Greene County, Arkansas

Last updated
Greene County, Arkansas
Paragould AR 2011 06 23 002.jpg
Courthouse in Paragould
Map of Arkansas highlighting Greene County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of USA AR.svg
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
FoundedNovember 5, 1833
Named for Nathanael Greene
Seat Paragould
Largest cityParagould
Area
  Total580 sq mi (1,502 km2)
  Land578 sq mi (1,497 km2)
  Water1.9 sq mi (5 km2), 0.3%
Population (est.)
  (2016)44,598
  Density73/sq mi (28/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website county.arkansas.gov/greene/

Greene County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,090. [1] The county seat is Paragould, [2] which sits atop Crowley's Ridge.

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Contents

Greene County comprises the Paragould, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Jonesboro–Paragould, AR Combined Statistical Area.

Jonesboro, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Jonesboro is a city located on Crowley's Ridge in the northeastern corner of the U.S. State of Arkansas. Jonesboro is one of two county seats of Craighead County and the home of Arkansas State University. According to the 2010 Census, the city had a population of 71,551 and is the fifth-largest city in Arkansas.

History

The first settler in the area was Benjamin Crowley, who arrived from Kentucky in 1821 and made his home about 12 miles west of Paragould.

Kentucky State of the United States of America

Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States. Although styled as the "State of Kentucky" in the law creating it, (because in Kentucky's first constitution, the name state was used) Kentucky is one of four U.S. states constituted as a commonwealth. Originally a part of Virginia, in 1792 Kentucky became the 15th state to join the Union. Kentucky is the 37th most extensive and the 26th most populous of the 50 United States.

Greene County was formed on 5 November 1833 out of portions of Lawrence County and originally contained parts of present Clay and Craighead counties. The county was named for Revolutionary War hero Nathanael Greene. The first county seat was in Benjamin Crowley's home. By 1836, when Arkansas became a state, the county seat was located in a settlement called "Paris" (not to be confused with present-day Paris, Arkansas).

Lawrence County, Arkansas County in the United States

Lawrence County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,415. The county seat is Walnut Ridge. Lawrence County is Arkansas's second county, formed on January 15, 1815, and named for Captain James Lawrence who fought in the War of 1812. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Clay County, Arkansas County in the United States

Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,083. The county has two county seats, Corning and Piggott. It is a dry county, in which the sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or prohibited.

Craighead County, Arkansas County in the United States

Craighead County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 96,443. The county has two county seats — Jonesboro and Lake City. Craighead County is Arkansas's 58th county, formed on February 19, 1859, and named for state Senator Thomas Craighead. It is one of several dry counties within the state of Arkansas, in which the sale of alcoholic beverages is largely prohibited.

In 1848 a national highway was made through the area, and the county seat was moved to Gainesville, which had a reputation as rather lawless. The seat remained there until 1883, when it was transferred to the new town of Paragould. The peoples in Gainesville opposed the move, and shots reportedly were fired, since tempers were high. The courthouse was built in 1888 and survives in downtown Paragould.

In the early 20th century, Clay, Greene, and Craighead counties had sundown town policies forbidding African Americans from living in the area. [3]

Sundown town all-white municipalities that practice a form of segregation

Sundown towns, also known as sunset towns or gray towns, are all-white municipalities or neighborhoods in the United States that practice a form of segregation -- historically by enforcing restrictions excluding people not white via some combination of discriminatory local laws, intimidation, and violence. The term came from signs posted that "colored people" had to leave town by sundown. "At least until the early 1960s, …northern states could be nearly as inhospitable to black travelers as states like Alabama or Georgia."

