The Office of Financial Markets is an office of the United States federal government in the United States Department of the Treasury. OFM serves as the department's advisor on broad matters of domestic finance, financial markets, Federal, State and local finance (including the Federal debt), Federal Government credit policies, lending and privatization.
The Office of Financial Markets is led by the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for Financial Markets, currently Matthew S. Rutherford. Assistant Secretary Rutherford reports to the United States Secretary of the Treasury through Under Secretary of the Treasury for Domestic Finance.
Within the Office of Financial Markets are:
The Office of Federal Finance (OFF), under the direction of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Federal Finance, oversees issues involving Treasury financing, public debt management, Federal regulation of financial markets, and related economic matters including regulatory issues in the Government securities markets and the futures markets. OFF analyzes and monitors economic and financial developments; assesses and originates alternative financing initiatives for the Federal government; manages clearing and settlement issues involving the Government securities markets; proposes changes in tax provisions affecting the Treasury securities market; and oversees foreign investment in Treasury securities. OFF is also responsible for leading the inter-agency effort on advanced counterfeit deterrence.
Within the Office of Federal Finance are
Alongside Office of Government Financial Policy (OGFP), OGFP oversees issues related to Government financing. Led by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Government Financing Policy, OGFP provides analyses of agency and legislative proposals related to Government borrowing, lending, and investment activities and performs actuarial and mathematical analyses and computations as required, for Treasury market financing and other Government agencies. OGFP also develops policy for and manages the operations of the Federal Financing Bank.
Within the Office of Government Financial Policy are:
The Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the United States Department of the Treasury which is concerned with all financial and monetary matters relating to the federal government, and, until 2003, also included several major federal law enforcement agencies. This position in the federal government of the United States is analogous to the minister of finance in many other countries. The secretary of the treasury is a member of the president's Cabinet, and is nominated by the president of the United States. Nominees for secretary of the treasury undergo a confirmation hearing before the United States Senate Committee on Finance before being voted on by the United States Senate.
The Department of the Treasury (USDT) is an executive department and the treasury of the United States federal government. Established by an Act of Congress in 1789 to manage government revenue, the Treasury prints all paper currency and mints all coins in circulation through the Bureau of Engraving and Printing and the United States Mint, respectively; collects all federal taxes through the Internal Revenue Service; manages U.S. government debt instruments; licenses and supervises banks and thrift institutions; and advises the legislative and executive branches on matters of fiscal policy.
The money market is a component of the economy which provides short-term funds. The money market deals in short-term loans, generally for a period of less than or equal to 365 days.
The Treasurer of Australia is the minister in the Government of Australia responsible for government expenditure and revenue raising. The Treasurer plays a key role in the economic policy of the government. The current holder of the position is Josh Frydenberg, whose term began on 24 August 2018.
The Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (FHLMC), known as Freddie Mac, is a public government-sponsored enterprise (GSE), headquartered in Tysons Corner, Virginia. Freddie Mac is ranked No. 38 on the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.
The Under Secretary of the Treasury for Domestic Finance is a high-ranking position within United States Department of the Treasury that reports to, advises, and assists the Secretary of the Treasury and the Deputy Secretary of the Treasury. The under secretary leads the department's policy on the issues of domestic finance, fiscal policy, fiscal operations, government assets, government liabilities, and other related economic and fiscal matters.
The Department of the Treasury is the Australian Government department responsible for economic policy, fiscal policy, market regulation, and the Australian federal budget. The Treasury is one of only two government departments that have existed continuously since Federation in 1901, the other being the Attorney-General's Department.
A United States Assistant Secretary of the Treasury is one of several positions in the United States Department of the Treasury, serving under the United States Secretary of the Treasury.
The Office of Financial Institutions (OFI) is an agency of the United States federal government in the United States Department of the Treasury. OFI coordinates the department's efforts regarding financial institutions legislation and regulation, legislation affecting Federal agencies that regulate or insure financial institutions, and securities markets legislation and regulation. The office coordinates the department's efforts on financial education policy and ensuring the resiliency of the financial services sector in the wake of a terrorist attack.
