|Introduced||July 11, 1994|
PBS Kids is the brand for most of the children's programming aired by the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) in the United States. Some public television children's programs are not produced by PBS member stations or transmitted by PBS which is produced by independent public television distributors such as American Public Television are not labeled as "PBS Kids" programming, and it is mainly a programming block branding.
A brand is a name, term, design, symbol or any other feature that identifies one seller's good or service as distinct from those of other sellers. Brands are used in business, marketing, and advertising. Name brands are sometimes distinguished from generic or store brands.
Children's television series are television programs designed for and marketed to children, normally scheduled for broadcast during the morning and afternoon when children are awake. They can sometimes run during the early evening, allowing younger children to watch them after school. The purpose of the shows is mainly to entertain and sometimes to educate.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor. It is a nonprofit organization and the most prominent provider of educational television programming to public television stations in the United States, distributing series such as American Experience, America's Test Kitchen, Antiques Roadshow, Arthur, Barney & Friends, Clifford the Big Red Dog, Downton Abbey, Finding Your Roots, Frontline, The Magic School Bus, Masterpiece, Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, Nature, Nova, the PBS NewsHour, Sesame Street, Teletubbies, and This Old House.
PBS Kids is also the name of a separate network which has had two iterations in the age of digital television; one which existed between 1999 and 2005, and the current version which was launched in January 2017.
Digital television (DTV) is the transmission of television audiovisual signals using digital encoding, in contrast to the earlier analog television technology which used analog signals. At the time of its development it was considered an innovative advancement and represented the first significant evolution in television technology since color television in the 1950s. Modern digital television is transmitted in high definition (HDTV) with greater resolution than analog TV. It typically uses a widescreen aspect ratio in contrast to the narrower format of analog TV. It makes more economical use of scarce radio spectrum space; it can transmit up to seven channels in the same bandwidth as a single analog channel, and provides many new features that analog television cannot. A transition from analog to digital broadcasting began around 2006. Different digital television broadcasting standards have been adopted in different parts of the world; below are the more widely used standards:
The framework for PBS Kids was established as part of PBS's "Ready to Learn" initiative, a project intended to facilitate access of early childhood educational programming to underprivileged children.On July 11, 1994, PBS repackaged their existing children's educational programming as a new block called "PTV". In addition to scheduled educational programming, PTV also incorporated interstitial content such as "The P-Pals", which featured animated characters shaped like PBS logos delivering educational content from their fictional world, "PTV Park". These interstitial shorts were aimed at younger children. Older children were targeted with live action and music video interstitials.
Several of the interstitial shorts, along with some of the station identification sequences that were shown during the block, continued to be used by some PBS member stations after PTV aired for the last time on September 5, 1999.
On September 6, 1999, PBS launched the PBS Kids brand in several areas including its daytime Ready to Learn Service, PBS Online web pages for kids, and a home video label. Children's programming on the PBS network was then given unified branding. Along with the block of programming on PBS, PBS Kids lent its name to a separate television network, which launched on the same date [ citation needed ] The PBS Kids Channel ran for six years.and was targeted to children from 4 to 7 years old.
On September 30, 2000, the Bookworm Bunch programming block was introduced as PBS Kids' Saturday morning block.PBS Kids Go!, a programming block targeting older children, was launched in October 2004.
Block programming is the arrangement of programs on radio or television so that those of a particular genre, theme, or target audience are grouped together.
PBS Kids Go! is a defunct educational television brand used by PBS for programs intended for older children, in comparison to the younger-skewing PBS Kids. It was primarily broadcast on PBS stations during the afternoon hours on weekdays. It debuted on October 11, 2004, and was discontinued on October 7, 2013.
The network was shut down on September 26, 2005, in favor of a new commercial cable and satellite joint venture channel, PBS Kids Sprout, which was developed in partnership with two producers and Comcast(who later bought full control of the network via NBCUniversal). PBS gave licensees an option to sign on Sprout promoters while most of the other half programmed their own children's channel. PBS offered a replacement early school-aged kids network based on the block PBS Kids Go! by April 2006 to be launched in October 2006, but was cancelled before launch.
