North Little Rock, Arkansas

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North Little Rock, Arkansas
Arkansas River, Looking Across To North Little Rock 423757092.jpg
North Little Rock across the Arkansas River
Pulaski County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas North Little Rock Highlighted 0550450.svg
Location of North Little Rock in Pulaski County, Arkansas
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North Little Rock, Arkansas
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 34°46′51″N92°15′25″W / 34.78083°N 92.25694°W / 34.78083; -92.25694 Coordinates: 34°46′51″N92°15′25″W / 34.78083°N 92.25694°W / 34.78083; -92.25694
CountryUnited States
State Arkansas
County Pulaski
Founded1866 - Argenta established
Incorporated 1890 - incorporation of Argenta; merged with unincorporated North Little Rock in 1903
Government
   Mayor Joe Smith
Area
[1]
   City 55.49 sq mi (143.71 km2)
  Land52.34 sq mi (135.55 km2)
  Water3.15 sq mi (8.16 km2)
Elevation
266 ft (81 m)
Population
   City 62,304
  Estimate 
(2017) [3]
65,911
  RankUS: 524th
  Density1,259.41/sq mi (486.26/km2)
   Urban
431,388 (US: 88th)
   Metro
729,135 (US: 75th)
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
72114-119, 721124, 72190, 72199
Area code(s) 501
FIPS code 05-50450
GNIS feature ID0077862 [4]
Website www.northlittlerock.ar.gov/

North Little Rock is a city in Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States, across the Arkansas River from Little Rock in the central part of the state. The population was 62,304 at the 2010 census. In 2017 the estimated population was 65,911, [5] making it the seventh-most populous city in the state. North Little Rock, along with Little Rock and Conway, anchors the six-county Little RockNorth Little RockConway Metropolitan Statistical Area (2014 population 729,135), which is further included in the Little Rock-North Little Rock Combined Statistical Area with 902,443 residents.

Pulaski County, Arkansas County in the United States

Pulaski County is a county in the U.S. state of Arkansas with a population of 392,664, making it the most populous county in Arkansas. Its county seat is Little Rock, which is also Arkansas's capital and largest city. Pulaski County is Arkansas's fifth county, formed on December 15, 1818, alongside Clark and Hempstead Counties. The county is named for Casimir Pulaski, a Polish volunteer who saved George Washington's life during the American Revolutionary War.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Arkansas River major tributary of the Mississippi River, United States

The Arkansas River is a major tributary of the Mississippi River. It generally flows to the east and southeast as it traverses the U.S. states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. The river's source basin lies in the western United States in Colorado, specifically the Arkansas River Valley, where the headwaters derive from the snowpack in the Sawatch and Mosquito mountain ranges. It then flows east into the Midwest via Kansas, and finally into the South through Oklahoma and Arkansas.

Contents

The city's downtown is anchored in the Argenta Historic District, which draws its name from the original name of the city; the area includes Dickey-Stephens Park, the current home of the Arkansas Travelers minor league baseball team, and Verizon Arena, the metropolitan area's main entertainment venue. Farther west in the city is Burns Park, one of the largest municipal parks in the United States.

The Arkansas Travelers, also known informally as The Travs, are a Minor League Baseball team based in North Little Rock, Arkansas. The team, which plays in the Texas League, is the Double-A affiliate of the Seattle Mariners.

Verizon Arena

Verizon Arena is an 18,000-seat multi-purpose arena in North Little Rock, Arkansas, directly across the Arkansas River from downtown Little Rock. The arena opened in October 1999. It is Little Rock's main entertainment venue.

Burns Park is a 1,700-acre (690 ha) park in North Little Rock, Arkansas. The park features two golf courses, Funland Amusement Park, sports facilities and a camping area.

History

North Little Rock has a long history, dating back to the Burial Mound People. [6] It was once known as Argenta, a name that currently applies specifically to downtown North Little Rock. In 1890, Little Rock annexed the unincorporated Argenta community as its Eighth Ward, preempting a competing petition to incorporate Argenta. A neighboring area was incorporated as the Town of North Little Rock in 1901 as part of a plan to reclaim the Eighth Ward from Little Rock. By 1904, the Arkansas Supreme Court allowed the town to annex the Eighth Ward; the modern City of North Little Rock considers this its founding date. The combined city adopted the Argenta name by 1906, but reverted to North Little Rock in October 1917. A remnant of the city's earliest years can be found in North Little Rock City Hall (constructed in 1914), which still contains plaques referring to "Argenta", and contains "C of A" (City of Argenta) ornamental designs.

Downtown citys core or central business district (CBD) in North America

Downtown is a term primarily used in North America by English-speakers to refer to a city's commercial, cultural and often the historical, political and geographic heart, and is often synonymous with its central business district (CBD). In British English, the term "city centre" is most often used instead. The two terms are used interchangeably in Canada.

