Carbondale, Illinois

Last updated

Carbondale
City of Carbondale
Carbondale Railroad Memorial.jpg
This statue was placed here by Station Carbondale, Inc. through donations from people dedicated to the preservation of Carbondale's railroad history. The first train came to Carbondale on July 4, 1854. At the peak of the city's railroad traffic, as many as 53 passenger trains passed through here each day.
Logo of Carbondale, Illinois.svg
Seal
Motto(s): 
All Ways Open [1]
Jackson County Illinois Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Carbondale Highlighted.svg
Location of Carbondale in Jackson County, Illinois.
Illinois in United States (US48).svg
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 37°43′34″N89°13′12″W / 37.726°N 89.220°W / 37.726; -89.220 Coordinates: 37°43′34″N89°13′12″W / 37.726°N 89.220°W / 37.726; -89.220
CEOCollin Cramer
CountryUnited States
State Illinois
County Jackson, Williamson
Townships Carbondale, Murphysboro, Makanda, Carterville
Founded1852
Incorporated Town 1856
Government
  TypeManager / Council / City
Area
[2]
  Total17.82 sq mi (46.16 km2)
  Land17.39 sq mi (45.03 km2)
  Water0.43 sq mi (1.13 km2)
Elevation
415 ft (126 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total25,902
  Estimate 
(2019) [3]
25,083
  Density1,442.63/sq mi (556.99/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes
62901, 62902, 62903
Area code(s) 618
FIPS code 17-11163
Website www.explorecarbondale.com

Carbondale is a city in Jackson County, Illinois, United States, within the Southern Illinois region informally known as "Little Egypt." The city developed from 1853 because of the stimulation of railroad construction into the area. Today the major roadways of Illinois Route 13 and U.S. Route 51 intersect in the city. The city is 96 miles (154 km) southeast of St. Louis, Missouri, on the northern edge of the Shawnee National Forest. Carbondale is the home of the main campus of Southern Illinois University (SIU).

Contents

The city is the most populous in Southern Illinois outside the St. Louis Metro-East region, and the most populous city in the Carbondale-Marion-Herrin, Illinois Combined Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 25,902, and it is the state's 20th-most-populated city outside the Chicago Metropolitan Area. [4] In addition, the CSA has 126,575 residents, the sixth-most-populous combined statistical area in Illinois.

History

In August 1853, Daniel Harmon Brush, John Asgill Conner, and Dr. William Richart bought a 360-acre (1.5 km2) parcel of land between two proposed railroad station sites (Makanda and De Soto) and two county seats (Murphysboro and Marion). Brush named Carbondale for the large deposit of coal in the area.[ citation needed ] The first train through Carbondale arrived on Independence Day 1854, traveling north on the main line from Cairo, Illinois.

By the time of the American Civil War, Carbondale had developed as a regional center for transportation and business, surrounded by agricultural development. This part of Illinois was known as "Little Egypt" because of the confluence of the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, where the town of Cairo is located.

The city has had a college since 1856 beginning with the Presbyterian-founded Carbondale College which was later converted to an elementary school. Carbondale also won the bid for the new state teacher training school for the region, and Southern Illinois Normal University opened in 1874. This gave the town new industry, new citizens, and a supplement to public schools. In 1947, the name was changed to Southern Illinois University (SIU). It has become the flagship of the Southern Illinois University system. This institution, now recognized as a national research university, has nearly 18,000 students enrolled (as of 2014) and offers a wide variety of undergraduate and graduate specialties.

