Crittenden County, Arkansas

Last updated
Crittenden County, Arkansas
Crittenden County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg
Map of Arkansas highlighting Crittenden County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of USA AR.svg
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
FoundedOctober 22, 1825
Named for Robert Crittenden
Seat Marion
Largest city West Memphis
Area
  Total636 sq mi (1,647 km2)
  Land610 sq mi (1,580 km2)
  Water27 sq mi (70 km2), 4.2%
Population (est.)
  (2016)49,235
  Density84/sq mi (32/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website http://crittenden.ark.org/
Cotton workers on the road, carrying all they possess in the world. Crittenden County, Arkansas, 1936. Farm workers, Crittenden County, Arkansas.jpg
Cotton workers on the road, carrying all they possess in the world. Crittenden County, Arkansas, 1936.

Crittenden County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 50,902. [1] The county seat is Marion, [2] and the largest city is West Memphis. Crittenden County is Arkansas's twelfth county, formed October 22, 1825, and named for Robert Crittenden, [3] the first Secretary of the Arkansas Territory.

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Contents

Crittenden County is part of the Memphis, TN-MS-AR Metropolitan Statistical Area. Most of the county's media comes from Memphis, although some Little Rock TV (Arkansas Educational Television Network, KATV) is imported by Comcast Cable. It lies within Arkansas's 1st congressional district.

Memphis metropolitan area Metropolitan area in the United States

The Memphis–Forrest City Combined Statistical Area, TN–MS–AR (CSA) is the commercial and cultural hub of The Mid-South or Ark-Miss-Tenn. The census defined combined statistical area covers ten counties in three states – Tennessee, Mississippi, and Arkansas. As of census 2010 the MSA had a population of 1,324,108. The Forrest City Micropolitan area was added to the Memphis area in 2012 to form the Memphis–Forrest City Combined Statistical area and had a population of 1,369,548 according to census estimates. The greater Mid-South area as a whole has a population of 2.4 million according to 2013 census estimates. This area is covered by Memphis local news channels and includes the Missouri Bootheel, Northeast Arkansas, West Tennessee, and North Mississippi.

Arkansas Educational Television Network

The Arkansas Educational Television Network (AETN) is a state network of Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member television stations serving the U.S. state of Arkansas. It is operated by the Arkansas Educational Television Commission, an agency of the Arkansas state government that holds the licenses for all the PBS member stations licensed in the state. The broadcast signals of the six stations that are part of the public television network cover almost all of the state, as well as portions of Mississippi, Tennessee, Missouri, Oklahoma, Texas and Louisiana.

KATV ABC television affiliate in Little Rock, Arkansas, United States

KATV, virtual channel 7, is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Little Rock, Arkansas, United States. The station is owned by the Sinclair Broadcast Group. KATV's studios are located on Main and East 4th Streets in Downtown Little Rock, and its transmitter is located on Shinall Mountain, near the Chenal Valley section of the city.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 636 square miles (1,650 km2), of which 610 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 27 square miles (70 km2) (4.2%) is water. [4]

Adjacent counties

Mississippi County, Arkansas County in the United States

Mississippi County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,480. There are two county seats, Blytheville and Osceola. The county was formed on November 1, 1833, and named for the Mississippi River which borders the county to the east. Mississippi County is part of the First Congressional District in Arkansas. The Mississippi County Judge is John Alan Nelson.

Tipton County, Tennessee County in the United States

Tipton County is a county located on the western end of the U.S. state of Tennessee, in the Mississippi Delta region. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,081. Its county seat is Covington.

Shelby County, Tennessee County in the United States

Shelby County is a county in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 927,644. It is the state's largest county both in terms of population and geographic area. Its county seat is Memphis, a port on the Mississippi River and the second most populous city in Tennessee. The county was named for Governor Isaac Shelby (1750–1826) of Kentucky.

