Sebastian County, Arkansas

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Sebastian County, Arkansas
Sebastian County Courthouse-Ft. Smith City Hall, Southeast View.JPG
Map of Arkansas highlighting Sebastian County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of USA AR.svg
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
FoundedJanuary 6, 1851
Named for William K. Sebastian
Seat Fort Smith (northern district);
Greenwood (southern district)
Largest cityFort Smith
Area
  Total546 sq mi (1,414 km2)
  Land532 sq mi (1,378 km2)
  Water14 sq mi (36 km2), 2.6%
Population (est.)
  (2016)127,793
  Density236/sq mi (91/km2)
Congressional districts 3rd, 4th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.sebastiancountyar.gov

Sebastian County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 125,744, [1] making it the fourth-most populous county in Arkansas. The county has two county seats, Greenwood and Fort Smith. [2]

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Contents

Sebastian County is part of the Fort Smith, AR-OK Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Oklahoma State of the United States of America

Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest. It is the 20th-most extensive and the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which dramatically increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.

Fort Smith metropolitan area human settlement in Arkansas, United States of America

The Fort Smith Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is a five-county area including three Arkansas counties and two Oklahoma counties, and anchored by the city of Fort Smith, Arkansas. The total MSA population in 2000 was 273,170 people, estimated by the Bureau to have grown to 289,693 people by 2007.

History

Sebastian County is Arkansas's 56th county, formed on January 6, 1851, and named for William K. Sebastian, United States Senator from Arkansas. [3]

William K. Sebastian American judge

William King Sebastian was an American planter, lawyer, and U.S. senator from Helena, Arkansas. He represented Arkansas as a U.S. Senator, Democrat, from 1848 to 1861. Sebastian withdrew from the Senate at the start of the Civil War and was later formally expelled by the Senate. He took no active part in the Confederate government, and was reinstated by a posthumous resolution in 1877.

United States Senate Upper house of the United States Congress

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislature of the United States. The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol, in Washington, D.C.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 546 square miles (1,410 km2), of which 532 square miles (1,380 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (2.6%) is water. [4] It is the second-smallest county by area in Arkansas.

Major highways

Interstate 49 Interstate in Louisiana, Arkansas, and Missouri

Interstate 49 (I-49) is a north–south Interstate Highway that exists in multiple segments: the original portion entirely within the state of Louisiana with an additional signed portion extending from Interstate 220 (I-220) in Shreveport to the Arkansas state line, four newer sections in Arkansas, and a new section that opened in Missouri. Its southern terminus is in Lafayette, Louisiana, at Interstate 10 while its northern terminus is in Kansas City, Missouri at Interstate 435 and Interstate 470. Portions of the remaining roadway in Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, and Texas, which will link Kansas City with New Orleans, are in various stages of planning or construction.

Interstate 540 (I-540) is a freeway spur route of I-40 in the US state of Arkansas in Fort Smith. The total length is 14.71 miles (23.67 km). At first, I-540 was a short spur connecting Fort Smith and Van Buren to I-40 as one of the original five Arkansas Interstates. The route ran just over 14 miles (23 km) to US 271 near the Oklahoma state line. The growing Northwest Arkansas area and the University of Arkansas needed an Interstate connection to Little Rock, and through traffic north to Kansas City had also outgrown the winding US 71 north from I-40. The route was extended north to Mountainburg in the late 1990s on an all-new alignment with the route being completed to Bella Vista in January 1999. However, the segment north of I-40 became a part of Interstate 49 in 2014.

Adjacent counties

Crawford County, Arkansas County in the United States

Crawford County is a county located in the Ozarks region of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,948, making it the 12th-most populous of Arkansas's 75 counties. The county seat and largest city is Van Buren. Crawford County was formed on October 18, 1820 from the former Lovely County and Indian Territory, and was named for William H. Crawford, the United States Secretary of War in 1815.

Franklin County, Arkansas County in the United States

Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,125. The county has two county seats, Charleston and Ozark. The county was formed on December 19, 1837, and named for Benjamin Franklin, American statesman. To the north of the Arkansas River, which bisects Franklin County, the county is wet and alcohol is sold in liquor stores, bars and local vineyards. To the south of the Arkansas River, the county is dry.

Logan County, Arkansas County in the United States

Logan County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,353. There are two county seats: Booneville and Paris.

