Treasurer of the United States

Last updated
Treasurer of the United States

since January 14, 2020
AppointerThe President
FormationSeptember 6, 1777

The Treasurer of the United States is an official in the United States Department of the Treasury who was originally charged with the receipt and custody of government funds, though many of these functions have been taken over by different bureaus of the Department. The Treasurer remains the depositary officer of the United States with regard to deposits of gold, Special Drawing Rights, and financial gifts to the Library of Congress. [1] [2] As such, the office has nominal oversight of the United States Bullion Depository. The Treasurer's signature appears together with that of the Secretary of the Treasury on all Federal Reserve Notes.


Responsibility for oversight of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, the United States Mint, and the United States Savings Bonds Division (now the Savings Bond Marketing Office within the Bureau of the Public Debt) was assigned to the Treasurer in 1981. In 2002 the Office of the Treasurer underwent a major reorganization that removed these formal oversight duties. The Treasurer now advises the Director of the Mint, the Director of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, the Secretary, and the Deputy Secretary of the Treasury on matters relating to coinage, currency and the production of other instruments by the United States. [3]

President Harry S. Truman appointed Georgia Neese Clark as the first female Treasurer in 1949. Since then, every subsequent Treasurer has been a woman, and seven of the past eleven Treasurers have also been Hispanic.

The requirement of Senate confirmation for the appointment was dropped in August 2012. [4]

In the last 100 years, the length of time the office has been vacant totals more than 4,000 days or eleven years.

