Visa requirements for United States citizens

Last updated
A United States passport with biometric chip. Us-passport.jpg
A United States passport with biometric chip.

Visa requirements for United States citizens and non-citizen nationals are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of the United States.

Contents

As of 10 January 2021, holders of a United States passport could travel to 185 countries and territories without a travel visa, or with a visa on arrival. The United States passport currently ranks [Note 1] 7th in terms of travel freedom (tied with the passports of Belgium, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland, and the UK) according to the Henley Passport Index. [1]

COVID-19 Restrictions

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, several countries have imposed temporary travel restrictions on United States citizens or persons arriving from the United States. [2]

Visa requirements map

Visa requirements for holders of regular United States passports
.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}
United States
Visa free access
Visa issued upon arrival
Electronic authorization or online payment required / eVisa
Visa available both on arrival or online
Visa required prior to arrival
Travel ban Visa requirements for United States citizens.png
Visa requirements for holders of regular United States passports
  United States
  Visa free access
  Visa issued upon arrival
  Electronic authorization or online payment required / eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival
  Travel ban

Visa requirements

General visa requirements of sovereign countries towards United States citizens:

CountryVisa requirementAllowed stayNotes (excluding departure fees)Reciprocity
Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan Visa required [23] [24]
  • Visitors born in Afghanistan do not require a visa.
  • Visitors arriving via military air need to legalize their stay if they wish to leave via commercial airline.
  • All visitors are fingerprinted. [25]
Flag of Albania.svg  Albania Visa not required [26] [27] X
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria Visa required [29] [30]
  • Persons may be denied entry if entering with a passport containing visas or stamps issued by Israel.
Flag of Andorra.svg  Andorra Visa not required [31]
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola eVisa [34] [35] [36]
  • Visitors who have been granted an online pre-visa or have requested such pre-visa from the consulates of Angola abroad, are then issued with a visa on arrival at the country's border check points.
  • For a maximum total stay of 90 days within a one year period. [37]
  • Besides having printed confirmation that a visa will be issued upon arrival, passengers must: have a return/onward ticket, and have a hotel reservation confirmation. [38]
X
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg  Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required [39] [40]
  • Stringent application of rules regarding proof of sufficient funds, return ticket and accommodation. [42]
X
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Visa not required [43]
  • Extendable up to 180 days.
  • Visitors are fingerprinted and photographed upon entry.
X
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia Visa not required [44] X
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia eVisa [45]
  • 90 days on each visit in 12-month period if granted [46]
  • May enter using SmartGate. [47]
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Visa not required [48] [49]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area [50] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan eVisa / Visa on arrival [53]
  • If intending to stay in the Republic of Azerbaijan for more than ten days, the visitor must register at the State Migration Service of the Republic of Azerbaijan within three days upon arrival in Azerbaijan. [55]
  • Applicants of Armenian ancestry or with Armenian visas in their passport may not obtain a visa. [56]
  • Can obtain a 30 days visa on arrival only if arriving on a direct flight of Azerbaijan Airlines from New York City. [57]
X
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas Visa not required [58] [59]
  • Passport Card or Enhanced Drivers License valid for Sea Travel
X
Flag of Bahrain.svg  Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival [60]
  • Visa also obtainable online [62]
X
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh Visa on arrival [63] X
Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados Visa not required [66] [67] X
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus Visa not required [69] X
Flag of Belgium.svg  Belgium Visa not required [74]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area [75] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
Flag of Belize.svg  Belize Visa not required [76] [77]
  • Departure tax applies. [79]
X
Flag of Benin.svg  Benin eVisa [80] [81] X
Flag of Bhutan.svg  Bhutan Visa required [83]
  • $250 per day is a non-negotiable minimum daily tariff paid by all visitors to Bhutan.