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1860 9,238
1870 12,94040.1%
1880 19,56051.2%
1890 33,20069.7%
1900 36,93511.3%
1910 52,27841.5%
1920 56,7398.5%
1930 54,426−4.1%
1940 62,80915.4%
1950 64,2022.2%
1960 66,6853.9%
1970 79,23718.8%
1980 95,17220.1%
1990 99,5904.6%
2000 115,07115.5%
2010 125,7449.3%
Est. 2016127,793 [5] 1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790–1960 [7] 1900–1990 [8]
1990–2000 [9] 2010–2016 [1]
Age pyramid Sebastian County USA Sebastian County, Arkansas age pyramid.svg
Age pyramid Sebastian County

As of the 2000 United States Census, [11] there were 115,071 people, 45,300 households, and 30,713 families residing in the county. The population density was 215 people per square mile (83/km²). There were 49,311 housing units at an average density of 92 per square mile (36/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.34% White, 6.16% Black or African American, 1.57% Native American, 3.51% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.71% from other races, and 2.67% from two or more races. 6.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.6% were of American, 12.6% German, 11.0% Irish and 9.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 5.49% reported speaking Spanish at home, while 1.47% speak Vietnamese and 0.97% Lao. [12]

In 2000 there were 45,300 households out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.40% were married couples living together, 11.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were non-families. 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.00% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 29.50% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,889, and the median income for a family was $41,303. Males had a median income of $30,056 versus $22,191 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,424. About 10.40% of families and 13.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.60% of those under age 18 and 10.00% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2010 census the population of Sebastian County was 125,744. The racial makeup of the county was 72.83% Non-Hispanic white, 6.24% Non-Hispanic black, 1.88% Native American, 4.06% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.07% Non-Hispanics of some other race, 2.78% Non-Hispanics reporting two or more races and 12.82% Hispanics.

Government

Presidential elections results
Sebastian County vote
by party in presidential elections [13]
Year GOP Dem Others
2016 65.25%29,12727.56% 12,3007.19% 3,210
2012 67.27%29,16930.19% 13,0922.54% 1,101
2008 66.27%28,63731.64% 13,6732.09% 902
2004 61.76%27,30337.27% 16,4790.97% 429
2000 58.48%23,48338.73% 15,5552.79% 1,121
1996 46.63%16,48243.89% 15,5149.48% 3,350
1992 42.40%16,81741.78% 16,57015.82% 6,272
1988 70.94%24,42628.13% 9,6840.94% 322
1984 74.95%27,59523.60% 8,6881.45% 534
1980 63.46%23,40327.50% 10,1419.04% 3,335
1976 52.79%17,67147.11% 15,7680.10% 34
1972 81.23%25,21918.58% 5,7700.19% 58
1968 44.65%12,07323.37% 6,32031.98% 8,649
1964 55.80%13,11043.84% 10,2990.36% 84
1960 56.75%11,74442.16% 8,7261.09% 226
1956 57.36%10,23441.98% 7,4890.66% 118
1952 56.36%10,11443.48% 7,8020.16% 28
1948 33.09% 2,92857.36%5,0759.55% 845
1944 36.46% 3,45263.46%6,0080.07% 7
1940 27.16% 1,96872.44%5,2490.40% 29
1936 20.30% 1,16179.35%4,5390.35% 20
1932 20.26% 1,26878.87%4,9370.88% 55
1928 51.84%3,46547.67% 3,1860.49% 33
1924 33.13% 1,98552.54%3,14814.34% 859
1920 46.03% 3,49250.78%3,8523.19% 242
1916 26.86% 1,36673.14%3,7190.00% 0
1912 12.53% 51458.40%2,39629.08% 1,193
1908 35.73% 2,05052.90%3,03511.36% 652
1904 38.16% 1,25450.06%1,64511.78% 387
1900 31.21% 96467.79%2,0941.00% 31
1896 27.57% 1,00971.64%2,6220.79% 29

Education

Public education is provided by several school districts (listed below from largest to smallest):

Communities

Cities

Towns

Townships

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Sebastian County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated place s that are fully or partially inside the township. [14] [15]

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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Barling, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Barling is a city in Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States. It is part of the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 Census the population was 4,649. According to the 2005 US Census Bureau estimate, the population of Barling was 4,367, ranking it eighth in the Greater Fort Smith Area. Barling was incorporated in 1956.

Central City, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Central City is a city in Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States. It is part of the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area. At the 2010 Census, the population of Central City was 502. According to the 2005 US Census Bureau estimates, Central City had a population of 549.

Hartford, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Hartford is a city in Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States. It is part of the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 642 at the 2010 census.

Lavaca, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Lavaca is a city in Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States. It is part of the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 Census the population was 2,289. The population was 1,825 at the 2000 census. Lavaca was incorporated in 1919.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. "Profile for Sebastian County, Arkansas, AR". ePodunk. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  5. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  8. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  10. Based on 2000 census data
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  12. "Language Map Data Center". Mla.org. 2007-07-17. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
  13. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections" . Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  14. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Sebastian County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2011-08-25.
  15. "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 29, 2014.
  16. "Arkansas Governor John Sebastian Little". National Governors Association. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
  17. "Mathew W. Pitsch". arkansashouse.org. Retrieved April 10, 2015.

Coordinates: 35°35′39″N94°15′29″W / 35.59417°N 94.25806°W / 35.59417; -94.25806