Arkansas Supreme Court the highest court in the U.S. state of Arkansas

The Arkansas Supreme Court is the highest court in the U.S. state of Arkansas. Since 1925, it has consisted of a Chief Justice and six Associate Justices, and at times Special Justices are called upon in the absence of a regular justice. The Justices are elected in a non-partisan election for eight-year-long terms that are staggered to make it unlikely that the entire court would be replaced in a single election. Any vacancy caused by a Justice not finishing his or her term is filled by an appointment made by the Governor of Arkansas.

Geography

North Little Rock is located at 34°46′51″N92°15′25″W / 34.78083°N 92.25694°W / 34.78083; -92.25694 (34.780791, -92.256881). [7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 47.0 square miles (122 km2), of which 44.8 square miles (116 km2) is land and 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2) (4.58%) is water.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Highways

North Little Rock is also the eastern terminus of Interstate 30 and southern terminus of the Arkansas-designated portion of Interstate 57. Interstate 40, US 65, US 67, and US 167 all run through the city.

Interstate 30 (I-30) is a 366.76-mile-long (590.24 km) expressway in the southern states of Texas and Arkansas in the United States, part of the Interstate Highway System. I-30 travels from I-20 west of Fort Worth, Texas, northeast via Dallas, and Texarkana, Texas, to I-40 in North Little Rock, Arkansas. The highway parallels U.S. Route 67 (US 67) except for the portion west of downtown Dallas. Between the termini, I-30 has interchanges with I-35W, I-35E and I-45. I-30 is known as the Tom Landry Freeway between I-35W and I-35E, within the core of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex.

Interstate 57 (I-57) is an Interstate Highway in Missouri and Illinois that parallels the old Illinois Central rail line for much of its route. It goes from Sikeston, Missouri, at Interstate 55 to Chicago, Illinois, at Interstate 94. I-57 essentially serves as a shortcut route for travelers headed between the south and Chicago, bypassing St. Louis, Missouri. Between the junction of I-55 and I-57 in Sikeston, Missouri and the junction of I-55 and I-90/94 in Chicago, I-55 travels for 436 miles (702 km), while the combination of I-57 and I-94 is only 396 miles (637 km) long between the same two points. In fact, both the control cities on the overhead signs, as well as destination mileage signs, reference Memphis along southbound I-57, even as far north as its northern origin at I-94 in Chicago. Likewise, at its southern end, Chicago is the control city listed for I-57 on signs on northbound I-55 south of Sikeston, Missouri, even though I-55 also goes to Chicago.

Interstate 40 (I-40) is an east–west Interstate Highway that has a 284.69-mile (458.16 km) section in the U.S. state of Arkansas connecting Oklahoma to Tennessee. The route enters Arkansas from the west just north of the Arkansas River near Dora. It travels eastward across the northern portion of the state connecting the cities of Fort Smith, Clarksville, Russellville, Morrilton, Conway, Little Rock, Forrest City, and West Memphis. I-40 continues into Tennessee heading through Memphis. The highway has major junctions with Interstate 540 at Van Buren, Interstate 49 at Alma, Interstate 30 in Little Rock, and Interstate 55 to Blytheville.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, North Little Rock has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [8]

North Little Rock has a humid subtropical climate with long, hot, and sunny summers and mild, wet winters with little snow. January on average is the coldest month, while July is typically the warmest, but occasionally August can claim the title. [9] The overall yearly average temperature is 62.5 degrees. Precipitation averages 45.79 inches a year, with winter and spring tending to be wetter than summer and autumn. [10] Severe thunderstorms can occur, especially during the Spring, on April 25, 2011, a possible tornado struck the air force base in the city.

Climate data for North Little Rock, 1981-2016 normals.
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)49.4
(9.7)
54.5
(12.5)
64.4
(18.0)
73.6
(23.1)
80.2
(26.8)
87.8
(31.0)
92.3
(33.5)
91.9
(33.3)
84.7
(29.3)
73.2
(22.9)
63.6
(17.6)
51.8
(11.0)
71.8
(22.1)
Average low °F (°C)32.7
(0.4)
36.9
(2.7)
44.9
(7.2)
53.4
(11.9)
59.9
(15.5)
67.9
(19.9)
71.9
(22.2)
70.8
(21.6)
65.6
(18.7)
54.0
(12.2)
44.1
(6.7)
35.7
(2.1)
53.3
(11.8)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.53
(90)
3.68
(93)
5.07
(129)
4.28
(109)
4.13
(105)
3.47
(88)
3.00
(76)
1.99
(51)
2.67
(68)
3.40
(86)
4.95
(126)
5.44
(138)
45.27
(1,150)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)12.112.39.710.97.78.87.26.76.97.810.114.277.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 171.5212.3257.0297.1303.0324.2353.6392.2300.4290.4246.3198.53,346.5
Percent possible sunshine 49576568757780847472595374
Source: NOAA (sun 1961-1990)