On April 29, 1866, one of the first formal Memorial Day observations following the Civil War was held at the city's Woodlawn Cemetery. [5] Local resident, General John A. Logan, gave the principal address. [5] Logan, as co-founder of the Civil War veteran's group the "Grand Army of the Republic", issued General Order #11 on March 3, 1868, calling for a national day of remembrance for Civil War dead. This order served as the basis for the creation of a formal Memorial Day. [6] Logan called observance day "Decoration Day" and proposed it for May 30, to assure flowers would be in bloom nationwide. [7]

In the early 20th century, Carbondale was known as the "Athens of Egypt," due to the expansion of the college and university, and the region's moniker of "Little Egypt." [8] The phrase dates to at least 1903, when it appeared in a local paper. [9] By 1922, the Carbondale Free Press was using the phrase on its flag. [10]

On November 12, 1970, [11] a largescale shootout occurred between local police and members of the local chapter of the Black Panther Party who were meeting at a house in town. [12] The event was later chronicled in the documentary 778 Bullets, made by a professor at SIU. [13]

Eclipse Crossroads of America

The area was in totality during the solar eclipse of August 21, 2017, with Giant City State Park, just south of the city, experiencing the longest period of totality during the eclipse (approximately 2 minutes and 40 seconds), earning it the nickname, "Eclipse Crossroads of America". [14] It will also be within the path of totality of the solar eclipse of April 8, 2024, making it one of only a handful of cities within the direct paths of both eclipses.

Geography

Carbondale is located at 37°44′N89°13′W / 37.733°N 89.217°W / 37.733; -89.217 (37.726, −89.220). [15] It is in the watershed of the Big Muddy River, at 415 feet (126 m) above sea level. Carbondale has been in totality path of one previous solar eclipse on August 21, 2017 and hosted the longest duration of totality with 2 minutes 41.6 seconds just to its south in Makanda Township, and additionally will be in the path of another April 8, 2024.

According to the 2010 census, Carbondale has a total area of 17.519 square miles (45.37 km2), of which 17.09 square miles (44.26 km2) (or 97.55%) is land and 0.429 square miles (1.11 km2) (or 2.45%) is water. [16]

Climate

Carbondale lies in the northern limits of a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with four distinct seasons. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 32.4 °F (0.2 °C) in January to 78.1 °F (25.6 °C) in July. On average, there are 40 days of 90 °F (32 °C)+ highs, 16 days where the high fails to rise above freezing, and 2.3 nights of sub-0 °F (−18 °C) per year. [17] It has an average annual precipitation of 47.2 inches (1,200 mm), including an average 11 inches (28 cm) of snow. Extremes in temperature range from −25 °F (−32 °C) on January 11, 1977 up to 113 °F (45 °C) on August 9, 1930.

Carbondale receives thunderstorms on an average of 50 days per year. Particularly in the spring, these storms can often be severe, with high winds, damaging hail, and tornadoes.

Climate data for Carbondale, Illinois (1981–2010 normals)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)76
(24)
79
(26)
93
(34)
92
(33)
101
(38)
108
(42)
112
(44)
113
(45)
108
(42)
96
(36)
88
(31)
77
(25)
113
(45)
Average high °F (°C)41.8
(5.4)
46.9
(8.3)
57.1
(13.9)
68.3
(20.2)
77.0
(25.0)
85.6
(29.8)
89.0
(31.7)
88.7
(31.5)
81.6
(27.6)
70.3
(21.3)
57.7
(14.3)
45.0
(7.2)
67.5
(19.7)
Daily mean °F (°C)32.4
(0.2)
36.6
(2.6)
45.8
(7.7)
56.3
(13.5)
65.8
(18.8)
74.6
(23.7)
78.1
(25.6)
76.5
(24.7)
68.5
(20.3)
57.0
(13.9)
46.6
(8.1)
35.4
(1.9)
56.1
(13.4)
Average low °F (°C)23.0
(−5.0)
26.2
(−3.2)
34.6
(1.4)
44.3
(6.8)
54.6
(12.6)
63.6
(17.6)
67.3
(19.6)
64.3
(17.9)
55.3
(12.9)
43.7
(6.5)
35.6
(2.0)
25.9
(−3.4)
44.9
(7.2)
Record low °F (°C)−25
(−32)
−22
(−30)
−11
(−24)
20
(−7)
29
(−2)
39
(4)
42
(6)
41
(5)
30
(−1)
16
(−9)
−1
(−18)
−14
(−26)
−25
(−32)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.06
(78)
3.08
(78)
4.15
(105)
4.45
(113)
5.37
(136)
4.51
(115)
3.66
(93)
3.26
(83)
3.14
(80)
3.81
(97)
4.63
(118)
4.05
(103)
47.17
(1,199)
Average snowfall inches (cm)3.0
(7.6)
4.1
(10)
1.2
(3.0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
trace2.6
(6.6)
11.0
(28)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)9.58.611.511.412.59.48.67.97.78.310.210.8116.4
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)1.71.70.4000000001.65.4
Source: NOAA (extremes 1898–present) [17] [18]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 2,213
1890 2,83228.0%
1900 3,31817.2%
1910 5,41163.1%
1920 6,20714.7%
1930 7,52821.3%
1940 8,55013.6%
1950 10,92127.7%
1960 14,67034.3%
1970 22,81655.5%
1980 26,41415.8%
1990 27,0332.3%
2000 25,597−5.3%
2010 25,9021.2%
2019 (est.)25,083 [3] −3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [19]