  • Visas are issued only to tourists booked with a local licensed tour operator. [84]
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia Visa not required [85] [86] X
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required [88] [89]
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
  • Registration with the local police within 24 hours of arrival is mandatory. [90]
X
Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana Visa not required [91] [92]
  • 90 days within any year period [93]
X
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Visa not required [94] [95]
  • Up to 90 days per visit, but no more than 180 days per year.
X
Flag of Brunei.svg  Brunei Visa not required [96] [97]
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Visa not required [98] [99]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period [100] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
X
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso Visa on arrival [101] X
Flag of Burundi.svg  Burundi Visa required [103]
  • Visitors are fingerprinted
Flag of Cambodia.svg  Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival [104]
  • Visa is also obtainable online. [105]
  • All visitors are fingerprinted on arrival and departure. [106]
X
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon Visa required [107]
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Visa not required [109] [110]
  • Anyone with a criminal record (including misdemeanors or alcohol-related driving offenses in the US) may not be able to enter Canada without first obtaining an approval for rehabilitation [111] or a Temporary Resident Permit (TRP). [112]
  • Passport Card, NEXUS card, or Enhanced Drivers License valid for Land and Sea Travel
Flag of Cape Verde.svg  Cape Verde Visa not required [113] 30 days
  • Must register online at least five days prior to arrival. [114]
X
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg  Central African Republic Visa not required [115] [116] [117] X
Flag of Chad.svg  Chad Visa required [119] [120]
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Visa not required [123]
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Visa required [126]
  • Registration mandatory within 24 hours of arrival; [127]
  • All visitors are fingerprinted on arrival and departure between the ages of 14 and 70.
  • Visas for U.S. citizens are valid for up to 10 years. [129]
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Visa not required [130] [131]
  • Extendable up to 180-days stay within a one-year period [132]
  • Colombian-born U.S. citizens and U.S. citizens traveling with children may face special exit requirements. [133]
X
Flag of the Comoros.svg  Comoros Visa on arrival [134] [135] X
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required [136] [137]
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg  Republic of the Congo Visa required [139] [140]
Flag of Costa Rica (state).svg  Costa Rica Visa not required [142]
  • Departure tax applies. [143]
X
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Côte d'Ivoire eVisa [144] X
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Visa not required [146] [147]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period. Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
  • Registration with the local police within 24 hours of arrival is mandatory. [148]
X
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba Tourist Card required [149] 30 days
  • Tourist travel was historically prohibited under U.S. law for U.S. citizens, permanent residents, and others subject to U.S. jurisdiction. [150] Under the Cuban Assets Control Regulations, all persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction are not permitted to travel to Cuba, and must be licensed in order to engage in any travel-related transactions pursuant to travel to, from, and within Cuba. In July 2015, the United States resumed diplomatic relations with Cuba. Discussions on lifting the travel ban have initiated. On June 16, 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump announced new travel restrictions. [151] [152]
  • Tourist Card can be extended up to maximum 60 days with a fee.
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus Visa not required [153] [154] X
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Visa not required [156] [157]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area [158] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Visa not required [159] [160]
  • US citizens can enter Denmark for up to 90 days every six months, regardless of whether they have stayed in other Schengen countries (except other Nordic countries) prior to entry into Denmark. [161]
  • Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti eVisa [162]
X
Flag of Dominica.svg  Dominica Visa not required [163] [164]
  • Departure tax applies. [165]
X
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic Visa not required [166] [167]
  • Extendable up to 90 days
  • Passport Card or Enhanced Drivers License valid for Sea Travel
X
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador Visa not required [168]
  • Extendable for another 90 days, per year [169]
X
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt eVisa / Visa on arrival [170] X
Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador Visa not required [173] [174] X
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea Visa not required [175] X
Flag of Eritrea.svg  Eritrea Visa required [177]
  • Airport departure tax applies. [178]
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia Visa not required [179] [180]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area [181] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
Flag of Eswatini.svg  Eswatini Visa not required [182]
  • Extendable up to 60 days [183]
X
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia eVisa / Visa on arrival [184]
  • Visitors are fingerprinted
X
Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji Visa not required [187] X
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Visa not required [189] [190]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area [191] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
Flag of France.svg  France Visa not required [192] [193]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area (in Regions of France) [194] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
  • A bilateral agreement pre-dating the Schengen area may allow 90 days of stay in France regardless of days spent in other Schengen countries. [195] [196] [197] [198]
Flag of Gabon.svg  Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival [199] X
Flag of The Gambia.svg  Gambia Visa required [202] [203]
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia Visa not required [205]
  • Visitors must hold proof of health insurance.
