Clayton, Missouri

Last updated
Clayton
Clayton, Missouri
Downtown Clayton.jpg
St. Louis County Missouri Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Clayton Highlighted.svg
Location in Missouri
Clayton-mo-map.png
U.S. Census Map
Coordinates: 38°38′43″N90°19′55″W / 38.64528°N 90.33194°W / 38.64528; -90.33194 Coordinates: 38°38′43″N90°19′55″W / 38.64528°N 90.33194°W / 38.64528; -90.33194
Country United States
State Missouri
County St. Louis
Settled1877
Incorporated1913
Government
  Type Mayor-council city
   Mayor Michelle Harris
Area
[1]
  Total2.51 sq mi (6.50 km2)
  Land2.51 sq mi (6.50 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
568 ft (173 m)
Population
 (2010) [2]
  Total15,939
  Estimate 
(2019) [3]
16,747
  Density6,677.43/sq mi (2,578.33/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (Central)
ZIP code
63105
Area code(s) 314
FIPS code 29-14572 [4]
GNIS feature ID0755896 [5]
Website City of Clayton

Clayton is a city in and the seat of St. Louis County, Missouri. [6] It borders the city of St. Louis. The population was 15,939 at the 2010 census. [7] Organized in 1877, the city was named after Ralph Clayton, [8] who donated the land for the courthouse.

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.48 square miles (6.42 km2), all land. [9]

Cityscape

The architecture of central Clayton reflects its economic activity and eras of growth. An impressive collection of mid-century Modernist low and high rise structures contrast with earlier mansions, stores and flats.

Clayton Skyline.jpg
View of Clayton skyline from Brentwood, October 2014.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 402
1920 3,028
1930 9,613217.5%
1940 13,06936.0%
1950 16,03522.7%
1960 15,245−4.9%
1970 16,1005.6%
1980 14,219−11.7%
1990 13,874−2.4%
2000 12,825−7.6%
2010 15,93924.3%
2019 (est.)16,747 [3] 5.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [10]

In the St. Louis region, Clayton is well known for housing a wealthy and educated young professional, often dual-income population.

2010 census

As of the census [2] of 2010, there were 15,939 people, 5,322 households, and 2,921 families living in the city. The population density was 6,427.0 inhabitants per square mile (2,481.5/km2). There were 6,321 housing units at an average density of 2,548.8 per square mile (984.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.0% White, 8.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 10.8% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population.

There were 5,322 households, of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 1.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.1% were non-families. 37.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.12 and the average family size was 2.86.

The median age in the city was 29.2 years. 15.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 27.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.3% were from 25 to 44; 21.6% were from 45 to 64; and 11.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.9% male and 49.1% female.

2000 census

As of the census [4] of 2000, there were 12,825 people, 5,370 households, and 2,797 families living in the city. The population density was 5,164.4 people per square mile (1,996.7/km2). There were 5,852 housing units at an average density of 2,356.5 per square mile (911.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.94% White, 7.77% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 5.62% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 1.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.49% of the population.

There were 5,370 households, out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.4% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.9% were non-families. 40.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 20.1% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $64,184, and the median income for a family was $107,346. Males had a median income of $64,737 versus $42,757 for females. The per capita income for the city was $48,055. About 5.0% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Clayton is governed via a six-member board of aldermen and a mayor. Aldermen are elected from one of three wards with each electing two members. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. A city clerk is appointed by the Mayor and Board of Aldermen.[ citation needed ]

The town has a police department headed by Kevin R. Murphy. [11]

St. Louis County Jail is located in downtown Clayton.

Economy

Armstrong Teasdale, Caleres (owner of Famous Footwear and Shoes.com), [12] Centene, Enterprise Rent-a-Car, [13] Cassidy Turley, Olin, [14] and Straub's Markets are headquartered in Clayton. [15] [16] The unemployment rate in 2020 was 2.2%. [17]

Top employers

According to the city's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [17] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1 Centene 2,441
2 St. Louis County 1,573
3 Enterprise Holdings 956
4 Washington University 723
5 Commerce Bank 562
6 Caleres (Brown Shoe Co.)503
7 School District of Clayton 486
8 Husch Blackwell 389
9 Ernst & Young 348
10 RubinBrown 332

Neighborhoods

The city's neighborhoods include Claverach Park, Clayton Gardens, Clayshire, DeMun, Davis Place, Hillcrest, Moorlands, Old Town, Tanglewood, Downtown Clayton, Polo, Wydown Forest, Wydown Terrace, Forsyth and Washington University.

