Lake Village, Arkansas

Last updated
Lake Village, Arkansas
Lake Village Commercial Historic District 002.jpg
Lake Village Commercial Historic District
Chicot County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Lake Village Highlighted 0538170.svg
Location of Lake Village in Chicot County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 33°19′54″N91°17′1″W / 33.33167°N 91.28361°W / 33.33167; -91.28361 Coordinates: 33°19′54″N91°17′1″W / 33.33167°N 91.28361°W / 33.33167; -91.28361
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Chicot
Government
  MayorJoanne Bush
Area
[1]
  Total2.53 sq mi (6.55 km2)
  Land2.53 sq mi (6.55 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
108 ft (33 m)
Population
  Total2,575
  Estimate 
(2017) [2]
2,328
  Density920.52/sq mi (355.41/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CDT)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
71653
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-38170
GNIS feature ID0058036
Website www.cityoflakevillage.com

Lake Village is a city in and the county seat of Chicot County, Arkansas, United States. [3] The population was 2,575 at the 2010 census. [4] It is located in the Arkansas Delta. Lake Village is named for its location on Lake Chicot, an oxbow lake formed by the Mississippi River.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Chicot County, Arkansas County in the United States

Chicot County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,800. The county seat is Lake Village. Chicot County is Arkansas's 10th county, formed on October 25, 1823, and named after Point Chicot on the Mississippi River. It is part of the Arkansas Delta, lowlands along the river that have been historically important as an area for large-scale cotton cultivation.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Contents

History

According to legend, the remains of Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto might be buried under Lake Chicot. His expedition visited Guachoya, a native village along the edge of the lake, which is recorded as the site of his death. See List of sites and peoples visited by the Hernando de Soto Expedition.

Hernando de Soto Spanish explorer and conquistador

Hernando de Soto was a Spanish explorer and conquistador who was involved in expeditions in Nicaragua and the Yucatan Peninsula, and played an important role in Pizarro's conquest of the Inca Empire in Peru, but is best known for leading the first Spanish and European expedition deep into the territory of the modern-day United States. He is the first European documented as having crossed the Mississippi River.

Lake Village was later founded at this location by European-American colonists. The area was developed for cotton plantations, and the county seat was the center of government and county trading. The antebellum years were when the county generated its greatest wealth, at least for planters.

Solo pilot Charles Lindbergh made his first nighttime flight in April 1923 over Lake Chicot and Lake Village.

Charles Lindbergh American aviator, author, inventor, explorer, and social activist

Charles Augustus Lindbergh was an American aviator, military officer, author, inventor, explorer, and environmental activist. At age 25 in 1927, he went from obscurity as a U.S. Air Mail pilot to instantaneous world fame by winning the Orteig Prize: making a nonstop flight from Roosevelt Field, Long Island, New York, to Paris, France. Lindbergh covered the ​33 12-hour, 3,600-statute-mile (5,800 km) flight alone in a single-engine purpose-built Ryan monoplane, the Spirit of St. Louis.

Lake Village has nine properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Carlton House, Chicot County Courthouse, Sam Epstein House, Gregory Dipping Vat, Lake Village Confederate Monument, Lake Village Post Office, Dr. E.P. McGehee Infirmary, New Hope Missionary Baptist Church Cemetery (Historic Section), and the John Tushek Building. In addition, the Lake Village Commercial Historic District is listed, as is the nearby Lakeport Plantation. The antebellum mansion of the latter is the only one in the state that is located near the Mississippi River.

National Register of Historic Places federal list of historic sites in the United States

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.

Chicot County Courthouse courthouse in Lake Village, Arkansas

The Chicot County Courthouse is a courthouse in Lake Village, Arkansas, the county seat of Chicot County, built in 1956. Located at the end of the Lake Village Commercial Historic District along Lake Chicot, the courthouse is a culturally significant landmark for both its architectural style and historical importance to the county. It was because of this dual significance that the property was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006.

