Texarkana, Arkansas

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Texarkana, Arkansas
Texarkana stateline.jpg
Texarkana federal building, including the post office and courthouse, straddling the Texas-Arkansas state line
City seal of Texarkana, AR.png
Seal
Nickname(s): 
The Arkansas Side, T-town, TXK
Motto(s): 
Twice as Nice
Miller County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Texarkana Highlighted 0568810.svg
Location of Texarkana in Miller County, Arkansas.
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Texarkana, Arkansas
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°25′59″N94°1′14″W / 33.43306°N 94.02056°W / 33.43306; -94.02056 Coordinates: 33°25′59″N94°1′14″W / 33.43306°N 94.02056°W / 33.43306; -94.02056
Country United States
IncorporatedAugust 10, 1880
Government
  Type Council-Manager
   Mayor Allen L. Brown
   Board of Directors
   City Manager Kenneth Haskins
Area
[1]
  Total42.07 sq mi (108.95 km2)
  Land41.89 sq mi (108.48 km2)
  Water0.18 sq mi (0.47 km2)
Elevation
361 ft (110 m)
Population
  Total29,919
  Estimate 
(2017) [2]
30,259
  Density722.41/sq mi (278.92/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
71854
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-68810
GNIS feature ID0078542
Website arkansas.txkusa.org

Texarkana is a city in Arkansas and the county seat of Miller County. The city is located across the state line from its twin city, Texarkana, Texas. The city was founded at a railroad intersection on December 8, 1873, and was incorporated in Arkansas on August 10, 1880. Texarkana (together with its Texas counterpart) is the principal city of the Texarkana metropolitan area, which is ranked 274th in terms of population in the United States with 150,098 in 2016 according to the United States Census Bureau.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2017. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Miller County, Arkansas county in Arkansas

Miller County is a county located in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 43,462. The county seat is Texarkana.

Twin cities are a special case of two cities or urban centres that are founded in close geographic proximity and then grow into each other over time, losing most of their mutual buffer zone.

Contents

Located within the Ark-La-Tex subregion of Southwest Arkansas, Texarkana is located in the Piney Woods, a oak-hickory forest atop the flat Gulf Coastal Plain. Texarkana's economy is driven by agriculture and the city's position as a crossroads of three major Interstate highways: Interstate 30 (I-30), I-49 and the future I-69. Outdoors tourism, such as fishing at Lake Millwood, are also important in the region. The Texarkana Arkansas School District is the largest public school district on the Arkansas side, leading to graduation from Arkansas High School. The city is home to Texarkana College (on the Texas side of town), and a branch campus of the University of Arkansas Community College at Hope (UACCH).

Ark-La-Tex Region

The Ark-La-Tex region is a U.S. socio-economic region where the 4 states of Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma abut. The region contains portions of Northwest Louisiana, Northeast Texas, South Arkansas, and the Little Dixie area of Oklahoma. The largest city and center of the region is Shreveport, Louisiana. Other major cities in the Ark-La-Tex include Tyler, Texas, Longview, Texas, Marshall, Texas, and Texarkana.

Piney Woods

The Piney Woods is a temperate coniferous forest terrestrial ecoregion in the Southern United States covering 54,400 square miles (141,000 km2) of East Texas, southern Arkansas, western Louisiana, and southeastern Oklahoma. These coniferous forests are dominated by several species of pine as well as hardwoods including hickory and oak. Historically the most dense part of this forest region was the Big Thicket though the lumber industry dramatically reduced the forest concentration in this area and throughout the Piney Woods during the 19th and 20th centuries. The World Wide Fund for Nature considers the Piney Woods to be one of the critically endangered ecoregions of the United States. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines most of this ecoregion as the South Central Plains.

Gulf Coastal Plain plain around the Gulf of Mexico in the Southern United States and eastern Mexico

The Gulf Coastal Plain extends around the Gulf of Mexico in the Southern United States and eastern Mexico.

Geography

Municipal Auditorium is located in the City Hall complex in Texarkana, Arkansas. Texarkana Municipal Auditorium IMG 67413.jpg
Municipal Auditorium is located in the City Hall complex in Texarkana, Arkansas.
The Texarkana Fire Department adjoins the Municipal Auditorium. Texarkana, AR, Fire Dept. IMG 6412.jpg
The Texarkana Fire Department adjoins the Municipal Auditorium.
Highland Church of Christ at 1705 Highland Street in Texarkana, Arkansas Highland Church of Christ, Texarkana, AR IMG 6357.jpg
Highland Church of Christ at 1705 Highland Street in Texarkana, Arkansas

Texarkana, Arkansas, is located at 33°25′59″N94°1′14″W / 33.43306°N 94.02056°W / 33.43306; -94.02056 (33.433075, -94.020514). [3] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 41.9 square miles (108.4 km2), of which 41.7 square miles (107.9 km2) is land and 0.19 square miles (0.5 km2) (0.43%) is water. [4]

United States Census Bureau bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Texarkana has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [5]

Humid subtropical climate category in the Köppen climate classification system

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild winters. These climates normally lie on the southeast side of all continents, generally between latitudes 25° and 40° and are located poleward from adjacent tropical climates. While many subtropical climates tend to be located at or near coastal locations, in some cases they extend inland, most notably in China and the United States, where they exhibit more pronounced seasonal variations and sharper contrasts between summer and winter, as part of a gradient between the more tropical climates of the southern coasts of these countries and the more continental climates of China and the United States’ northern and central regions.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 1,390
1890 3,528153.8%
1900 4,91439.3%
1910 5,65515.1%
1920 8,25746.0%
1930 10,76430.4%
1940 11,8219.8%
1950 15,87534.3%
1960 19,78824.6%
1970 21,6829.6%
1980 21,459−1.0%
1990 22,6315.5%
2000 26,44816.9%
2010 29,91913.1%
Est. 201730,259 [2] 1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]

As of the census [7] of 2016, there were 30,283 people, 13,565 households, and 7,040 families residing in the city. The population density was 830.5 people per square mile (320.6/km²). There were 11,721 housing units at an average density of 368.1 per square mile (142.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 65.93% White, 31.00% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.78% of the population.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 13,565 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 18.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.99.