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 580 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 578 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2) (0.3%) is water. [4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1840 1,586
1850 2,59363.5%
1860 5,843125.3%
1870 7,57329.6%
1880 7,480−1.2%
1890 12,90872.6%
1900 16,97931.5%
1910 23,85240.5%
1920 26,1059.4%
1930 26,1270.1%
1940 30,20415.6%
1950 29,149−3.5%
1960 25,198−13.6%
1970 24,765−1.7%
1980 30,74424.1%
1990 31,8043.4%
2000 37,33117.4%
2010 42,09012.7%
Est. 201644,598 [5] 6.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790–1960 [7] 1900–1990 [8]
1990–2000 [9] 2010–2016 [1]
Age pyramid Greene County USA Greene County, Arkansas age pyramid.svg
Age pyramid Greene County

As of the 2010 census, there were 42,090 people residing in the county. The racial makeup of the county was 95.4% White, 0.6% Black, 0.5% Native American, 0.3% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, <0.1% from some other race and 1.1% from two or more races. 2.1% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the 2000 census, [11] there were 37,331 people, 14,750 households, and 10,708 families residing in the county. The population density was 65 people per square mile (25/km²). There were 16,161 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.45% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. 1.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,750 households out of which 33.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,828, and the median income for a family was $37,316. Males had a median income of $27,535 versus $20,375 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,403. About 9.90% of families and 13.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.40% of those under age 18 and 12.80% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Presidential elections results
Greene County, Arkansas
vote by party in presidential elections [12]
Year GOP Dem Others
2016 73.42%10,72021.03% 3,0715.55% 809
2012 65.92%9,07129.07% 4,0005.01% 690
2008 63.02%8,57833.36% 4,5413.62% 493
2004 51.86%7,23747.04% 6,5641.10% 154
2000 46.71% 5,83150.62%6,3192.67% 334
1996 32.68% 3,75757.61%6,6229.71% 1,116
1992 28.49% 3,51061.20%7,54110.31% 1,271
1988 50.06%5,16149.13% 5,0650.81% 84
1984 56.17%6,17943.00% 4,7300.83% 91
1980 41.64% 4,51455.31%5,9963.05% 331
1976 26.39% 2,69073.54%7,4950.07% 7
1972 73.03%6,12826.97% 2,2630.00% 0
1968 35.40% 2,85927.20% 2,19737.40%3,021
1964 32.27% 2,27167.39%4,7420.34% 24
1960 47.73% 2,65849.81%2,7742.46% 137
1956 35.22% 1,89864.09%3,4540.69% 37
1952 34.35% 1,87565.43%3,5710.22% 12
1948 14.81% 50278.38%2,6576.82% 231
1944 26.51% 92873.26%2,5650.23% 8
1940 18.65% 51081.17%2,2200.18% 5
1936 18.48% 41281.25%1,8110.27% 6
1932 7.65% 27491.43%3,2770.92% 33
1928 41.27% 1,01158.20%1,4260.53% 13
1924 23.57% 45659.33%1,14817.11% 331
1920 35.53% 1,07261.82%1,8652.65% 80
1916 18.87% 53381.13%2,2920.00% 0
1912 14.05% 28661.47%1,25124.47% 498
1908 24.48% 54971.60%1,6063.92% 88
1904 29.45% 40966.38%9224.18% 58
1900 27.44% 41971.45%1,0911.11% 17
1896 13.79% 26285.63%1,6270.58% 11

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Townships in Greene County, Arkansas as of 2010 Greene County Arkansas 2010 Township Map large.jpg
Townships in Greene County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Greene County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated place s that are fully or partially inside the township. [13] [14]

See also

Related Research Articles

Van Buren County, Arkansas County in the United States

Van Buren County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,295. The county seat is Clinton. The county was formed on November 11, 1833, and named for Martin Van Buren, President of the United States, who was Vice President at the time of the county's formation. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Randolph County, Arkansas County in the United States

Randolph County is located between the Ozark Mountains and Arkansas Delta in the U.S. state of Arkansas. The county is named for John Randolph, a U.S. senator from Virginia influential in obtaining congressional approval of the Louisiana Purchase, which includes today's Randolph County. Created as Arkansas's 32nd county on October 29, 1835, Randolph County has two incorporated cities, including Pocahontas, the county seat and most populous city. The county is also the site of numerous unincorporated communities and ghost towns.

