Arkansas Post, Arkansas

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Arkansas Post, Arkansas
BAYOUS AROUND ARKANSAS POST.jpg
Bayous around Arkansas Post
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Arkansas Post
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Arkansas Post
Coordinates: 34°1′28″N91°20′37″W / 34.02444°N 91.34361°W / 34.02444; -91.34361 Coordinates: 34°1′28″N91°20′37″W / 34.02444°N 91.34361°W / 34.02444; -91.34361
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Arkansas.svg  Arkansas
County Arkansas
Elevation
177 ft (54 m)
Time zone UTC−06:00 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−05:00 (CDT)
GNIS feature ID66948
Highways Arkansas 169.svg Highway 169
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Arkansas Post, Arkansas

Arkansas Post is an unincorporated community located along the north side of the Arkansas River in Arkansas County, Arkansas, United States, near the Arkansas Post National Memorial. [1] Arkansas Highway 169 ends here. [2]

Contents

History

The history of European settlement dates to 1686, when Henri de Tonti, a French soldier and explorer associated with René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle's explorations of the Mississippi River, established a fur trading post at this site to promote trade with the Quapaw people, whose village of Osotouy was nearby. He also traded with other Native Americans in the region. [3] The area of the trading post and associated historic settlement, located on what is now a peninsula, has been designated a National Memorial and National Historic Landmark as a site of long-term strategic importance. [4]

After the Louisiana Purchase brought this region under United States control, it was designated the Arkansas Territory. Due to its regional importance, Arkansas Post was chosen as the first territorial capital (1819–1821) of Arkansas Territory; the capital was moved to Little Rock in 1821.

Arkansas Post was incorporated as a town in 1836. [5]

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the South Central region of the United States, home to more than three million people as of 2018. Its name is from the Osage language, a Dhegiha Siouan language, and referred to their relatives, the Quapaw people. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Indian Territory Historical term for land on which the expansionist U.S. relocated Native American tribes

The Indian Territory and the Indian Territories are terms that generally describe an evolving land area set aside by the United States Government for the relocation of Native Americans who held aboriginal title to their land as a sovereign independent state. In general, the tribes ceded land they occupied in exchange for land grants in 1803. The concept of an Indian Territory was an outcome of the US federal government's 18th- and 19th-century policy of Indian removal. After the American Civil War (1861–1865), the policy of the US government was one of assimilation.

James Miller (general) American politician

James Miller was the first governor of Arkansas Territory and a brevet brigadier general in the United States Army during the War of 1812. It was during his term as governor, and partly due to his influence, that the territory's capital was moved from Arkansas Post to Little Rock.

Arkansas Post national memorial in Arkansas County, Arkansas

The Arkansas Post was the first European settlement in the lower Mississippi River Valley and present-day Arkansas. Henri de Tonti established it in 1686 as a French trading post on the lower Arkansas River. The French and Spanish traded with the Quapaw people for years.

Henri de Tonti Sicilian-born French military officer, explorer, and fur trader

Henri de Tonti, also spelled Henri de Tonty, was a Sicilian-born French military officer, explorer, and voyageur who assisted René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, with North American exploration and colonization from 1678 to 1686. De Tonti was one of the first explorers to navigate and sail the upper Great Lakes. He also sailed the Illinois and the Mississippi, which they traveled to its mouth and claimed for Louis XIV of France. De Tonti established the first permanent European settlement in the lower Mississippi valley, known as Poste de Arkansea, making him "The Father of Arkansas."

District of Louisiana Territory of the USA between 1804-1805

The District of Louisiana, or Louisiana District, was an official, temporary, United States government designation for the portion of the Louisiana Purchase that had not been organized into the Orleans Territory. It officially existed from March 10, 1804, until July 4, 1805, when it was incorporated as the Louisiana Territory.

Missouri Territory Territory of the United States of America from 1812 to 1821

The Territory of Missouri was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from June 4, 1812 until August 10, 1821. In 1819, the Territory of Arkansas was created from a portion of its southern area. In 1821, a southeastern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Missouri, and the rest became unorganized territory for several years.

Canadian River

The Canadian River is the longest tributary of the Arkansas River in the United States. It is about 906 miles (1,458 km) long, starting in Colorado and traveling through New Mexico, the Texas Panhandle, and Oklahoma. The drainage area is about 47,700 square miles (124,000 km2).