List of Treasurers

No.NameTerm of office President(s) served under
1 Michael Hillegas (Engraved Portrait).jpg
Michael Hillegas signature.png
Michael Hillegas
July 29, 1775 –
September 11, 1789 (14 years, 44 days)
George Washington
(also served under Confederation Congress)
Hillegas served jointly with George Clymer until August 6, 1776.
The title of the office was "Treasurer of the United Colonies" until May 1777. [5]
2 Samuel Meredith September 11, 1789 –
December 1, 1801 (12 years, 81 days)
George Washington
John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
3 Thomas Tudor Tucker (1745-1828).jpg
Thomas T. Tucker
December 1, 1801 –
May 2, 1828 (26 years, 153 days)
(served the longest term)
Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
James Monroe
John Quincy Adams
33 days vacant
4 WilliamClarkPA.jpg
William Clark
June 4, 1828 –
May 26, 1829 (356 days)
John Quincy Adams
Andrew Jackson
5 John Campbell May 26, 1829 –
July 20, 1839 (10 years, 55 days)
Andrew Jackson
Martin Van Buren
2 days vacant
6 William Selden July 22, 1839 –
November 23, 1850 (11 years, 124 days)
Martin Van Buren
William Henry Harrison
John Tyler
James K. Polk
Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
4 days vacant
7 Colonel John Sloane.jpg
John Sloane
November 27, 1850 –
April 1, 1853
(2 years, 125 days)
Millard Fillmore
Franklin Pierce
3 days vacant
8 Samuel L. Casey April 4, 1853 –
December 22, 1859 (6 years, 262 days)
Franklin Pierce
James Buchanan
68 days vacant
9 William C Price.jpg
William C. Price
February 28, 1860 –
March 21, 1861 (1 year, 21 days)
James Buchanan
Abraham Lincoln
10 Francis Elias Spinner.jpg
Francis E. Spinner signature.png
Francis E. Spinner
March 16, 1861 –
July 30, 1875 (14 years, 136 days)
Abraham Lincoln
Andrew Johnson
Ulysses S. Grant
11 JohnChalfantNew.jpg
John Chalfant New (Engraved Signature).jpg
John C. New
June 30, 1875 –
July 1, 1876
(1 year, 1 day)
Ulysses S. Grant
12 A U Wyman.jpg
Albert Uriah Wyman (Engraved Signature).jpg
A. U. Wyman
July 1, 1876 –
June 30, 1877 (364 days)
Ulysses S. Grant
Rutherford B. Hayes
13 James Gilfillan, treasurer U.S. LCCN94515317.jpg
James Gilfillan (Engraved Signature).jpg
James Gilfillan
July 1, 1877 –
March 31, 1883 (5 years, 273 days)
Rutherford B. Hayes
James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
14 A U Wyman.jpg
Albert Uriah Wyman (Engraved Signature).jpg
A. U. Wyman
April 1, 1883 –
April 30, 1885 (2 years, 29 days)
Chester A. Arthur
Grover Cleveland
15 Conrad N. Jordan (Engraved Signature).jpg
Conrad N. Jordan
May 1, 1885 –
March 23, 1887 (1 year, 326 days)
Grover Cleveland
62 days vacant
16 James W. Hyatt.jpg
James W. Hyatt (Engraved Signature).jpg
James W. Hyatt
May 24, 1887 –
May 10, 1889 (1 year, 351 days)
Grover Cleveland
Benjamin Harrison
17 James N Huston.jpg
James N. Huston (Engraved Signature).jpg
James N. Huston
May 11, 1889 –
April 24, 1891 (1 year, 348 days)
Benjamin Harrison
18 Enos H. Nebeker (Engraved Signature).jpg
Enos H. Nebecker
April 25, 1891 –
May 31, 1893 (2 years, 36 days)
Benjamin Harrison
Grover Cleveland
19 Daniel N. Morgan - NARA - 516592 (56-P-13)-retouched.jpg
Daniel Nash Morgan (Engraved Signature).jpg
Daniel N. Morgan
June 1, 1893 –
June 30, 1897 (4 years, 29 days)
Grover Cleveland
William McKinley
20 Ellis Henry Roberts.jpg
Ellis Henry Roberts (Engraved Signature).jpg
Ellis H. Roberts
July 1, 1897 –
June 30, 1905 (7 years, 364 days)
William McKinley
Theodore Roosevelt
21 Charles Henry Treat (Engraved Signature).jpg
Charles H. Treat
July 1, 1905 –
October 30, 1909 (4 years, 121 days)
Theodore Roosevelt
William Howard Taft
22 Lee McClung cph.3b13208.jpg
Thomas Lee McClung (Engraved Signature).jpg
Lee McClung
November 1, 1909 –
November 21, 1912 (3 years, 20 days)
William Howard Taft
23 Carmi Thompson.png
Carmi Alderman Thompson (Engraved Signature).jpg
Carmi A. Thompson
November 22, 1912 –
March 31, 1913 (129 days)
(served the shortest term)
William Howard Taft
Woodrow Wilson
24 JohnBurke1908.png
John Burke (Engraved Signature).jpg
John Burke
April 1, 1913 –
January 5, 1921 (7 years, 279 days)
Woodrow Wilson
117 days vacant
