Hope, Arkansas

Last updated
Hope, Arkansas
Hope May 2018 19 (S Main Street).jpg
Downtown Hope
Motto(s): 
"A Slice of the Good Life"
Hempstead County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Hope Highlighted 0533190.svg
Location of Hope in Hempstead County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 33°40′4″N93°35′24″W / 33.66778°N 93.59000°W / 33.66778; -93.59000 Coordinates: 33°40′4″N93°35′24″W / 33.66778°N 93.59000°W / 33.66778; -93.59000
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Hempstead
Founded1875
Government
  Type Council-Manager
   Mayor Steve Montgomery
   City manager Catherine Cook
Area
[1]
   City 10.76 sq mi (27.87 km2)
  Land10.68 sq mi (27.67 km2)
  Water0.08 sq mi (0.20 km2)
Elevation
351 ft (107 m)
Population
   City 10,095
  Estimate 
(2017) [2]
9,790
  Density916.50/sq mi (353.85/km2)
   Metro
30,591
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
71801-71802
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-33190
GNIS feature ID0057940
Website www.hopearkansas.net

Hope is a city in Hempstead County in southwestern Arkansas, United States. Hope is the county seat of Hempstead County [3] and the principal city of the Hope Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Hempstead and Nevada counties. As of the 2010 census the population was 10,095, [4] and in 2015 the population was estimated at 9,891. [5]

City Large and permanent human settlement

A city is a large human settlement. Cities generally have extensive systems for housing, transportation, sanitation, utilities, land use, and communication. Their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process.

Hempstead County, Arkansas County in the United States

Hempstead County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,609. The county seat is Hope. Hempstead County is Arkansas's fourth county, formed on December 15, 1818, alongside Clark and Pulaski counties. The county is named for Edward Hempstead, a delegate to the U.S. Congress from the Missouri Territory, which included present-day Arkansas at the time. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Contents

Hope is the birthplace of two long-serving Arkansas governors: Bill Clinton (who went on to become the 42nd President of the United States after the 1992 election) and Mike Huckabee (who ran for the Republican presidential nomination in 2008 and 2016). It is also the birthplace of White House Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders.

Bill Clinton 42nd president of the United States

William Jefferson Clinton is an American politician who served as the 42nd president of the United States from 1993 to 2001. Prior to the presidency, he was the governor of Arkansas from 1979 to 1981, and again from 1983 to 1992, and the attorney general of Arkansas from 1977 to 1979. A member of the Democratic Party, Clinton was ideologically a New Democrat, and many of his policies reflected a centrist "Third Way" political philosophy.

President of the United States Head of state and of government of the United States

The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The president directs the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces.

Mike Huckabee Arkansas politician

Michael Dale Huckabee is an American politician and Christian minister who served as the 44th governor of Arkansas from 1996 to 2007. He was a candidate in the United States Republican presidential primaries in both 2008 and 2016.

History

Street scene in Hope, circa 1904 Hope, Arkansas (c. 1904).jpg
Street scene in Hope, circa 1904

Hope began in 1873, when a railroad was built through the area. The town was named for Hope Loughborough, the daughter of a railroad executive. [6] [7]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.2 square miles (26.3 km2), of which 10.1 square miles (26.1 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.74%, are water. [4]

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Climate

The climate is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hope has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated Cfa on climate maps. [8]

Humid subtropical climate category in the Köppen climate classification system

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild winters. These climates normally lie on the southeast side of all continents, generally between latitudes 25° and 35° and are located poleward from adjacent tropical climates.

