Rison, Arkansas

Last updated
Rison, Arkansas
City
Cleveland County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg
Cleveland County Courthouse in Rison - listed on National Register of Historic Places
Cleveland County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Rison Highlighted 0559480.svg
Location of Rison in Cleveland County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 33°57′26″N92°11′23″W / 33.95722°N 92.18972°W / 33.95722; -92.18972 Coordinates: 33°57′26″N92°11′23″W / 33.95722°N 92.18972°W / 33.95722; -92.18972
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Cleveland
Government
  Mayor Vernon R. Dollar
Area [1]
  Total 3.23 sq mi (8.36 km2)
  Land 3.23 sq mi (8.36 km2)
  Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation 269 ft (82 m)
Population (2010)
  Total 1,344
  Estimate (2017) [2] 1,256
  Density 389.10/sq mi (150.23/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
  Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 71665
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-59480
GNIS feature ID 0058495

Rison is a city in and the county seat of Cleveland County, [3] Arkansas, United States. Its population was 1,344 at the 2010 U.S. census. [4] It is included in the Pine Bluff, Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Cleveland County, Arkansas county in Arkansas, US

Cleveland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. Its population was 8,689 at the 2010 U.S. census. The county seat is Rison.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2017. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Contents

History

Rison had its start in 1883, shortly after the railroad was built through that territory. It was named for William Richard Rison, an Alabama banker and friend of the founder of the town. [5]

Alabama State of the United States of America

Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama is the 30th largest by area and the 24th-most populous of the U.S. states. With a total of 1,500 miles (2,400 km) of inland waterways, Alabama has among the most of any state.

Geography

Rison is located in north-central Cleveland County at 33°57′26″N92°11′23″W / 33.957089°N 92.189711°W / 33.957089; -92.189711 . [6] U.S. Route 79 passes through the western side of the city, leading northeast 25 miles (40 km) to Pine Bluff and southwest 17 miles (27 km) to Fordyce.

U.S. Route 79 highway in the United States

U.S. Route 79 is a United States highway. The route is officially considered and labeled as a north-south highway, but it is actually more of a diagonal northeast-southwest highway. The highway's northern/eastern terminus is in Russellville, Kentucky, at an intersection with U.S. Highway 68 and KY 80. Its southern/western terminus is in Round Rock, Texas, at an intersection with Interstate 35, ten miles (16 km) north of Austin.

Pine Bluff, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Pine Bluff is the tenth-largest city in the state of Arkansas and the county seat of Jefferson County. It is the principal city of the Pine Bluff Metropolitan Statistical Area and part of the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Pine Bluff Combined Statistical Area. The population of the city was 49,083 in the 2010 Census with 2017 estimates showing a decline to 42,984.

Fordyce, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Fordyce is a city in Dallas County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 4,300 at the 2010 census, down from 4,799 in 2000.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.6 square miles (6.8 km2), all land. [4]

United States Census Bureau bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1900 453
1910 72560.0%
1920 685−5.5%
1930 87627.9%
1940 1,00514.7%
1950 953−5.2%
1960 889−6.7%
1970 1,21436.6%
1980 1,3259.1%
1990 1,258−5.1%
2000 1,2711.0%
2010 1,3445.7%
Est. 20171,256 [2] −6.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]

As of the census [8] of 2000, there were 1,271 people, 471 households, and 324 families residing in the city. The population density was 475.1 people per square mile (183.8/km²). There were 532 housing units at an average density of 198.9/sq mi (76.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 62.23% White, 33.36% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 1.73% from other races, and 2.12% from two or more races. 2.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 471 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.16.

Marriage social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,865, and the median income for a family was $30,833. Males had a median income of $26,500 versus $18,229 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,106. About 25.6% of families and 32.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.0% of those under age 18 and 30.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Public education for early childhood, elementary and secondary school students in the city limits of Rison is provided by the Cleveland County School District, which is headquartered in Rison. Students graduate from Rison High School. [9] The district was established by the July 1, 2004 consolidation of the Rison School District and the Kingsland School District. [10]

Notable people

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References

  1. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Rison city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
  5. "Rison (Cleveland County)". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
  6. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Cleveland County, AR." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on October 15, 2017.
  10. "ConsolidationAnnex_from_1983.xls." Arkansas Department of Education. Retrieved on October 13, 2017.