Sam Epstein House

The Sam Epstein House is a historic house at 488 Lakeshore Drive in Lake Village, Arkansas. The Colonial Revival house is notable for its association with Sam Epstein, a Jewish immigrant who was one of Lake Village's first shopkeepers, and eventually amassed more than 10,000 acres (4,000 ha) of land in Chicot County devoted to agricultural purposes. He was active in the civic and economic life of the community, supporting others in the development of business opportunities.

Geography

Lake Village is located north of the center of Chicot County at 33°19′54″N91°17′1″W / 33.33167°N 91.28361°W / 33.33167; -91.28361 (33.331592, -91.283497). [5] It is situated on the west bank of Lake Chicot, a former course of the Mississippi River that is and now an oxbow lake.

Lake Chicot lake in Chicot County, Arkansas, United States of America

Lake Chicot is a lake adjacent to the Mississippi River. Lake Village is on the west side of the lake. It is the largest oxbow lake in North America and the largest natural lake in Arkansas, formed 600 years ago by the meandering of the Mississippi River.

U.S. Routes 65 and 82 pass through the city. US 65 leads north 22 miles (35 km) to McGehee and south 17 miles (27 km) to Eudora, while US 82 leads west 31 miles (50 km) to Hamburg and east 21 miles (34 km) to Greenville, Mississippi. U.S. Route 278 follows US 65 north out of town and US 82 east to Mississippi.

U.S. Route 65 highway in the United States

U.S. Route 65 is a north–south United States highway in the southern and midwestern United States. The southern terminus of the route is at U.S. Route 425 in Clayton, Louisiana. The northern terminus is at Interstate 35 just south of Interstate 90 in Albert Lea, Minnesota. Parts of its modern route in Iowa and historic route in Minnesota follow the old Jefferson Highway.

U.S. Route 82 highway in the United States

U.S. Route 82 is an east–west United States highway in the Southern United States. Created on July 1, 1931 across central Mississippi and southern Arkansas, US 82 eventually became a 1,625-mile (2,615 km) route extending from the White Sands of New Mexico to Georgia's Atlantic coast.

McGehee, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

McGehee is a city in Desha County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 4,219 at the 2010 census.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Lake Village has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.4 km2), all land. [4] The city is located in the southernmost section of the Delta Lowlands of Arkansas and boasts beautiful scenic vistas of the Mississippi River.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 1,074
1920 1,44934.9%
1930 1,5829.2%
1940 2,04529.3%
1950 2,48421.5%
1960 2,99820.7%
1970 3,31010.4%
1980 3,088−6.7%
1990 2,791−9.6%
2000 2,8231.1%
2010 2,575−8.8%
Est. 20172,328 [2] −9.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]

As of the census [7] of 2000, there were 2,823 people, 1,090 households, and 705 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,357.7 people per square mile (524.0/km²). There were 1,233 housing units at an average density of 593.0 per square mile (228.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 56.15% Black or African American, 40.74% White, 0.21% Native American, 1.13% Asian, 0.57% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. 1.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,090 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.6% were married couples living together, 24.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,625, and the median income for a family was $28,438. Males had a median income of $37,031 versus $14,872 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,677. About 29.1% of families and 36.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 49.6% of those under age 18 and 24.5% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

The economy of the area is based on agriculture. The crops grown are mainly cotton, soybeans and wheat. There is also a large aquacultural base, consisting mainly of catfish farmers. In addition, county government is an important employer as Lake Village is the county seat of Chicot County.

The state Tourist Information Center in Lake Village is located on a pier extending into Lake Chicot. It is the only tourist center in the state to be completely heated and cooled by solar energy. It is scheduled to be replaced by a more modern center.

Education

Public education is provided by Lakeside School District, which leads to graduation from Lakeside High School.

Transportation

In June 2008, construction was completed to convert the two-lane combined highway of 82, 65 and 278 inside of the city limits of Lake Village into a four-lane highway, with an added stoplight and sidewalks on both sides of the road. There has been no indication of whether plans for widening the highway further south to the Greenville Bridge over the Mississippi are still viable, or when construction might begin.

Notable people

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References

  1. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Lake Village city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.