Faulkner County, Arkansas

Last updated
Faulkner County, Arkansas
FaulknerCountyCourthouse.jpg
Faulkner County Courthouse
Flag of Faulkner County, Arkansas.svg
Flag
Faulkner County, Arkansas official seal.png
Seal
Map of Arkansas highlighting Faulkner County.svg
Location in the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of USA AR.svg
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
FoundedApril 12, 1873
Named for Sanford Faulkner
Seat Conway
Largest cityConway
Area
  Total664 sq mi (1,720 km2)
  Land648 sq mi (1,678 km2)
  Water16 sq mi (41 km2), 2.4%
Population (est.)
  (2016)122,227
  Density175/sq mi (68/km2)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.faulknercounty.org

Faulkner County is a county located in the Central Arkansas region of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 113,237, making it the fifth most populous of Arkansas's seventy-five counties. [1] The county seat and largest city is Conway. [2] Faulkner County was created on April 12, 1873, one of nine counties formed during Reconstruction, and is named for Arkansas Militia Colonel Sandy Faulkner, a popular figure in the state at the time.

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

Central Arkansas Metropolitan area in Arkansas, United States

Central Arkansas, also known as the Little Rock metro, designated by the United States Office of Management and Budget as the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area, is the most populous metro area in the US state of Arkansas. With an estimated 2016 population of 734,622, it is the most populated area in Arkansas. Located at the convergence of Arkansas's other geographic regions, the region's central location make Central Arkansas an important population, economic, education, and political center in Arkansas and the South. Little Rock is the state's capital, and the city is also home to two Fortune 500 companies, Arkansas Children's Hospital, and University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS).

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Contents

Located at the intersection of the Ozarks and Arkansas River Valley, the county was sparsely populated for much of its early years. Largely a county of rural settlements, growth came slowly following the Civil War and Reconstruction. The college known today as University of Central Arkansas was established in 1907, but population continued to grow slowly. The growth of Little Rock and the construction of Interstate 40 have made Conway and other parts of Faulkner County into bedroom communities for the state capitol. Today Faulkner County is included in the Central Arkansas metro area, with Conway as a principal city.

Ozarks Highland region in central-southern United States

The Ozarks, also called the Ozark Mountains or Ozark Plateau, is a physiographic region in the U.S. states of Missouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma, and extreme southeastern Kansas. The Ozarks cover a significant portion of northern Arkansas and most of the southern half of Missouri, extending from Interstate 40 in Arkansas to the Interstate 70 in central Missouri.

Arkansas River Valley Region in Arkansas, United States

The Arkansas River Valley is a region in Arkansas defined by the Arkansas River in the western part of the state. Generally defined as the area between the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains, the River Valley is characterized by flat lowlands covered in fertile farmland and lakes periodically interrupted by high peaks. Mount Magazine, Mount Nebo, and Petit Jean Mountain compose the Tri-Peaks Region, a further subdivision of the River Valley popular with hikers and outdoors enthusiasts. In addition to the outdoor recreational activities available to residents and visitors of the region, the River Valley contains Arkansas's wine country as well as hundreds of historical sites throughout the area.It is one of six natural divisions of Arkansas.

American Civil War Civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865

The American Civil War was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The Civil War is the most studied and written about episode in U.S. history. Primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people, war broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.

History

Eponym

Faulkner County was formed from parts of Conway and Pulaski counties on April 12, 1873, and is named after Colonel Sanford C. 'Sandy' Faulkner [3] who was the composer of the popular fiddle tune "The Arkansas Traveler".

Conway County, Arkansas County in the United States

Conway County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,273. The county seat is Morrilton. The county was formed on October 20, 1825, from a portion of Pulaski County and named for Henry Wharton Conway who was the territorial delegate to the U.S. Congress.

Pulaski County, Arkansas County in the United States

Pulaski County is a county in the U.S. state of Arkansas with a population of 392,664, making it the most populous county in Arkansas. Its county seat is Little Rock, which is also Arkansas's capital and largest city. Pulaski County is Arkansas's fifth county, formed on December 15, 1818, alongside Clark and Hempstead Counties. The county is named for Casimir Pulaski, a Polish volunteer who saved George Washington's life during the American Revolutionary War.