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1830 1,272
1840 1,56122.7%
1850 2,64869.6%
1860 4,92085.8%
1870 3,831−22.1%
1880 9,415145.8%
1890 13,94048.1%
1900 14,5294.2%
1910 22,44754.5%
1920 29,30930.6%
1930 39,71735.5%
1940 42,4736.9%
1950 47,18411.1%
1960 47,5640.8%
1970 48,1061.1%
1980 49,4992.9%
1990 49,9390.9%
2000 50,8661.9%
2010 50,9020.1%
Est. 201649,235 [5] −3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790–1960 [7] 1900–1990 [8]
1990–2000 [9] 2010–2016 [1]
Age pyramid Crittenden County USA Crittenden County, Arkansas age pyramid.svg
Age pyramid Crittenden County

As of the 2010 census, there were 50,902 people residing in the county. 51.2% were Black or African American, 46.1% White, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% of some other race and 1.1% of two or more races. 2.0% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Native Americans in the United States Indigenous peoples of the United States (except Hawaii)

Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States, except Hawaii. There are over 500 federally recognized tribes within the US, about half of which are associated with Indian reservations. The term "American Indian" excludes Native Hawaiians and some Alaska Natives, while Native Americans are American Indians, plus Alaska Natives of all ethnicities. Native Hawaiians are not counted as Native Americans by the US Census, instead being included in the Census grouping of "Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander".

Hispanic Americans and Latino Americans are Americans who are descendants of people from Spain and Latin America. More generally, it includes all Americans who self-identify as Hispanic or Latino, whether of full or partial ancestry. For the 2010 United States Census, people counted as "Hispanic" or "Latino" were those who identified as one of the specific Hispanic or Latino categories listed on the census questionnaire as well as those who indicated that they were "other Spanish, Hispanic or Latino." The national origins classified as Hispanic or Latino by the United States Census Bureau are the following: Argentine, Cuban, Colombian, Puerto Rican, Dominican, Mexican, Costa Rican, Guatemalan, Honduran, Nicaraguan, Panamanian, Salvadoran, Bolivian, Spanish American, Chilean, Ecuadorian, Paraguayan, Peruvian, Uruguayan and Venezuelan. Brazilian Americans and other Portuguese-speaking Latino groups in the United States are solely defined as "Latino" by some U.S. government agencies. The Census Bureau uses the terms Hispanic and Latino interchangeably.

As of the 2000 census, [11] there were 50,866 people, 18,471 households, and 13,373 families residing in the county. The population density was 83 people per square mile (32/km²). There were 20,507 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile (13/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 50.91% White, 47.05% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. 1.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

2000 United States Census 22nd determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000

The Twenty-second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2% over the 248,709,873 people enumerated during the 1990 Census. This was the twenty-second federal census and was at the time the largest civilly administered peacetime effort in the United States.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 18,471 households out of which 37.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.80% were married couples living together, 21.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the county, the population was spread out with 31.10% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, and 9.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 91.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,109, and the median income for a family was $34,982. Males had a median income of $31,299 versus $21,783 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,424. About 21.00% of families and 25.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.30% of those under age 18 and 23.70% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Ełementary and secondary education

Public education for elementary and secondary school students is available from Earle School District, which leads to graduation from Earle High School. The Old Earle High School is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Is also available in West Memphis and Marion.

Postsecondary education

Crittenden County is served by Arkansas State University Mid-South in West Memphis. The college offers bachelor's and master's degree programs in conjunction with Arkansas State University, The University of Arkansas, The University of Central Arkansas, Arkansas Tech University and Franklin University. [12]

Healthcare

Crittenden County was served by 152 Bed Crittenden Regional Hospital in West Memphis until late August 2014. [13] The hospital operated a number of outpatient clinics in Marion and West Memphis and a Pediatric Dental Clinic in cooperation with the UT Dental School. [14] Crittenden Regional Hospital has closed the ER and will permanently close on 7 September 2014. [15]

The nearest hospitals are located in Memphis, Tennessee.