X
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Visa not required [206]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area [207] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana Visa required [208] [209]
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece Visa not required [211] [212]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area [213] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
Flag of Grenada.svg  Grenada Visa not required [214] [215]
  • Extensions possible
X
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala Visa not required [216]
  • An exit tax must be paid when departing by air. [217]
X
Flag of Guinea.svg  Guinea eVisa [218] X
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg  Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival [220]
  • Visitors must apply for a visa on arrival in advance or online. [222]
X
Flag of Guyana.svg  Guyana Visa not required [223] X
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti Visa not required [225] [226] X
Flag of Honduras (darker variant).svg  Honduras Visa not required [227]
  • Departing airport tax applies.
X
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Visa not required [228] [229]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area [230] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland Visa not required [231] [232]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area [233] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
Flag of India.svg  India eVisa [234]
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports [Note 2] or 3 designated seaports. [Note 3] [235]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
  • $100 fee along with bank surcharge of 2.5% [236]
  • Confirmation has to be shown at the border where a visa on arrival is issued.
  • Visitors are fingerprinted.
  • American citizens are eligible for a ten-year, multiple-entry tourist visa. [237]
  • American citizens of Pakistani heritage are not eligible for a ten-year, multiple-entry tourist visa, and must apply for a regular visa.
X
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia Visa not required [238] [239] X
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Visa required [240]
  • Iranian visas must be obtained from the Special Interests section of the Embassy of Pakistan, Washington, D.C. or an Iranian embassy all around the world [241]
  • US visitors are fingerprinted and photographed upon entry. [242]
  • Independent travelers must be accompanied by an authorized guide at all times.
  • Tourist visa not required for Kish Island. [243]
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq Visa required [244]
  • Some U.S. citizens must obtain an exit stamp at a Residency Office before departing the country.
  • Some visitors who plan to stay for more than 10 days must also obtain a residency stamp. [245]
  • Visitors who come as part of a government-sponsored tour, upon presentation of proper paperwork from the government, may receive a visa on arrival at Baghdad International Airport for $80 + 1250 Iraqi dinar. Visitors are not required to obtain any other permits, including for Iraqi Kurdistan, or submit blood tests. [246]
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Visa not required [247] [248]
  • Strict application of immigration rules regarding providing proof of the trip purpose, sufficient funds, return ticket and accommodation. [249]
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Visa not required [250]
  • Admission temporarily refused due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States.
  • Dual nationals of Israel and the United States who don't have an Israeli passport, including infants, may be required to obtain an Israeli passport in order to leave Israel. [251]
  • Entry prohibited for any person "who knowingly issues a public call for boycotting Israel". [252]
X
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Visa not required [253] [254]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area [255] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica Visa not required [256]
  • There is a departure tax for travelers, which is regularly included in airfare. [257]
X
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Visa not required [258]
  • All visitors are fingerprinted [259]
Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan Visa on arrival [260]
  • Visa on arrival obtainable at most international ports of entry and at most international land border crossings (except King Hussein/Allenby Bridge crossing). [261]
  • Iris scan is taken on arrival and departure [262]
X
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan Visa not required [263] [264]
  • As part of the no-visa pilot program in period 15 July 2014 – 15 July 2015. In June 2015 this program was extended until December 31, 2017. [265] [266]
X
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival [267] X
Flag of Kiribati.svg  Kiribati Visa not required [269]
  • Airport Embarkation Tax applies. [270]
X
Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea Travel restricted [271] [272] [273]
  • U.S. passports holders must obtain a special passport validation from the U.S. federal government before travel.