As of the census [20] of 2000, there were 25,597 people, 10,018 households, and 3,493 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,152.0 people per square mile (830.9/km2). There were 11,005 housing units at an average density of 925.2 per square mile (357.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 66.08% White, 23.14% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 6.67% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.42% from other races, and 2.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.05% of the population.

There were 9,981 households, out of which 17.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 22.1% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.5% were non-families. 43.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 15.8% under the age of 18, 35.4% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 12.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,882, and the median income for a family was $34,601. Males had a median income of $30,217 versus $24,114 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,346. About 13.5% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.1% of those under the age of 18 and 13.2% of those 65 and older. However, traditional measures of income and poverty can be misleading when applied to cities with high student populations, such as Carbondale. [21] [22]

Government

The city of Carbondale has a council-manager government. [23] There are a total of seven elected city officials: a mayor and six city council members elected at-large for four-year staggered terms. The City Manager, a professional hired by the city council, appoints the department heads. The city provides services such as police, fire, development services, public works, and public library. Several boards and commissions allow for citizen participation, bringing more citizens into civic activities and helping to bridge the gap between the residents and the government. Carbondale is a zoned, home rule municipality. In 2010, the city approved a new comprehensive plan that lays out goals for the future and ways to accomplish these goals. [24] On April 5, 2011, Joel Fritzler was elected mayor for a four-year term, [25] but on February 3, 2014, he resigned to accept a job in Arizona. The City Council chose Don Monty as acting mayor to finish Fritzler's term. [26] On April 7, 2015, John "Mike" Henry was elected mayor, and he took office in May 2015. [27]

Culture

In addition to Southern Illinois University, which presents regular concerts and theatrical productions, as well as art and history exhibits, the city has a variety of unique cultural institutions. PBS and NPR broadcasting stations (WSIU) are affiliated with the university. Carbondale also is home to WDBX Community Radio for Southern Illinois, and the Big Muddy Independent Media Center.

The area is served by a regional daily newspaper, The Southern Illinoisan and the university's Daily Egyptian , as well as two weeklies, the Carbondale Times and the Nightlife.

SIU has a teaching museum on campus, the University Museum, which has 60,000 artifacts in its collection and hosts traveling shows from known artists. In addition to the University Museum, there is the African American Museum and The Science Center. Theater-goers can see both professional and student-produced plays and performances at the university's McLeod and Kleinau Theaters. SIUC is also home to the largest auditorium in Southern Illinois, Shryock Auditorium. Shryock Auditorium has brought in many performing artists, such as B.B. King, the Supremes, Ray Charles, and Judy Collins, along with orchestras and other musical productions. [28] Carbondale is also home to Lost Cross, the longest running DIY punk venue in the country, which has hosted local and national acts like Black Flag. [29] [30]

Theater-goers can also attend off-campus productions by The Jackson County Stage Company (Stage Company). In 2007, the Stage Company and Carbondale Community Arts (CCA) partnered to purchase and renovate the Varsity Theater, which had been vacant since 2003, into the Varsity Center for the Arts (VCA). The VCA is now the performing home of the Stage Company and also supports a variety of other fine arts and performances through the CCA.