The Arkansas Department of Health operates a clinic in West Memphis. [16]

A number of private clinics also operate in Marion and West Memphis. [17]

Government

Crittenden County in the nineteenth century was largely dominated by black Republicans, who carried the county in most elections from Reconstruction until the “Redeemers” disfranchised essentially all blacks in Arkansas between 1900 and 1960. From 1910 until 1944 it was overwhelmingly Democratic as only whites voted, and when faced with a national Civil Rights plank Crittenden was one of three Arkansas counties to vote for Strom Thurmond over Harry S. Truman in 1948. Since the re-enfranchisement of black residents began in the 1950s, Crittenden has been generally Democratic-voting, despite a large-scale shift of white residents to the GOP, reversing the nineteenth century party alignment. The last Republican to win the county was George Bush senior in 1988.

Presidential elections results
Crittenden County, Arkansas
voteby party in presidential elections [18]
Year GOP Dem Others
2016 43.66% 6,96452.72%8,4103.63% 578
2012 41.86% 6,99856.75%9,4871.38% 231
2008 41.91% 7,65056.59%10,3301.51% 275
2004 45.29% 6,93054.10%8,2770.61% 93
2000 44.26% 5,85754.59%7,2241.15% 153
1996 32.83% 4,67359.11%8,4158.06% 1,148
1992 34.55% 5,91056.60%9,6838.86% 1,515
1988 51.73%7,44146.59% 6,7021.68% 241
1984 47.82%6,66346.79% 6,5205.39% 751
1980 45.20% 6,24850.80%7,0224.00% 553
1976 38.63% 5,20261.26%8,2490.10% 14
1972 71.06%7,97128.94% 3,2460.00% 0
1968 23.18% 2,45432.83% 3,47543.99%4,657
1964 48.96% 4,06550.20%4,1680.83% 69
1960 43.56% 2,23452.24%2,6794.19% 215
1956 50.81%2,47643.51% 2,1205.68% 277
1952 38.34% 1,86561.31%2,9820.35% 17
1948 5.73% 13724.83% 59469.44%1,661
1944 19.38% 37280.63%1,5480.00% 0
1940 3.53% 7296.37%1,9660.10% 2
1936 1.17% 2298.83%1,8580.00% 0
1932 1.51% 3798.25%2,4110.24% 6
1928 15.68% 30484.32%1,6350.00% 0
1924 8.81% 7788.90%7772.29% 20
1920 15.46% 16783.80%9050.74% 8
1916 13.91% 9186.09%5630.00% 0
1912 11.17% 8953.07%42335.76% 285
1908 46.59% 38252.20%4281.22% 10
1904 54.14%41245.20% 3440.66% 5
1900 53.21%38145.67% 3271.12% 8
1896 28.89% 25869.99%6251.12% 10

Transportation

Major highways

Airports

Crittenden County is served by the West Memphis Municipal Airport (KAWM), [19] a General Aviation facility with a Control Tower and Instrument Landing capabilities. [20] General DeWitt Spain Airport is a civil aviation airport just north of downtown Memphis.

The Memphis International Airport is nearby and provides commercial aviation through numerous carriers and is the international cargo hub for FedEx.

Rail

Union Pacific operates a 600 Acre intermodal facility west of Marion, Arkansas. [21] BNSF Railway also operates a yard in Marion.

Limited Passenger Rail is available on Amtrak at Memphis Central Station in nearby Memphis. The City of New Orleans runs twice daily on a North-South route from Chicago to New Orleans. [22]

Water

Crittenden County and West Memphis jointly operate a port on the Mississippi River. [23] The International Port of Memphis lies just across the Mississippi River via I-55 (AR) Metric.svg Interstate 55. The International Port of Memphis is the 4th largest inland port in the United States. [24]

Communities

Cities

Towns

Townships

Townships in Crittenden County, Arkansas as of 2010 Crittenden County Arkansas 2010 Township Map large.jpg
Townships in Crittenden County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Crittenden County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated place s that are fully or partially inside the township. [25] [26]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Baxter County, Arkansas County in the United States

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Crawfordsville, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Crawfordsville, historically Crawfordville, is a city in Crittenden County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 479 at the 2010 census.