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Visa not required [274]
  • All visitors are fingerprinted. [275]
Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival [276] X
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg  Kyrgyzstan Visa not required [277] X
Flag of Laos.svg  Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival [279] [280]
  • Visa on arrival is available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge, [Note 4] and at 13 border crossings [Note 5] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand. [281] Visa on arrival facility will be gradually phased out at various border crossings starting January 2020. [282]
  • eVisa may be used to enter Laos through the following entry points — Wattay International Airport and the First Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Visa on arrival is extendable up to 60 days.
X
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia Visa not required [283] [284]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area [285] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
  • A bilateral agreement pre-dating the Schengen area allows an additional 90 days of stay in Latvia (to a total of 180) regardless of days spent in other Schengen countries. [286]
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon Free visa on arrival [287]
  • Extendable for 2 additional months.
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket
X
Flag of Lesotho.svg  Lesotho Visa not required [288]
  • Extendable up to 180 days. [289]
X
Flag of Liberia.svg  Liberia Visa required [290]
Flag of Libya.svg  Libya Visa required [292]
  • Visitors travelling to Libya for touristic purposes are required to convert US$1,000 or equivalent on arrival.
  • Holders of passports bearing an Israeli visa or entry/exit stamps from Israel are not allowed to enter Libya. [293]
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg  Liechtenstein Visa not required [294]
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania Visa not required [296] [297]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area. Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
  • Mandatory medical insurance. [298]
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg Visa not required [299] [300]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area [301] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
Flag of Madagascar.svg  Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival [302] X
Flag of Malawi.svg  Malawi eVisa / Visa on arrival [303] [304]
  • From 1 October 2015 visitors are generally advised to obtain a visa in advance. [305]
X
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia Visa not required [306]
  • All visitors are fingerprinted on arrival and departure. [307]
  • Immigration offenses, such as visa overstaying, are punishable by caning.
X
Flag of Maldives.svg  Maldives Free visa on arrival [308] [309]
  • Extendable up to 90 days.
X
Flag of Mali.svg  Mali Visa required [310] [311]
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta Visa not required [313] [314]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area [315] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg  Marshall Islands Visa not required [316] unlimited
Flag of Mauritania.svg  Mauritania Visa on arrival [318] X
Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius Visa not required [320] X
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Visa not required [322] [323]
  • Visitors must obtain a Forma Migratoria Multiple. There is no charge for a tourist FMM for stays of less than 7 days when entering by land. For visitors staying more than 7 days up to 180 days and entering by land the cost is 575 Mexican Pesos. An FMM is required for all visitors entering via air, regardless of length of stay, and the cost is included in the travelers airfare and remitted by the airline. [324] [325]
  • Passport Card or Enhanced Drivers License valid for Land and Sea Travel
X
Flag of Federated States of Micronesia.svg  Micronesia Visa not required [326] unlimited [327]
  • All states except Yap have a departure fee. [328]
  • U.S. citizens may live and work freely in Micronesia under the Compact of Free Association.
  • There is no limit to the length of time U.S. citizens can remain in the FSM. [329]
Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova Visa not required [330]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
  • Registration upon arrival is mandatory. [331]
X
Flag of Monaco.svg  Monaco Visa not required [332]
Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia Visa not required [335]
  • Registration required after 30 days. [336]
X
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro Visa not required [337]
  • Registration with the local police within 24 hours of arrival is mandatory. [338]
X
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco Visa not required [339] X
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique Visa on arrival [341] X
Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar eVisa [343] X
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia Visa not required [344] X
Flag of Nauru.svg  Nauru Visa required [346]
  • Visas are issued with validity of 30 days. [347]
Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal Visa on arrival [348]
  • Obtainable at Tribhuvan International Airport and certain land borders.
