Conway, Arkansas

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Conway, Arkansas
City of Conway
Downtown Conway.jpg
UCA Sign.jpg
Hendrix Athletics Center.jpg
Hendrix Village Building1.jpg
Donaghey Hall.jpg
UCACollegeofBuisness1.jpg
SWN Energy2.jpg
Clockwise from top: Toad Suck Square, Hendrix College, Donaghey Hall, SWN Offices, College of Business, Hendrix Village, University of Central Arkansas
Conway AR Flag.gif
Flag
Seal of Conway, Arkansas.jpg
Seal
Nickname(s): 
City of Colleges
Faulkner County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Conway Highlighted 0515190.svg
Location of Conway in Faulkner County.
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Conway, Arkansas
Location of Conway in Arkansas and the United States
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Conway, Arkansas
Conway, Arkansas (the United States)
Coordinates: 35°05′14″N92°27′12″W / 35.08722°N 92.45333°W / 35.08722; -92.45333 Coordinates: 35°05′14″N92°27′12″W / 35.08722°N 92.45333°W / 35.08722; -92.45333
CountryFlag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Arkansas.svg  Arkansas
County Flag of Faulkner County, Arkansas.svg Faulkner
MSA Central Arkansas
CSA Little Rock-North Little Rock
Founded1872
Incorporated October 16, 1875
Government
  Type Mayor-Council
   Mayor Bart Castleberry (I)
  City Council
Area
[3]
   City 46.21 sq mi (119.67 km2)
  Land45.95 sq mi (119.00 km2)
  Water0.26 sq mi (0.67 km2)  0.54%
Elevation
312 ft (95 m)
Population
   City 58,908
  Estimate 
(2017) [4]
65,782
  Rank 7th in Arkansas
  Density1,431.72/sq mi (552.79/km2)
   Metro
734,622 [5] (US: 76th)
   CSA
905,847 [6] (US: 60th)
Demonym(s) Conwegian
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
72032-72035
Area code 501
FIPS code 05-15190
GNIS feature ID0076661
Major airport Clinton National Airport (LIT)
Website City of Conway

Conway is a city in the U.S. state of Arkansas and the county seat of Faulkner County, located in the state's most populous Metropolitan Statistical Area, Central Arkansas. Conway is unusual in that the majority of its residents do not commute out of the city to work. [7] The city also serves as a regional shopping, educational, work, healthcare, sports, and cultural hub for Faulkner County and surrounding areas. Conway's growth can be attributed to its jobs in technology and higher education with its largest employers being Acxiom, the University of Central Arkansas, Hewlett Packard, Hendrix College, Insight Enterprises, and many technology start up companies. [8] Conway is home to three post-secondary educational institutions, earning it the nickname "The City of Colleges". [9]

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Contents

As of the 2017 Census Estimate, the city proper had a total population of 65,782, making Conway the eighth-largest city in Arkansas. [10] Central Arkansas, the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area, is ranked 75th largest in the United States with 734,622 people in 2016. [5] Conway is part of the larger Little Rock–North Little Rock, AR Combined Statistical Area, which in 2016 had a population of 905,847, and ranked the country's 60th largest CSA. [6]

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Central Arkansas Metropolitan area in Arkansas, United States

Central Arkansas, also known as the Little Rock metro, designated by the United States Office of Management and Budget as the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area, is the most populous metro area in the US state of Arkansas. With an estimated 2016 population of 734,622, it is the most populated area in Arkansas. Located at the convergence of Arkansas's other geographic regions, the region's central location make Central Arkansas an important population, economic, education, and political center in Arkansas and the South. Little Rock is the state's capital, and the city is also home to two Fortune 500 companies, Arkansas Children's Hospital, and University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS).

