Will County, Illinois

Last updated

Will County
Flanders House (5978683004).jpg
Midewin bison 2016-06-05 16.32.59 crop3.jpg
Flanders House in Plainfield (1840), Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie.
Map of Illinois highlighting Will County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Illinois
Illinois in United States.svg
Illinois's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°26′42″N87°58′43″W / 41.44503°N 87.97866°W / 41.44503; -87.97866
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Illinois.svg  Illinois
FoundedJanuary 12, 1836
Named for Dr. Conrad Will
Seat Joliet
Largest cityJoliet
Area
  Total849 sq mi (2,200 km2)
  Land837 sq mi (2,170 km2)
  Water12 sq mi (30 km2)  1.5%
Population
 (2020)
  Total696,355
  Estimate 
(2019) [1]
690,743
  Density810/sq mi (310/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 11th, 14th, 16th
Website www.willcountyillinois.com

Will County is a county in the northeastern part of the state of Illinois. According to the 2020 census, it had a population of 696,355, an increase of 2.8% from 677,560 in 2010, making it Illinois's fourth-most populous county. [2] The county seat is Joliet. [3] Will County is one of the five collar counties of the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area. The portion of Will County around Joliet uses area codes 815 and 779, while 630 and 331 are for far northern Will County and 708 is for central and eastern Will County.

Contents

History

Will County was formed on January 12, 1836, out of Cook and Iroquois Counties. It was named after Conrad Will, a politician and businessman involved in salt production in southern Illinois. [4] Will was a member of the first Illinois Constitutional Convention and a member of the Illinois legislature until his death in 1835. Besides its present area, the county originally included the part of Kankakee County, Illinois, north of the Kankakee River. It lost that area when Kankakee County was organized in 1852. Since then its boundaries have not changed.

36 locations in Will County are on the National Register of Historic Places.

"WILL, a county in the E. N. E. part of Illinois, bordering on Indiana, has an area of 1,236 square miles (3,200 km2). It is intersected by the Kankakee and Des Plaines Rivers, branches of the Illinois. The surface is generally level, and destitute of timber, excepting small groves. The soil is very fertile, and much of it is under cultivation. The soil of the prairies is a deep, sandy loam, adapted to Indian corn and grass. In 1850 the county produced 527,903 bushels of Indian corn; 230,885 of wheat; 334,360 of oats; 32,043 tons of hay, and 319,054 pounds of butter. It contained 14 churches, 3 newspaper offices; 3472 pupils attending public schools, and 200 attending other schools. Quarries of building stone are worked near the county seat. The Des Plaines river furnishes water-power. The county is intersected by the Illinois and Michigan canal, by the Chicago branch of the Central railroad, the Chicago and Mississippi, and by the Chicago and Rock Island railroad. Named in honor of Conrad Will, for many years a member of the Illinois legislature. Capital, Joliet. Population 16,703."

1854 U.S. Gazetteer

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 849 square miles (2,200 km2), of which 837 square miles (2,170 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (1.5%) is water. [5]

The Kankakee River, Du Page River and the Des Plaines River run through the county and join on its western border. The Illinois and Michigan Canal and the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal run through Will County.

A number of areas are preserved as parks (over 20,000 acres (81 km2) total) under the Forest Preserve District of Will County. The 17,000 acres (69 km2) Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie is a U.S. Forest Service park in the county on the grounds of the former Joliet Arsenal. Other parks include Channahon State Park and the Des Plaines Fish and Wildlife Area.