"Colonel" Sanford C. 'Sandy' Faulkner (1806–1874) was an American born March 3 in Scott County, Kentucky to his father Nicholas and mother Sally Fletcher Faulkner. He was a politician, teller of tall tales, fiddle player, and responsible in large part for the story forming the basis of the popular fiddle tune "The Arkansas Traveler", which was the State song of Arkansas from 1949 to 1963 and has been the state historical song since 1987.

Geography

Lake Conway Lake Conway, Faulkner County, AR.jpg
Lake Conway

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 664 square miles (1,720 km2), of which 648 square miles (1,680 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (2.4%) is water. [4]

Major highways

Interstate 40 Interstate across south-central US

Interstate 40 (I-40) is a major east-west Interstate Highway running through the south-central portion of the United States generally north of I-10 and I-20 but south of I-70. The western end is at I-15 in Barstow, California; its eastern end is at a concurrency of U.S. Route 117 (U 117) and North Carolina Highway 132 in Wilmington, North Carolina. It is the third-longest Interstate Highway in the United States, behind I-80 and I-90. Much of the western part of I-40, from Oklahoma City to Barstow parallels or overlays the historic US 66, east of Oklahoma City the route generally parallels US 64 and US 70. I-40 runs through many major cities including Albuquerque, New Mexico; Amarillo, Texas; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Little Rock, Arkansas; Memphis, Tennessee; Nashville, Tennessee; Knoxville, Tennessee; Greensboro, North Carolina; and Raleigh, North Carolina.

Adjacent counties

Cleburne County, Arkansas County in the United States

Cleburne County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,970. The county seat and most populous city is Heber Springs. The county was formed on February 20, 1883 as the last of Arkansas's 75 counties to be formed. It is named for Confederate General Patrick Cleburne. Cleburne is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

White County, Arkansas County in the United States

White County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,076. The county seat is Searcy. White County is Arkansas's 31st county, formed on October 23, 1835, from portions of Independence, Jackson, and Pulaski counties and named for Hugh Lawson White, a Whig candidate for President of the United States. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county, though a few private establishments can serve alcohol.

Lonoke County, Arkansas County in the United States

Lonoke County is a county located in the Central Arkansas region of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 68,356, making it the eleventh-most populous of Arkansas's seventy-five counties. The county seat is Lonoke and largest city is Cabot. Lonoke County was formed on April 16, 1873 from Pulaski County and Prairie County, and was named as a corruption of "lone oak", after a large red oak in the area that had been used by a surveyor to lay out the Memphis and Little Rock Railroad.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 12,786
1890 18,34243.5%
1900 20,78013.3%
1910 23,70814.1%
1920 27,68116.8%
1930 28,3812.5%
1940 25,880−8.8%
1950 25,289−2.3%
1960 24,303−3.9%
1970 31,57229.9%
1980 46,19246.3%
1990 60,00629.9%
2000 86,01443.3%
2010 113,23731.6%
Est. 2016122,227 [5] 7.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790–1960 [7] 1900–1990 [8]
1990–2000 [9] 2010–2016 [1]
Age pyramid Faulkner County USA Faulkner County, Arkansas age pyramid.svg
Age pyramid Faulkner County