Culture

Clayton's downtown business district has numerous art galleries, boutiques, fine restaurants, and cafes with outdoor seating. [18] The city hosts major cultural and culinary events such as the St. Louis Art Fair and the Taste of Clayton food festival. [19]

Transportation

Public transportation

A Blue Line MetroLink train bound for Shrewsbury-Lansdowne I-44 station passes by downtown Clayton. The train is travelling in the median of Forest Park Parkway. MetroLink Passing Clayton.JPG
A Blue Line MetroLink train bound for Shrewsbury-Lansdowne I-44 station passes by downtown Clayton. The train is travelling in the median of Forest Park Parkway.

Clayton is served by the MetroLink light rail system. The city has two stations along the Blue Line: Clayton, and Forsyth. Metro also operates bus services in Clayton.

Major roads and highways

Major roads and highways in Clayton include Interstate 170, Brentwood Boulevard, Hanley Road, and Forest Park Parkway. [20] Old Bonhomme (renamed Forsythe Boulevard when it changes from north–south to east–west direction) in North Clayton is an ancient Native American trail. Wydown Boulevard in Clayton was called one of the nation's most dignified streets in the AIA Architecture Guide to St. Louis.

Transit centers

Education

Universities

Campus of Washington University in St. Louis Gfp-missouri-st-louis-looking-at-danforth.jpg
Campus of Washington University in St. Louis

Washington University in St. Louis is partially located in Clayton. [16] [21] The city is also home to Fontbonne University and Concordia Seminary of the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod.

Primary and secondary schools

The School District of Clayton operates public schools. There are three public elementary schools in Clayton, each feeding into the middle and high schools. There is Glenridge Elementary School, located in the Moorlands neighborhood, Captain Elementary School in the DeMun neighborhood near Concordia Seminary, and Meramec Elementary School in Davis Place. All three of these schools feed into Wydown Middle School, located on Wydown Boulevard, across from Washington University. This, in turn, feeds into Clayton High School, which is located next to Shaw Park, near downtown Clayton. Several of Clayton's elementary schools have been closed and/or repurposed. Gay School is now the Clayton Family Center, Maryland School has been leased to a series of daycare/elementary organizations, [22] DeMun School burned in a fire and was replaced by Ralph M. Captain Elementary, and in the wake of the Brown v. Board of Education case abolishing segregated schools, Crispus Attucks School was closed and demolished (an office building was constructed on its former grounds in downtown Clayton). [23]

Public libraries

St. Louis County Library operates the Mid-County Branch in Clayton which was recently rebuilt and opened September 4, 2020. [16] [24] [25]

Related Research Articles

Eureka, Missouri City in Missouri, Eureka

Eureka is a city located in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States, adjacent to the cities of Wildwood and Pacific, along Interstate 44. It is in the extreme southwest of the Greater St. Louis metro area. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 10,189. Since 1971, Eureka has been known as the home of the amusement park Six Flags St. Louis.

Riverdale, Georgia City in Georgia, United States

Riverdale is a city in Clayton County, Georgia, United States. The population was 15,134 at the 2010 census, up from 12,478 in 2000. Riverdale is a suburb just south of Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport and is part of the Atlanta metropolitan area.

OFallon, Illinois City in Illinois, United States

O'Fallon is a city in St. Clair County, Illinois, United States. The 2010 census listed the population at 28,281. The city is the third largest city in the Metro-East region and Southern Illinois. It sits 5 miles (8.0 km) from Scott Air Force Base and 18 miles (29 km) from Downtown St Louis.

Union, Missouri City in Missouri, United States

Union is a city in and the county seat of Franklin County, Missouri, United States. It is located on the Bourbeuse River, 50 miles (80 km) southwest of St. Louis. The population was 10,204 at the 2010 census, with the city showing the highest growth rate (32%) in Franklin County over the previous decade.

Troy, Missouri City in Missouri, United States

Troy is a city in Lincoln County, Missouri, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 10,540. It is the county seat of Lincoln County.

Linn, Missouri City in Missouri, United States

Linn is a city in Crawford Township in Osage County, Missouri, United States. The population was 1,459 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Osage County. Linn is part of the Jefferson City, Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Wentzville, Missouri City in Missouri, United States

Wentzville is a suburb of St. Louis that is located in western St. Charles County, Missouri, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 29,070. Population estimates in 2019 have placed the city's population at 41,784, making it the 16th largest city in Missouri. Wentzville was the fastest growing city in Missouri between 2000 and 2010 by percentage increased, and population estimates since 2010 indicate that Wentzville is on track to continue as the state's fastest growing city for a second consecutive decade. As the site of the Rotary Park, Wentzville is host to the St. Charles County Fair and the St. Louis Renaissance Festival.