Earle, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Earle is a city in Crittenden County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 2,414 at the 2010 census, down from 3,036 at the 2000 census.

Horseshoe Lake, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Horseshoe Lake is a town in Crittenden County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 292 at the 2010 census.

Jennette, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Jennette is a town in Crittenden and St. Francis counties, Arkansas, United States. The population was 115 at the 2010 census.

Marion, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Marion is a city in and the county seat of Crittenden County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 12,345 at the 2010 census, a 38.7% increase since 2000. The city is part of the Memphis metropolitan area. It is the second largest city in Crittenden County, behind West Memphis.

Sunset, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Sunset is a town in Crittenden County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 198 at the 2010 census.

West Memphis, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

West Memphis is the largest city in Crittenden County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 26,245 at the 2010 census, ranking it as the state's 18th largest city, behind Bella Vista. It is part of the Memphis metropolitan area, and is located directly across the Mississippi River from Memphis, Tennessee.

Highway 118 is a designation for two state highways in the Upper Arkansas Delta. One route of 41.43 miles (66.68 km) begins at US Highway 64 (US 64) and Highway 149 east to Mississippi County Road 495 near the Mississippi River levee. A second route of 4.29 miles (6.90 km) runs from US 70/US 79 in West Memphis to US 64 in Marion. Both routes are maintained by the Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (AHTD).

West Memphis School District is a public school district that is headquartered in West Memphis, Arkansas, United States, covering sections of Crittenden and St. Francis counties. It serves most of West Memphis, the municipalities of Anthonyville, Edmondson, Horseshoe Lake, and Hughes, and portions of Jennette and Marion.

Academies of West Memphis

Academies of West Memphis (AWM), formerly West Memphis High School, is an accredited comprehensive public high school for students in grades ten through twelve in West Memphis, Arkansas, United States. The school is administered by the West Memphis School District.

Highway 147 is a north–south state highway in Crittenden County, Arkansas, United States. The route of 25.83 miles (41.57 km) runs from Highway 131 at Bruins north across Interstate 40/US Route 63/US Route 79 (I-40/US 63/US 70/US 79) to US 64 near West Memphis. A portion of the route make up the western routing of the Great River Road.

Marion School District is a public school district based in Marion, Arkansas, United States. The school district provides early childhood, elementary and secondary education for more than 4,300 kindergarten through grade 12 students at its six facilities at Marion and West Memphis in Crittenden County, Arkansas.

Jackson Township, Crittenden County, Arkansas Township in Arkansas, United States

Jackson Township is a township in Crittenden County, Arkansas, United States. Its total population was 1,352 as of the 2010 United States Census, a decrease of 1.24 percent from 1,369 at the 2000 census.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 96.
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  5. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  8. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  10. Based on 2000 census data
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  12. http://www.asumidsouth.edu/index.php?id=55
  13. http://www.crittendenregional.org/
  14. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-10. Retrieved 2012-02-21.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  15. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-30. Retrieved 2014-09-01.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  16. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-22. Retrieved 2012-02-21.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  17. http://www.arkmed.org/cgi-bin/cgiwrap/arkmed/htmlos.cgi/001366.7.385675122412990438%5B%5D
  18. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections" . Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  19. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-09. Retrieved 2012-02-21.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  20. http://www.airnav.com/airport/KAWM
  21. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-17. Retrieved 2012-02-21.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  22. http://www.amtrak.com/servlet/ContentServer?c=AM_Route_C&pagename=am%2FLayout&cid=1241245653236
  23. http://westmemphis.com/industrial-sites/better-access/river
  24. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-03-07. Retrieved 2010-07-02.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  25. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Crittenden County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2011-08-20.
  26. "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 27, 2014.

Coordinates: 35°43′16″N90°04′51″W / 35.72111°N 90.08083°W / 35.72111; -90.08083