Texarkana, Arkansas

Last updated
Texarkana, Arkansas
City of Texarkana
Texarkana stateline.jpg
Texarkana federal building, including the post office and courthouse, straddling the Texas-Arkansas state line
City seal of Texarkana, AR.png
Seal
Nickname(s): 
The Arkansas Side, T-town, TXK
Motto(s): 
Twice as Nice
Miller County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Texarkana Highlighted 0568810.svg
Location of Texarkana in Miller County, Arkansas.
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Texarkana, Arkansas
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°25′59″N94°1′14″W / 33.43306°N 94.02056°W / 33.43306; -94.02056 Coordinates: 33°25′59″N94°1′14″W / 33.43306°N 94.02056°W / 33.43306; -94.02056
Country United States
IncorporatedAugust 10, 1880
Government
  Type Council-Manager
   Mayor Allen L. Brown
   Board of Directors
   City Manager Kenneth Haskins
Area
[1]
  Total42.07 sq mi (108.95 km2)
  Land41.89 sq mi (108.48 km2)
  Water0.18 sq mi (0.47 km2)
Elevation
361 ft (110 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total29,919
  Estimate 
(2019) [2]
29,657
  Density722.41/sq mi (278.92/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
71854
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-68810
GNIS feature ID0078542
Website arkansas.txkusa.org

Texarkana is a city in the U.S. state of Arkansas and the county seat of Miller County. The city is located across the state line from its twin city, Texarkana, Texas. The city was founded at a railroad intersection on December 8, 1873, and was incorporated in Arkansas on August 10, 1880. Texarkana (together with its Texas counterpart) is the principal city of the Texarkana metropolitan area, which is ranked 274th in terms of population in the United States with 150,098 in 2016 according to the United States Census Bureau.

Contents

Located within the Ark-La-Tex subregion of Southwest Arkansas, Texarkana is located in the Piney Woods, an oak-hickory forest atop the flat Gulf Coastal Plain. Texarkana's economy is driven by agriculture and the city's position as a crossroads of three major Interstate highways: Interstate 30 (I-30), I-49 and the future I-69. Outdoors tourism, such as fishing at Lake Millwood, are also important in the region. The Texarkana Arkansas School District is the largest public school district on the Arkansas side, leading to graduation from Arkansas High School. The city is home to Texarkana College (on the Texas side of town), and a branch campus of the University of Arkansas Community College at Hope (UACCH).

History

Miller County, on the Arkansas side of the metropolitan area, was abolished during the border dispute between the Republic of Texas and the United States only to be re-established later. Miller County was formed in 1820 to honor James Miller, Arkansas' first governor. Miller County was formed with a large degree of uncertainty as to the location of the line dividing the county and the Mexican boundary. Consequently, settlers felt that Arkansas levied and collected taxes on land that eventually might be held by Mexico. Moreover, many who resented the oppression of Texans by the Mexicans were openly declaring allegiance to the Texans. This led to general unrest, and after the Texas Republic was created, it grew worse. So, in 1838, Governor James Conway proposed that the "easiest and most effective remedy is the abolition of Miller County to an area which is more patriotic." From that year until 1874, it was a part of Lafayette County, Arkansas. Its re-establishment sprung only from the sale of town lots in Texarkana in 1873. Efforts of the young town to be incorporated were not realized until October 17, 1880, nearly seven years after Texarkana, Texas (June 12, 1874), was formed. December 8, 1873, is generally recognized by both cities as the date of organization. [3]

Geography

Municipal Auditorium is located in the City Hall complex in Texarkana, Arkansas. Texarkana Municipal Auditorium IMG 67413.jpg
Municipal Auditorium is located in the City Hall complex in Texarkana, Arkansas.
The Texarkana Fire Department adjoins the Municipal Auditorium. Texarkana, AR, Fire Dept. IMG 6412.jpg
The Texarkana Fire Department adjoins the Municipal Auditorium.
Highland Church of Christ at 1705 Highland Street in Texarkana, Arkansas Highland Church of Christ, Texarkana, AR IMG 6357.jpg
Highland Church of Christ at 1705 Highland Street in Texarkana, Arkansas

Texarkana, Arkansas, is located at 33°25′59″N94°1′14″W / 33.43306°N 94.02056°W / 33.43306; -94.02056 (33.433075, -94.020514). [4] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 41.9 square miles (108.4 km2), of which 41.7 square miles (107.9 km2) is land and 0.19 square miles (0.5 km2) (0.43%) is water. [5]

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Texarkana has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [6]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 1,390
1890 3,528153.8%
1900 4,91439.3%
1910 5,65515.1%
1920 8,25746.0%
1930 10,76430.4%
1940 11,8219.8%
1950 15,87534.3%
1960 19,78824.6%
1970 21,6829.6%
1980 21,459−1.0%
1990 22,6315.5%
2000 26,44816.9%
2010 29,91913.1%
Est. 201929,657 [2] −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]

As of the census [8] of 2016, there were 30,283 people, 13,565 households, and 7,040 families residing in the city. The population density was 830.5 people per square mile (320.6/km²). There were 11,721 housing units at an average density of 368.1 per square mile (142.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 65.93% White, 31.00% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.78% of the population.

