|Channahon State Park|
|Location||Will County, Illinois, USA|
|Nearest city||Channahon, Illinois|
|Area||20.5 acres (8.3 ha)|
|Governing body||Illinois Department of Natural Resources|
Channahon State Park is an Illinois state park in Will County, Illinois, United States. The park was named after a Native American word meaning "the meeting of the waters". It lies adjacent to the confluence of the Dupage, Des Plaines, and Kankakee Rivers.
The park is near the municipality of Channahon, Illinois. It is served by U.S. Highway 6.
Near Channahon, at the junction of the DesPlaines and Kankakee Rivers,lies one of the most important archaeological sites in America. This important Native American site was carefully excavated by Mr. George Langford-research associate in the Dept. of Anthropology of the University of Chicago. During his time in the 1930s this site was known popularly as the, "Fisher site" or "Fisher Group" and consisted of nine mounds and fifty conical pits once used as a camp site.
The mound ranged in size from average 30 feet in diameter to as much as 60 feet in diameter while the pits were 30 feet in diameter and 3 feet deep. The two largest mounds are of the most significant importance of all the finds made in Il. These show periods of regular building and rebuilding. The primary mound was constructed and bodies were buried in it. These were buried together with characteristic utensils. For years the mound would stand undisturbed and grass and weeds built up humus layers on it and then other tribes would come in with different cultures and different tools where they buried their dead. This went on successively so that when the mound was sliced down the middle the layers of strata separated the ages all the way back to 2000 years before the Hopewell arrived! These finds were made well below ground level of the original mound. In general the people of the lowest level had 'long heads' than the round skulls found above them. While these are not the 'cone head' but longer type of skull more akin to a 'Pharaoh skull' shape out the back they are significantly different in type and height to the later tribes arriving to occupy the same area. Tools were scarcely seen in the older dig sites. We have cultural stratification made evident first by the dark humus layers then by distinctive material cultures, methods of burial and difference in physical type all in the same dig site. By comparing the camp site to the different levels in the mounds, the relative age of each was established. Similar sites like that of Joliet and Oakwoods furthered that dating but none compared historically to the findings of Channahon, IL. and the Fisher Site. This history complete from the University of Illinois and the U of Chicago is all documented in the Il. State Blue Book of 1931–2. The cultural sequences established from this dig make the Fisher group one of the most important sites excavated in both the State of Il. and the USA ever discovered as few digs were allowed after these were finished. It is also significant that this find in Channahon, Il proves an apparent change in the head form between the lowest burials than those above. Whatever group lived here in the last ice age was of significantly different type than the modern day occupants.
Channahon is a village in Grundy and Will counties in the U.S. state of Illinois. The population was 13,706 at the 2020 census. Located in a rural area southwest of Joliet, Illinois, most of the village is within Channahon Township in Will County. The current village president is Missey Moorman Schumacher.
Monks Mound is the largest Pre-Columbian earthwork in the Americas and the largest pyramid north of Mesoamerica. The beginning of its construction dates from 900–955 CE. Located at the Cahokia Mounds UNESCO World Heritage Site near Collinsville, Illinois, the mound size was calculated in 1988 as about 100 feet high, 955 feet long including the access ramp at the southern end, and 775 feet wide. This makes Monks Mound roughly the same size at its base as the Great Pyramid of Giza. The perimeter of its base is larger than the Pyramid of the Sun at Teotihuacan. As a platform mound, the earthwork supported a wooden structure on the summit.
Mounds State Park is a state park near Anderson, Madison County, Indiana featuring Native American heritage, and ten ceremonial mounds built by the prehistoric Adena culture indigenous peoples of eastern North America, and also used centuries later by Hopewell culture inhabitants. It is separate from the similarly named Mounds State Recreation Area. The park receives about 400,000 visitors annually.
The Windover Archeological Site is a Middle Archaic archaeological site and National Historic Landmark in Brevard County near Titusville, Florida, United States, on the central east coast of the state. Windover is a muck pond where skeletal remains of 168 individuals were found buried in the peat at the bottom of the pond. The skeletons were well preserved because of the characteristics of peat. In addition, remarkably well-preserved brain tissue has been recovered from many skulls from the site. DNA from the brain tissue has been sequenced. The collection of human skeletal remains and artifacts recovered from Windover Pond represent among the largest finds of each type from the Archaic Period. It is considered one of the most important archeological sites ever excavated.