Civic action is encouraged by groups such as Carbondale Conversations for Community Action (the local implementation of Study Circles). There are several lodges and clubs, such as the Fraternal Order of Eagles, Elks, Rotary International, and the A.F.A.M (Freemasonry).[ citation needed ]

The Women's Center, in continuous service since its founding in 1972, was one of the first domestic violence shelters in the United States.[ citation needed ]

Spirituality finds expression in Carbondale in churches of a variety of Christian denominations, a Unitarian Universalist fellowship, two mosques, a Jewish congregation, a Sufi community, and two Buddhist organizations – the Shawnee Dharma Group and the Sunyata Center. The first Hindu temple in Southern Illinois held its grand opening in Carbondale in June 2013. The Gaia House Interfaith Center provides space for intercultural exchange and personal growth. It is also an education center to help the community become more ecologically conscious, understand how to incorporate better practices into daily life, and set goals for the future.

Notable poets from Carbondale include Rodney Jones, Judy Jordan, Allison Joseph, and the Transpoetic Playground collective.

Retail

The city's business districts include several large shopping malls (including University Mall on the east side of town), featuring a mixture of national chain stores and locally owned businesses. In addition, Carbondale is home to many small shops and restaurants, many of them located in the downtown area. The downtown district is supported by Carbondale Main Street, which has listings and information about individual businesses. Because of the large student population in the city, there is a great variety of restaurants, featuring many nationalities of cuisine. Several bars and coffeehouses offer live music, poetry readings, and other entertainment. The Carbondale Chamber of Commerce offers information on local businesses in over 60 categories.

Celebrations

Carbondale is known for a number of yearly festivals, including the Lights Fantastic parade in December, [31] the Big Muddy Film Festival (February/March), the Southern Illinois Irish Festival (April), the Indian (Hindu, Sikh and Jain) celebration of Diwali (October/November), the Great Cardboard Boat Regatta (April), the Sunset Concerts (a summer series of free outdoor concerts on the Southern Illinois University campus and in city parks), and Brown Bag Concerts (a spring and fall series of free outdoor concerts in the Town Square Pavilion).

Recreation

Carbondale has 18 public tennis courts, as well as the Superblock, which is a sports multi-complex with baseball, softball, soccer, football, and track fields. The Carbondale Park District maintains seven parks and an indoor pool for public use. In 2010 the park district opened a new spray park in Crispus Attucks Park, [32] and a water park opened in May 2016 at the Superblock. [33] [34] [35] Southern Illinois University's Recreation Center is open to the public; it provides swimming, bowling, rock climbing walls, tennis, basketball, an indoor track, racquetball, weight training, and a variety of exercise equipment.

Carbondale is located near many venues for outdoor activities, including some 14 parks in the immediate vicinity. These include the Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge, the Shawnee National Forest, Giant City State Park, Little Grand Canyon, Piney Creek Ravine, Pomona Natural Bridge, the Garden of the Gods Wilderness area, and Trail of Tears State Park. These areas offer opportunities for hiking, boating, biking, and horseback riding.

Five minutes south of Carbondale is the city reservoir, Cedar Lake, which is open to kayaking and canoeing. The north access features several dramatic rock bluffs and secluded bays. Other lakes nearby include Little Grassy Lake, Devils Kitchen Lake, Crab Orchard Lake, and Kinkaid Lake. Another more remote location is Cache River Swamp, the northernmost cypress swamp in North America. The surrounding areas also offer hiking and mountain biking.

