Arkansas City, Arkansas

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Arkansas City
Arkansas City Commercial District.jpg
Arkansas City Commercial District
Desha County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Arkansas City Highlighted 0501990.svg
Location of Arkansas City in Desha County, Arkansas.
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Arkansas City
Location in Arkansas
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Arkansas City
Arkansas City (the US)
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Arkansas City
Arkansas City (North America)
Coordinates: 33°36′32″N91°12′13″W / 33.60889°N 91.20361°W / 33.60889; -91.20361 Coordinates: 33°36′32″N91°12′13″W / 33.60889°N 91.20361°W / 33.60889; -91.20361
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Desha
Area
[1]
  Total0.49 sq mi (1.26 km2)
  Land0.49 sq mi (1.26 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
135 ft (41 m)
Population
  Total366
  Estimate 
(2017) [2]
325
  Density667.35/sq mi (257.63/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
71630
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-01990
GNIS feature ID0076190

Arkansas City is a town in Desha County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 366 at the 2010 census. [3] The town is the county seat of Desha County. [4] Arkansas City's historic Commercial District, located at Desoto Avenue and Sprague Street, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Desha County, Arkansas County in the United States

Desha County is a county located in the southeast part of the U.S. state of Arkansas, with its eastern border the Mississippi River. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,008. It ranks fifty-sixth of Arkansas's seventy-five counties in terms of population. The county seat is Arkansas City. Located in the Arkansas Delta, Desha County's rivers and fertile soils became prosperous for planters under the cotton-based economy of plantation agriculture in the antebellum years and late nineteenth century. Still largely rural, it has suffered population losses and economic decline since the mid-20th century.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

2010 United States Census national census of the United States taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2), all land. It sits entirely in the Delta Lowlands sub-region of the Arkansas Delta.

United States Census Bureau bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Arkansas Delta

The Arkansas Delta is one of the six natural regions of the state of Arkansas. Willard B. Gatewood Jr., author of The Arkansas Delta: Land of Paradox, says that rich cotton lands of the Arkansas Delta make that area "The Deepest of the Deep South."

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 503
1900 1,091
1910 1,48536.1%
1920 1,482−0.2%
1930 1,432−3.4%
1940 1,4461.0%
1950 1,018−29.6%
1960 783−23.1%
1970 615−21.5%
1980 6688.6%
1990 523−21.7%
2000 58912.6%
2010 366−37.9%
Est. 2017325 [2] −11.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [5]
2014 Estimate [6]

As of the census [7] of 2000, there were 589 people, 231 households, and 161 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,232.2 people per square mile (473.8/km²). There were 279 housing units at an average density of 583.7 per square mile (224.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 55.01% White, 43.80% Black or African American, and 1.19% from two or more races. 3.23% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 231 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.05.

Marriage social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding.

In the town, the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $22,014, and the median income for a family was $27,500. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $17,188 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,523. About 25.3% of families and 31.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.6% of those under age 18 and 37.6% of those age 65 or over.

Per capita income mean income of the people in an economic unit such as a country or city

Per capita income (PCI) or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population.

Education

The McGehee School District serves Arkansas City.

Previously the Arkansas City School District served Arkansas City. The district had two schools, Arkansas City Elementary School and Arkansas City High School. [8] In 2004 the Arkansas Legislature approved a law that forced school districts with fewer than 350 students apiece to consolidate with other districts. [9] [10] On July 1, 2004, the Arkansas City district merged into the McGehee district. [11] After the acquisition, the McGehee district continued to operate the Arkansas City campus as a K-6 school. [12] By October 2005 the district no longer operated the Arkansas City facility. [13]

The Arkansas City School District was a school district of Arkansas City, Arkansas. Its territory is now in the McGehee School District.

Notable person

Related Research Articles

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McGehee School District is a public school district headquartered in McGehee, Arkansas. The school district encompasses 499.14 square miles (1,292.8 km2) of land in Drew and Desha counties and includes all or portions of McGehee, Arkansas City, Reed, Tillar, Watson, Rohwer, Rosedale, and Reed.

References

  1. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Arkansas City city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  4. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 22, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. "2002-2003 Arkansas Education Directory." Arkansas Department of Education. 54. Retrieved on March 6, 2011.
  9. "Dumas inherits Gould district’s deficit Archived July 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine ." Arkansas News. May 11, 2005. Retrieved on March 7, 2011.
  10. "The MHS Alumni Café Archived September 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine ." McGehee School District. Retrieved on July 27, 2011. "FYI... The Delta Special (Desha Central) and Arkansas City School Districts Consolidated with the McGehee School District as a result of a state mandate in 2004-2005."
  11. "Consolidation/Annexations of LEA's (1983-2010) Archived 2010-09-24 at the Wayback Machine ." Arkansas Department of Education. Retrieved on March 6, 2011.
  12. "Campuses." McGehee School District. August 28, 2004. Retrieved on July 28, 2011.
  13. "Campuses." McGehee School District. October 18, 2005. Retrieved on July 28, 2011.