A joint venture is a business entity created by two or more parties, generally characterized by shared ownership, shared returns and risks, and shared governance. Companies typically pursue joint ventures for one of four reasons: to access a new market, particularly emerging markets; to gain scale efficiencies by combining assets and operations; to share risk for major investments or projects; or to access skills and capabilities.
Universal Kids is an American pay television channel that is owned by the NBCUniversal Cable Entertainment Group division of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast. The channel was launched on September 26, 2005.
A partnership is an arrangement where parties, known as partners, agree to cooperate to advance their mutual interests. The partners in a partnership may be individuals, businesses, interest-based organizations, schools, governments or combinations. Organizations may partner to increase the likelihood of each achieving their mission and to amplify their reach. A partnership may result in issuing and holding equity or may be only governed by a contract.
On May 8, 2013, PBS Kids programming was added to the Roku streaming player.As of October 7, 2013, to coincide with the debut of Peg + Cat , PBS Kids received another graphic redesign and the PBS Kids Go! block and branding dissolved.
PBS Kids network was relaunched on January 16, 2017 with a live stream of the channel on the PBS Kids website and video app; no changes were made to the main PBS Kids block. The block is counter programmed from the network, thus the same show would not be shown at the same time on the network and block.
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For list of all PBS Kids Programs, see List of programs broadcast by PBS.
|Type||Digital broadcast TV network (children's programming)|
|Availability||National (via OTA digital television)|
|Founded||February 23, 2016|
|Headquarters||Arlington County, Virginia|
|Owner||Public Broadcasting Service|
|January 16, 2017|
| 480i (SDTV)|
(some affiliates transmit PBS Kids programming in 1080i 16:9 and 720p 16:9)
|Affiliates||List of affiliates|
PBS Kids is an American digital broadcast and online television network operated by the Public Broadcasting Service. The network features a broad mix of live action and animated children's programs distributed to PBS by independent companies and select member stations, which are designed for improving the early literacy, math, and social-emotional skills of young children ages 2 to 11.Some PBS member stations, such as WETA-TV in Washington, D.C. maintain their own locally programmed PBS Kids feed, that is independent from the nationally sourced feed.
On September 6, 1999, PBS launched the PBS Kids Channel in several markets, in conjunction with the introduction of the PBS Kids brand to provide a unified branding for the service's children's programming offerings. The channel was launched on 33 PBS member stations: 19 of which offered PBS Kids Channel as a cable-only service, 9 which carried the channel on their digital broadcast signals in standard-definition, and 3 which carried simulcasts of the channel on their analog signals. Of the initial 27 affiliates, 16 of them planned to begin carrying PBS Kids Channel during the fall of 1999, with 11 additional stations choosing to debut it that winter.
FCC requirements mandated satellite providers to set aside 4% of their available channel space for noncommercial educational and informational programming. With these providers limited to offering one such service per programmer, PBS had put forth PBS Kids as a prospective channel to fulfill this mandate. However, El Segundo, California-based satellite provider DirecTV,[ failed verification ] which became the primary funding source for the channel, indicated that it would begin carrying the PBS Kids Channel outside of that mandate in early November 1999.
In the aftermath of DirecTV's decision not to renew its funding agreement with the channel, which ended in the third quarter of 2005, [ failed verification ] PBS Kids Channel was effectively supplanted on that date by PBS Kids Sprout, an advertiser-supported cable and satellite channel that PBS developed in a joint venture with HIT Entertainment, Sesame Workshop, and Comcast. PBS gave licensees an option to sign on Sprout promoters, giving them cross-promotional and monetary benefits in exchange for giving up the ability to carry a competing preschool-targeted channel. 80 stations, making up about half of the member stations participants, signed up to be promoters; most of the remaining stations opted to develop independent children's programming services featuring programs distributed by PBS and through outside distributors such as American Public Television to fill space on digital subchannels that formerly served as PBS Kids Channel members. Many of the member stations that launched children's-focused subchannel or cable-only services reduced the amount of sourced programming from PBS Kids carried on their primary channel to a few hours of their weekday daytime schedules, in order to program more adult-targeted fare during the afternoon.PBS decided to shut down the network on September 26 of that year.