Also a few minutes south of Carbondale is Jeremy Rochman Memorial Park, established by Barrett Rochman in memory of his son Jeremy "Boo" Rochman, who died in an auto accident at age 19. It features a castle with life-sized figures on a Dungeons & Dragons theme.

The Shawnee National Forest, close to Carbondale, is home to many wineries. The Shawnee Hills Wine Trail visits twelve vineyards in scenic settings, offering local wines and dining facilities. Several of the vineyards are bed-and-breakfasts or offer cabins for close accommodations.

The presence of Southern Illinois University also means that Carbondale area residents can attend Division I events of SIU's "Salukis" sport teams. The mascot term "Salukis" is a reference to a dog breed from ancient Egypt, a nod to the fact that the Southern Illinois region is frequently referred to by the nickname "Little Egypt."

Activism

Due to the presence of Southern Illinois University, Carbondale residents have a tradition of political activism. During the Vietnam War, and especially after the Kent State shootings, massive anti-war demonstrations took place on the SIU campus and on the streets of Carbondale. They resulted in the closure of SIU, more than $100,000 of property damage, more than 400 arrests, [36] and the deployment of the National Guard to restore order. [37]

In 2011, the Occupy Movement took up residence on the lawn of Quigley Hall at Southern Illinois University, occasionally clashing with local police and with university policy.

SIU's Faculty Association went to the picket lines on November 3, 2011, after an agreement could not be reached between the Association and the administration concerning contracts. The other unions—the Non-Tenure Track Faculty Association, the Association of Civil Service Employees, and Graduate Assistants United—all settled with the administration within hours of the picketing action. The Faculty Association came to an agreement with the administration on November 10. [38] The strike was the first ever in the school's history.

Several local organizations are concerned with peace, justice and the environment, including the Peace Coalition of Southern Illinois/Fellowship of Reconciliation, the Shawnee Green Party, the Student Environmental Center, the Southern Illinois Center for a Sustainable Future, and local chapters of the American Civil Liberties Union, the Sierra Club, and the National Audubon Society.

In 2001, the city was the location for the national Green Party Congress.

Reveling

An area near campus known as "The Strip" was also the site of several infamous riots on Halloween in the 1980s and 1990s. The last Halloween riot occurred in 2000, when students clashed with and were tear gassed by police. Property and trees in the area of The Strip were destroyed. After the 2000 riot, measures were taken to prevent violence on Halloween weekend. The campus and the bars along Southern Illinois Avenue were closed on Halloween in following years. [39]

As of 2018 Halloween celebrations have resumed with no notable instances of unrest.

Transportation

Highways

The city of Carbondale sits on the intersection of U.S. Route 51 and Illinois Route 13. Interstate 57 is accessible to the east on Route 13 at Marion, and to the south on Rt. 51 near Dongola. Interstate 64 is accessible to the north on Rt. 51. Interstate 24 is accessible six miles south of Marion on I-57. The city is 331 highway miles from Chicago, 96 highway miles from St. Louis, and 213 highway miles from Memphis. [40] (A historical note: When Illinois first developed the state highway system in the 1920s, what is now Rt. 51 was Illinois Route 2, which ran the length of the state).

Air service

The city is twelve miles (19 km) away from the Williamson County Regional Airport, where one commercial airline service provides passenger service to St. Louis on four flights each day. [40] The Southern Illinois Airport is located northwest of the city and offers private aviation services and is home to SIU's aviation program. On April 2, 2010, state and university officials broke ground on a Transportation Education Center on the airport grounds. [41]

Rail service

Amtrak Train 59, the southbound City of New Orleans , departs Carbondale daily with service to Memphis, Jackson, and New Orleans (and intermediate stations ). Amtrak Train 58, the northbound City of New Orleans, departs Carbondale daily with service to Centralia, Effingham, Mattoon, Champaign-Urbana, Kankakee, Homewood, and Chicago.