There were 13,565 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 18.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,343, and the median income for a family was $38,292 . Males had a median income of $35,204 versus $21,731 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,130. About 17.2% of families and 21.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.0% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or above.

Government and infrastructure

The Arkansas Department of Correction operates the Texarkana Regional Correction Center in Texarkana. [9]

Arkansas residents whose permanent residence is within the city limits of Texarkana, Arkansas are exempt from Arkansas individual income taxes. [10]

The Federal Courthouse (which also holds the city's only post office) is located directly on the Arkansas-Texas state line and is the only federal office building to straddle a state line.

According to the City's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[5] the top employers in the area are:

  1. Red River Army Depot & Tenants 4,135,
  2. Christus St. Michael Health Care 1,800,
  3. Cooper Tire & Rubber Company 1,750,
  4. AECOM/URS 1,300,
  5. Southern Refrigerated Transport 1,235,
  6. Wal-Mart 1,200,
  7. Texarkana TX Independent School District 1,150,
  8. Domtar, Inc. 900,
  9. Graphic Packaging 800,
  10. Wadley Regional Medical Center 755,
  11. Texarkana Arkansas School District 785,

Transportation

Highways

Education

Public education for elementary and secondary school students is provided by two school districts:

Private education opportunities include:

In 2012, Texarkana became home to a branch of the University of Arkansas Hope-Texarkana (UAHT), a community college based in Hope, Arkansas, and in 2015 UAHT began partnering with the University of Arkansas Little Rock, to offer bachelor's-degree programs through UALR Texarkana, based on the UAHT Texarkana campus. [13]

Pop culture

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Clay County, Arkansas U.S. county in Arkansas

Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,083. The county has two county seats, Corning and Piggott. It is a dry county, in which the sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or prohibited.

Bowie County, Texas County in Texas

Bowie County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 92,565. Its legal county seat is Boston, though its courthouse is located in New Boston. The county is named for James Bowie, the legendary knife fighter who died at the Battle of the Alamo.

Pulaski County, Arkansas U.S. county in Arkansas

Pulaski County is a county in the U.S. state of Arkansas with a population of 391,911, making it the most populous county in Arkansas. Its county seat is Little Rock, which is also Arkansas's capital and largest city. Pulaski County is Arkansas's fifth county, formed on December 15, 1818, alongside Clark and Hempstead Counties. The county is named for Casimir Pulaski, a Polish volunteer who saved George Washington's life during the American Revolutionary War.

Miller County, Arkansas County in Arkansas

Miller County is a county located in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 43,462. The county seat is Texarkana.

Little River County, Arkansas County in Arkansas

Little River County is a county located on the southwest border of the U.S. state of Arkansas, bordering a corner with Texas and Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,171. The county seat is Ashdown.

Cleveland County, Arkansas U.S. county in Arkansas

Cleveland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. Its population was 8,689 at the 2010 U.S. census. The county seat is Rison.

Stuttgart, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Stuttgart is a city in and the county seat of the northern district of Arkansas County, Arkansas, United States. It is located on U.S. Route 165, approximately 45 miles (72 km) southeast of Little Rock; and on U.S. Route 79 approximately 110 miles west of Memphis, Tennessee. Stuttgart is also on the Union Pacific Railroad between Memphis, Tennessee, and Pine Bluff, Arkansas. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 9,326.

Arkadelphia, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Arkadelphia is a city in Clark County, Arkansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,714. The city is the county seat of Clark County. It is situated at the foothills of the Ouachita Mountains. Two universities, Henderson State University and Ouachita Baptist University, are located there. Arkadelphia was incorporated in 1857.

Batesville, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Batesville is the county seat and largest city of Independence County, Arkansas, United States, 80 miles (183 km) northeast of Little Rock, the state capital. According to the 2010 Census, the population of the city was 10,268. The city serves as a regional manufacturing and distribution hub for the Ozark Mountain region and Northeast Arkansas.

Lewisville, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Lewisville is a city in Lafayette County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 1,280 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Lafayette County.

