Paragould, Arkansas

Last updated
Paragould, Arkansas
Paragould collage.png
Greene County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Paragould Highlighted 0553390.svg
Location of Paragould in Greene County, Arkansas.
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Paragould, Arkansas
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 36°3′25″N90°30′11″W / 36.05694°N 90.50306°W / 36.05694; -90.50306 Coordinates: 36°3′25″N90°30′11″W / 36.05694°N 90.50306°W / 36.05694; -90.50306
CountryUnited States
State Arkansas
County Greene
Area
[1]
  Total31.83 sq mi (82.45 km2)
  Land31.67 sq mi (82.03 km2)
  Water0.16 sq mi (0.42 km2)
Elevation
299 ft (91 m)
Population
  Total26,113
  Estimate 
(2017) [2]
28,488
  Density899.47/sq mi (347.29/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
72450-72451
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-53390
GNIS feature ID0077948
Website Official website

Paragould is the county seat of Greene County, and the 19th-largest city in Arkansas, in the United States. The city is located in northeastern Arkansas on the eastern edge of Crowley's Ridge, a geologic anomaly contained within the Arkansas delta.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Greene County, Arkansas County in the United States

Greene County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,090. The county seat is Paragould, which sits atop Crowley's Ridge.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Contents

Paragould is the principal city of the Paragould, Arkansas Micropolitan Statistical Area and is also a part of the Jonesboro-Paragould Combined Statistical Area. The Paragould micropolitan area's population was 42,090 at the 2010 census, [3] and the Jonesboro-Paragould Combined Statistical Area's population was 163,116. [4]

The city had a population of 26,113 at the 2010 census [5] and an estimated population of 27,900 in 2015. [6]

History

The city's name is a blend combining the last names of competing railroad magnates J. W. Paramore and Jay Gould. Paramore's Texas & St. Louis Railway (later the Cotton Belt) and Gould's St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway (later the Missouri Pacific) intersected here in 1882. A group of citizens chose the name, and it is believed to be the only city in the world with this name. Gould objected to his name's being second and refused to list the new town on his schedules. [7]

In linguistics, a blend word or a blend is a word formed from parts of two or more other words. These parts are sometimes, but not always, morphemes.

Jay Gould American businessman

Jason "Jay" Gould was a leading American railroad developer and speculator. He has been portrayed as one of the ruthless robber barons of the Gilded Age, whose success at business made him one of the richest men of his era. He was hated and reviled, with few defenders then or now.

St. Louis Southwestern Railway defunct American railway (1891–1992)

The St. Louis Southwestern Railway, known by its nickname of "The Cotton Belt Route" or simply Cotton Belt, is a former US Class I railroad which operated between St. Louis, Missouri, and various points in the states of Arkansas, Tennessee, Louisiana, and Texas from 1891 to 1980. In 1980 the Cotton Belt began operating the Rock Island's Golden State Route which added the states of Kansas, Oklahoma, and New Mexico to the operation. Operation of the Cotton Belt was assumed by parent Southern Pacific in 1992.

Geography

Paragould is located southeast of the center of Greene County. U.S. Routes 412 and 49 intersect in the city west of downtown. US 412 leads east 9 miles (14 km) to the Missouri state line at the St. Francis River, and a further 23 miles (37 km) northeast to Kennett, Missouri; to the west US 412 leads 26 miles (42 km) to Walnut Ridge. US 49 leads northeast 32 miles (51 km) to Piggott and southwest 20 miles (32 km) to Jonesboro. The closest major city is Memphis, Tennessee, 82 miles (132 km) to the southeast.

U.S. Route 412 highway in the United States

U.S. Route 412 is an east–west United States highway, first commissioned in 1982. Its route number is a "violation" of the usual AASHTO numbering scheme, as it comes nowhere near its implied "parent", US 12. U.S. 412 overlaps expressway-grade Cimarron Turnpike from Tulsa west to Interstate 35 and the Cherokee Turnpike from 5 miles (8.0 km) east of Chouteau, Oklahoma, to 8 miles (13 km) west of the Arkansas state line. A curiosity of this highway is that it runs the entire length of the Oklahoma Panhandle and traverses the Missouri Bootheel.

U.S. Route 49 highway in the United States

U.S. Route 49 is a north–south United States highway. The highway's northern terminus is in Piggott, Arkansas, at an intersection with US Route 62/Highway 1/Highway 139 (US 62/AR 1/AR 139). Its southern terminus is in Gulfport, Mississippi, at an intersection with U.S. Route 90. US 49 is approximately 516 miles (830 km) in length.

Missouri State of the United States of America

Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States. With over six million residents, it is the 18th-most populous state of the Union. The largest urban areas are St. Louis, Kansas City, Springfield, and Columbia; the capital is Jefferson City. The state is the 21st-most extensive in area. In the South are the Ozarks, a forested highland, providing timber, minerals, and recreation. The Missouri River, after which the state is named, flows through the center of the state into the Mississippi River, which makes up Missouri's eastern border.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.4 square miles (81.2 km2), of which 31.2 square miles (80.8 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km2), or 0.52%, is water. [5]

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Climate

Paragould has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa).