The Office of Fiscal Service (OFS) is an agency of the United States federal government in the United States Department of the Treasury. The office is led by the Fiscal Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. The Fiscal Assistant Secretary reports to the United States Secretary of the Treasury through the Under Secretary of the Treasury for Domestic Finance.
Randal Keith Quarles is an American private equity investor and government official who has served as a member and vice chair for supervision of the Federal Reserve Board of Governors since October 2017. Previously he was founder and head of The Cynosure Group, a private investment firm, and a former partner of The Carlyle Group, one of the world's largest private equity firms. From August 2001 until October 2006, he held several financial policy posts in the George W. Bush administration, ultimately serving as Under Secretary of the Treasury for Domestic Finance.
The federal takeover of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac was the placing into conservatorship of the government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs) Federal National Mortgage Association and Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation by the U.S. Treasury in September 2008. It was one of the financial events among many in the ongoing subprime mortgage crisis.
James B. Lockhart III is an American U.S. Navy officer, business executive, and, since September 2009, Vice Chairman of WL Ross & Co. LLC, which manages $9 billion of private equity investments, a hedge fund and a Mortgage Recovery Fund. It is a subsidiary of Invesco, a Fortune 500 investment management firm. He coordinates WL Ross's investments in financial services firms and mortgages. Lockhart serves co-chairs the Bipartisan Policy Center's Commission on Retirement Security and Personal Savings.
The U.S. central banking system, the Federal Reserve, in partnership with central banks around the world, took several steps to address the subprime mortgage crisis. Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke stated in early 2008: "Broadly, the Federal Reserve’s response has followed two tracks: efforts to support market liquidity and functioning and the pursuit of our macroeconomic objectives through monetary policy." A 2011 study by the Government Accountability Office found that "on numerous occasions in 2008 and 2009, the Federal Reserve Board invoked emergency authority under the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 to authorize new broad-based programs and financial assistance to individual institutions to stabilize financial markets. Loans outstanding for the emergency programs peaked at more than $1 trillion in late 2008."
Mary John Miller is a former Under Secretary for Domestic Finance and a former Acting Deputy Secretary of the Treasury. In 2020, she announced her candidacy for Mayor of Baltimore.
According to statute, the Fiscal Assistant Secretary is appointed by the United States Secretary of the Treasury. The Fiscal Assistant Secretary is the highest ranking career official in the Department of the Treasury. The Fiscal Service, which the Fiscal Assistant Secretary heads, includes the Bureau of Government Financial Operations (which since 1984 has been known as the Financial Management Service and the Bureau of the Public Debt.
Edward Joseph DeMarco is an American government official who served as the acting director of the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), the conservator for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, from 2009 through 2014. According to DeMarco, FHFA's mandate from Congress is to preserve and conserve the assets of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. "[I]n their current state that translates directly into minimizing taxpayer losses. We are also charged with ensuring stability and liquidity in housing financing and maximizing assistance to homeowners."
The Ministry of Finance, abbreviated MOF, is a ministry of the Government of Malaysia that is charged with the responsibility for government expenditure and revenue raising. The ministry's role is to develop economic policy and prepare the Malaysian federal budget. The Ministry of Finance also oversees financial legislation and regulation. Each year in October, the Minister of Finance presents the Malaysian federal budget to the Parliament.
Christopher Campbell is an American political aide and government official who previously served as Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for Financial Institutions. He was unanimously confirmed as Assistant Secretary by the United States Senate in 2017. Prior to assuming his Department of Treasury role, Campbell was the majority staff director for the United States Senate Committee on Finance and a staffer on the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary.
The Deputy Under Secretary / Designated Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for International Finance is a senior position within the United States Department of the Treasury responsible for advising the Secretary of the Treasury on matters of international finance and economic coordination, and overseeing U.S. participation in international financial institutions. The Assistant Secretary is appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. The office is currently occupied on an acting basis by Geoffrey Okamoto.