Fouke, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Fouke is a city in Miller County, Arkansas, United States. It is part of the Texarkana, Texas - Texarkana, Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 859 at the 2010 census. Fouke is located at the intersection of U.S. Highway 71 and Interstate 49 in Miller County, Arkansas. It is 10 miles west of the Red River, 11 miles southeast of Texarkana, and 17 miles north of Louisiana. It received brief widespread attention in the early 1970s due to sightings/claims of a bigfoot-like creature known as the "Fouke Monster," as well as the subsequent fictitious docudrama movie The Legend of Boggy Creek, which played nationwide.

Garland, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Garland, also known as Garland City, is a town in Miller County, Arkansas, United States. It is part of the Texarkana, Texas - Texarkana, Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 242 at the 2010 census.

Nash, Texas City in Texas, United States

Nash is a city in Bowie County, Texas, United States, and a suburb of Texarkana. It is part of the Texarkana metropolitan area. The population was 2,960 at the 2010 census, up from 2,169 at the 2000 census.

New Boston, Texas City in Texas, United States

New Boston is a city in Bowie County, Texas, United States. It was named after an early store keeper, W.J. Boston. It is part of the Texarkana metropolitan area. The population was 4,550 at the 2010 census.

Texarkana, Texas City in Texas, United States

Texarkana is a city in Bowie County, Texas, United States, located in the Ark-La-Tex region. Located approximately 180 miles (290 km) from Dallas, Texarkana is a twin city with neighboring Texarkana, Arkansas. The population of the Texas city was 36,411 at the 2010 census. The city and its Arkansas counterpart form the core of the Texarkana Metropolitan Statistical Area, encompassing all of Bowie County, Texas, and Miller County, Arkansas. The two cities had a combined population of 67,592 at the 2017 census, and the metropolitan area had a total population of 150,098.

Atlanta, Texas City in Texas, United States

Atlanta is a city in Cass County, northeastern Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 5,675.

Sulphur Springs, Texas City in Texas, United States

Sulphur Springs is a city in, and the county seat of, Hopkins County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,449. Sulphur Springs is located along the western edge of Northeast Texas.

Ark-La-Tex Region

The Ark-La-Tex is a socio-economic tri-state region where the Southern U.S. states of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas abut and join together. The region contains portions of Northwest Louisiana, Northeast Texas, and South Arkansas as well as the extreme southeastern tip of Oklahoma, partly centered upon the Red River, which flows along the Texas–Oklahoma state line into Southwestern Arkansas and Northwest Louisiana.

Texarkana metropolitan area City in Arkansas & Texas, United States

The Texarkana metropolitan statistical area (MSA), as defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget, is a two-county region anchored by the twin cities of Texarkana, Texas, and Texarkana, Arkansas,, and encompassing the surrounding communities in Bowie County, Texas, and Miller County, Arkansas. As of the 2016 census, the MSA had a population of 150,098. Texarkana is a subset of the broader Ark-La-Tex region.

Interstate 49 (I-49) is an Interstate Highway in the state of Arkansas. There are two main sections of the highway, split by construction. The northern section begins at I-40 and at U.S. Highway 71 (US 71) in Alma, Arkansas and runs north to Bella Vista, Arkansas, where the freeway terminates, awaiting completion of the Bella Vista Bypass. The second, southern section starts at the Louisiana state line, then runs to Texarkana, at the Texas state line.

References

  1. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  3. "Texarkana Chamber of Commerce". Texarkana.org. Archived from the original on April 5, 2015. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
  4. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Texarkana city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
  6. "Texarkana, Arkansas Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase.com. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  8. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. "Arkansas Department of Corrections". Adc.arkansas.gov. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
  10. "State of Arkansas Department of Finance and Administration Texarkana Exemption Letter" (PDF). Dfa.arkansas.gov. Retrieved March 26, 2011.
  11. "History of Texarkana: Did You Know?". Texarkana Arkansas School District. Archived from the original on 22 February 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
  12. "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Miller County, AR." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on October 15, 2017.
  13. "University of Arkansas at Little Rock". Ualr.edu. Archived from the original on 2017-06-08. Retrieved 2017-06-05.
  14. "Facebook". Facebook. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
  15. Bill Dahl. "Buster Benton | Biography & History". AllMusic . Retrieved 2017-07-09.
  16. "Benjamin Marcus Bogard (1868–1951)". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
  17. "Brad Cherry Register Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. 1981-02-12. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
  18. "Mike Cherry, QB at". Nfl.com. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
  19. "Representative Prissy Hickerson's Political Summary". votesmart.org. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  20. "Biography of the Honorable Jimmy Hickey, Jr., Arkansas State Senator" (PDF). arkleg.state.ar.us. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  21. Mike Huckabee, From Hope to Higher Ground, New York: Center Street Publishers, 2007, p. 5