PBS relaunched children's network, PBS Kids, on January 16, 2017. [ failed verification ] A live stream of the channel was also added to the PBS Kids website and video app upon the channel's debut, which will eventually allow viewers to toggle from the program being aired to a related educational game extending the interactivity introduced by Sesame Street. The network is counterprogrammed from the PBS Kids block, so that the same program would not be shown on either simultaneously. PBS Kids 24/7 mainly features double-runs of existing series on PBS Kids' schedule (including some not carried on the primary channels of certain member stations); as such, no additional programs had to be acquired to help fill the channel's schedule. On April 21, 2017, the network launched "PBS Kids Family Night," a weekly block on Friday evenings (with encore airings on Saturday and Sunday evenings) that showcase themed programming, premieres or special "movie-length" episodes of new and existing PBS Kids children's programs.Structured as a multi-platform service, it was made available for distribution to digital subchannels of participating PBS member stations, initially launching on 73 member stations (counting those operated as subregional PBS member networks), with an additional 34 agreeing to begin carrying the network at a later date.
| City of license/|
|Local channel||Affiliation date|
|Birmingham||WBIQ||10.2||Alabama Public Television||January 16, 2017|
|Anchorage||KAKM||7.4||Alaska Public Telecommunications||TBD|
|Fairbanks||KUAC-TV||9.8||University of Alaska Fairbanks|
|Arkadelphia||KETG||9.3||Arkansas Educational Television Network||January 16, 2017|
|Phoenix||KAET||8.4||Arizona State University||January 16, 2017|
|Tucson||KUAT-TV||6.2||Arizona Public Media||2003–2005||2005–2017|
|Eureka||KEET||13.5||Redwood Empire Public Television, Inc.||January 16, 2017|
|Fresno||KVPT||18.2||Valley Public Television, Inc.|
| Huntington Beach |
(serves Los Angeles)
|KOCE-TV||50.5||KOCE Foundation||January 16, 2017|
|Los Angeles||KLCS||58.2||Los Angeles Unified School District||2004–present|
|Sacramento||KVIE||6.4||KVIE, Inc.||January 16, 2017|
|San Diego||KPBS||15.4||San Diego State University|
| San Jose |
|KQEH and KQED||54.4 and 9.4||Northern California Public Broadcasting||August 1, 2003 – January 15, 2017||January 16, 2017|
| Watsonville |
(serves the Monterey Bay area)
|Denver||KRMA-TV||6.2||Rocky Mountain PBS||TBD|
|Hartford||WEDH||24.4||Connecticut Public Television|
| Norwich |
(serves eastern Connecticut, including New London)
District of Columbia
|Washington||WETA-TV||26.3||Greater Washington Educational Telecommunications Association||2007– present|
|WHUT-TV||32.2||Howard University||January 16, 2017|
|Fort Myers||WGCU||30.5||Florida Gulf Coast University||January 16, 2017|
|Miami||WPBT||2.4||South Florida PBS|
|West Palm Beach||WXEL-TV||42.3|
|Orlando||WUCF-TV||24.3||University of Central Florida|
|Panama City||WFSG||56.4||Florida State University|
|Pensacola||WSRE||23.4||Pensacola Junior College||TBD|
|Tampa-St. Petersburg||WEDU||3.2||Florida West Coast Public Broadcasting, Inc.||TBD|
|WEDQ||16.2||University of South Florida||Currently|
|Atlanta|| APS |
|Atlanta Public Schools||September 6, 1999 – 2005|
| Athens |
|WGTV||8.4||Georgia Public Broadcasting||January 16, 2017|
| Waycross |
(serves Valdosta and Brunswick)
|Honolulu||KHET||11.2||Hawaii Public Television||Current|
|Wailuku (serves Maui)||KMEB||10.2|
|Boise||KAID||4.5||Idaho State Department of Education||February 1, 2018|
| Coeur D'Alene |
(part of the Spokane, Washington market)
|Carbondale||WSIU-TV||8.5||Southern Illinois University||TBD|
|Chicago||WTTW||11.4||Window to the World Communications||January 16, 2017|
|Peoria||WTVP||47.2||Illinois Valley Public Telecommunications Corporation|
| Urbana |
|WILL-TV||12.2||University of Illinois||January 16, 2017|
TIU Family (ended January 30, 2017)
|January 30, 2017|
|Fort Wayne||WFWA||39.2||Fort Wayne Public Television||January 16, 2017|
|Indianapolis||WFYI||20.2||Metropolitan Indianapolis Public Broadcasting||TBD|
|South Bend||WNIT||34.3||Michiana Public Broadcasting|
| Vincennes |
(serves Southwestern Indiana including Evansville and Terre Haute)
|WVUT||22.3||Vincennes University||January 16, 2017|
|Council Bluffs||KBIN-TV||32.4||Iowa Public Television||current (all .2)|
IPTV Learn (10:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m.)