Carbondale is also served by Amtrak Train 390/391, the Saluki, daily in the morning, and Amtrak Train 392/393, the Illini, daily in the afternoon/evening. Both the Saluki and the Illini operate to Chicago, originating and terminating in Carbondale. [42]

Amtrak uses the tracks of the Canadian National Railway, which provides freight service to the city's industrial park. The railroad runs along the original line of the Illinois Central Railroad that began service in 1854 in Carbondale.

Public transit

The Saluki Express provides[ when? ] bus service around the city. SIUC students, faculty, and staff, as well as the greater Carbondale community, are encouraged to use the service. This system offers eleven routes operating seven days a week while the university is in session, and a "break route" operating during semester breaks. [43]

Local public transit is also provided by Jackson County Mass Transit District six days a week and RidesMTD provides bi-hourly service between Carbondale and Marion six days a week. [44]

Private transit

Carbondale also has[ when? ] a licensed taxi company, Jet Taxi and SI Taxi.

Greyhound offers[ when? ] inter-city bus service from the BP Gas Station at 905 E. Main St., Illinois. [45]

Notable people

Awards

Sister cities [47]

See also

Related Research Articles

Rantoul, Illinois Village in Illinois, United States

Rantoul is a village in Champaign County, Illinois, United States. The population was 12,941 at the 2010 census.

Centralia, Illinois City in Illinois, United States

Centralia is a city in Clinton, Jefferson, Marion, and Washington counties in the U.S. state of Illinois with the largest portion being within Marion County. The city is the largest in three of the counties; Clinton, Marion, and Washington, but is not a county seat of any of them. The population was 13,032 as of the 2010 census, down from 14,136 in 2000.

Homewood, Illinois Village in Illinois, United States

Homewood is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. The population was 19,323 at the 2010 census. It is a southern suburb of Chicago. In 2007, Forbes magazine rated Homewood as one of the three most "livable" suburbs in the Chicago Metropolitan Area.

West Frankfort, Illinois City in Illinois, United States

West Frankfort is a city in Franklin County, Illinois, United States. The population was 8,182 at the 2010 census. The city is well known for its rich history of coal. The city is part of the Metro Lakeland area.

Du Quoin, Illinois City in Illinois, United States

Du Quoin is a city in Perry County, Illinois. The population was 6,109 at the 2010 census.

Marion, Illinois City in Illinois, United States

Marion is a city in and the county seat of Williamson County, Illinois, United States. The population was 17,193 at the 2010 census. It is part of a dispersed urban area that developed out of the early 20th-century coal fields.

Southern Illinois Region of Illinois in the United States

Southern Illinois is the southern third of the state of Illinois, principally along and south of Interstate 64. The southern part of Illinois has a unique cultural and regional history. As part of the Upland South, its culture is aligned more with the South rather than the Midwest. Part of downstate Illinois, the Southern Illinois region is bordered by the two most voluminous rivers in the United States: the Mississippi River below its connecting Missouri River to the west, and the Ohio River to the east and south with the Wabash as tributary.

Southern Illinois University Carbondale Public university in Carbondale, Illinois, USA

Southern Illinois University is a public research university in Carbondale, Illinois. Founded in 1869, SIU is the oldest campus of the Southern Illinois University system. It is classified among "R2: Doctoral Universities – High research activity". The university enrolls students from all 50 states as well as more than 100 countries. SIU offers 3 associate, 100 bachelor's, 73 master's, and 36 Ph.D programs in addition to professional degrees in architecture, law, and medicine.

<i>Illini</i> and <i>Saluki</i>

The Illini and Saluki are a pair of passenger trains operated by Amtrak along a 310-mile (500 km) route between Chicago and Carbondale, Illinois. They are part of Amtrak's Illinois Service and are primarily funded by the state of Illinois. The route is coextensive with the far northern leg of the long-distance City of New Orleans. The Illini has operated since 1973; a previous version operated in 1971–1972 between Chicago and Champaign. The Saluki debuted in 2006.