  • Total of no more than 150 aggregate days in any given calendar year. [349]
  • Also available Multiple Entry 5 years Tourist Visa
X
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Visa not required [350] [351]
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Electronic Travel Authority [353]
  • May enter using eGate. [355]
  • International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy must be obtained alongside Electronic Travel Authority. [356]
Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua Visa not required [357]
  • A tourist card must be purchased upon arrival. [358]
X
Flag of Niger.svg  Niger Visa required [359] [360]
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria Visa required [362] [363]
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia Visa not required [364]
  • Registration with the local police within 24 hours of arrival is mandatory [365]
X
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Visa not required [366] [367]
  • 3 months within a 6-month period, regardless of previous time spent in other Schengen countries, but including time spent in other Nordic countries [368] [369]
  • Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
Flag of Oman.svg  Oman eVisa [370]
  • Holders of a visa or entrance stamp of the Emirate of Dubai that is valid for at least 21 days are visa exempt. [371]
  • Holders of a visa for Qatar that is valid for travel to Oman and valid for at least one month are visa exempt when arriving directly from Qatar. [372]
  • Iris scan is taken on arrival. [262]
X
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Online Visa [373]
  • Online Visa eligible. [374]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes. [375]
X
Flag of Palau.svg  Palau Visa not required [376]
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama Visa not required [378]
  • Denial of entry or transit to any person who has a criminal conviction. [379]
X
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg  Papua New Guinea Free eVisa / Visa on arrival [380]
  • Extendable for 30 days [381]
  • Visa on arrival is issued free of charge.
X
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay Visa on arrival [382]
  • U.S. citizens arriving by air may obtain a visa on arrival at Silvio Pettirossi International Airport in Asuncion. This is a multiple entry visa with a validity of up to 10 (ten) years. If entering elsewhere, a visa must be obtained in advance from the embassy or consulate. [383]
X
Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru Visa not required [384]
  • Determined on arrival [385]
X
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines Visa not required [386] [387]
  • Naturalized US citizens of former Philippine nationality (balikbayan) allowed to stay for one year.
X
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Visa not required [388]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area. Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
  • Dual nationals must use their Polish passport [389]
  • A bilateral agreement pre-dating the Schengen area allows a stay in Poland regardless of days spent in other Schengen countries. [390] [391] [198]
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Visa not required [392] [393] [394]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area [395] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar Visa not required [396] X
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Visa not required [397] [398]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period. [399] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
X
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Visa required [400]
  • 72-hour visa-free for international cruise ship/ferry passengers only if travelling with an organized tour and accompanied at all times by a tour operator.
  • Registration required after 7 business days. [401] [402]
  • American citizens may receive multiple entry visas valid for three years. [403]
Flag of Rwanda.svg  Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival [404] [405] X
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required [407] [408] X
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg  Saint Lucia Visa not required [409] [410] X
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required [411] X
Flag of Samoa.svg  Samoa Visa not required [413]
  • Departure tax applies. [414]
X
Flag of San Marino.svg  San Marino Visa not required [415] [416]
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg  São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required [417] X
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia eVisa / Visa on arrival [419] [420] 90 daysX
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal Visa not required [421] X
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia Visa not required [423]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period [424]
X
Flag of the Seychelles.svg  Seychelles Free Visitor's Permit on arrival [425]
  • Extendable up to a year [426]
X
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg  Sierra Leone Visa on arrival [427] X
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Visa not required [429]
  • All visitors are fingerprinted on arrival and departure [431]
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Visa not required [432] [433]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area. Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
  • Medical insurance required.
  • Sufficient funds of $50 per person per day required.
  • Registration within 3 working days required. [434]
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia Visa not required [435] [436]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area. Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
  • Registration with the local police within 72 hours of arrival is mandatory. [437]
Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg  Solomon Islands Free Visitor's permit on arrival [438]
  • 3 months within 12 months [439]
X
Flag of Somalia.svg  Somalia Visa on arrival [440] X
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Visa not required [441]
  • Holders of passports without 2 blank pages may be refused entry. [442]
X
Flag of South Sudan.svg  South Sudan Electronic Visa [443] X
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Visa not required [446] [447]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area. [448] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival [449] X
Flag of Sudan.svg  Sudan Visa required [451] [452]
  • Holders of passports that contain visas or entry/exit stamps for Israel will likely be refused entry.