|Colby||KWKS||19.2||Smoky Hills Public Television||January 16, 2017|
|Ashland||WKAS||25.4||Kentucky Authority for Educational Television||January 16, 2017|
|Alexandria||KLPA-TV||25.2||Louisiana Educational Television Authority||January 16, 2017|
|New Orleans||WYES-TV||12.4||Greater New Orleans Educational Television Foundation||TBD|
|Shreveport||KLTS-TV||24.2||Louisiana Educational Television Authority||January 16, 2017|
|Boston||WGBX-TV||44.4||WGBH Educational Foundation||January 16, 2017|
|Annapolis||WMPT||22.3||Maryland Public Television||MPT Select|
(daytime hours only)
|January 16, 2017|
|Augusta||WCBB||10.4||Maine Public Broadcasting||January 16, 2017|
| Biddeford |
| Orono |
|Alpena||WCML||6.2||Central Michigan University||January 16, 2017|
| Mount Pleasant |
(part of the Bay City/Saginaw/Midland market)
|Flint||WCMZ-TV||28.2||January 16, 2017 – April 23, 2018|
| Bad Axe |
(serves Saginaw and Bay City)
|Detroit||WTVS||56.2||Detroit Educational Television Foundation||January 16, 2017|
|East Lansing||WKAR-TV||23.4||Michigan State University||January 16, 2017|
|Grand Rapids||WGVU-TV||35.5||Grand Valley State University||TBD|
|Marquette||WNMU||13.2||Northern Michigan University||January 16, 2017|
|Appleton||KWCM-TV||10.5||West Central Minnesota Educational Television||TBD|
|Bemidji||KAWE||9.3||Northern Minnesota Public Television||January 16, 2017|
|Crookston||KCGE-DT||16.4||Prairie Public Television|
|St. Paul||KTCA-TV||2.4||Twin Cities PBS|
|Worthington||KSMN||20.5||West Central Minnesota Educational Television||TBD|
|Biloxi||WMAH-TV||19.2||Mississippi Public Broadcasting||January 16, 2017|
|Joplin||KOZJ||26.2||Missouri State University||January 16, 2017|
|Kansas City||KCPT||19.4||Public TV 19, Inc.|
|Sedalia||KMOS-TV||6.4||University of Central Missouri|
|St. Louis||KETC||9.2||St. Louis Regional Public Media, Inc.|
|Billings||KBGS-TV||16.2||Montana State University||January 16, 2017|
|Alliance||KTNE-TV||13.4||Nebraska Educational Telecommunications||March 1, 2017|
|Las Vegas||KLVX||10.3||Clark County School District||January 16, 2017|
|Reno||KNPB||5.3||Channel 5 Public Broadcasting|
| Newark |
(New York City)
|WNET||13.2||Educational Broadcasting Corporation||January 16, 2017|
|Albuquerque||KNME-TV||5.2||University of New Mexico||January 16, 2017|
|Las Cruces||KRWG-TV||22.3||University of New Mexico||TBD|
|Binghamton||WSKG-TV||46.6||WSKG Public Telecommunications Council||February 1, 2017|
|Corning||WSKA||30.6||February 1, 2017|
|Buffalo||WNED-TV||17.3||Western New York Public Broadcasting Association||TBD|
|Norwood||WNPI-DT||18.4||St. Lawrence Valley Educational TV Council, Inc.||January 16, 2017|
|Plattsburgh||WCFE-TV||57.3||Mountain Lake Public Telecommunications Council|
|Rochester||WXXI-TV||21.4||WXXI Public Broadcasting Council||February 2017|
| Schenectady |
|WMHT||17.4||WMHT Educational Telecommunications||January 16, 2017|
|Syracuse||WCNY-TV||24.4||Public Broadcasting Council of Central New York|
|Asheville||WUNF-TV||33.2||University of North Carolina||January 16, 2017|
|Bismarck||KBME-TV||3.4||Prairie Public Television||January 16, 2017|
|Athens||OU Telecomm. Center||cable-only||Ohio University||September 6, 1999–present|
(mornings and weekends)