25 Frank White, governor of North Dakota.gif
Frank White (Engraved Signature).jpg
Frank White
May 2, 1921 –
May 1, 1928
(6 years, 365 days)
Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
30 days vacant
26 Harold Theodore Tate (Engraved Signature).jpg
Harold Theodore Tate
May 31, 1928 –
January 17, 1929 (231 days)
Calvin Coolidge
27 Walter Orr Woods (Engraved Signature).jpg
W. O. Woods
January 18, 1929 –
May 31, 1933 (4 years, 133 days)
Calvin Coolidge
Herbert Hoover
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
28 William Alexander Julian - April 18, 1938.jpg
Julian, William Alexander (engraved signature).jpg
William Alexander Julian
June 1, 1933 –
May 29, 1949 (15 years, 362 days)
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
23 days vacant
29 Georgia Neese Clark cph.3f05813.jpg
Clark, Georgia Neese (engraved signature).jpg
Georgia Neese Clark
June 21, 1949 –
January 27, 1953 (3 years, 220 days)
Harry S. Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower
30 Priest, Ivy Baker (engraved signature).jpg
Ivy Baker Priest
January 28, 1953 –
January 29, 1961 (8 years, 1 day)
Dwight D. Eisenhower
John F. Kennedy
31 Smith, Elizabeth Rudell (engraved signature).jpg
Elizabeth Rudel Smith
January 30, 1961 –
April 13, 1962 (1 year, 73 days)
John F. Kennedy
265 days vacant
32 Kathryn Granahan.jpg
Granahan, Kathryn O'Hay (engraved signature).jpg
Kathryn O'Hay Granahan
January 3, 1963 –
November 22, 1966 (3 years, 323 days)
John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
898 days vacant
33 Dorothy Andrews Elston [6] May 8, 1969 –
July 3, 1971
(2 years, 56 days)
Richard Nixon
167 days vacant
34 Banuelos.jpg
Romana Acosta Banuelos sig.jpg
Romana Acosta Bañuelos
December 17, 1971 –
February 14, 1974 (2 years, 59 days)
Richard Nixon
127 days vacant
Francine I Neff sig.jpg
Francine Irving Neff
June 21, 1974 –
January 19, 1977 (2 years, 212 days)
Richard Nixon
Gerald Ford
236 days vacant
36 Azie Taylor Morton.jpg
Azie Taylor Morton sig.jpg
Azie Taylor Morton
September 12, 1977 –
January 20, 1981 (3 years, 130 days)
Jimmy Carter
56 days vacant
37 Angela M Buchanan sig.jpg
Angela Marie Buchanan
March 17, 1981 –
July 5, 1983
(2 years, 110 days)
Ronald Reagan
79 days vacant
38 Katherine Davalos Ortega sig.jpg
Katherine D. Ortega
September 22, 1983 –
July 1, 1989
(5 years, 282 days)
Ronald Reagan
George H. W. Bush
163 days vacant
Catalina V Villalpando sig.jpg
Catalina Vasquez Villalpando
December 11, 1989 –
January 20, 1993 (3 years, 40 days)
George H. W. Bush
405 days vacant
40 Mary Ellen Withrow.jpg
Mary Ellen Withrow sig.jpg
Mary Ellen Withrow
March 1, 1994 –
January 20, 2001 (6 years, 325 days)
Bill Clinton
208 days vacant
41 Rosario marin.jpg
Rosario Marin sig.jpg
Rosario Marin
August 16, 2001 –
June 30, 2003 (1 year, 318 days)
George W. Bush
569 days vacant
42 Anna Escobedo Cabral, official Treasury photo.jpg
Anna Escobedo Cabral sig.jpg
Anna Escobedo Cabral
January 19, 2005 –
January 20, 2009 (4 years, 1 day)
George W. Bush
198 days vacant
43 Hi-res-rosa-rios.jpg
Rosa Gumataotao Rios
August 6, 2009 –
July 8, 2016
(6 years, 337 days)
Barack Obama
346 days vacant
44 Jovita Carranza official photo (cropped).jpg
Jovita Carranza [7]
June 19, 2017 – January 14, 2020
(2 years, 209 days)
Donald Trump
Vacant as of January 14,2020

See also

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  1. 12 U.S.C.   § 467 : Deposits of gold coin, gold certificates, and Special Drawing Right certificates with United States Treasurer
  2. 2 U.S.C.   § 157 : Funds of Library of Congress Trust Fund Board; management of
  3. "About: The Treasurer", United States Department of the Treasury website.
  4. Carey, Maeve P., Presidential Appointments, the Senate's Confirmation Process, and Changes Made in the 112th Congress, Congressional Research Service, Oct. 9, 2012.
  5. US Treasury website "History of the Treasury"
  6. Treasurers of the United States
  7. "President Donald J. Trump Announces Key Additions to his Administration" Archived 2017-05-17 at the Wayback Machine , The White House, April 28, 2017. Retrieved 2017-04-28.