Shawnee National Forest

The Shawnee National Forest is a United States National Forest located in the Ozark and Shawnee Hills of Southern Illinois, United States. Administered by the U.S.D.A. Forest Service, it consists of approximately 280,000 acres (1,100 km²) of federally managed lands. In descending order of land area it is located in parts of Pope, Jackson, Union, Hardin, Alexander, Saline, Gallatin, Johnson, and Massac counties. Forest headquarters are located in Harrisburg, Illinois. There are local ranger district offices in Jonesboro and Vienna. The Shawnee National Forest is also the single largest publicly owned body of land in the state of Illinois. It is considered part of Southern Illinois, and is south of the St. Louis, Missouri, and Metro East areas, in area code 618. Portions of it are in the far south area of Illinois known as Little Egypt. Cities in or near the area are Carbondale, Illinois, Marion, Illinois, and Cairo, Illinois.

Carbondale station

Carbondale station is an Amtrak intercity train station in Carbondale, Illinois, United States. The southern terminus of Amtrak's Illini and Saluki routes, it is also served by the City of New Orleans. Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach service between Carbondale and St. Louis, Missouri connects with the City of New Orleans. Carbondale is the southernmost Amtrak station in Illinois.

Metro Lakeland

Metro Lakeland is a name that was coined in the 1960s for an area of southern Illinois that is centered on the intersections of Interstate 57, Interstate 24, and Illinois Route 13 — a four-lane east-west highway connecting the communities of Murphysboro, Carbondale, Carterville, Herrin, Marion, and Harrisburg. Metro Lakeland was defined as Jackson, Williamson, Franklin, Saline, and Perry counties, with a combined population of approximately 210,000. Carbondale, Herrin, and Marion are the key urban areas, with a combined city-proper population of over 65,000 Carbondale, the site of Southern Illinois University, is the region's largest city. Metro Lakeland is about 88 miles (142 km) southeast of St. Louis, Missouri, or 120 miles (190 km) by Interstate highway.

Southern Illinois Salukis

The Southern Illinois Salukis are the varsity athletic teams representing Southern Illinois University Carbondale. The nickname comes from the Saluki, the Royal Dog of Egypt and the Persian greyhound, which ties into the fact that southern Illinois has had the nickname "Little Egypt" for just under 200 years.

Saluki Stadium Stadium in Illinois, USA

Saluki Stadium is a stadium on the campus of Southern Illinois University in Carbondale, Illinois. It is primarily utilized by the Southern Illinois Salukis football team.

The Southern Illinois Salukis football program represents Southern Illinois University Carbondale in college football. The Salukis are a member of the NCAA and compete at the Division I Football Championship Subdivision level. The Salukis are a member of the Missouri Valley Football Conference and play in Saluki Stadium on the campus of Southern Illinois University Carbondale in Carbondale, Illinois, which has a seating capacity of 15,000.

Itchy Jones Stadium is a baseball venue in Carbondale, Illinois. It is home to the Southern Illinois Salukis baseball team of the NCAA Division I Missouri Valley Conference. The field, opened in 1964, holds 2,000 spectators. The field was previously named for former Southern Illinois baseball coach Abe Martin. In 2014 after a complete renovation, the venue was dedicated "Itchy Jones Stadium" after head coach Itch Jones.

The University Museum at Southern Illinois University Carbondale is part of the College of Liberal Arts, and is housed in Faner Hall on the SIUC campus. The University Museum has been a repository of artifacts since Cyrus Thomas was commissioned to begin collecting for a museum by the first board of trustees of Southern Illinois Normal University some time before 1871. Originally housed in the building known as "Old Main", the museum first opened to the public in 1874. The museum is considered to be an "encyclopedic museum", with an inventory of 70,000 artifacts.

Michael D. Hanes is a professor emeritus of Southern Illinois University - School of Music, and former Director of Bands. A native of Salem, Illinois, Hanes made his home with his wife and child in Carbondale, Illinois.