  • Exit visa required.
  • Registration within 3 days mandatory. [453]
Flag of Suriname.svg  Suriname E-tourist card [454] 90 days
  • Multiple entry eVisa is also available. [455]
X
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Visa not required [456] [457]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area. [458] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Visa not required [459] [460]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area. [461] Beginning in January 2021, ETIAS system will become mandatory for all Non-EU international travellers. [51] [52]
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria Visa required [462] [463]
  • Registration required within 15 days.
  • Departure tax applies at all borders.
  • Persons with passports bearing Israeli visas or entry/exit stamps are not allowed to enter. [464]
  • Visas are not currently available to United States residents. [465]
Flag of Tajikistan.svg  Tajikistan eVisa [466] [467]
  • If arriving from a country that has a Tajik diplomatic mission a visa should be obtained in advance.
  • eVisa holders can enter through all border points. [468]
X
Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival [469] [470] [471]
  • Ordinary visa available on arrival for $100 [472]
X
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand Visa not required [473]
  • Maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air.
X
Flag of East Timor.svg  Timor-Leste Visa on arrival [474]
  • For arrivals by air only [475]
X
Flag of Togo.svg  Togo Visa on arrival [476] X
Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga Free visa on arrival [478] [479] X
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required [480] X
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia Visa not required [482] X
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey eVisa [484] [485] X
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg  Turkmenistan Visa required [486]
  • Departure fee applies. [487]
  • 10-day visa on arrival if holding letter of invitation issued by a company registered in Turkmenistan with a prior approval from the Foreign Ministry. [488]
Flag of Tuvalu.svg  Tuvalu Free visa on arrival [489]
  • Extendable up to 3 months [490]
  • Visa on arrival is issued free of charge.
X
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival [491]
  • Determined at the port of entry.
  • Must apply online at least 2 business days or more prior to travel. [492] As of March 2017, airlines were refusing passengers permission to board flights to Uganda if they did not have a print-out of the document showing that they had successfully applied for an eVisa. Ugandan immigration authorities also may require additional documentation, including proof of a return plane ticket and detailed tour itinerary in Uganda.
  • International Certificate of Vaccination required. [493]
X
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine Visa not required [494]
  • 90 days within any 180-day period [495]
X
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates Free visa on arrival [496] [497]
  • Extension possible with a fee
  • Iris scan taken on arrival
  • U.S. passport holders can sign up for E-Gate access on arrival/departure at Dubai International Airport
X
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Visa not required [498] [499]
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Visa not required [501] X
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan eVisa [503] [504]
  • 5-day visa-free transit when in transit at the international airports on condition of holding a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country. [505]
  • Registration within 3 days is mandatory. [506]
X
Flag of Vanuatu.svg  Vanuatu Visa not required [507]
  • Extendable up to 120 days [508]
X
Flag of the Vatican City.svg   Vatican City Visa not required [509] X
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela Visa required [510]
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam eVisa [510] X
Flag of Yemen.svg  Yemen Visa required [514] [515]
  • Registration mandatory.
