Arkansas Post, Arkansas

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Arkansas Post, Arkansas
BAYOUS AROUND ARKANSAS POST.jpg
Bayous around Arkansas Post
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Arkansas Post
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Arkansas Post
Coordinates: 34°1′28″N91°20′37″W / 34.02444°N 91.34361°W / 34.02444; -91.34361 Coordinates: 34°1′28″N91°20′37″W / 34.02444°N 91.34361°W / 34.02444; -91.34361
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Arkansas.svg  Arkansas
County Arkansas
Elevation
177 ft (54 m)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
GNIS feature ID66948
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Arkansas Post, Arkansas

Arkansas Post is an unincorporated community located along the north side of the Arkansas River in Arkansas County, Arkansas, United States, near the Arkansas Post National Memorial. [1] Arkansas Highway 169 ends here. [2]

Unincorporated area Region of land not governed by own local government

In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land that is not governed by a local municipal corporation; similarly an unincorporated community is a settlement that is not governed by its own local municipal corporation, but rather is administered as part of larger administrative divisions, such as a township, parish, borough, county, city, canton, state, province or country. Occasionally, municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, and services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are very rare; typically remote, outlying, sparsely populated or uninhabited areas.

Arkansas River major tributary of the Mississippi River, United States

The Arkansas River is a major tributary of the Mississippi River. It generally flows to the east and southeast as it traverses the U.S. states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. The river's source basin lies in the western United States in Colorado, specifically the Arkansas River Valley, where the headwaters derive from the snowpack in the Sawatch and Mosquito mountain ranges. It then flows east into the Midwest via Kansas, and finally into the South through Oklahoma and Arkansas.

Arkansas County, Arkansas County in the United States

Arkansas County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,019. Located in the Arkansas Delta, the county has two county seats, De Witt and Stuttgart.

Contents

History

The history of European settlement dates to 1686, when Henri de Tonti, a French soldier and explorer associated with René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle's explorations of the Mississippi River, established a fur trading post at this site to promote trade with the Quapaw people, whose village of Osotouy was nearby. He also traded with other Native Americans in the region. [3] The area of the trading post and associated historic settlement, located on what is now a peninsula, has been designated a National Memorial and National Historic Landmark as a site of long-term strategic importance. [4]

Henri de Tonti Italian explorer

Henri de Tonti was an Italian soldier, explorer, and fur trader in the service of France.

National Historic Landmark formal designation assigned by the United States federal government to historic buildings and sites in the United States

A National Historic Landmark (NHL) is a building, district, object, site, or structure that is officially recognized by the United States government for its outstanding historical significance. Of over 90,000 places listed on the country's National Register of Historic Places, only some 2,500 are recognized as National Historic Landmarks.

After the Louisiana Purchase brought this region under United States control, it was designated the Arkansas Territory. Due to its regional importance, Arkansas Post was chosen as the first territorial capital (1819–1821) of Arkansas Territory; the capital was moved to Little Rock in 1821.

Louisiana Purchase Acquisition by the United States of America of Frances claim to the territory of Louisiana

The Louisiana Purchase was the acquisition of the Louisiana territory of New France by the United States from France in 1803. The U.S. paid fifty million francs ($11,250,000) and a cancellation of debts worth eighteen million francs ($3,750,000) for a total of sixty-eight million francs. The Louisiana territory included land from fifteen present U.S. states and two Canadian provinces. The territory contained land that forms Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska; the portion of Minnesota west of the Mississippi River; a large portion of North Dakota; a large portion of South Dakota; the northeastern section of New Mexico; the northern portion of Texas; the area of Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado east of the Continental Divide; Louisiana west of the Mississippi River ; and small portions of land within the present Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. Its non-native population was around 60,000 inhabitants, of whom half were African slaves.

Arkansas Territory territory of the USA between 1819-1836

The Territory of Arkansas, initially organized as the Territory of Arkansaw, was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 2, 1819, until June 15, 1836, when the final extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Arkansas.

Arkansas Post was incorporated as a town in 1836. [5]

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Arkansas Post human settlement in United States of America

The Arkansas Post was the first European settlement in the lower Mississippi River Valley and present-day Arkansas when Henri de Tonti established it in 1686 as a French trading post on the banks of the lower Arkansas River. The French and Spanish traded with the Quapaw for years, and the post was of strategic value to the French, Spanish, and Americans. It was designated as the first capital of the Arkansas Territory in 1819, but lost that status to Little Rock in 1821. During the years of fur trading, Arkansas Post was protected by a series of forts. The forts and associated settlements were located at three known sites and possibly a fourth, as the waterfront area was prone to erosion and flooding.

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Los Adaes

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Jean-Baptiste Bénard de la Harpe French explorer

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Menard-Hodges Site

The Menard-Hodges Site (3AR4), is an archaeological site in Arkansas County, Arkansas. It includes two large platform mounds as well as several house mounds. It is the type site for the Menard phase, a protohistoric Mississippian culture group.

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Caddo Lake State Park

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Richmond, Arkansas Unincorporated community in Arkansas, United States

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References

  1. "Feature Detail Report for: Arkansas Post, Arkansas." USGS. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Arkansas Post, Arkansas Retrieved March 14, 2011.
  2. Arkansas Atlas and Gazetteer (Map) (Second ed.). DeLorme. § 5.
  3. "Henri de Tonti", Handbook of Texas Online
  4. "History & Culture". National Park Service. November 2, 2006. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
  5. Hempstead, Fay (1890). A Pictorial History of Arkansas: From Earliest Times to the Year 1890. Southern Historical Press. p. 827.