Berkeley, Missouri City in Missouri, United States

Berkeley is an inner-ring suburb of St. Louis, located in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States. The population was 8,978 at the 2010 census. Portions of St. Louis Lambert International Airport are within the city limits.

Brentwood, Missouri City in Missouri, United States

Brentwood is an inner-ring suburb of St. Louis, located in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States. The population was 8,055 at the 2010 census.

Calverton Park, Missouri City in Missouri, United States

Calverton Park is a city in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States. The population was 1,293 at the 2010 census.

Cool Valley, Missouri City in Missouri, United States

Cool Valley is a city in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States in Greater St. Louis. The population was 1,196 at the 2010 census.

Ellisville, Missouri City in Missouri, United States

Ellisville is a city in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States within Greater St. Louis. It is a western outer-ring suburb of St. Louis. The population was 9,133 at the 2010 census.

Kirkwood, Missouri City in Missouri, United States

Kirkwood is an inner-ring western suburb of St. Louis located in St. Louis County, Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the city's population was 27,540. Founded in 1853, the city is named after James P. Kirkwood, builder of the Pacific Railroad through that city. It was the first planned suburb located west of the Mississippi River.

Ladue, Missouri City in Missouri, United States

Ladue is an inner-ring suburb of St. Louis, located in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 8,521.

Manchester, Missouri City in Missouri, United States

Manchester is a city in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States. The population was 18,094 at the 2010 census.

Maryland Heights, Missouri City in Missouri, United States

Maryland Heights is a middle-class, second-ring north suburb of St. Louis, located in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States. The population was 27,472 at the 2010 census. The city was incorporated in 1985. Edwin L. Dirck was appointed the city's first mayor by then County Executive Gene McNary. Mark M. Levin served as City Administrator from August 1985 to 2015.

Normandy, Missouri City in Missouri, United States

Normandy is a city in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States. The population was 5,008 at the 2010 census.

Olivette, Missouri City in Missouri, United States

Olivette is an inner-ring suburb of St. Louis, located in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States. The population was 7,737 at the 2010 census.

Richmond Heights, Missouri City in Missouri, United States

Richmond Heights is a city in St. Louis County, Missouri. It is an inner-ring suburb of St. Louis, Missouri, United States. The population was 8,603 at the 2010 census. According to Robert L. Ramsay, the name was suggested by Robert E. Lee, who thought the topography of the area resembled Richmond, Virginia.

Pacific, Missouri City in Missouri, United States of America

Pacific is a city in the U.S. state of Missouri straddling the line between Franklin County and St. Louis County. The population was 7,002 at the 2010 census.

References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Clayton city, Missouri". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved October 19, 2011.
  8. Eaton, David Wolfe (1918). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 359.
  9. "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 1, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  10. United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing" . Retrieved November 26, 2014.
  11. Moore, Doug (18 July 2018). "10 black Washington U. students stopped by Clayton police, falsely accused of leaving IHOP without paying". St Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  12. "We're Brown Shoe." Brown Shoe Company. Retrieved on January 23, 2010.
  13. "Frequently Asked Questions Archived 2010-04-21 at the Wayback Machine ." Enterprise Rent-a-Car. Retrieved on June 14, 2009.
  14. Van Der Werf, Martin. "Isle of Capri will move HQ to Creve Coeur." St. Louis Post-Dispatch . January 28, 2006. Third Edition, Business A31. Retrieved on August 19, 2009.
  15. "Employment Opportunities." Straub's Markets. Retrieved on July 12, 2010. Archived September 26, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  16. 1 2 3 "Clayton city, Missouri Archived 2009-09-06 at the Wayback Machine ." U.S. Census Bureau . Retrieved on June 13, 2009.
  17. 1 2 "City of Clayton CAFR". City of Clayton. 2020-09-30. p. 104.
  18. Saint Louis - Clayton Business District
  19. St. Louis Art Galleries - Clayton Business District
  20. Retrieved on November 12, 2009 Archived June 25, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  21. "Danforth Campus Map." Washington University in St. Louis. Retrieved on June 13, 2009.
  22. Maryland School to Host Wilson Students Displaced by Fire - Schools - Clayton-Richmond Heights, MO Patch
  23. Clayton History Society | History Of Clayton Schools
  24. "Mid-County Branch Archived 2009-07-29 at the Wayback Machine ." St. Louis County Library. Retrieved on August 18, 2009.
  25. Henderson, Jane. "New Mid-County library to open Sept. 4 in Clayton". STLtoday.com. Retrieved 2020-10-19.