Climate data for Hope, AR
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)88
(31)
87
(31)
95
(35)
97
(36)
98
(37)
110
(43)
115
(46)
115
(46)
108
(42)
101
(38)
90
(32)
83
(28)
115
(46)
Average high °F (°C)52
(11)
58
(14)
66
(19)
74
(23)
81
(27)
88
(31)
92
(33)
92
(33)
85
(29)
76
(24)
63
(17)
54
(12)
73
(23)
Average low °F (°C)30
(−1)
33
(1)
41
(5)
48
(9)
58
(14)
66
(19)
69
(21)
68
(20)
61
(16)
49
(9)
40
(4)
32
(0)
50
(10)
Record low °F (°C)−8
(−22)
−4
(−20)
9
(−13)
26
(−3)
35
(2)
45
(7)
53
(12)
50
(10)
34
(1)
25
(−4)
13
(−11)
2
(−17)
−8
(−22)
Average precipitation inches (mm)4.17
(106)
3.97
(101)
4.98
(126)
4.89
(124)
4.90
(124)
4.04
(103)
3.78
(96)
3.51
(89)
4.06
(103)
4.54
(115)
5.91
(150)
5.06
(129)
53.81
(1,366)
Average snowfall inches (cm)1.70
(4.3)
1.10
(2.8)
0.10
(0.25)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.70
(1.8)
3.6
(9.15)
Source: http://www.intellicast.com/Local/History.aspx?location=USAR0273

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 1,233
1890 1,93757.1%
1900 1,644−15.1%
1910 3,639121.4%
1920 4,79031.6%
1930 6,00825.4%
1940 7,47524.4%
1950 8,60515.1%
1960 8,399−2.4%
1970 8,8305.1%
1980 10,29016.5%
1990 9,643−6.3%
2000 10,61610.1%
2010 10,095−4.9%
Est. 20179,790 [2] −3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,095 people residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 43.2% Black, 34.0% White, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from some other race and 1.4% from two or more races. 20.8% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

As of the census [10] of 2000, there were 10,616 people, 3,961 households, and 2,638 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,061.9 people per square mile (409.9/km²). There were 4,301 housing units at an average density of 430.2 per square mile (166.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 47.71% White, 43.17% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 6.63% from other races, and 1.78% from two or more races. 13.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,961 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 21.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. Of 3,961 households, 192 are unmarried partner households: 175 heterosexual. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the city, the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,385, and the median income for a family was $28,445. Males had a median income of $23,525 versus $17,394 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,783. About 22.3% of families and 27.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.1% of those under age 18 and 17.3% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Hope is also known for growing watermelons and continues to produce records for the largest specimens in the world. The last record was set by Lloyd Bright in 2005 with a 268.8 pound watermelon. The Watermelon Festival is celebrated annually from Thursday-Saturday during the second week of August. The watermelon is used in the municipal logo and the Hope slogan: A Slice of the Good Life.

Education

Hope Public Schools building Hope May 2018 10 (Hope Public Schools).jpg
Hope Public Schools building

Public education at the elementary and secondary school level is provided by the Hope School District, Blevins School District and Spring Hill School District. Hope School District includes William Jefferson Clinton Primary School for Kindergarten through Fourth Grade, Beryl Henry Elementary School for fifth and sixth grade, Henry C. Yerger Middle School for seventh and eight grade, and Hope High School for ninth through 12th grades. Hope also has a private school, Garrett Memorial.

Post-secondary educational opportunity is provided by the University of Arkansas at Hope. [11]

Media

Hope has three forms of local media. SWARK.Today and HopePrescott serves as the city’s two Social Media News websites HopePrescott also produces the city's newspaper. In addition, there are at least three local radio stations in and around Hope. The city is served by local television stations from the Little Rock Arkansas,Shrevport Louisiana and Texarkana Texas Ark-La-Tex markets. There are currently no local TV station(s) for Hope.

Infrastructure

Airport

Hope Municipal Airport is located on property that was once part of the Southwestern Proving Ground, one of six major military facilities in Arkansas during World War II.

At the time of its construction, the airport held claim of having the third longest runway in the United States. From 1942 to 1945 the airport and surrounding 50,078-acre Southwestern Proving Ground were used by the U.S. Army to test small arms ammunition, 20 to 155 mm projectiles, mortars, rockets, grenades, and up to 500-pound bombs. The City of Hope received the airport facility in 1947.