|Bowling Green||WBGU-TV||27.2||Bowling Green State University||Current|
|Cleveland||WVIZ||25.5||Ideastream||January 16, 2017|
|Columbus||WOSU-TV||34.4||WOSU Public Media||TBD|
|Dayton||WPTD||16.5||Public Media Connect||January 16, 2017|
|Oxford||WPTO||14.3||January 16, 2017|
|Toledo||WGTE-TV||30.2||Public Broadcasting Foundation of Northwest Ohio||January 16, 2017|
|Cheyenne||KWET||12.4||Oklahoma Educational Television Authority||January 16, 2017|
|Oklahoma City and Tulsa||OETA Kids||cable||2009–2013|
|Bend||KOAB-TV||11.3||Oregon Public Broadcasting||January 16, 2017|
|Clearfield||WPSU-TV||3.4||Penn State Public Media||January 16, 2017|
|Scranton||WVIA-TV||44.2||Northeast Pennsylvania Educational Television Association|
|Fajardo||WMTJ||40.2||Ana G. Méndez University||Current||January 16, 2017|
|Allendale||WEBA-TV||14.4||South Carolina Educational Television||TBD|
|Aberdeen||KDSD-TV||16.4||South Dakota Public Broadcasting||January 16, 2017|
|Chattanooga||WTCI||45.3||Greater Chattanooga Public Television||January 2017|
|Cookeville||WCTE||22.4||Upper Cumberland Broadcast Council||TBD|
|Knoxville||WKOP-TV||15.2||East Tennessee PBS||January 16, 2017|
| Lexington |
|WLJT-DT||11.2||West Tennessee Public Television Council, Inc.|
|Memphis||WKNO||10.3||Mid-South Public Communications Foundation|
|Nashville||WNPT-TV||8.3||Nashville Public Television, Inc.||2017–present||June 30, 2017|
|Sneedville||WETP-TV||2.2||East Tennessee PBS||January 16, 2017|
|Austin||KLRU||18.4||Capital of Texas Public Telecommunications Council||January 16, 2017|
| Belton |
|KNCT||46.2||Central Texas College|
|College Station||KAMU-TV||12.3||Texas A&M University|
|Dallas||KERA-TV||13.2||North Texas Public Broadcasting|
|Houston||KUHT||8.3||University of Houston|
|Lubbock||KTTZ-TV||5.3||Texas Tech University|
|San Antonio||KLRN||9.3||Alamo Public Telecommunications Council||April 1, 2017|
|Salt Lake City||KUED||7.3||University of Utah||March 7, 2017|
|Hampton-Norfolk||WHRO-TV||15.3||Hampton Roads Educational Telecommunications Association||January 16, 2017|
|Roanoke||WBRA-TV||15.3||Blue Ridge PBS|
|Charlotte Amalie||WTJX-TV||12.2||Virgin Islands Public Broadcasting System||January 16, 2017|
|Burlington||WETK||33.4||Vermont PBS||January 16, 2017|
|Seattle||KCTS-TV||9.2||Cascade Public Media||TBD|
|Spokane||KSPS-TV||7.4||KSPS Public Television||September 2017 |
(April 1, 2017 on cable)
|Green Bay||WPNE-TV||38.4||Wisconsin Public Television||January 16, 2017|
|Milwaukee||WMVS||10.3|| Milwaukee PBS |
Milwaukee Area Technical College
|Grandview||WSWP-TV||9.3||West Virginia Public Broadcasting||January 16, 2017|
|Casper||KPTW||6.3||Central Wyoming College||TBD|
Nickelodeon is an American pay television network which was launched on December 1, 1977 as the first cable channel for children. It is owned by Viacom through its Viacom Media Networks division's Nickelodeon Group unit and is based in New York City. It broadcasts usually from 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. on weekdays, Saturdays from 7:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m., and Sundays from 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.. It is primarily aimed at children and adolescents aged 2–17.
