Greene County, Arkansas

Last updated
Greene County
Paragould AR 2011 06 23 002.jpg
Courthouse in Paragould
Map of Arkansas highlighting Greene County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Arkansas in United States.svg
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°06′21″N90°33′41″W / 36.105833333333°N 90.561388888889°W / 36.105833333333; -90.561388888889
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Arkansas.svg  Arkansas
FoundedNovember 5, 1833
Named for Nathanael Greene
Seat Paragould
Largest cityParagould
Area
  Total580 sq mi (1,500 km2)
  Land578 sq mi (1,500 km2)
  Water1.9 sq mi (5 km2)  0.3%%
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 1st
Website county.arkansas.gov/greene/

Greene County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,090. [1] The county seat is Paragould, [2] which sits atop Crowley's Ridge.

Contents

Greene County comprises the Paragould, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Jonesboro–Paragould, AR Combined Statistical Area.

History

The first settler in the area was Benjamin Crowley, who arrived from Kentucky in 1821 and made his home about 12 miles (19 km) west of Paragould.

Greene County was formed on 5 November 1833 out of portions of Lawrence County and originally contained parts of present Clay and Craighead counties. The county was named for Revolutionary War hero Nathanael Greene. The first county seat was in Benjamin Crowley's home. By 1836, when Arkansas became a state, the county seat was located in a settlement called "Paris" (not to be confused with present-day Paris, Arkansas).

In 1848 a national highway was made through the area, and the county seat was moved to Gainesville, which had a reputation as rather lawless. The seat remained there until 1883, when it was transferred to the new town of Paragould. The peoples in Gainesville opposed the move, and shots reportedly were fired, since tempers were high. The courthouse was built in 1888 and survives in downtown Paragould.

In the early 20th century, Clay, Greene, and Craighead counties had sundown town policies forbidding African Americans from living in the area. [3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 580 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 578 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2) (0.3%) is water. [4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1840 1,586
1850 2,59363.5%
1860 5,843125.3%
1870 7,57329.6%
1880 7,480−1.2%
1890 12,90872.6%
1900 16,97931.5%
1910 23,85240.5%
1920 26,1059.4%
1930 26,1270.1%
1940 30,20415.6%
1950 29,149−3.5%
1960 25,198−13.6%
1970 24,765−1.7%
1980 30,74424.1%
1990 31,8043.4%
2000 37,33117.4%
2010 42,09012.7%
Est. 201945,325 [5] 7.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790–1960 [7] 1900–1990 [8]
1990–2000 [9] 2010–2016 [1]
Age pyramid Greene County USA Greene County, Arkansas age pyramid.svg
Age pyramid Greene County

As of the 2010 census, there were 42,090 people living in the county. The racial makeup of the county was 95.4% White, 0.6% Black, 0.5% Native American, 0.3% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, <0.1% from some other race and 1.1% from two or more races. 2.1% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the 2000 census, [11] there were 37,331 people, 14,750 households, and 10,708 families living in the county. The population density was 65 people per square mile (25/km²). There were 16,161 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.45% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. 1.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,750 households out of which 33.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,828, and the median income for a family was $37,316. Males had a median income of $27,535 versus $20,375 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,403. About 9.90% of families and 13.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.40% of those under age 18 and 12.80% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Over The past few election cycles Greene county has trended heavily towards the GOP. The last democrat (as of 2016) to carry this county was Al Gore in 2000.

Presidential elections results
Greene County, Arkansas
vote by party in presidential elections [12]
Year GOP Dem Others
2016 73.42%10,72021.03% 3,0715.55% 809
2012 65.92%9,07129.07% 4,0005.01% 690
2008 63.02%8,57833.36% 4,5413.62% 493
2004 51.86%7,23747.04% 6,5641.10% 154
2000 46.71% 5,83150.62%6,3192.67% 334
1996 32.68% 3,75757.61%6,6229.71% 1,116
1992 28.49% 3,51061.20%7,54110.31% 1,271
1988 50.06%5,16149.13% 5,0650.81% 84
1984 56.17%6,17943.00% 4,7300.83% 91
1980 41.64% 4,51455.31%5,9963.05% 331
1976 26.39% 2,69073.54%7,4950.07% 7
1972 73.03%6,12826.97% 2,2630.00% 0
1968 35.40% 2,85927.20% 2,19737.40%3,021
1964 32.27% 2,27167.39%4,7420.34% 24
1960 47.73% 2,65849.81%2,7742.46% 137
1956 35.22% 1,89864.09%3,4540.69% 37
1952 34.35% 1,87565.43%3,5710.22% 12
1948 14.81% 50278.38%2,6576.82% 231
1944 26.51% 92873.26%2,5650.23% 8
1940 18.65% 51081.17%2,2200.18% 5
1936 18.48% 41281.25%1,8110.27% 6
1932 7.65% 27491.43%3,2770.92% 33
1928 41.27% 1,01158.20%1,4260.53% 13
1924 23.57% 45659.33%1,14817.11% 331
1920 35.53% 1,07261.82%1,8652.65% 80
1916 18.87% 53381.13%2,2920.00% 0
1912 14.05% 28661.47%1,25124.47% 498
1908 24.48% 54971.60%1,6063.92% 88
1904 29.45% 40966.38%9224.18% 58
1900 27.44% 41971.45%1,0911.11% 17
1896 13.79% 26285.63%1,6270.58% 11

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Townships in Greene County, Arkansas as of 2010 Greene County Arkansas 2010 Township Map large.jpg
Townships in Greene County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Greene County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated place s that are fully or partially inside the township. [13] [14]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Delaplaine is a town in Greene County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 116 at the time of the 2010 census.

Lafe, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Lafe is a town in Greene County, Arkansas, United States on Crowley's Ridge. The population was 458 at the 2010 census, up from 385 in 2000.

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Paragould, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Paragould is the county seat of Greene County, and the 19th-largest city in Arkansas, in the United States. The city is located in northeastern Arkansas on the eastern edge of Crowley's Ridge, a geologic anomaly contained within the Arkansas delta.

Jonesboro–Paragould combined statistical area

The Jonesboro–Paragould Combined Statistical Area is made up of three counties in northeastern Arkansas. The CSA consists of the Jonesboro Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Paragould Micropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the CSA had a population of 163,116.

Greene County Technical School District is a public school district based in Paragould, Arkansas, United States. The school district encompasses 344.38 square miles (891.9 km2) of land, including portions of Greene County, Randolph County, Craighead County, and Clay County serving a portion of the city of Paragould and the towns of O Kean, Delaplaine, Peach Orchard and the rural communities of Beech Grove, Evening Star, Light, Lorado, Mounds, and Walcott.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. Neville, A. W. (March 2, 1945). "Backward Glances". The Paris News. Paris, Texas. p. 4 via Newspapers.com. On the survey from Bird's Point, Mo., to Jonesboro, Ark., I had a Negro cook. As Negroes were not allowed to live in Clay, Greene and Craighead Counties, Ark., my cook was a curiosity to the children. The women used to bring the children to camp to see him.
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  5. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved September 28, 2019.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  8. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  10. Based on 2000 census data
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  12. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections" . Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  13. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Greene County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2011-08-09.
  14. "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 28, 2014.

Coordinates: 36°06′21″N90°33′41″W / 36.10583°N 90.56139°W / 36.10583; -90.56139