Climate and weather

Joliet, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel [6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Joliet have ranged from a low of 13 °F (−11 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.58 inches (40 mm) in January to 4.34 inches (110 mm) in July. [6]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1840 10,167
1850 16,70364.3%
1860 29,32175.5%
1870 43,01346.7%
1880 53,42224.2%
1890 62,00716.1%
1900 74,76420.6%
1910 84,37112.8%
1920 92,91110.1%
1930 110,73219.2%
1940 114,2103.1%
1950 134,33617.6%
1960 191,61742.6%
1970 249,49830.2%
1980 324,46030.0%
1990 357,31310.1%
2000 502,26640.6%
2010 677,56034.9%
2020 696,3552.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790–1960 [8] 1900–1990 [9]
1990–2000 [10] 2010–2019 [11]

As of the 2010 Census, there were 677,560 people, 225,256 households, and 174,062 families residing in the county. [12] The population density was 809.6 inhabitants per square mile (312.6/km2). There were 237,501 housing units at an average density of 283.8 per square mile (109.6/km2). [5] The racial makeup of the county was 76.0% white, 11.2% black or African American, 4.6% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 5.8% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 15.6% of the population. [12] In terms of ancestry, 21.6% were German, 18.6% were Irish, 13.3% were Polish, 11.1% were Italian, 5.9% were English, and 2.1% were American. [13]

Of the 225,256 households, 44.0% had children under 18 living with them, 61.9% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.7% were non-families, and 18.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.41. The median age was 35.4. [12]

The median income for a household in the county was $75,906 and the median income for a family was $85,488. Males had a median income of $60,867 versus $40,643 for females. The per capita income was $29,811. About 5.0% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under 18 and 5.6% of those 65 or older. [14]

Government

Will County is governed by a 26-member county board elected from 13 districts. Each district elects two members. The county executive, county clerk, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder of deeds, state's sttorney, and sheriff are all elected in a countywide vote.

Politics

Like most of the collar counties, Will County was once a Republican stronghold. It went Republican in all but three elections from 1892 to 1988. Since the 1990s, it has become a swing county. It voted for the national winner in every presidential election from 1980 to 2012, but Chicago-born Hillary Clinton won it along with the rest of the "collar counties" aside from McHenry in 2016.

United States presidential election results for Will County, Illinois [15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 155,11644.95%183,91553.29%6,0741.76%
2016 132,72043.63%151,92749.94%19,5796.44%
2012 128,96946.36%144,22951.85%4,9671.79%
2008 122,59742.69%160,40655.86%4,1781.45%
2004 130,72852.37%117,17246.94%1,7090.68%
2000 95,82850.00%90,90247.43%4,9402.58%
1996 62,50642.15%69,35446.76%16,44411.09%
1992 58,33738.35%59,63339.20%34,15322.45%
1988 73,12959.10%49,81640.26%7860.64%
1984 78,68463.25%45,19336.33%5200.42%
1980 69,31057.44%41,97534.79%9,3737.77%
1976 61,78453.85%51,10344.54%1,8401.60%
1972 65,15565.67%33,63333.90%4300.43%
1968 43,63049.32%31,57635.70%13,25414.98%
1964 38,61943.75%49,66356.25%00.00%
1960 42,57550.86%41,05649.04%810.10%
1956 45,62864.34%25,18835.52%1000.14%
1952 38,53356.34%29,74943.50%1100.16%
1948 28,60151.41%26,43047.51%5971.07%
1944 30,05852.32%27,08547.14%3100.54%
1940 32,29152.13%29,44247.53%2130.34%
1936 25,02845.25%28,13550.86%2,1513.89%
1932 25,17348.16%25,79849.36%1,2952.48%
1928 26,08155.02%20,87744.04%4470.94%
1924 22,78064.16%4,70713.26%8,01822.58%
1920 21,74676.37%5,41019.00%1,3184.63%
1916 19,88162.59%11,37835.82%5061.59%
1912 3,33119.87%4,71728.13%8,71952.00%
1908 10,35861.29%5,69333.68%8505.03%
1904 10,00166.39%3,19121.18%1,87312.43%
1900 10,05659.22%6,65539.19%2691.58%
1896 9,24956.94%6,87342.32%1200.74%
1892 6,72049.51%6,43447.40%4203.09%


Education

K-12 school districts

K-12 school districts, including any with any territory in Will County, no matter how slight, even if the schools and/or administrative headquarters are in other counties: [17]

K-12:

Secondary:

Elementary:

Transportation

Will County is served by four U.S. interstate highways, four U.S. highways, and 12 Illinois highways.