The 1983 NCAA Division I-AA Football Championship Game was a postseason college football game between the Southern Illinois Salukis and the Western Carolina Catamounts. The game was played on December 17, 1983, at Johnson Hagood Stadium in Charleston, South Carolina. The culminating game of the 1983 NCAA Division I-AA football season, it was won by Southern Illinois, 43–7.

Lance Rhodes is an American baseball coach and former pitcher. He is the head baseball coach at Southern Illinois University Carbondale. Rhodes played Saint Louis University in 2005 through 2006 and at Southeast Missouri State University from 2007 to 2008.

References

  1. Mayor Henry in State of the City address: It's time to 'boldly envision a brighter future'
  2. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. Illinois Population Estimates 2009
  5. 1 2 City of Carbondale – A Short History Archived December 23, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  6. Armyhistory.org
  7. History.com
  8. February 24, 1921. "Slogans of the Various Illinois Cities," Woodland Daily Democrat (Woodland, California), p. 2
  9. January 7, 1903. "Local Items." The Free Press (Carbondale, Ill.) 3. A social item was reprinted from the Mt. Vernon News: "Mrs. Dr. McAnally, née Pace, of Carbondale has returned to the Athens of Egypt after a week's visit with her sisters..."
  10. Carbondale Free Press (Carbondale, Ill.), March 31, 1922, p. 1
  11. "Carbondale police shootout with Black Panthers 43 years ago". KFVS-TV . November 12, 2013. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  12. Bode, Gus (February 28, 2002). "The Dark past of the panthers". The Daily Egyptian . Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  13. Duncan, Dustin (August 23, 2013). "'778 Bullets' raises broad discussion". The Southern Illinoisan . Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  14. "Southern Illinois: eclipse crossroads of America". Southern Illinois University. May 5, 2016. Archived from the original on March 24, 2017. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
  15. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  16. "G001 – Geographic Identifiers – 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 25, 2015.
  17. 1 2 "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
  18. "Station Name: IL CARBONDALE SEWAGE PLT". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
  19. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  20. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  21. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 1, 2013. Retrieved November 10, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. "Policyblognh.org". Archived from the original on November 10, 2014. Retrieved November 10, 2014.
  23. "Carbondale.il.us". Archived from the original on August 26, 2010. Retrieved September 14, 2010.
  24. "Carbondale.il.us" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 12, 2012. Retrieved December 26, 2011.
  25. Wsiltv.com [ permanent dead link ]
  26. Thesouthern.com
  27. Thesouthern.com
  28. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 24, 2011. Retrieved September 14, 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  29. Faingold, Scott; Otwell, Rachel (2016). "The Scene: Lost Cross House & 30 Years Of DIY Punk In Carbondale". NPR Illinois.
  30. Allen, Shannon (September 1, 2016). "Carbondale punk rock house celebrating 30 years of music". Daily Egyptian.
  31. Carbondale Main Street – Lights Fantastic Archived October 19, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  32. Thesouthern.com
  33. Thesouthern.com
  34. Thesouthern.com
  35. Wsiltv.com
  36. Spring 1970: A season of protests Archived June 23, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  37. "Remembering the Days of May". The Daily Egyptian.
  38. Chicago Tribune, November 10, 2011, "Strike ends at SIU's Carbondale campus"
  39. Illinoisan, Molly Parker The Southern. "For first time since 2000, Carbondale won't have Halloween restrictions". STLtoday.com. Retrieved January 22, 2021.
  40. 1 2 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved September 14, 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  41. SIU Transportation Education Center Archived January 29, 2011, at the Wayback Machine . SIU website.
  42. Amtrak Routes – Midwest – Illinois Service.
  43. SIU Student Center | Saluki Express. Archived February 9, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  44. Brasher, Kyle. "Williamson County". Rides Mass Transit. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  45. Greyhound.com
  46. "Carbondale.il.us". Archived from the original on August 10, 2011. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
  47. "City of Carbondale – Sister Cities". Archived from the original on August 21, 2017. Retrieved August 21, 2017.

Further reading