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 11,138
1920 14,04826.1%
1930 19,41838.2%
1940 21,1378.9%
1950 44,097108.6%
1960 58,03231.6%
1970 60,0403.5%
1980 64,3887.2%
1990 61,741−4.1%
2000 60,433−2.1%
2010 62,3043.1%
Est. 201765,911 [3] 5.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [11]

As of the census of 2010, there were 62,304 people, 25,542 households, and 16,117 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,348.6 people per square mile (520.7/km²). There were 27,567 housing units at an average density of 615.2 per square mile (237.5/km²). The city was 54.0% White, 39.7% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.18% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. 5.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 25,542 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 17.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older[ citation needed ]. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males[ citation needed ].

The median income for a household in the city was $35,578, and the median income for a family was $43,595[ citation needed ]. Males had a median income of $31,420 versus $24,987 for females[ citation needed ]. The per capita income for the city was $19,662[ citation needed ]. About 12.4% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over[ citation needed ].

Government

The City of North Little Rock elected officials are a mayor, city council of Aldermen (eight total, with two from each of the four wards), city clerk/treasurer, city attorney, and two judges. This is supplemented by a number of boards and commissions composed of city officials and residents. [12]

Police

North Little Rock
Crime rates* (2012)
Violent crimes
Homicide 8
Robbery 177
Aggravated assault 255
Total violent crime 449
Property crimes
Burglary 1,204
Larceny-theft 3,894
Motor vehicle theft 373
Arson 10
Total property crime 5,471
Notes

*Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population.

2012 population: 63,125

Source: 2012 FBI UCR Data

The North Little Rock Police Department (NLRPD) has approval to operate unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)s. The department has been working with a small pilotless helicopter since 2008. [13]

Fire department

In addition to fire and EMS calls, the North Little Rock Fire Department (NLRFD) responds to calls for their Special Operations Response Team, Haz Mat Response Team and Water Rescue for the Arkansas River. [14]

Education

Post-secondary education

Public primary and secondary schools

Most students attend public schools in the North Little Rock School District [ citation needed ] which includes:

The North Little Rock High School West Campus facility is listed on the National Register of Historic Places for its art-deco architecture style.[ citation needed ]

In addition, the Pulaski County Special School District administers several other North Little Rock area schools, including:

Scipio Jones High School, the segregated public school for black children, was established in 1909 and disestablished in 1970. [15]

Downtown North Little Rock, known as Argenta, in September 2011 ChrisLitherlandArgenta.jpg
Downtown North Little Rock, known as Argenta, in September 2011

Private primary and secondary schools

In North Little Rock there are a number of private schools:

North Little Rock previously had a Catholic grade school for black people, St. Augustine School. It closed in 1976. [17]

Points of interest

US Navy ceremony at the Arkansas Inland Maritime Museum US Navy 070521-N-2908O-002 The Navy Operational Support Center (NOSC) Little Rock's Ceremonial Color Guard parades the colors to officially open a ceremony.jpg
US Navy ceremony at the Arkansas Inland Maritime Museum

Notable people

Sister cities

North Little Rock has two sister cities according to Sister Cities International [ citation needed ]:

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References

  1. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2014-07-09.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved June 14, 2018.
  6. See Adams, Walter M., "A History of North Little Rock The Unique City" (1986, August House)( ISBN   0874830028).
  7. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. Climate Summary for North Little Rock
  9. "North Little Rock, AR Weather Forecast and Conditions - The Weather Channel | Weather.com". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2017-08-19.
  10. Data, US Climate. "Climate North Little Rock - Arkansas and Weather averages North Little Rock". www.usclimatedata.com. Retrieved 2017-08-19.
  11. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. "About Government". City of North Little Rock. Archived from the original on 28 May 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  13. Pasztor, Andy (2012-04-21). "Drone Use Takes Off on the Home Front - WSJ.com". Online.wsj.com. Retrieved 2013-07-10.
  14. "About Fire Department". City of North Little Rock. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  15. Hanley, Steven G. and Ray Hanley. Around Little Rock: A Postcard History. Arcadia Publishing, June 1, 1998. ISBN   0738568678, 9780738568676. p. 118.
  16. Hargett, Malea (2013-03-28). "Despite 'year of grace,' St. Joseph School will close". Arkansas Catholic . Retrieved 2017-07-31.
  17. Hargett, Malea (2012-05-12). "State's last black Catholic school to close". Arkansas Catholic . Retrieved 2017-07-31.
  18. "Benjamin Marcus Bogard (1868–1951)". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved August 2, 2013.

See also