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Barnard, Vermont</span> Town in Vermont, United States

Barnard is a town in Windsor County, Vermont. The population was 992 at the 2020 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bridgewater, Vermont</span> Town in Vermont, United States

Bridgewater is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. The population was 903 at the 2020 census. Bridgewater contains the hamlets of Bridgewater Village, Bridgewater Corners, West Bridgewater, and Bridgewater Center.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hartford, Vermont</span> Town in Vermont, United States

Hartford is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. It is on the New Hampshire border, at the intersection of Interstates 89 and 91. It is the site of the confluence of the White and Connecticut rivers; the Ottauquechee River also flows through the town. The town is composed of five unincorporated villages: Hartford, Quechee, West Hartford, White River Junction and Wilder. As of the 2020 census, the population was 10,686.

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Hartland is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. The population was 3,446 at the 2020 census. It includes the villages of Hartland, Hartland Four Corners, and North Hartland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Plymouth, Vermont</span> Town in Vermont, United States

Plymouth is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. The population was 641 at the 2020 census. Calvin Coolidge, the 30th President of the United States, was born and raised in Plymouth and is buried there as well. The State of Vermont Division for Historic Preservation owns and maintains the Coolidge Homestead and the village of Plymouth Notch.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Reading, Vermont</span> Town in Vermont, United States

Reading is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. The population was 687 at the 2020 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rochester, Vermont</span> Town in Vermont

Rochester is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. The population was 1,099 at the 2020 census. The central village is delineated as the Rochester census-designated place.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Royalton, Vermont</span> Town in Vermont, United States

Royalton is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. The population was 2,750 at the 2020 census. It includes the villages of Royalton, South Royalton, and North Royalton. Vermont Law School, the state's only accredited law school, is located in South Royalton.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stockbridge, Vermont</span> Town in Vermont, United States

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Windsor, Vermont</span> Town in Vermont, United States

West Windsor is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. The population was 1,344 at the 2020 census. It was known for its Ascutney Mountain Resort, which closed in 2010 and was bought by its citizens in 2015.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Weston, Vermont</span> Town in Vermont, United States

Weston is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. The population was 623 at the 2020 census. Home to the Weston Playhouse Theatre Company, it includes the villages of Weston and The Island.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Windsor, Vermont</span> Town in Vermont, United States

Windsor is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. As the "Birthplace of Vermont", the town is where the Constitution of Vermont was adopted in 1777, thus marking the founding of the Vermont Republic, a sovereign state until 1791, when Vermont joined the United States. Over much of its history, Windsor was home to a variety of manufacturing enterprises. Its population was 3,559 at the 2020 census.

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Cambridge is a town in Lamoille County, Vermont, United States. The population was 3,839 at the 2020 United States Census. Cambridge includes the villages of Jeffersonville and Cambridge.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Woodstock (village), Vermont</span> Village in Vermont, United States

Woodstock is an incorporated village located within the town of Woodstock in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. As of the 2020 census, the village population was 900.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Woodstock, Vermont</span> Town in Vermont, United States

Woodstock is the shire town of Windsor County, Vermont, United States. As of the 2020 census, the town population was 3,005. It includes the villages of Woodstock, South Woodstock, Taftsville, and West Woodstock.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 28, 2021.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. Slade, William, Jr., comp. Vermont State Papers: Being a collection of Records and Documents Connected with the Assumption and Establishment of Government by the People of Vermont, Together with the Journal of the Council of Safety, the First Constitution, the Early Journals of the General Assembly, and the Laws from the Year 1779 to 1786, Inclusive. Middlebury, 1823. P. 70-73.
  4. Van Zandt, Franklin K. Boundaries of the United States and the Several States. Geological Survey Professional Paper 909. Washington, DC; Government Printing Office, 1976. The Standard Compilation for its subject. P. 64.
  5. Williamson, Chilton. Vermont in Quandary: 1763-1825. Growth of Vermont series, Number 4. Montpelier: Vermont Historical Series, 1949. PP. 82-84; map facing 95, 100-102, 112-113.
  6. Slade, William, Jr., comp. Vermont State Papers: Being a collection of Records and Documents Connected with the Assumption and Establishment of Government by the People of Vermont, Together with the Journal of the Council of Safety, the First Constitution, the Early Journals of the General Assembly, and the Laws from the Year 1779 to 1786, Inclusive. Middlebury, 1823. pp.13-19.
  7. Van Zandt, Franklin K. Boundaries of the United States and the Several States. Geological Survey Professional Paper 909. Washington, DC; Government Printing Office, 1976. The Standard Compilation for its subject. P. 63.
  8. New York Colonial Laws, Chapter 1534; Section 5; Paragraph 321)
  9. "Vermont: Individual County Chronologies". Vermont Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
  10. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
  11. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
  12. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
  13. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
  14. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
  15. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  16. Sutkowski, Matt (August 7, 2008). Census: State older, a little more diverse. Burlington Free Press.
  17. 1 2 3 "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  18. "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  19. "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  20. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  21. Heath, Brad; McLean, Dan (September 25, 2009). "Funds bypass worst roads". Burlington Free Press. pp. 1A.
  22. Shinn, Peggy (January 18, 2009). "Not so fast (or else) on these Vermont highways". Boston Globe. Retrieved January 23, 2019.

Coordinates: 43°34′N72°34′W / 43.57°N 72.57°W / 43.57; -72.57