A "Saturday-morning cartoon" is a colloquial term for the original animated television programming that was typically scheduled on Saturday mornings in the United States on the major television networks. The genre's popularity had a broad peak from the late 1960s through the early 1990s; after that point it declined, in the face of changing cultural norms, increased competition from formats available at all times, and heavier regulations. In the last two decades of the genre's existence, Saturday-morning cartoons were primarily created and aired to meet educational television mandates, or E/I. Minor television networks, in addition to the non-commercial PBS in some markets, continue to air animated programming on Saturday while partially meeting those mandates.
WGBH-TV, virtual channel 2, is a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member television station licensed to Boston, Massachusetts, United States. It is the flagship property of the WGBH Educational Foundation, which also owns fellow PBS members WGBX-TV in Boston and WGBY-TV in Springfield, Massachusetts, and public radio stations WGBH and WCRB in the Boston area, and WCAI on Cape Cod. WGBH-TV is also one of the two flagship stations of PBS, along with WNET in New York City. WGBH-TV, WGBX-TV and the WGBH and WCRB radio stations share studios on Guest Street in northwest Boston's Brighton neighborhood; WGBH-TV's transmitter is located on Cedar Street in Needham, Massachusetts, which is shared with sister station WGBX-TV as well as WBZ-TV, WCVB-TV, WYCN-LD and WSBK-TV.
Fox Kids was an American children's programming block and branding for a slate of international children's television channels. Originally a joint venture between the Fox Broadcasting Company (Fox) and its affiliated stations, it was later owned by Fox Kids Worldwide.
WPBA, virtual channel 30, is a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member television station licensed to Atlanta, Georgia, United States. Owned by Atlanta Public Schools, it is a sister outlet to National Public Radio (NPR) member station WABE and local educational access cable service APS Cable Channel 22. WPBA and WABE share studios on Bismark Road in the Morningside/Lenox Park neighborhood of Atlanta; WPBA's transmitter is located on New Street Northeast in the city's Edgewood neighborhood. On cable, the station is available on Comcast Xfinity and Google Fiber channel 16, and AT&T U-verse channel 30; there is a high definition feed available on Xfinity digital channel and AT&T U-verse channel 1030.
WETA-TV, virtual channel 26, is a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member television station licensed to the American capital city of Washington, District of Columbia. The station is owned by the Greater Washington Educational Telecommunications Association, alongside sister radio outlet and National Public Radio (NPR) member station WETA. The two outlets share studios in nearby Arlington, Virginia; WETA-TV's transmitter is located in the Tenleytown neighborhood in Northwest Washington. On cable, the station is available on channel 26 on most systems in the market.
South Carolina Educational Television is a state network of non-commercial educational television stations serving the U.S. state of South Carolina. It is operated by the South Carolina Educational Television Commission, an agency of the state government which holds the licenses for all of the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member stations licensed in the state. The broadcast signals of the eleven television stations cover almost all of the state, as well as parts of North Carolina and Georgia.
KQEH, virtual channel 54, is a PBS member television station licensed to San Jose, California, United States and serving the San Francisco Bay Area. The station is owned by Northern California Public Broadcasting, through subsidiary KQED, Inc., alongside fellow PBS station KQED in San Francisco, its satellite KQET in Watsonville and NPR member radio station KQED-FM (88.5). The three stations share studios on Mariposa Street in San Francisco's Mission District. KQEH and KQED share transmitter facilities atop Sutro Tower; until January 17, 2018, KQEH's transmitter was located atop Monument Peak. On cable, the station is carried on channel 10 on most providers in the market.