History

The city of Conway was founded by Asa P. Robinson, who came to the area shortly after the Civil War. Robinson was the chief engineer for the Little Rock-Fort Smith Railroad (now the Union Pacific). Part of his compensation was the deed to a tract of land, one square mile, located near the old settlement of Cadron. When the railroad came through, Robinson deeded a small tract of his land back to the railroad for a depot site. He laid off a town site around the depot and named it "Conway Station", in honor of a famous Arkansas family. Conway Station contained two small stores, two saloons, a depot, some temporary housing and a post office. [11] Despite being founded as a railroad town, there currently exists no passenger service. The disappearance of passenger rail service in the region is attributed to the emphasis placed on the automobile. [12]

Colonel Asa Peter Hosmer Robinson (1822–1898) was the founder of Conway, Arkansas.

American Civil War Civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865

The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The most studied and written about episode in U.S. history, the Civil War began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people. War broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.

Union Pacific Railroad Class I railroad in the United States

Union Pacific Railroad is a freight hauling railroad that operates 8,500 locomotives over 32,100 route-miles in 23 states west of Chicago and New Orleans. The Union Pacific Railroad system is the second largest in the United States after the BNSF Railway and is one of the world's largest transportation companies. The Union Pacific Railroad is the principal operating company of the Union Pacific Corporation ; both are headquartered in Omaha, Nebraska.

In 1878, Father Joseph Strub, a priest in the Roman Catholic Holy Ghost Fathers, arrived in Arkansas. A native of Alsace-Lorraine, Strub was expelled from Prussia during the Kulturkampf in 1872. He moved to the United States, settling in Pittsburgh, where he founded Duquesne University in October 1878. Difficulties with Bishop John Tuigg led Strub to leave Pittsburgh in late October 1878 to travel to Conway. [13] In 1879, Strub convinced the Little Rock and Fort Smith Railroad to deed 200,000 acres (810 km2) along the northern side of the Arkansas River to the Holy Ghost Fathers in order to found the St. Joseph Colony. [14] This included land on which Father Strub founded and built St. Joseph Catholic Church of Conway. [15] As part of the land deal, the railroad offered land at 20 cents per acre to every German immigrant. In order to attract Roman Catholic Germans to Conway and the surrounding areas, Father Strub wrote The Guiding Star for the St. Joseph Colony. In addition to extolling the qualities of Conway and the surrounding area, Father Strub provided information on how best to travel from Europe to Conway. [16] By 1889, over 100 German families had settled in Conway, giving the town many of its distinctively German street and business names.

Joseph Strub German priest

Joseph Strub, C.S.Sp., an Alsatian missionary priest with the Congregation of the Holy Ghost, was the founder of what is today Duquesne University, which was called the Pittsburgh Catholic College of the Holy Ghost until 1911.

Alsace-Lorraine Territory created by the German Empire in 1871

The Imperial Territory of Alsace-Lorraine was a territory created by the German Empire in 1871, after it annexed most of Alsace and the Moselle department of Lorraine following its victory in the Franco-Prussian War. The Alsatian part lay in the Rhine Valley on the west bank of the Rhine River and east of the Vosges Mountains. The Lorraine section was in the upper Moselle valley to the north of the Vosges.

Prussia state in Central Europe between 1525–1947

Prussia was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia on the southeast coast of the Baltic Sea. It was de facto dissolved by an emergency decree transferring powers of the Prussian government to German Chancellor Franz von Papen in 1932 and de jure by an Allied decree in 1947. For centuries, the House of Hohenzollern ruled Prussia, successfully expanding its size by way of an unusually well-organised and effective army. Prussia, with its capital in Königsberg and from 1701 in Berlin, decisively shaped the history of Germany.

