Jacksonville, Arkansas

Last updated
Jacksonville, Arkansas
Jacksonville, AR 006.jpg
City Hall
City of Jacksonville, AR City Seal.png
Seal
Motto(s): 
"Soaring higher"
Pulaski County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Jacksonville Highlighted 0534750.svg
Location of Jacksonville in Pulaski County, Arkansas.
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Red pog.svg
Jacksonville, Arkansas
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 34°52′13″N92°06′55″W / 34.87028°N 92.11528°W / 34.87028; -92.11528 Coordinates: 34°52′13″N92°06′55″W / 34.87028°N 92.11528°W / 34.87028; -92.11528
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Pulaski
Founded1870
Incorporated 1941
Government
   Mayor Bob Johnson
Area
[1]
   City 28.77 sq mi (74.52 km2)
  Land28.56 sq mi (73.97 km2)
  Water0.21 sq mi (0.54 km2)
Elevation
285 ft (87 m)
Population
 (2010)
   City 28,364
  Estimate 
(2017) [2]
28,513
  Density998.28/sq mi (385.45/km2)
   Metro
729,135 ('14) (Little Rock/North Little Rock)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
72076
Area code(s) 501
FIPS code 05-34750
GNIS feature ID0057978
Website www.cityofjacksonville.net

Jacksonville is a city in Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States, and a suburb of Little Rock. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 28,364. [3] It is part of the Little RockNorth Little RockConway Metropolitan Statistical Area with 729,135 people as of 2014.

Pulaski County, Arkansas County in the United States

Pulaski County is a county in the U.S. state of Arkansas with a population of 392,664, making it the most populous county in Arkansas. Its county seat is Little Rock, which is also Arkansas's capital and largest city. Pulaski County is Arkansas's fifth county, formed on December 15, 1818, alongside Clark and Hempstead Counties. The county is named for Casimir Pulaski, a Polish volunteer who saved George Washington's life during the American Revolutionary War.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Little Rock, Arkansas Capital of Arkansas

Little Rock is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As the county seat of Pulaski County, the city was incorporated on November 7, 1831, on the south bank of the Arkansas River close to the state's geographic center. The city derives its name from a rock formation along the river, named the "Little Rock" by the French explorer Jean-Baptiste Bénard de la Harpe in the 1720s. The capital of the Arkansas Territory was moved to Little Rock from Arkansas Post in 1821. The city's population was 198,541 in 2016 according to the United States Census Bureau. The six-county Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) is ranked 78th in terms of population in the United States with 738,344 residents according to the 2017 estimate by the United States Census Bureau.

Contents

The city is named for Nicholas Jackson, a landowner who deeded the land for the railroad right-of-way to the Cairo & Fulton Railroad in 1870. The community evolved from the settlement surrounding the railroad depot, eventually incorporating in 1941. In 1941, construction began on the Arkansas Ordnance Plant (AOP), which served as the primary facility for the development of fuses and detonators for World War II. [4] Following the war, AOP ceased operations and the land was sold for commercial interests, including the development of the Little Rock Air Force Base in 1955. Today, portions of AOP still remain, including the Arkansas Ordnance Plant Guard House, which is on the National Register of Historic Places and the Jacksonville Museum of Military History. Despite Pulaski County being an Arkansas county that is not a "dry" county, as it allows the sales of beer and liquor, the municipal limits of Jacksonville are "moist", as it does not allow the sales of alcohol in stores, but allows the sale of alcohol in some restaurants with special permits.

Little Rock Air Force Base airport in Arkansas, United States of America

Little Rock Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force base located approximately 17 miles (27 km) northeast of Little Rock, Arkansas.

National Register of Historic Places federal list of historic sites in the United States

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.

