Hamilton County, Illinois

Last updated

Hamilton County
Hamilton County Courthouse IL 2019.jpg
Seal of Hamilon County, Illinois.svg
Seal
Map of Illinois highlighting Hamilton County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Illinois
Illinois in United States.svg
Illinois's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°05′N88°32′W / 38.08°N 88.54°W / 38.08; -88.54
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Illinois.svg  Illinois
Founded1821
Named for Alexander Hamilton
Seat McLeansboro
Largest cityMcLeansboro
Area
  Total436 sq mi (1,130 km2)
  Land435 sq mi (1,130 km2)
  Water1.2 sq mi (3 km2)  0.3%
Population
 (2010)
  Total8,457
  Estimate 
(2018)
8,163
  Density19/sq mi (7.5/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 15th
Website www.hamiltoncountyillinois.com

Hamilton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 8,457. [1] Its county seat is McLeansboro. [2] It is located in the southern portion of the state known locally as "Little Egypt".

Contents

History

Hamilton County was formed out of White County in 1821. It is named for Alexander Hamilton, Revolutionary War hero and the first United States Secretary of the Treasury. [3]

In 1925, numerous people were killed by the infamous Tri-State Tornado in an unprecedented rural death toll.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 436 square miles (1,130 km2), of which 435 square miles (1,130 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.3%) is water. [4]

Climate and weather

McLeansboro, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
3.2
 
 
39
20
 
 
2.8
 
 
45
24
 
 
4.5
 
 
55
34
 
 
4.6
 
 
66
43
 
 
4.7
 
 
76
53
 
 
3.9
 
 
85
62
 
 
3.5
 
 
89
66
 
 
3
 
 
88
63
 
 
2.9
 
 
81
55
 
 
3
 
 
70
43
 
 
4.5
 
 
56
35
 
 
3.6
 
 
44
25
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel [5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of McLeansboro have ranged from a low of 20 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 89 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1930 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.76 inches (70 mm) in February to 4.67 inches (119 mm) in May. [5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1830 2,616
1840 3,94550.8%
1850 6,36261.3%
1860 9,91555.8%
1870 13,01431.3%
1880 16,71228.4%
1890 17,8006.5%
1900 20,19713.5%
1910 18,227−9.8%
1920 15,920−12.7%
1930 12,995−18.4%
1940 13,4543.5%
1950 12,256−8.9%
1960 10,010−18.3%
1970 8,665−13.4%
1980 9,1725.9%
1990 8,499−7.3%
2000 8,6211.4%
2010 8,457−1.9%
Est. 20188,163 [6] −3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790-1960 [8] 1900-1990 [9]
1990-2000 [10] 2010-2013 [1]
2000 census age pyramid for Hamilton County USA Hamilton County, Illinois age pyramid.svg
2000 census age pyramid for Hamilton County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,457 people, 3,489 households, and 2,376 families residing in the county. [11] The population density was 19.5 inhabitants per square mile (7.5/km2). There were 4,104 housing units at an average density of 9.4 per square mile (3.6/km2). [4] The racial makeup of the county was 98.2% white, 0.4% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population. [11] In terms of ancestry, 33.1% were German, 20.7% were Irish, 11.4% were English, and 10.3% were American. [12]

Of the 3,489 households, 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.9% were non-families, and 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.91. The median age was 43.1 years. [11]

The median income for a household in the county was $35,032 and the median income for a family was $50,878. Males had a median income of $45,245 versus $23,491 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,602. About 8.2% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.5% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over. [13]

Communities

City

Town

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Hamilton County is divided into twelve townships:

Politics

Like most of Southern-leaning Southern Illinois, Hamilton County was heavily Democratic before the Civil War, and unlike such counties as Johnson, Pope and Massac, it did not turn Republican after the war. Not until 1920, when isolationist sentiments turned many voters against the party of Woodrow Wilson, did Hamilton County vote Republican, and Herbert Hoover was to carry the county in 1928 due to anti-Catholic sentiment against Al Smith.