Conway was long the home of the late Arkansas Supreme Court Associate Justice James D. Johnson [17] (1924– 2010), who ran unsuccessful races for governor in 1956 against then fellow Democrat Orval Eugene Faubus [18] and in 1966 against the Republican Winthrop Rockefeller. [19] Johnson, a leading segregation activist during the confrontation over integration at Little Rock Central High School, went on to switch affiliation to the Republican Party in the 1980s, after the death of his nemesis Rockefeller. Johnson also lost an important race in 1968 for the United States Senate against the incumbent James William Fulbright. [20] His wife, the late Virginia Johnson (1928– 2007), ran for governor in 1968, while he was running for U.S. Senate. [21]

Arkansas Supreme Court the highest court in the U.S. state of Arkansas

The Arkansas Supreme Court is the highest court in the U.S. state of Arkansas. Since 1925, it has consisted of a Chief Justice and six Associate Justices, and at times Special Justices are called upon in the absence of a regular justice. The Justices are elected in a non-partisan election for eight-year-long terms that are staggered to make it unlikely that the entire court would be replaced in a single election. Any vacancy caused by a Justice not finishing his or her term is filled by an appointment made by the Governor of Arkansas.

James Douglas Johnson, known as "Justice Jim" Johnson, was an Arkansas legislator; a losing candidate for governor of Arkansas in 1956; an associate justice of the Arkansas Supreme Court; the unsuccessful Democratic Party nominee for governor in 1966; and again a losing candidate for the United States Senate in 1968. A segregationist, Johnson was frequently compared to George Wallace of Alabama.

Democratic Party (United States) Major political party in the United States

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party.

On April 10, 1965, an F4 tornado struck Conway, causing six deaths and 200 injuries. [22]

Geography

Conway is located in southwestern Faulkner County at 35°05′14″N92°27′12″W / 35.087336°N 92.453315°W / 35.087336; -92.453315 . [23] Interstate 40 passes through the north and east sides of the city, with access from Exits 124 through 129. Via I-40, Little Rock is 30 miles (48 km) to the south, and Russellville is 47 miles (76 km) to the west.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Conway has a total area of 45.6 square miles (118.1 km2), of which 45.3 square miles (117.4 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km2), or 0.54%, is water. [24]

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Conway has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [25]

Conway
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
3.6
 
 
50
27
 
 
4
 
 
55
31
 
 
4.9
 
 
64
40
 
 
4.9
 
 
72
48
 
 
4.8
 
 
80
58
 
 
3.9
 
 
88
66
 
 
3.2
 
 
92
70
 
 
2.9
 
 
92
69
 
 
3.1
 
 
85
61
 
 
4.4
 
 
74
49
 
 
4.8
 
 
62
39
 
 
4.8
 
 
51
30
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel

Districts

Conway has two designated historic districts: the Asa P. Robinson Historic District and the Hendrix Addition Historic District.

Since 2000, downtown Conway has seen tens of millions of dollars in public and private investment. The revitalization has brought new retail, office, restaurant and residential construction to the historic downtown.

Downtown Conway at the intersection of Oak and Chestnut EM Downtown shot.jpg
Downtown Conway at the intersection of Oak and Chestnut

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 1,028
1890 1,20717.4%
1900 2,00365.9%
1910 2,79439.5%
1920 4,56463.4%
1930 5,53421.3%
1940 5,7824.5%
1950 8,61048.9%
1960 9,79113.7%
1970 15,51058.4%
1980 20,37531.4%
1990 26,48130.0%
2000 43,16763.0%
2010 58,90836.5%
Est. 201765,782 [4] 11.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [26]
2016 Estimate [27]
Racial composition2010 [28] 2000 [28] 1990 [29] 1980 [30] 1970 [31]
Non-Hispanic White 77.4%84.1%90.5%90.9%92.0%
Black or African American 15.6%12.0%8.5%8.3% [lower-alpha 1] 8.0%
Native Hawaiian and
other Pacific Islander
0.05%0.03%0.02% [lower-alpha 2]
American Indian and Alaskan Native 0.44%0.36%0.34% [lower-alpha 2]
Hispanic or Latino 5.09%2.26%0.43%0.5% [lower-alpha 2]
Asian 1.9%1.24%0.46% [lower-alpha 2]
Other race or multiracial 4.6%2.2%0.12%0.17%