The Kolomoki Mounds is one of the largest and earliest Woodland period earthwork mound complexes in the Southeastern United States and is the largest in Georgia. Constructed from 350CE to 600CE, the mound complex is located in southwest Georgia, in present-day Early County near the Chattahoochee River.
Gebhard Woods State Park is an Illinois state park on 30 acres (12 ha) in Grundy County, Illinois, United States. Originally was owned by Mrs. William Gebhard, but was bought by the Grundy County Rod & Gun Club in 1934. After paying the $1,500.00, the Rod and Gun club donated the land to Illinois to create the Gebhard Woods State Park.
Des Plaines Fish and Wildlife Area is an Illinois state park on 5,000 acres (2,023 ha) in Will County, Illinois, United States. It is located on floodplain adjacent to the confluence of the Des Plaines River and the Kankakee River to form the Illinois River.
The Kincaid Mounds Historic Site c. 1050–1400 CE, is a Mississippian culture archaeological site located at the southern tip of present-day U.S. state of Illinois, along the Ohio River. Kincaid Mounds has been notable for both its significant role in native North American prehistory and for the central role the site has played in the development of modern archaeological techniques. The site had at least 11 substructure platform mounds, and 8 other monuments.
The Norton Mound group,, is a prehistoric Goodall focus mounds site near Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Leary Site, also known as 25-RH-1 or Leary-Kelly Site is an archaeological site near Rulo, Nebraska and the Big Nemaha River. The site now lies entirely on the reservation of the Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska. The area was once a village and burial site.
The Upper Mississippian cultures were located in the Upper Mississippi basin and Great Lakes region of the American Midwest. They were in existence from approximately A.D. 1000 until the Protohistoric and early Historic periods.
The Briscoe Mounds, officially Illinois Archaeological Survey No. Wi-25, is an archaeological site in Channahon, Illinois. The mound site is located along the north edge of the Des Plaines River and is the largest mound site in northern Illinois.
The Plum Island Eagle Sanctuary is a 52-acre island in the Illinois River owned by the Illinois Audubon Society. It was purchased March 24, 2004 to act as a wildlife sanctuary, to protect foraging habitat for wintering bald eagles. It is close to Matthiessen State Park and adjacent to Starved Rock State Park.
Mound 72 is a small ridgetop mound located roughly 850 meters (2,790 ft) to the south of Monks Mound at Cahokia Mounds near Collinsville, Illinois. Early in the site's history, the location began as a circle of 48 large wooden posts known as a "woodhenge". The woodhenge was later dismantled and a series of mortuary houses, platform mounds, mass burials and eventually the ridgetop mound erected in its place. The mound was the location of the "beaded burial", an elaborate burial of an elite personage thought to have been one of the rulers of Cahokia, accompanied by the graves of several hundred retainers and sacrificial victims.
The Cahokia Woodhenge was a series of large timber circles located roughly 850 metres (2,790 ft) to the west of Monks Mound at the Mississippian culture Cahokia archaeological site near Collinsville, Illinois. They are thought to have been constructed between 900 and 1100 CE; with each one being larger and having more posts than its predecessor. The site was discovered as part of salvage archaeology in the early 1960s interstate highway construction boom, and one of the circles was reconstructed in the 1980s. The circle has been used to investigate archaeoastronomy at Cahokia. Annual equinox and solstice sunrise observation events are held at the site.
The Griesmer site (La-3) is located on the Kankakee River in Lake County, Indiana, about a mile southeast of Schneider, in Northwestern Indiana. It is classified as a Prehistoric, multi-component site with Middle Woodland, Late Woodland and Upper Mississippian occupations. The deposits were not stratified, but observation of the types of artifacts present, together with radiocarbon dates, helped to define the sequence of occupations at the site.
The Anker Site (11Ck-21) is located on the Little Calumet River near Chicago, Illinois. It is classified as a late prehistoric site with Upper Mississippian Huber affiliation.
The Gentleman Farm site is located in LaSalle County, Illinois, on the Illinois River. It is a multi-component site with the main occupation being a Langford tradition component of Upper Mississippian affiliation.
The Fisher Mound Group is a group of burial mounds with an associated village site located on the DesPlaines River near its convergence with the Kankakee River where they combine to form the Illinois River, in Will County, Illinois, about 60 miles southwest of Chicago. It is a multi-component stratified site representing several Prehistoric Upper Mississippian occupations as well as minor Late Woodland and Early Historic components.
The Crable Site is an archaeological site located on the Norman Crable farm in Fulton County, Illinois, near the Illinois River and Anderson Lake.