As of the 2000 United States Census, [11] there were 86,014 people, 31,882 households, and 22,444 families residing in the county. The population density was 133 people per square mile (51/km²). There were 34,546 housing units at an average density of 53 per square mile (21/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.33% White, 8.48% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 1.23% from two or more races. 1.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 31,882 households out of which 35.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 15.30% from 18 to 24, 30.10% from 25 to 44, 19.50% from 45 to 64, and 9.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,204, and the median income for a family was $45,946. Males had a median income of $32,288 versus $24,428 for females. The per capita income for the county was $35,159 [12] . About 7.90% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.90% of those under age 18 and 12.00% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Presidential elections results
Faulkner County vote
by party in presidential elections [13]
Year GOP DEM Others
2016 61.75%29,34630.78% 14,6297.47% 3,552
2012 64.45%26,72232.85% 13,6212.69% 1,117
2008 61.59%25,36236.32% 14,9552.09% 862
2004 58.64%21,51439.63% 14,5381.73% 634
2000 54.95%16,05540.90% 11,9504.15% 1,211
1996 42.19% 10,17849.88%12,0327.93% 1,913
1992 37.64% 9,49151.56%13,00010.80% 2,724
1988 58.42%10,67839.95% 7,3021.64% 299
1984 60.89%11,59537.65% 7,1691.47% 279
1980 44.19% 7,54449.95%8,5285.86% 1,001
1976 25.44% 3,90474.45%11,4230.10% 16
1972 59.44%6,74640.56% 4,6040.00% 0
1968 25.55% 2,79134.39% 3,75640.06%4,375
1964 34.61% 3,25964.95%6,1160.45% 42
1960 36.71% 2,42657.80%3,8205.49% 363
1956 40.94% 2,39958.50%3,4280.56% 33
1952 36.47% 1,99563.27%3,4610.26% 14
1948 17.40% 62673.76%2,6538.84% 318
1944 27.69% 89772.00%2,3320.31% 10
1940 16.93% 51982.68%2,5350.39% 12
1936 16.79% 51182.82%2,5210.39% 12
1932 13.48% 43784.77%2,7491.76% 57
1928 27.07% 99272.57%2,6590.35% 13
1924 25.14% 53667.35%1,4367.50% 160
1920 35.31% 1,14860.63%1,9714.06% 132
1916 28.69% 81771.31%2,0310.00% 0
1912 20.20% 40266.13%1,31613.67% 272
1908 28.00% 74067.01%1,7714.99% 132
1904 40.06% 76456.27%1,0733.67% 70
1900 35.69% 68262.32%1,1911.99% 38
1896 21.27% 55678.19%2,0440.54% 14

Education

Public education

Publicly funded education for elementary and secondary school students is provided by:

Private education

Privately funded education for elementary and secondary school students is provided by:

Communities

Cities

Towns

Townships

Townships in Faulkner County, Arkansas as of 2010 Faulkner County Arkansas 2010 Township Map large.jpg
Townships in Faulkner County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Faulkner County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated place s that are fully or partially inside the township. [14] [15]

Source: [16]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Van Buren County, Arkansas County in the United States

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Saline County, Arkansas County in the United States

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Pope County, Arkansas County in the United States

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Izard County, Arkansas County in the United States

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Quitman, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Quitman is a city in Cleburne and Faulkner counties in the U.S. state of Arkansas. Its population was 762 at the 2010 census. The portion of the city in Faulkner County is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Enola, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Enola is a town in Faulkner County, Arkansas, United States. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 338 at the 2010 census, up from 188 at the 2000 census.

Greenbrier, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Greenbrier is a city in Faulkner County, Arkansas, United States. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 4,706 at the 2010 census, up from 3,042 at the 2000 census.

Guy, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Guy is a city in Faulkner County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 708 at the 2010 census, up from 202 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Holland, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Holland is a city in Faulkner County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 557 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Mayflower, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Mayflower is a city in Faulkner County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 2,234 at the 2010 census, up from 1,631 at the 2000 census.

Mount Vernon, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Mount Vernon is a town in Faulkner County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 145 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Vilonia, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Vilonia is a city in Faulkner County, Arkansas, United States. Its population was 3,815 at the 2010 census, up from 2,106 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Wooster, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Wooster is a city in Faulkner County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 860 at the 2010 census, up from 516 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Mount Vernon–Enola School District 19 (MVESD) is a public school district based in Mount Vernon, Arkansas. MVESD supports more than 500 students in kindergarten through grade 12 and employs more than 90 faculty and staff on a full time equivalent basis for its two schools.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 124.
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  5. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  8. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  10. Based on 2000 census data
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  12. "Local Area Personal Incomes". Bureau of Economic Analysis. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
  13. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections" . Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  14. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Faulkner County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
  15. "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 28, 2014.
  16. "Summary Population and Housing Characteristics, CPH-1-5, Arkansas" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. United States Census Bureau. September 2012. Retrieved May 31, 2014.

Coordinates: 35°09′36″N92°18′49″W / 35.16000°N 92.31361°W / 35.16000; -92.31361