Wood River, Illinois
"Progressing in the Spirit of Lewis & Clark"
|Coordinates: 38°51′47″N90°5′19″W / 38.86306°N 90.08861°W Coordinates: 38°51′47″N90°5′19″W / 38.86306°N 90.08861°W|
|Townships|| Wood River |
|• Mayor||Tom Stalcup|
|• Total||7.23 sq mi (18.72 km2)|
|• Land||6.97 sq mi (18.06 km2)|
|• Water||0.25 sq mi (0.65 km2)|
|Elevation||436 ft (133 m)|
|• Density||1,500.22/sq mi (579.25/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||2397363 |
Wood River is a city in Madison County, Illinois. The population was 10,464 as of the 2020 census. 
Wood River is located in western Madison County at 38°51′47″N90°5′19″W / 38.86306°N 90.08861°W (38.863047, -90.088527).  It is on the Mississippi River approximately 15 miles (24 km) upstream of downtown St. Louis, Missouri, among several contiguous cities and villages that have come to be known as the "Riverbend" area. The current confluence of the Mississippi and the Missouri rivers is just south of one of these neighboring villages, Hartford. Wood River is bordered to the northwest by East Alton, to the north by Rosewood Heights, to the northeast by Bethalto, to the southeast by Roxana, to the south by Hartford, and to the southwest, across the Mississippi River, by West Alton, Missouri.
Illinois Route 3 passes through the west side of the city, leading north 5 miles (8 km) to the north side of Alton and south 18 miles (29 km) to East St. Louis. Illinois Route 143 passes through the center of Wood River as Madison Avenue, leading northwest 5 miles (8 km) to the center of Alton and southeast 9 miles (14 km) to Edwardsville. Illinois Route 111 follows Central Avenue through the center of Wood River, leading north 3.5 miles (5.6 km) to the west part of Bethalto and south 16 miles (26 km) to Washington Park. Illinois Route 255, a four-lane limited-access highway, passes through the east side of Wood River, leading northwest 10 miles (16 km) to Godfrey and south 15 miles (24 km) to Collinsville.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Wood River has a total area of 7.23 square miles (18.73 km2), of which 6.98 square miles (18.08 km2) are land and 0.25 square miles (0.65 km2), or 3.47%, are water. 
|U.S. Decennial Census |
At the 2000 census there were 11,296 people, 4,725 households, and 2,995 families living in the city. The population density was 1,865.2 inhabitants per square mile (720.2/km2). There were 5,001 housing units at an average density of 825.8 per square mile (318.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.57% White, 0.63% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.35% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.21%. 
Of the 4,725 households 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 31.7% of households were one person and 14.7% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.96.
The age distribution was 24.1% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.
The median household income was $33,875 and the median family income was $41,688. Males had a median income of $35,097 versus $24,522 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,098. About 13.2% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.2% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.
Amtrak's Texas Eagle as well as its Lincoln Service pass through Wood River but do not stop in the small city. The nearest station is Alton station, 8 miles (13 km) to the northwest.
St. Louis Regional Airport is 3 miles (5 km) northeast of Wood River in Bethalto, while the nearest commercial flights are available at St. Louis Lambert International Airport, 25 miles (40 km) to the west in Missouri.
Madison County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. It is a part of the Metro East in southern Illinois. According to the 2020 census, it had a population of 264,776, making it the eighth-most populous county in Illinois and the most populous in the southern portion of the state. The county seat is Edwardsville, and the largest city is Granite City.
Hardin is a village in Calhoun County, Illinois, United States. The population was 801 at the 2020 census, down from 967 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Calhoun County.
Carrollton is a city in and the county seat of Greene County, Illinois, United States. The population was 2,484 as of the 2010 census.
Bunker Hill is a city in Macoupin County, Illinois, United States. The population was 1,630 at the 2020 census, down from 1,774 in 2010.
Virden is a city in Macoupin and Sangamon counties in the U.S. state of Illinois. The population was 3,231 at the 2020 census.
Bethalto is a village in Madison County, Illinois, United States. Bethalto, like the rest of Madison County, is part of the Illinois Metro East portion of the Greater St. Louis metropolitan area.
East Alton is a village in Madison County, Illinois, United States. The population was 5,786 at the 2020 census, down from 6,301 in 2010.
Godfrey is a village in Madison County, Illinois, United States. The population was 17,825 at the 2020 census. Godfrey is located within the River Bend portion of the Greater St. Louis metropolitan area.
Hartford is a village in Madison County, Illinois, United States, on the Mississippi River near the mouth of the Missouri River. The population was 1,185 at the 2020 census, down from 1,429 in 2010. Lewis and Clark spent the winter of 1803-04 there, near what has been designated the Lewis and Clark State Historic Site.
Madison is a city in Madison and St. Clair counties in the U.S. state of Illinois. The population was 3,171 at the 2020 census, down from 3,891 in 2010. It is home to World Wide Technology Raceway at Gateway and the first Bulgarian Orthodox church in the United States.
Rosewood Heights is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Madison County, Illinois, United States. The population was 3,971 at the 2020 census. It is part of the Metro East region of the Greater St. Louis metropolitan area.
Roxana is a village in Madison County, Illinois, United States. The population was 1,454 at the 2020 census. The ZIP Code is 62084.
South Roxana, incorporated in March 1967, is a village in Madison County, Illinois, United States. The population was 1,891 at the 2020 census.
Venice is a city in Madison County, Illinois, United States. The population was 1,498 at the 2020 census, down from 1,890 in 2010.
Sauget is a village in St. Clair County, Illinois, United States. It is part of Greater St. Louis. The population was 141 at the 2020 census, down from 159 in 2010.
Alton is a city and the county seat of Oregon County, Missouri, United States. The population was 707 at the 2020 census.
Bowling Green is a city in Pike County, Missouri, United States. The population was 5,334 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Pike County.
Louisiana is a city in Pike County, Missouri, United States. The population was 3,364 at the 2010 census. Louisiana is located in northeast Missouri, on the Mississippi River, south of Hannibal.
Portage Des Sioux is a city in St. Charles County, Missouri, United States. The town sits on the Mississippi River roughly opposite Elsah, Illinois, and is the home of the riverside shrine of Our Lady of the Rivers. The population was 328 at the 2010 census. The city was founded in 1799 by Spanish Lt. Gov. Zenon Trudeau and François Saucier in reaction to American plans to build a military post about twelve miles (19 km) downstream. The French name derives from the overland escape route between the Missouri River and Mississippi River used by a band of Sioux, fleeing enemies; they used this area as a portage for their canoes, outdistancing their rivals who instead paddled all of the way to the confluence of the rivers.
West Alton is a city in St. Charles County, Missouri, United States. The population was 359 at the 2020 census. It is located at the tip of the peninsula formed by the confluence of the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers and is directly across Alton, Illinois.