Paul Klipsch, a United States Army Veteran who served at the site, was among those who started businesses in the re-purposed buildings. He established Klipsch speaker company there and was known to joke that his desk was not in the same spot as the one he had during his service. "It was" he said, "on the other side of the room."

In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005, FEMA used land near the airport as a staging area for manufactured homes intended as temporary housing for the hurricane victims; however, as of 2009, infrastructure and property damage remained so severe in the hurricane's path that many homes remained at the airport, eliciting criticism of the federal agency.

Rail service

In October 2009, Amtrak added Hope to its timetable brochure for its Texas Eagle service. On March 24, 2013, it was announced that service would begin on April 4. [12] The Texas Eagle travels daily in each direction between Chicago and San Antonio. [13] [14]

Notable people

Boyhood Home of Bill Clinton, Hope, Arkansas Boyhood Home of Bill Clinton, Hope, AR.png
Boyhood Home of Bill Clinton, Hope, Arkansas

Hope is the hometown of former U.S. President Bill Clinton, whose childhood home is located in the town. At the 1992 Democratic National Convention in New York City, then-Governor Clinton ended his acceptance speech by saying, "I still believe in a place called Hope." The city adopted this statement as its unofficial motto. The city converted its railroad depot to a museum about Clinton's life.

Hope is also the hometown of the former Governor Mike Huckabee. In his autobiographical From Hope to Higher Ground (2007), Huckabee recalls the Hope of the 1960s as "a wonderful community. A child could leave his house in the morning on a bicycle and not return until after dark, and it caused no one alarm. It was the kind of place where I could misbehave eight blocks from home, but by the time I pedaled back to 309 East Second Street, six people would have called my parents to report my behavior. I am not sure that it took a village to raise a child, but I am quite sure that an entire village did its part to help raise me!" [15]

Others from Hope include former White House Chief of Staff Mack McLarty; Sarah Huckabee Sanders; attorney Vince Foster; former Louisville, Kentucky, Mayor David L. Armstrong; Gary Dee; former Arkansas Secretary of State Kelly Bryant, PGA golfer Ken Duke, actress/vocalist Ketty Lester, and actress Melinda Dillon. Country Music Hall of Fame singer Patsy Montana attended school in Hope.

A member of Congress, Joseph Barton Elam of Louisiana's 4th congressional district, was born in Hope. He served from 1877 to 1881 and resided in Mansfield, Louisiana.

Harry Jacob Lemley, a U.S. District Court judge appointed by Franklin D. Roosevelt, had formerly practiced law in Hope.

Paul Klipsch founded Klipsch and Associates in Hope in 1946. Klipsch invented the world-famous Klipschorn speaker, a folded horn loaded speaker that revolutionized the industry. The Klipschorn and a number of other speaker lines are still manufactured in Hope by Klipsch Audio Technologies.

Former U.S. Representative Mike Ross of Arkansas's 4th congressional district, currently resides in Prescott in Nevada County but is a former resident of Hope. He graduated in 1979 from Hope High School, and his father, Gene Ross, is a former administrator in the Hope School District. Ross was the unsuccessful 2014 Democratic gubernatorial nominee against Republican Asa Hutchinson.

The city is also the birthplace of Shirley Weber, who represents the 79th district in the California State Assembly.

Related Research Articles

Hot Spring County, Arkansas County in the United States

Hot Spring County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 32,923. The county seat is Malvern. Hot Spring County was formed on November 2, 1829, from a portion of Clark County. It was named for the hot springs at Hot Springs, Arkansas, which were within its boundaries until Garland County was formed in 1874. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county. However, there is no record of this law.

Almyra, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Almyra is a town in Arkansas County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 283 at the 2010 census.

DeWitt, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

DeWitt is the second largest city in Arkansas County, Arkansas, United States, which also serves as the county seat of the southern district of Arkansas County. Population was 3,292 at the time of the 2010 census. DeWitt is perhaps most celebrated as the childhood home of Bobby Capps, keyboardist/vocalist for the southern rock band 38 Special.