Quapaw

The Quapaw people are a tribe of Native Americans that coalesced in the Midwest and Ohio Valley. The Dhegiha Siouan-speaking tribe historically migrated from the Ohio Valley area to the west side of the Mississippi River and resettled in what is now the state of Arkansas; their name for themselves refers to this migration and traveling downriver.

Jean-Baptiste Bénard de la Harpe

Jean-Baptiste Bénard de la Harpe was a French explorer who is credited with the discovery of Little Rock, Arkansas. He was the first known French explorer to set foot in the future state of Oklahoma.

History of Arkansas

The history of Arkansas began millennia ago when humans first crossed into North America. Many tribes used Arkansas as their hunting lands but the main tribe was the Quapaw, who settled in the Arkansas delta upon moving south from Illinois. Early French explorers gave the territory its name, a corruption of Akansea, which is a phonetic spelling of the Illinois word for the Quapaw. This phonetic heritage explains why "Arkansas" is pronounced so differently than "Kansas" even though they share the same spelling. What began as a rough wilderness inhabited by trappers and hunters became incorporated into the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and became the Territory of Arkansaw in 1819. Upon gaining statehood in 1836, Arkansas had begun to prosper under a plantation economy that was heavily reliant on slave labor. After the American Civil War, Arkansas was a poor rural state, based chiefly on cotton production. Economic prosperity returned in the 1940s, and the state would become the base for the Walmart Corporation in the 1960s. Arkansas also became famous for its political leadership during the 20th century, which included President Bill Clinton.

Menard-Hodges Site

The Menard-Hodges Site (3AR4), is an archaeological site in Arkansas County, Arkansas. It includes two large platform mounds as well as several house mounds. It is the type site for the Menard phase, a protohistoric Mississippian culture group.

Arkansas Delta

The Arkansas Delta is one of the six natural regions of the state of Arkansas. Willard B. Gatewood Jr., author of The Arkansas Delta: Land of Paradox, says that rich cotton lands of the Arkansas Delta make that area "The Deepest of the Deep South."

Index of Arkansas-related articles Wikipedia list article

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Preston, Texas Census-designated place in Texas, United States

Preston, also known as Preston Bend, is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located on the Red River in Grayson County, Texas, United States. It grew in the 19th century at the intersection of several military and trade roads and was an important crossing on the Shawnee cattle trail. Preston lost prominence after the MK&T railroad bypassed the town to the east, leading to a decline in traveler and cattle drive traffic. Much of its former town site is submerged beneath the waters of Lake Texoma. Its population was 2,096 as of the 2010 census.

Caddo Lake State Park

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Saracen, also known as Sarazin, Sarasen and Sarasin, was a French-Quapaw historical figure known to some as an honorary "chief" during the 1800s. A hero to white settlers, Saracen witnessed the removal of his people from traditional land in Arkansas. Because of his mixed-blood, he had no hereditary right to the role of chief, Anglo-Americans came to consider him so due to his deeds. Morris S. Arnold, a historian of colonial Arkansas, notes that while the white neighbors considered him a hero, he "did not fare nearly so well among many of the Quapaws" and he felt that he was a "person in between" cultures.

San Vicente, Texas Ghost Town in Texas, United States

San Vicente was a village located in Brewster County, Texas within the protruding big bend of the Rio Grandé river. The village was geographically 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north of the San Vicente Crossing in present day Big Bend National Park. The uninhabited site provides a panoramic view of the Chisos Mountains and the Sierra San Vicente migrating into Northern Mexico.

References

  1. "Feature Detail Report for: Arkansas Post, Arkansas." USGS. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Arkansas Post, Arkansas Retrieved March 14, 2011.
  2. Arkansas Atlas and Gazetteer (Map) (Second ed.). DeLorme. § 5.
  3. "Henri de Tonti", Handbook of Texas Online
  4. "History & Culture". National Park Service. November 2, 2006. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
  5. Hempstead, Fay (1890). A Pictorial History of Arkansas: From Earliest Times to the Year 1890. Southern Historical Press. p. 827. ISBN   9780893080747.
  6. Matheson, Luke (August 13, 2019). "Who Was Chief Saracen of the Quapaw Tribe?". Pine Bluff Commercial.

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