Idaho Public Television is a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member network serving the U.S. state of Idaho. Consisting of five television stations, it is operated and funded by the Idaho State Board of Education, an agency of the Idaho state government that holds the licenses to all PBS member stations in the state. The network is headquartered in Boise, with satellite studios at the University of Idaho in Moscow and Idaho State University in Pocatello.
PBS Kids Bookworm Bunch is a defunct Canadian/American children's animated television block produced by Toronto-based entertainment company Nelvana that aired on PBS from September 30, 2000 to September 5, 2004. It typically aired on either Saturday or Sunday mornings, depending on station preference and scheduling. The shows that formed the Bookworm Bunch were based on then-popular children's books. The initial shows were Corduroy, Elliot Moose, Timothy Goes to School, Seven Little Monsters, George Shrinks, and Marvin the Tap-Dancing Horse.
The WGBH Educational Foundation was established in 1951 in Boston, Massachusetts, as an American nonprofit organization that oversees all of the PBS member stations licensed to the state of Massachusetts: the WGBH stations in Boston and WGBY-TV in Springfield. The foundation also oversees a group of NPR member stations, including WGBH (FM) in Boston, and other productions. Other significant activities include production of prime-time and children’s content for PBS and accessible media services for people with disabilities. The foundation won a Peabody Award in 2007 for Judgment Day: Intelligent Design on Trial and Design Squad.
Qubo is an American free-to-air children's entertainment programming service. Qubo consists of a 24-hour television network, alternately known as Qubo Channel, a video on demand service, and the branding of a weekly programming block on Ion Television under the name "Qubo Kids Corner".
Vme is a Spanish-language broadcast television network formerly carried in association with public television stations created for the United States Hispanic market. It is currently pursuing a subscription-based video on demand model. Vme delivers drama, music, current affairs, food, lifestyle, nature and educational pre-school content to its viewers.
Milwaukee PBS is the collective brand for two PBS member television stations located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin: WMVS and WMVT. Both stations are owned and operated by Milwaukee Area Technical College (MATC).
The broadcast of children's programming by terrestrial television stations in the United States is regulated by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), under regulations colloquially referred to as the Children's Television Act (CTA), the E/I rules, or the Kid Vid rules. Since 1997, all full-power and Class A low-power television stations have been required to broadcast at least three hours per-week of programs that are specifically designed to meet the educational and informative (E/I) needs of children aged 16 and younger. There are also regulations on advertising in broadcast and cable television programming targeting children 12 and younger, including limits on ad time, and prohibitions on advertising of products related to the program currently airing.
Nick Jr. is an American pay television channel that is run by the Nickelodeon Group, a unit of the Viacom Media Networks division of Viacom, the channel's ultimate owner headquartered in New York City. The channel, which is aimed at children aged 2-7, features a mix of originally-produced programming, and series previously and concurrently aired on the Nick Jr. block and its previous iterations. Some of Nick Jr.'s programming includes series such as Sunny Day,PAW Patrol, Bubble Guppies,Blaze and the Monster Machines,Shimmer and Shine, and Dora and Friends: Into the City!. Due to the Nickelodeon block, Nick Jr. is sometimes disclaimed on air as "the Nick Jr. channel" to avoid confusion, especially at times of day where both Nickelodeon and Nick Jr. are both carrying preschool programming.
Noggin is an entertainment brand launched on February 2, 1999 as a joint venture between Viacom's Nickelodeon and Sesame Workshop. The Jim Henson Company also held a stake in the channel when it was launched. Noggin was initially advertised as both a linear television network and a website. The brand has since expanded to include three mobile subscription services, a second website and four defunct programming blocks worldwide. It was initially aimed at a pre-teen audience, and shifted its target demographic to preschool-aged children on April 1, 2002.
PBS Kids ... was originally created for underprivileged young viewers who lacked access to early-childhood education.