Gravette, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Gravette is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 2,325 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Eudora, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Eudora is a city in Chicot County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 2,269 at the 2010 census, down from 2,819 in 2000.

McNeil, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

McNeil is a town in Columbia County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 516 at the 2010 census, down from 662 in 2000. The community was named after William B. McNeil, founder of the College Hill Academy.

Bono, Arkansas Bono in Arkansas, United States

Bono is a city in Craighead County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 2,131 at the 2010 census, up from 1,512 in 2000. It is included in the Jonesboro, Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area. Bono's most prominent landmarks are the Bono Bridge and the Bono Cemetery.

Wynne, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Wynne is the county seat and largest city of Cross County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 8,367 at the 2010 Census. Nestled between the Arkansas Delta and Crowley's Ridge, Wynne is the closest city to the second largest state park in Arkansas, Village Creek State Park.

Blevins, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Blevins is a city in Hempstead County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 315 at the 2010 census, down from 365 in 2000. It is part of the Hope Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Emmet, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Emmet is a city in Nevada and Hempstead counties in the U.S. state of Arkansas. It is located at the intersection of U.S. Highway 67 and Arkansas Highway 299 in the Arkansas Timberlands region of southwest Arkansas. It is part of the larger Ark-La-Tex tri-state region. As of the 2010 census, the population of Emmet was 518.

Washington, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Washington is a city in Ozan Township, Hempstead County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 180 at the 2010 census, up from 148 in 2000. It is part of the Hope Micropolitan Statistical Area. The city is home to Historic Washington State Park.

Walnut Ridge, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Walnut Ridge is a town in Lawrence County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 4,925 at the 2000 census. The city is the county seat of Lawrence County. Walnut Ridge lies immediately north of Hoxie. The two towns form a contiguous urban area with approximately 8,000 residents. Williams Baptist College is in College City, a formerly separate community that merged into Walnut Ridge in 2017.

Texarkana, Arkansas City in the United States

Texarkana is a city in Arkansas and the county seat of Miller County. The city is located across the state line from its twin city, Texarkana, Texas. The city was founded at a railroad intersection on December 8, 1873, and was incorporated in Arkansas on August 10, 1880. Texarkana is the principal city of the Texarkana metropolitan area, which is ranked 274th in terms of population in the United States with 150,098 in 2016 according to the United States Census Bureau.

Bodcaw, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Bodcaw is a town in Nevada County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 154 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Hope Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Jacksonville, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Jacksonville is a city in Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States, and a suburb of Little Rock. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 28,364. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area with 729,135 people as of 2014.

Waldron, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Waldron is a city in Scott County, Arkansas, United States. Its population was 3,618 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Scott County.

Ola, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Ola is a city in Yell County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 1,204 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Russellville Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Dilley, Texas City in Texas, United States

Dilley is a city in Frio County, Texas, United States. The population was 3,894 at the 2010 census. It is located off Interstate 35 south of the county seat in Pearsall.

Hempstead, Texas City in Texas, United States

Hempstead is a city in Waller County, Texas, United States, part of the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area. It serves as the county seat of Waller County.

References

  1. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hope city, Arkansas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
  5. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  6. "Hope (Hempstead County)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. The Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  7. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 160.
  8. "Hope, Arkansas Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
  9. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. "Univ of Arkansas CC Hope". www.usnews.com. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  12. "Amtrak Texas Eagle adds stop in Hope, ARK" (PDF).
  13. Harris-Smith, Stephanie (September 18, 2009). "Amtrak still rolling Hope's way". Hope Star. Hope, Arkansas: GateHouse Media, Inc. Archived from the original on July 12, 2011. Retrieved 2009-12-08.
  14. "Texas Eagle And Heartland Flyer" (pdf). National Railroad Passenger Corp. 2009-10-26. Retrieved 2009-12-08.
  15. Mike Huckabee, From Hope to Higher Ground, New York: Center Street Publishers, 2007, pp. 3-4