Kane County, Illinois

Last updated

Kane County
County
County of Kane
Fabyan Windmill-13.JPG
Seal of Kane County.jpg
Seal
Map of Illinois highlighting Kane County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Illinois
Illinois in United States.svg
Illinois's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°57′N88°26′W / 41.95°N 88.43°W / 41.95; -88.43
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Illinois.svg  Illinois
FoundedJanuary 16, 1836
Named for Elias Kane
Seat Geneva
Largest city Aurora
Area
  Total524 sq mi (1,360 km2)
  Land520 sq mi (1,300 km2)
  Water4.1 sq mi (11 km2)  0.8%
Population
 (2010)
  Total515,269
  Estimate 
(2019)
532,403
  Density980/sq mi (380/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts 6th, 8th, 11th, 14th
Website countyofkane.org
[1]

Kane County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 515,269, [2] making it the fifth-most populous county in Illinois. Its county seat is Geneva, [3] and its largest city is Aurora.

Contents

Kane County is one of the collar counties of the metropolitan statistical area designated "ChicagoNapervilleElgin, IL–INWI" by the US Census.

History

Kane County was formed out of LaSalle County in 1836. The county was named in honor of Elias Kane, United States Senator from Illinois, and the first Secretary of State of Illinois. [4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county's area was 524 square miles (1,360 km2), of which 520 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 4.1 square miles (11 km2) (0.8%) is water. [5] Its largest cities are along the Fox River.

Climate

Geneva, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel [6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Geneva have ranged from a low of 10 °F (−12 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 111 °F (44 °C) was recorded in July 1936. The average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.52 inches (39 mm) in February to 4.39 inches (112 mm) in July. [6]

Adjacent counties

Parks and recreation

Forest preserves

Kane County has an extensive forest preserve program, with numerous nature preserves, historic sites, and trails. [7]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1840 6,501
1850 16,703156.9%
1860 30,06280.0%
1870 39,09130.0%
1880 44,93915.0%
1890 65,06144.8%
1900 78,79221.1%
1910 91,86216.6%
1920 99,4998.3%
1930 125,32726.0%
1940 130,2063.9%
1950 150,38815.5%
1960 208,24638.5%
1970 251,00520.5%
1980 278,40510.9%
1990 317,47114.0%
2000 404,11927.3%
2010 515,26927.5%
Est. 2019532,403 [8] 3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]
1790–1960 [10] 1900–1990 [11]
1990–2000 [12] 2010–2019 [2]
2000 census age pyramid for Kane County USA Kane County, Illinois age pyramid.svg
2000 census age pyramid for Kane County

As of the 2010 census, there were 515,269 people, 170,479 households, and 128,323 families residing in the county. [13] The population density was 990.8 inhabitants per square mile (382.6/km2). There were 182,047 housing units at an average density of 350.1 per square mile (135.2/km2). [5] The racial makeup of the county was 74.6% white, 5.7% black or African American, 3.5% Asian, 0.6% American Indian, 13.0% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 30.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 24.3% were German, 13.0% were Irish, 7.9% were Polish, 7.4% were Italian, 7.1% were English, and 2.4% were American.

Of the 170,479 households, 42.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.7% were non-families, and 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.45. The median age was 34.5 years. [13]

The median income for a household in the county was $67,767 and the median income for a family was $77,998. Males had a median income of $53,833 versus $39,206 for females. The per capita income for the county was $29,480. About 7.0% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.5% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over. [14]

Education

Infrastructure

Health care

There are several hospitals serving the county:

Transportation

Airport

Major highways

Kane county has an extensive county highway system that includes federal, state and county maintained routes. During the years that the county was represented by Dennis Hastert it received many federal earmarks for highway improvements to respond to population growth. In addition, the county has entered into an agreement with the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority to operate a limited access toll bridge on the Longmeadow Parkway that is not connected to any other tollway.