Poinsett County, Arkansas County in the United States

Poinsett County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,583. The county seat is Harrisburg.

Mississippi County, Arkansas County in the United States

Mississippi County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,480. There are two county seats, Blytheville and Osceola. The county was formed on November 1, 1833, and named for the Mississippi River which borders the county to the east. Mississippi County is part of the First Congressional District in Arkansas. The Mississippi County Judge is Terri Brassfield.

Independence County, Arkansas County in the United States

Independence County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 36,647. The county seat is Batesville. Independence County is Arkansas's ninth county, formed on October 20, 1820, from a portion of Lawrence County and named in commemoration of the Declaration of Independence. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Cleburne County, Arkansas County in the United States

Cleburne County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,970. The county seat and most populous city is Heber Springs. The county was formed on February 20, 1883 as the last of Arkansas's 75 counties to be formed. It is named for Confederate General Patrick Cleburne. Cleburne is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Piggott, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Piggott is a city in Clay County, Arkansas, United States, one of that county's two seats. It is the northern terminus of the Arkansas segment of the Crowley's Ridge Parkway, a National Scenic Byway. As of the 2010 census, Piggott's population was 3,849. The town was founded by William N. Barron and named after his sister.

Black Oak, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Black Oak is a town in Craighead County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 262 at the 2010 census. It is included in the Jonesboro, Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area. Black Oak is the namesake of 1970s rock band Black Oak Arkansas and the setting of John Grisham's novel A Painted House.

Brookland, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Brookland is a city in Craighead County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 1,642 at the 2010 census. It is included in the Jonesboro, Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Lake City, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Lake City is a city in Craighead County, Arkansas, United States, along the St. Francis River. The population was 2,082 as of the 2010 census. It is included in the Jonesboro, Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area. It serves as a second county seat, serving the Eastern District of Craighead County.

Monette, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Monette is a city in Craighead County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 1,501 at the 2010 census. It is included in the Jonesboro, Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Delaplaine, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Delaplaine is a town in Greene County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 116 at the time of the 2010 census.

Lafe, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Lafe is a town in Greene County, Arkansas, United States on Crowley's Ridge. The population was 458 at the 2010 census, up from 385 in 2000.

Marmaduke, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Marmaduke is a city in Greene County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 1,111 in 2010.

Paragould, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Paragould is the county seat of Greene County, and the 19th-largest city in Arkansas, in the United States. The city is located in northeastern Arkansas on the eastern edge of Crowley's Ridge, a geologic anomaly contained within the Arkansas delta.

Jonesboro–Paragould combined statistical area

The Jonesboro–Paragould Combined Statistical Area is made up of three counties in northeastern Arkansas. The CSA consists of the Jonesboro Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Paragould Micropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the CSA had a population of 163,116.

Greene County Technical School District is a public school district based in Paragould, Arkansas, United States. The school district encompasses 344.38 square miles (891.9 km2) of land, including portions of Greene County, Randolph County, Craighead County, and Clay County serving a portion of the city of Paragould and the towns of O Kean, Delaplaine, Peach Orchard and the rural communities of Beech Grove, Evening Star, Light, Lorado, Mounds, and Walcott.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. Neville, A. W. (March 2, 1945). "Backward Glances". The Paris News. Paris, Texas. p. 4 via Newspapers.com. On the survey from Bird's Point, Mo., to Jonesboro, Ark., I had a Negro cook. As Negroes were not allowed to live in Clay, Greene and Craighead Counties, Ark., my cook was a curiosity to the children. The women used to bring the children to camp to see him.
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  5. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  8. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  10. Based on 2000 census data
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  12. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections" . Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  13. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Greene County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2011-08-09.
  14. "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 28, 2014.

Coordinates: 36°06′21″N90°33′41″W / 36.10583°N 90.56139°W / 36.10583; -90.56139