As of the census [33] of 2010, there were 58,908 people, 23,205 households, and 13,969 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,299.2 people per square mile (501.6/km²). There were 24,402 housing units at an average density of 538.2 per square mile (207.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.4% White, 15.6% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.4% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. 5.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 23,205 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 22.9% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27.3 years. There were 51.7% females and 48.3% males. For ages under 18, there were 49.2% females and 50.8% males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,640, and the median income for a family was $63,860. [34] The per capita income for the city was $42,582. [35] About 9.3% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over[ citation needed ].

47.6% of Conway's population describes themselves as religious, slightly below the national average of 48.8%. [36] 44.5% of people in Conway who describe themselves as having a religion are Baptist (21.7% of the city's total population). 9.2% of people holding a religion are Catholic (4.5% of the city's total population). The proportions of Methodists and Pentecostals are higher than the national average. [36]

Education

College and universities

View of UCA along Bruce Street. Ucabrucestreet.jpg
View of UCA along Bruce Street.

Conway is home to three institutions of higher learning, earning it the nickname City of Colleges. The University of Central Arkansas is a public research university with an enrollment of approximately 12,000 students. [37] It is well known for its Norbert O. Schedler Honors College, being one of the first and most modeled after honor colleges in the United States. [38] Hendrix College is a nationally recognized private liberal arts college with an enrollment just over 1,300 students. [39] With an average composite ACT score of 29, it is the highest of any college in the state. [40] Central Baptist College is a four-year private liberal arts college with an enrollment of nearly 900 students. [41] These colleges together contribute to over 40 percent of Conway's adult workforce having a bachelor's degree or higher, making it one of the most educated cities in the state. [42]

Primary and secondary education

Conway High School Conwayhigh.jpg
Conway High School

The Conway Public School District serves the city. It is overseen by the Conway Board of Education, made up of seven citizens that are elected every third Tuesday in September annually in a citywide vote. [43] Operating with a $88 million budget, the district enrolls approximately 10,000 students, making it the eighth largest in the state. [44] [45] The district consists of 16 schools: 1 pre-school, 9 elementary schools, 4 middle schools, 1 junior high school, and 1 high school. [44] Over 65 percent of teachers in Conway Public Schools hold a master's degree or higher, and 67 are National Board Certified. [44]

Conway is also served by two private religious schools, Conway Christian High School and St. Joseph Catholic School. Conway Christian has an approximate enrollment of 400 students while St. Joseph School enrolls about 500 students. [46] [47] Conway previously had a Catholic grade school for black children, Good Shepherd School; it closed in 1965. [48]

Libraries

Bailey Library at Hendrix College. Baileylib.jpg
Bailey Library at Hendrix College.

The city is served by the Faulkner-Van Buren Regional Library System, a two county library system formed in 1954. [49] Originally the city was served by the Conway Library from 1935 until the merger into the current system. [49] Today the Conway Library serves as the headquarters for the eight library regional system.

In addition to this, the students of UCA and Hendrix have free access to both the Torreyson Library at the University of Central Arkansas, and the Bailey Library at Hendrix College by showing a current student ID from their respective college. [50]

Cultural activities

Part of Conway's historic downtown Conway AR - downtown.jpg
Part of Conway's historic downtown

The Conway Symphony Orchestra performs many times throughout the year, [51] and the Conway Community Arts Association has been presenting theatre and other art opportunities to the community for over 40 years. [52] The Arkansas Shakespeare Theatre, based in Conway, is the state's only professional Shakespeare theater. It holds an annual summer festival in June. [53]

There are also art, music and theater opportunities provided by Conway's three colleges. The University of Central Arkansas's Public Appearances program provides dance, music, and theater offerings each year.

The national award-winning community theatre, The Lantern Theatre, is located downtown and offers a wide variety of plays and musicals year round.