Climate data for Paragould
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)73
(23)
78
(26)
89
(32)
93
(34)
94
(34)
101
(38)
106
(41)
105
(41)
100
(38)
92
(33)
82
(28)
77
(25)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C)44
(7)
51
(11)
60
(16)
70
(21)
79
(26)
88
(31)
92
(33)
90
(32)
84
(29)
74
(23)
59
(15)
49
(9)
70
(21)
Average low °F (°C)26
(−3)
31
(−1)
41
(5)
50
(10)
60
(16)
68
(20)
72
(22)
70
(21)
63
(17)
50
(10)
40
(4)
32
(0)
50
(10)
Record low °F (°C)−14
(−26)
−1
(−18)
5
(−15)
19
(−7)
40
(4)
50
(10)
54
(12)
50
(10)
36
(2)
28
(−2)
16
(−9)
−6
(−21)
−14
(−26)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.49
(89)
3.52
(89)
4.93
(125)
5.10
(130)
4.96
(126)
3.93
(100)
3.09
(78)
2.68
(68)
3.11
(79)
4.00
(102)
5.35
(136)
4.87
(124)
48.23
(1,225)
Source: [8]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 1,666
1900 3,32499.5%
1910 5,24857.9%
1920 6,30620.2%
1930 5,966−5.4%
1940 7,07918.7%
1950 9,66836.6%
1960 9,9472.9%
1970 10,6397.0%
1980 15,24843.3%
1990 18,54021.6%
2000 22,01718.8%
2010 26,11318.6%
Est. 201728,488 [2] 9.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]
Paragould Paragould AR 10.jpg
Paragould
The former Greene County Courthouse is one of twelve sites in Paragould listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Paragould AR 2011 06 23 003.jpg
The former Greene County Courthouse is one of twelve sites in Paragould listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 26,113 people residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 94.4% White, 0.8% Black, 0.4% Native American, 0.3% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, <0.1% from some other race and 1.2% from two or more races. 2.8% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the census [10] of 2000, there were 22,017 people, 8,941 households, and 6,133 families residing in the city. The population density was 714.6 people per square mile (275.9/km²). There were 9,789 housing units at an average density of 317.7 per square mile (122.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.87% White, 0.04% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.56% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 1.33% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,941 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,815, and the median income for a family was $39,431. Males had a median income of $28,103 versus $20,623 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,076. About 8.4% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Paragould is home to Arkansas State University Paragould, Arkansas Northeastern College, Black River Technical College, and Crowley's Ridge College. Paragould has two public school districts, the Greene County Tech School District and the Paragould School District, as well as Crowley's Ridge Academy and St. Mary's Catholic School private school systems.[ citation needed ]

The Northeast Arkansas School District was formed on July 1, 1985 by the merger of the former Paragould School District with the Oak Grove School District. [11] By 1997 the name of the new district became the Paragould School District. [12]

Infrastructure

Transportation

Highways

Health care

Arkansas Methodist Medical Center is Paragould's only hospital. The 127-bed acute-care hospital's campus includes a professional office building with community wellness center and a building with campus offices for Arkansas Northeastern College's nursing programs.[ citation needed ]

Law enforcement

On December 15, 2012, it was announced that "beginning in 2013, the department would deploy a new street crimes unit to high crime areas on foot to take back the streets." [13] The remaining town hall meetings to inform the public of the new plan were cancelled due to the volume of threats received as a result of national media exposure. This was done for public safety, as continuing to hold the meetings may have posed a danger to attendees. It is unknown at this time if the plan will still be put into effect. [14] [ needs update ]

Notable people

Related Research Articles

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Several special routes of U.S. Route 49 exist. In order from south to north they are as follows.

References

  1. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Paragould, AR Micro Area". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
  4. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Jonesboro-Paragould, AR CSA". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
  5. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Paragould city, Arkansas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
  6. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  7. Temple, Robert D. Edge Effects: The Border-Name Places (2nd edition, 2009), iUniverse, ISBN   978-0-595-47758-6, page 320.
  8. "Average weather for Paragould, Arkansas". Weather.com. Retrieved December 21, 2008.
  9. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. "ConsolidationAnnex_from_1983.xls." Arkansas Department of Education. Retrieved on October 13, 2017.
  12. Home. Paragould School District. February 11, 1997. Retrieved on October 14, 2017. "Paragould School District is a consolidated district comprising the former districts of Oak Grove, Stanford, and Paragould."
  13. Armed task force to patrol streets Archived 2013-01-31 at Archive.is
  14. PPD cancels town hall events Archived 2013-01-31 at Archive.is
  15. Iris DeMent profile, artistdirect.com; accessed April 8, 2015.