  • Exit visa required for stays over 30 days. [516]
Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival [517] X
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival [520]
  • Tourism purposes only. [521]
  • Electronic visa also available. [522]
X

Territories or administrative subdivisions with different visa policies

Visa requirements for United States citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries not mentioned in the list above, recognized administrative subdivisions that operate on different visa policies and restricted zones:

Africa
Visitor toVisa requirementAllowed stayNotes (excluding departure fees)
Flag of Eritrea.svg  Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit requiredTo travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa). [523]
The Flag of Ascension Island.svg  Ascension Island eVisa [524] [525]
  • 3 months within any year period
Flag of Saint Helena.svg  Saint Helena Visitor's Pass requiredVisitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling. [526]
Flag of Tristan da Cunha.svg  Tristan da Cunha Permission requiredPermission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands. [527]
Flag of France.svg  Mayotte Visa not required [528]
Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic UndefinedUndefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
Flag of Somaliland.svg  Somaliland Visa on arrival30 US dollars, payable on arrival. [529] [530]
Flag of France.svg  Réunion Visa not required [531]
Flag of Sudan.svg  Sudan outside Khartoum Travel permit requiredAll foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Flag of Sudan.svg Darfur Travel permit requiredSeparate travel permit is required. [532]
Asia
Visitor toVisa requirementAllowed stayNotes (excluding departure fees)
Flag of the Commissioner of the British Indian Ocean Territory.svg  British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit requiredSpecial permit required. [533]
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Hainan Visa not required when travelling as part of a tour groupVisa not required for 15 days for traveling as part of a tourist group (2 or more people) [534] [535]
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong Visa not requiredAdmission refused unless travelling from Mainland China, Macao or Taiwan or a resident of Hong Kong. Before March 24 2020, Americans were granted a 90-day visa free stay.
Flag of India.svg Protected and restricted areas of India PAP/RAP requiredProtected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year. [537] [538] [539] [540] [541] [542]
Flag of Kurdistan.svg  Iraqi Kurdistan Visa on arrivalVisa on arrival for 15 days is available at Erbil and Sulaymaniyah airports. [244]
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur & Priozersk Special permission requiredSpecial permission required for the city of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Priozersk near Almaty. [543]
Flag of Iran.svg Kish Island Visa not requiredVisitors to Kish Island do not require a visa. [242]
Flag of Macau.svg  Macau Visa not required
Flag of Malaysia.svg Sabah and Sarawak Visa not requiredThese states have their own immigration authorities and passport is required to travel to them, however the same visa applies. [545]
Flag of Maldives.svg  Maldives outside Malé Permission requiredTourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of the Maldives. [546]
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Mecca and Medina Special access requiredNon-Muslims and those following the Ahmadiyya religious movement are strictly prohibited from entry.
Flag of India.svg North Sentinel Island Restricted zone
Flag of Palestine.svg  Palestine Visa not requiredTravel to Gaza Strip may be restricted . [547]
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taiwan Visa not requiredVisitors fingerprinted
Flag of Tajikistan.svg Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit requiredOIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez. [549] [550] [551]
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Tibet Autonomous Region TTP requiredTibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars). [552] [553] [554]
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Closed cities of Turkmenistan Special permit requiredA special permit, issued prior to arrival by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is required if visiting the following places: Atamurat, Cheleken, Dashoguz, Serakhs and Serhetabat. [555]
Flag of the United Nations.svg Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone
Flag of the United Nations.svg UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone
Flag of Vietnam.svg Phú Quốc Visa not required
Flag of Yemen.svg  Yemen outside Sana’a or Aden Special permission requiredSpecial permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden. [516]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor toVisa requirementAllowed stayNotes (excluding departure fees)
Flag of Anguilla.svg  Anguilla Visa not required
Flag of Aruba.svg  Aruba Visa not required90 days within any year period [557] [558]
90 days in Aruba, Caribbean Netherlands, Curaçao and Sint Maarten combined
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda Visa not requiredDecided on arrival. [559]
Flag of the Netherlands.svg (Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba)Visa not required
Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg  British Virgin Islands Visa not requiredExtensions possible [562]
Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  Cayman Islands Visa not required