Marriage social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,343, and the median income for a family was $38,292 . Males had a median income of $35,204 versus $21,731 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,130. About 17.2% of families and 21.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.0% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or above.

Government and infrastructure

The Arkansas Department of Correction operates the Texarkana Regional Correction Center in Texarkana. [8]

Arkansas residents whose permanent residence is within the city limits of Texarkana, Arkansas are exempt from Arkansas individual income taxes. [9]

The Federal Courthouse (which also holds the city's only post office) is located directly on the Arkansas-Texas state line and is the only federal office building to straddle a state line.

According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[5] the top employers in the area are:

  1. Red River Army Depot & tenants 7,200,
  2. Christus St. Michael Health Care 1,883,
  3. Cooper Tire & Rubber Company 1,700,
  4. Domtar 1,300,
  5. Wal-Mart 1,100,
  6. International Paper 925,
  7. Wadley Regional Medical Center 850,
  8. Texarkana Independent School District 795,
  9. Texarkana Arkansas School District 785,
  10. Southern Refrigerated Transport 750

Transportation

Highways

Education

Public education for elementary and secondary school students is provided by two school districts:

Private education opportunities include:

In 2012, Texarkana became home to a branch of the University of Arkansas Hope-Texarkana (UAHT), a community college based in Hope, Arkansas, and in 2015 UAHT began partnering with the University of Arkansas Little Rock, to offer bachelor's-degree programs through UALR Texarkana, based on the UAHT Texarkana campus. [12]

Pop culture

Notable people

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Fouke is a city in Miller County, Arkansas, United States. It is part of the Texarkana, Texas - Texarkana, Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 859 at the 2010 census. Fouke is located at the intersection of U.S. Highway 71 and Interstate 49 in Miller County, Arkansas. It is 10 miles west of the Red River, 11 miles southeast of Texarkana, and 17 miles north of Louisiana. It received brief widespread attention in the early 1970s due to sightings/claims of a bigfoot-like creature known as the "Fouke Monster," as well as the subsequent fictitious docudrama movie The Legend of Boggy Creek, which played nationwide.

Leary, Texas City in Texas, United States

Leary is a city in Bowie County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 495. It is part of the Texarkana, Texas - Texarkana, Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Maud, Texas City in Texas, United States

Maud is a city in Bowie County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 1,056. It is part of the Texarkana, Texas - Texarkana, Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Nash, Texas City in Texas, United States

Nash is a city in Bowie County, Texas, United States, and a suburb of Texarkana. It is part of the Texarkana, Texas - Texarkana, Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 2,960 at the 2010 census, up from 2,169 at the 2000 census.

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Texarkana metropolitan area City in Arkansas & Texas, United States

The Texarkana, AR–Texarkana, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), as defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget, is a two-county region anchored by the twin cities of Texarkana, Texas and Texarkana, Arkansas, and encompassing the surrounding communities in Bowie County, Texas and Miller County, Arkansas. As of the 2016 census, the MSA had a population of 150,098. Texarkana is a subset of the broader Ark-La-Tex region.

Mary Priscilla "Prissy" Hickerson is a Republican politician from Texarkana, Arkansas who served on the Arkansas State Highway Commission from 1999 to 2009 and in the Arkansas House of Representatives for District 1 from 2011 to 2017.

References

  1. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Texarkana city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
  5. "Texarkana, Arkansas Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase.com. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
  6. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  7. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. "Arkansas Department of Corrections". Adc.arkansas.gov. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
  9. "State of Arkansas Department of Finance and Administration Texarkana Exemption Letter" (PDF). Dfa.arkansas.gov. Retrieved March 26, 2011.
  10. "History of Texarkana: Did You Know?". Texarkana Arkansas School District. Archived from the original on 22 February 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
  11. "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Miller County, AR." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on October 15, 2017.
  12. "University of Arkansas at Little Rock". Ualr.edu. Archived from the original on 2017-06-08. Retrieved 2017-06-05.
  13. "Facebook". Facebook. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
  14. Bill Dahl. "Buster Benton | Biography & History". AllMusic . Retrieved 2017-07-09.
  15. "Benjamin Marcus Bogard (1868–1951)". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
  16. "Brad Cherry Register Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. 1981-02-12. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
  17. "Mike Cherry, QB at". Nfl.com. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
  18. "Representative Prissy Hickerson's Political Summary". votesmart.org. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  19. "Biography of the Honorable Jimmy Hickey, Jr., Arkansas State Senator" (PDF). arkleg.state.ar.us. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  20. Mike Huckabee, From Hope to Higher Ground, New York: Center Street Publishers, 2007, p. 5