Major highways

Rail

Four different Metra commuter rail lines (Metra Electric Main Line, Southwest Service, Rock Island District and Heritage Corridor) connect Will County with the Chicago Loop.

Energy infrastructure

Pipelines

Will County is a major hub in the national natural gas pipeline grid where pipelines from Canada and the Gulf of Mexico meet and then fan out to serve the Midwest. The following major energy companies own pipeline that runs through Will County:

Joliet Refinery

ExxonMobil owns and operates the Joliet Refinery along the Des Plaines River just east of I-55. According to ExxonMobil, the refinery employs about 600 people and was constructed in 1972. [18]

Municipalities

The municipalities with their population within Will County and their total population as of the 2010 census are: [19]

Cities

Villages

Census-designated places

Townships

The 24 townships of Will County, with their populations as of the 2010 census, are:

See also

Related Research Articles

Peotone, Illinois Village in Illinois, United States

Peotone is a village in Will County, Illinois, United States. The population was 4,142 at the 2010 census, an increase from 3,385 in 2000. The city is about 43 miles (69 km) south of Chicago. The village is home to the Peotone High School Blue Devils.

Kendall County, Illinois County in Illinois, United States

Kendall County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois, within the Chicago metropolitan area. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 131,869. Its county seat is Yorkville, and its most populous municipality is Oswego.

Kankakee County, Illinois County in Illinois, United States

Kankakee County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 113,449. Its county seat is Kankakee. Kankakee County comprises the Kankakee, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Grundy County, Illinois County in Illinois, United States

Grundy County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 50,063. Its county seat is Morris.

Channahon, Illinois Village in Illinois, United States

Channahon is a village in Grundy and Will counties in the U.S. state of Illinois. The population was 13,706 at the 2020 census. Located in a rural area southwest of Joliet, Illinois, most of the village is within Channahon Township in Will County. The current village president is Missey Moorman Schumacher.

Minooka, Illinois Village in Illinois, United States

Minooka is a village in Grundy, Kendall, and Will counties, Illinois, United States. The population was 10,924 at the 2010 census, up from 3,971 at the 2000 census. The village is part of the Chicago metropolitan area. The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad served the town at Minooka Station.

Kankakee, Illinois City in the United States

Kankakee is a city in and the county seat of Kankakee County, Illinois, United States. As of 2020, the city's population was 24,052. The city's name is probably derived from a corrupted version of the Miami-Illinois word teeyaahkiki, meaning: "Open country/exposed land/land in open/land exposed to view", in reference to the area's prior status as a marsh. Kankakee is a principal city of the Kankakee-Bourbonnais-Bradley Metropolitan Statistical Area. It serves as an anchor city in the rural plains outside Chicago, similar to Aurora and Joliet.

Joliet, Illinois City in Illinois, United States

Joliet is a city in Will and Kendall counties in the U.S. state of Illinois, 35 miles (56 km) southwest of Chicago. It is the county seat of Will County. At the 2020 census, the city was the third-largest in Illinois, with a population of 150,362.

Crest Hill, Illinois City in Illinois, United States

Crest Hill is a city in Lockport Township, Will County, Illinois, United States. The 2020 census put Crest Hill's population at 20,459.

Lockport, Illinois City in Illinois, United States

Lockport is a city in Will County, Illinois, United States, located 30 miles southwest of Chicago. Per the 2020 census, the population was 26,094. The city was incorporated in 1853. It is situated along the Illinois and Michigan (I&M) Canal, and was the headquarters of the canal when the canal was operating. A section of the canal runs through Lockport, including the remains of the canal's Lock No. 1 from which the town received its name. The canal right-of-way is now the Illinois and Michigan National Heritage Corridor. Because of proactive efforts dating back several years, the city of Lockport is one of the best-preserved canal sites in existence today.