Flag of Colombia.svg San Andrés and Leticia Tourist Card on arrivalVisitors arriving at Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport and Alfredo Vásquez Cobo International Airport must buy tourist cards on arrival. [564]
Flag of Curacao.svg  Curaçao Visa not required90 days within any year period [565]
90 days in Aruba, Caribbean Netherlands, Curaçao and Sint Maarten combined
Flag of France.svg French West Indies Visa not requiredFrench West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy [566]
Flag of Denmark.svg Flag of Greenland.svg  Greenland Visa not required [567]
Flag of Venezuela.svg Margarita Island Visa requiredAll visitors are fingerprinted. [568]
Flag of Montserrat.svg  Montserrat Visa not required
Flag of Sint Maarten.svg  Sint Maarten Visa not required
Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands.svg  Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required
Europe
Visitor toVisa requirementAllowed stayNotes (excluding departure fees)
Flag of the Republic of Abkhazia.svg  Abkhazia Visa required [572]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit requiredSpecial permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed. [573] [574]
Flag of Ukraine.svg ATO zone Special permission required [575]
Flag of Belarus.svg Brest and Grodno Visa not required
Flag of Crimea.svg  Crimea Visa requiredVisa issued by Russia is required. [577]
War Flag of Novorussia.svg  Novorossiya Restricted areaCrossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine. [578]
Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg  Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required
Flag of the United Nations.svg UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required [581] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands Visa not required [567]
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Flag of Gibraltar.svg  Gibraltar Visa not required [582]
Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey Visa not required [583]
Flag of the Isle of Man.svg  Isle of Man Visa not required [584]
Flag of Norway.svg Jan Mayen Permit required [582] Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours [585] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours. [586]
Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey Visa not required [587]
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo Visa not required
Flag of Artsakh.svg  Artsakh Visa required [589] [590] Travellers with Artsakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Artsakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan. [591]
Flag of Russia.svg Closed cities of Russia Special authorization requiredSeveral closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization. [402]
Flag of South Ossetia.svg  South Ossetia Visa not requiredMultiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia. [592] [593]
Flag of Norway.svg  Svalbard Visa not required [594] UnlimitedAnyone may live and work freely in Svalbard per the Svalbard Treaty.
Flag of Transnistria.svg  Transnistria Visa not requiredRegistration required after 24h. [595] [596]
Oceania
Visitor toVisa requirementAllowed stayNotes (excluding departure fees)
Flag of the United States.svg Flag of American Samoa.svg American Samoa Freedom of movementUnlimited
  • Proof of citizenship is required for entry.
  • U.S. citizens may live and work freely in American Samoa. [597]
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation requiredSpecial authorisation required. [598]
Flag of France.svg Clipperton Island Special permit requiredSpecial permit required. [599]
Flag of the Cook Islands.svg  Cook Islands Visa not required
Flag of Fiji.svg Lau Province Special permission requiredSpecial permission required. [188]
Flag of French Polynesia.svg  French Polynesia Visa not required90 days within any 180-day period [601]
Flag of the United States.svg Flag of Guam.svg Guam Freedom of movementUnlimitedU.S. citizens and American Samoan citizens may live and work freely in Guam. Proof of citizenship is required for entry. [602] [603]
Flag of Niue.svg  Niue Visa on arrival
Flag of the United States.svg Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands.svg Northern Mariana Islands Freedom of movementUnlimitedU.S. citizens and American Samoan citizens may live and work freely in the Northern Mariana Islands. Proof of citizenship is required for entry. [605]
Flag of the Pitcairn Islands.svg  Pitcairn Islands Visa not requiredVisa free and landing fee US$35 or tax of US$5 if not going ashore. [606] [607] [608]
Flag of Tokelau.svg  Tokelau Entry permit required [609]
Flag of the United States.svg United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits requiredSpecial permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island. [610] [611] [612] [613] [614] [615] [616]
South America
Visitor toVisa requirementAllowed stayNotes (excluding departure fees)
Bandera Provincia Galapagos.svg Galápagos Pre-registration requiredOnline pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure. [617]
Flag of France.svg French Guiana Visa not required International Certificate of Vaccination required.
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor toVisa requirementAllowed stayNotes (excluding departure fees)
Flag of the Falkland Islands.svg  Falkland Islands Visa not requiredVisa is not required. [619]
Flag of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.svg  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit requiredPre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling). [620] [621]
Flag of Antarctica.svg