Dry county county in the US that forbids the sale of alcoholic beverages

A dry county is a county in the United States whose government forbids the sale of any kind of alcoholic beverages. Some prohibit off-premises sale, some prohibit on-premises sale, and some prohibit both. Dozens of dry counties exist across the United States, a majority of them in the South. A number of smaller jurisdictions also exist, such as cities, towns, and townships, which prohibit the sale of alcoholic beverages. These are known as dry cities, dry towns, or dry townships. Dry jurisdictions can be contrasted with "wet" and "moist".

Geography

Jacksonville is located at 34°52′13″N92°6′55″W / 34.87028°N 92.11528°W / 34.87028; -92.11528 (34.870345, −92.115164). [5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.2 square miles (73.1 km2), of which 28.1 square miles (72.8 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.42%, is water. [6]

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1950 2,474
1960 14,488485.6%
1970 19,83236.9%
1980 27,58939.1%
1990 29,1015.5%
2000 29,9162.8%
2010 28,364−5.2%
Est. 201728,513 [2] 0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]

As of the census [8] of 2000, there were 29,916 people, 10,890 households, and 8,004 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,134.2 people per square mile (437.9/km²). There were 11,890 housing units at an average density of 450.8 per square mile (174.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.17% White, 27.88% Black or African American, 0.50% Native American, 1.98% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 1.14% from other races, and 2.58% from two or more races. 6.24% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. This term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 10,890 households out of which 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.5% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.08.

Marriage Social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 12.8% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 7.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,460, and the median income for a family was $40,381. Males had a median income of $26,708 versus $21,804 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,369. About 11.9% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.5% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Jacksonville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [9]

Education

Since 1927, Jacksonville had been part of the Pulaski County Special School District, one of the largest school districts in Arkansas. In the years leading up to September, 2008, parts of the Jacksonville community expressed a desire to split from the PCSSD. This measure was approved by the board of the PCSSD during that month, clearing the way, legally, for the formation of what would become Jacksonville North Pulaski School District.

In a response to a petition signed by more than 2,000 voters, the Arkansas Board of Education ordered an election to carve a new school district out of the existing Pulaski County Special School District. [10] Jacksonville voters approved of the separation on September 16, 2014 with a vote of 3,672 for and 202 against (95% to 5%). [11]

According to JNPSD officials, the district would be administered by the Pulaski County Special School District until its final detachment, which became effective July 1, 2016. [12]

The district consists of seven elementary schools, one middle school and one high school. [12] The schools include Jacksonville High School, Jacksonville Middle School, Bayou Meto Elementary School, Arnold Drive Elementary School, Tolleson Elementary School, Dupree Elementary School, Pinewood Elementary School and Taylor Elementary School.

A number of privately operated daycare services and church-affiliated schools are also available throughout the city. In addition, Arkansas State University-Beebe maintains a degree center at Little Rock Air Force Base for post-secondary education.

Public libraries

Nixon Library in Jacksonville Jacksonville, AR 005.jpg
Nixon Library in Jacksonville

The Central Arkansas Library System includes the Esther Dewitt Nixon Library in Jacksonville.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

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Jacksonville North Pulaski School District (JNPSD) is a public school district system located in Jacksonville, Arkansas, USA. The district serves the city of Jacksonville and a portion of northeastern Pulaski County. Upon detachment from Pulaski County Special School District on July 1, 2016, the district assumed operation of one high school, one middle school and seven elementary schools.

References

  1. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Jacksonville city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved December 1, 2011.
  4. "World War II Ordnance Plants". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Jacksonville city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved December 1, 2011.
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. Climate Summary for Jacksonville, Arkansas
  10. Thornton, Stephen (7 September 2014). "Jacksonville-area vote on school district a 1st". Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  11. "Unofficial Results Show Favor for Starting Jacksonville School District". KARK. 16 September 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  12. 1 2 "About Us". Jacksonville North Pulaski School District. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  13. "District 42". ballotpedia.org. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
  14. Max Brantley (September 6, 2013). "Republican JP Bob Johnson switches parties to run for state House as Democrat". The Arkansas Times . Retrieved April 15, 2015.
  15. Robert Thomas (fullback)