Conway Public Schools has theater and music programs, with large concert and marching bands that consistently receive high marks in regional competitions.

One of the city's largest annual events, Toad Suck Daze, has been held since 1982. The three-day community festival incorporates live music, food and craft vendors, and amusement rides during the first weekend of May. Proceeds from the festival fund college scholarships for local students. [54]

Conway is a popular sport-fishing destination and is home to largest man-made Game and Fish commission lake in the United States. Lake Conway, home to largemouth bass, crappie, gar, catfish, bream, bowfin, etc. The Arkansas Crappie Masters state tournament is held here every year.

The city held its first ever EcoFest September 12, 2009, in Laurel Park. EcoFest included exhibits and events relating to "green" and sustainable initiatives, including a cardboard car derby and an alleycat bicycle ride. According to organizers led by Debbie Plopper, the event was a success. Mayor Tab Townsell said the event indicated to him that "interest in sustainability is flourishing in this community." [55] [56]

Business and industry

Downtown Conway Downtown Conway, AR.JPG
Downtown Conway

Conway was home to one of the world's largest school bus manufacturers, IC Corporation. The Conway plant was one of only two IC manufacturing plants; the other is located in Tulsa, Oklahoma. IC Corporation is a wholly owned subsidiary of Navistar International Corporation of Lisle, Illinois. IC was previously known as American Transportation (AmTran) Corporation and Ward Body Works. The company was founded in 1933. IC Corporation closed its plant and moved all bus manufacturing operations to their Tulsa plant in 2010, largely due to incentives offered by the city of Tulsa. [57]

R. D. "Bob" Nabholz founded Nabholz Construction in Conway in 1949. It currently employs over 800 people and has been listed by Engineering News-Record (ENR) magazine as one of the Top 400 General Contractors every year since 1986. Currently the company is ranked #161.

Conway Corporation handles the local utilities (cable TV, Internet, and telephone services, in addition to electricity and water) for the city of Conway.

Acxiom Corporation, an interactive marketing services company, was founded in 1969 in Conway.

On June 19, 2008, Hewlett-Packard announced it would be opening a 150,000 sq ft (14,000 m2) facility with 1,200 employees in 2009. The building, which will be owned by the Conway Development Corporation and leased to HP, will be located in The Meadows Office and Technology Park – on the southern outskirts of town, [58] [59] and is built by Nabholz Construction.

Top employers

Updated March 2016 [8]

RankEmployerEmployees
1 Acxiom 1,500
2 University of Central Arkansas 1,500
3Conway Regional Health System1,330
4Conway Human Development Center1,200
5 Conway Public School District 1,100
6 Hewlett Packard Enterprise 900
7 Wal-Mart 825
8 Kimberly-Clark Corporation 700
9 Southwestern Energy Company Natural Gas 600
10Virco Manufacturing600
11 Snap-on 570
12 Nabholz Companies 500
13City of Conway415
14 Kroger 400
15 Home BancShares 385
16 Hendrix College 350

Notable people

National recognition

Conway and the surrounding area has been recognized nationally for its quality of life and growing economy.

Sister cities

Conway has one official sister city agreement with the city of Quakenbrueck, Germany. In 1986, the first exchange of visitors occurred between the cities. Starting in 1992, Dr. Oudekerk, a professor from Hendrix College, has taken several groups to the sister city in Germany. Since then, the high schools of each city have exchanged students to experience the different cultures. The 25 year anniversary of the relationship was recently celebrated with a festival in Quakenbrueck with the theme of building bridges across the Atlantic. [66]

Notes

  1. The 1980 U.S. Census referred to the "Black or African American" as a truncated "Black".
  2. 1 2 3 4 The 1970 U.S. Census did not record Hispanic American, Native American, Pacific Islander, or Asian American. The race selections on the census were truncated, so other race would be the default. [32]

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References

  1. "Office of the Mayor". City of Conway. Retrieved July 28, 2017.
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