Chicago metropolitan area Place in the United States

The Chicago metropolitan area, also colloquially referred to as Chicagoland, is a metropolitan area in the Midwestern United States. Encompassing 10,286 sq mi, the metropolitan area includes the city of Chicago, its suburbs and hinterland, spanning 14 counties in northeast Illinois, northwest Indiana, and southeast Wisconsin. The MSA had a 2020 census population of 9,618,502 and the combined statistical area which spans up to 19 counties had a population of nearly 10 million people. The Chicago area is the third-largest metropolitan area and combined statistical area in the United States. It is also the fourth-largest metropolitan area in North America, the largest within the Great Lakes megalopolis, and its urban area is one of the forty largest in the world.

Homer Glen, Illinois Village in Illinois, United States

Homer Glen is a village, located 32 miles (51 km) southwest of downtown Chicago, in Homer Township, Will County, Illinois. It is a southwest suburb of Chicago. Per the 2020 census, the population was 24,543. The village was incorporated on April 17, 2001.

Des Plaines River Tributary of the Illinois River

The Des Plaines River is a river that flows southward for 133 miles (214 km) through southern Wisconsin and northern Illinois in the United States Midwest, eventually meeting the Kankakee River west of Channahon to form the Illinois River, a tributary of the Mississippi River.

Aroma Township, Kankakee County, Illinois Township in Illinois, United States

Aroma Township is one of seventeen townships in Kankakee County, Illinois, USA. As of the 2010 census, its population was 5,157 and it contained 2,203 housing units.

Essex Township, Kankakee County, Illinois Township in Illinois, United States

Essex Township is one of seventeen townships in Kankakee County, Illinois, USA. As of the 2010 census, its population was 1,480 and it contained 686 housing units.

Manteno Township, Kankakee County, Illinois Township in Illinois, United States

Manteno Township is one of seventeen townships in Kankakee County, Illinois, USA. As of the 2010 census, its population was 11,185 and it contained 4,525 housing units. It was formed from Rockville Township on March 12, 1855.

Norton Township, Kankakee County, Illinois Township in Illinois, United States

Norton Township is one of seventeen townships in Kankakee County, Illinois, USA. As of the 2010 census, its population was 978 and it contained 400 housing units. Norton Township was organized in 1857 out of Essex Township.

Aux Sable Township, Grundy County, Illinois Township in Illinois, United States

Aux Sable Township is one of seventeen townships in Grundy County, Illinois, USA. As of the 2010 census, its population was 13,061 and it contained 4,433 housing units.

Goose Lake Township, Grundy County, Illinois Township in Illinois, United States

Goose Lake Township is one of seventeen townships in Grundy County, Illinois, USA. As of the 2010 census, its population was 1,674 and it contained 774 housing units.

Saratoga Township, Grundy County, Illinois Township in Illinois, United States

Saratoga Township is one of seventeen townships in Grundy County, Illinois, USA. As of the 2010 census, its population was 6,122 and it contained 2,541 housing units.

References

Specific
  1. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  2. "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Will County, Illinois". www.census.gov. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. "Was Dr. Conrad Will really worth his salt?" Archived October 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine , Ledger-Sentinel, Roger Matile, June 22, 2006
  5. 1 2 "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  6. 1 2 "Monthly Averages for Joliet, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on January 27, 2012. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  8. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  9. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 24, 2014. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
  10. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  11. "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  12. 1 2 3 "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  13. "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  14. "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  15. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
  16. retrieved 2007-02-13 Archived December 8, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  17. "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Will County, IL" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau . Retrieved July 20, 2022. - Text
  18. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on October 5, 2013. Retrieved August 30, 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. "GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved October 29, 2018.
General

Coordinates: 41°26′N87°59′W / 41.44°N 87.98°W / 41.44; -87.98