From 1940 onwards, when Wendell Willkie carried the county due to opposition to involvement in World War II, Hamilton has become increasingly Republican. Although Lyndon Johnson, Jimmy Carter in 1976 and Bill Clinton in 1992 all gained absolute majorities for the Democratic Party, since 1992, as with all traditionally Democratic parts of the Upland South, a very rapid swing to the Republicans has taken place due to overwhelming local opposition to the Democratic Party's liberal views on social issues. [14] Over the past six elections, the Republicans have advanced from losing by 21 percentage points to winning by an overwhelming fifty-eight – an average of gaining thirteen percentage points per election.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 77.1%3,20619.3% 8023.6% 148
2012 65.1%2,56632.2% 1,2692.7% 106
2008 54.9%2,35341.9% 1,7963.2% 135
2004 58.8%2,65340.2% 1,8141.0% 47
2000 54.9%2,51942.4% 1,9432.7% 125
1996 37.2% 1,67749.7%2,24213.1% 590
1992 30.6% 1,52151.9%2,58217.5% 871
1988 49.9%2,62249.8% 2,6180.3% 16
1984 57.5%3,07442.1% 2,2510.4% 21
1980 59.6%3,25436.5% 1,9903.9% 212
1976 44.3% 2,43355.2%3,0360.5% 29
1972 61.9%3,28237.9% 2,0060.2% 11
1968 52.8%2,91235.4% 1,95111.8% 650
1964 45.0% 2,56155.0%3,133
1960 58.9%3,80440.9% 2,6390.2% 11
1956 57.8%3,67542.2% 2,6850.1% 4
1952 60.3%4,04739.6% 2,6620.1% 8
1948 50.9%2,88748.5% 2,7500.6% 32
1944 54.7%3,58244.5% 2,9140.8% 55
1940 51.7%4,00547.6% 3,6910.7% 52
1936 44.1% 3,32155.1%4,1520.8% 62
1932 38.0% 2,51361.3%4,0590.7% 45
1928 51.1%3,27547.4% 3,0371.6% 100
1924 44.0% 2,65952.4%3,1683.5% 214
1920 54.7%3,22044.0% 2,5911.3% 75
1916 46.3% 3,23952.1%3,6441.7% 118
1912 31.3% 1,24248.4%1,92020.2% 802
1908 44.3% 1,80952.1%2,1283.7% 150
1904 45.7% 1,89449.4%2,0495.0% 206
1900 43.0% 1,91155.5%2,4671.6% 71
1896 41.9% 1,76757.1%2,4081.0% 40
1892 39.8% 1,50554.5%2,0615.7% 215

See also

Related Research Articles

DeWitt County, Illinois County in Illinois

DeWitt County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,561. Its county seat is Clinton. The county was formed on March 1, 1839 from Macon and McLean counties. The county was named in honor of the seventh Governor of New York State, DeWitt Clinton.

Putnam County, Illinois County in Illinois

Putnam County is the least extensive county in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 6,006. The county seat is Hennepin. The county was formed in 1825 out of Fulton County and named after Israel Putnam, who was a general in the American Revolution. Putnam County is part of the Ottawa-Peru, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Warren County, Illinois County in Illinois

Warren County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 17,707. Its county seat is Monmouth.

Tazewell County, Illinois County in Illinois

Tazewell County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 135,394. Its county seat and largest city is Pekin. It is pronounced with a short "a", to rhyme with "razz" rather than "raze".

McDonough County, Illinois County in Illinois

McDonough County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 32,612. Its county seat is Macomb.

Marshall County, Illinois County in Illinois

Marshall County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 12,640. Its county seat is Lacon.

Lawrence County, Illinois County in Illinois

Lawrence County is the easternmost county in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 16,833. Its county seat is Lawrenceville.

Jefferson County, Illinois County in Illinois

Jefferson County is a county located in the southern part of the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 38,827. The county seat is Mount Vernon.

Hancock County, Illinois County in Illinois

Hancock County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 19,104. Its county seat is Carthage, and its largest city is Hamilton. The county is made up of rural towns with many farmers.

Gallatin County, Illinois County in Illinois

Gallatin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 5,589, making it the fifth-least populous county in Illinois. Its county seat is Shawneetown. It is located in the southern portion of Illinois known locally as "Little Egypt".

Effingham County, Illinois County in Illinois

Effingham County is a county located in the southern part of the U.S. state Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 34,242. Its county seat and largest city is Effingham. Some other cities in Effingham County, Illinois include Altamont, Teutopolis (T-Town), Beecher City, Montrose, Dieterich, Shumway, Watson, Mason, Edgewood, Heartville, and Funkhouser. Effingham County comprises the Effingham, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Cumberland County, Illinois County in Illinois

Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,048. Its county seat is Toledo.

Christian County, Illinois County in Illinois

Christian County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 34,800. Its county seat is Taylorville.

Brown County, Illinois County in Illinois

Brown County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,937. Its county seat is Mount Sterling.

Boone County, Illinois County in Illinois

Boone County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 54,165. Its county seat is Belvidere.

Twiggs County, Georgia County in Georgia, United States

Twiggs County is a county located in the central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,023. The county seat is Jeffersonville. The county was created on December 14, 1809 and named for American Revolutionary War general John Twiggs.

Macedonia, Illinois Village in Illinois, United States

Macedonia is a village in Hamilton and Franklin counties in the U.S. state of Illinois. The population was 63 at the 2010 census.

Belle Prairie City, Illinois Town in Illinois, United States

Belle Prairie City is an incorporated town in Hamilton County, Illinois, United States. The population was 54 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Mount Vernon Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Broughton, Illinois Village in Illinois, United States

Broughton is a village in Hamilton County, Illinois, United States. The population was 194 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Mount Vernon Micropolitan Statistical Area.

McLeansboro, Illinois City in Illinois, United States

McLeansboro is a city in Hamilton County, Illinois, United States. The population was 2,883 at the 2010 census. The estimated population as of 2018 was 2,773. It is the county seat of Hamilton County.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp.  147.
  4. 1 2 "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  5. 1 2 "Monthly Averages for McLeansboro, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  6. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
  8. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
  9. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
  10. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
  11. 1 2 3 "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  12. "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  13. "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  14. Cohn, Nate; ‘Demographic Shift: Southern Whites’ Loyalty to G.O.P. Nearing That of Blacks to Democrats’, New York Times , April 24, 2014
  15. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 4, 2018.

Coordinates: 38°05′N88°32′W / 38.08°N 88.54°W / 38.08; -88.54