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Townships

Politics

As one of the Yankee-settled and prosperous suburban “collar counties”, Kane County was a stronghold of the Free Soil Party in its first few elections, being one of nine Illinois counties to give a plurality to Martin van Buren in 1848. Kane County then unsurprisingly became solidly Republican for the century and a half following that party's formation. It voted for the GOP Presidential nominee in every election between 1856 and 2004 except that of 1912 when the Republican Party was mortally divided and Progressive Theodore Roosevelt carried the county with a majority of the vote over conservative incumbent William Howard Taft.

The gradual shift of the GOP towards white Southern Evangelicals, however, has led the generally moderate electorate of Kane and the other “collar counties” to trend towards the Democratic Party. In 2008, Illinois-bred Barack Obama became the first Democrat to carry Kane County since Franklin Pierce in 1852, and the first ever to win an absolute majority of the county's vote (the previous two Democratic winners, Pierce and James K. Polk in 1844 had both gained only pluralities due to strong Free Soil votes). Obama won a plurality in 2012, and Hillary Clinton improved upon Obama's showing to become the second Democrat to win a majority in 2016.

Presidential election results
Presidential election results [15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 41.4% 82,73451.9%103,6656.7% 13,288
2012 48.6% 88,33549.7%90,3321.7% 3,058
2008 43.4% 83,96355.2%106,7561.4% 2,644
2004 55.0%92,06544.1% 73,8130.9% 1,419
2000 54.5%76,99642.5% 60,1273.0% 4,282
1996 47.4%54,37541.8% 47,90210.8% 12,416
1992 43.5%55,68434.8% 44,56821.6% 27,686
1988 64.1%66,28335.2% 36,3660.7% 763
1984 69.1%72,65530.3% 31,8750.6% 629
1980 61.8%64,10628.0% 29,01510.3% 10,663
1976 62.2%59,27535.7% 34,0572.1% 2,042
1972 69.9%64,54629.8% 27,5250.3% 306
1968 61.9%54,14430.4% 26,6097.6% 6,667
1964 53.3%46,39146.7% 40,703
1960 63.8%55,38936.1% 31,2790.1% 93
1956 72.8%56,00927.1% 20,8480.1% 59
1952 67.8%50,80132.1% 24,0580.1% 96
1948 64.4%39,28434.7% 21,1760.9% 532
1944 62.2%38,68937.5% 23,3620.3% 185
1940 61.8%41,94937.8% 25,6760.4% 289
1936 52.6%33,49144.2% 28,1873.2% 2,051
1932 56.2%32,93442.0% 24,6381.9% 1,084
1928 69.9%38,23629.6% 16,1840.5% 253
1924 76.3%32,7178.2% 3,51715.5% 6,624
1920 82.8%26,83213.3% 4,3233.8% 1,243
1916 67.7%23,86828.0% 9,8754.3% 1,506
1912 12.7% 2,41523.1% 4,39464.3%12,257
1908 70.3%12,84023.6% 4,3166.1% 1,111
1904 75.6%12,63816.8% 2,7997.6% 1,271
1900 67.6%12,03129.5% 5,2592.9% 521
1896 69.9%12,13328.0% 4,8522.1% 362
1892 53.8%7,97739.0% 5,7787.2% 1,072

See also

Notable people

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Geneva is a city in and the county seat of Kane County, Illinois, United States. It is located on the western side of the Chicago suburbs.

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References

  1. "Kane County". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey.
  2. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp.  172 . Retrieved October 18, 2015.
  5. 1 2 "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  6. 1 2 "Monthly Averages for Geneva, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on September 9, 2012. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  7. "Forest Preserves". Forest Preserve District of Kane County. Archived from the original on December 15, 2018. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  8. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  9. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  10. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
  11. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 24, 2014. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
  12. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
  13. 1 2 "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  14. "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  15. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
General

Coordinates: 41°57′N88°26′W / 41.950°N 88.433°W / 41.950; -88.433