|Latin: Universitas Carolinae Septentrionalis|
|Type|| Public |
|Established||1789 (Chapel Hill)|
1972 (current structure)
|President||William L. Roper (Interim)|
|13,564 (fall 2008)|
|30,664 (2008 Fall)|
|Students||228,524 (2016 Fall)|
|Undergraduates||182,462 (2016 Fall)|
|Postgraduates||46,062 (2016 Fall)|
|Campus||17 campuses state-wide|
The University of North Carolina is a multi-campus public university system composed of all 16 of North Carolina's public universities, as well as the NC School of Science and Mathematics, the nation's first public residential high school for gifted students. Commonly referred to as the University of North Carolina System or the UNC System to differentiate it from the original campus in Chapel Hill, the university has a total enrollment of over 183,001 students[ when? ] and in 2008 conferred over 75% of all baccalaureate degrees in North Carolina. UNC campuses conferred 43,686 degrees in 2008–2009, the bulk of which were at the bachelor's level, with 31,055 degrees awarded.
North Carolina is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It borders South Carolina and Georgia to the south, Tennessee to the west, Virginia to the north, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. North Carolina is the 28th-most extensive and the 9th-most populous of the U.S. states. The state is divided into 100 counties. The capital is Raleigh, which along with Durham and Chapel Hill is home to the largest research park in the United States. The most populous municipality is Charlotte, which is the second-largest banking center in the United States after New York City.
North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics (NCSSM) is a two-year, public residential high school located in Durham, North Carolina, US, that focuses on the intensive study of science, mathematics and technology. The prestigious school accepts rising juniors from across North Carolina and enrolls them through senior year. Though NCSSM is a public school, enrollment is limited, and applicants undergo a highly competitive review process prior to admission. NCSSM is a founding member of the National Consortium for Specialized Secondary Schools of Mathematics, Science and Technology (NCSSSMST) and a constituent institution of the University of North Carolina system.
Founded in 1789, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is one of three schools to claim the title of oldest public university in the United States. It closed from 1871 to 1875, faced with serious financial and enrollment problems during the Reconstruction era. In 1877, the State of North Carolina began sponsoring additional higher education institutions. Over time the state added a women's college (now known as the University of North Carolina at Greensboro), a land-grant university (North Carolina State University), five historically black institutions (North Carolina A&T State University, North Carolina Central University, Winston-Salem State University, Fayetteville State University, and Elizabeth City State University) and one to educate American Indians (the University of North Carolina at Pembroke). Others were created to prepare teachers for public education and to instruct performing artists.
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), also known as UNC-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, or simply Carolina is a public research university in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. It is the flagship of the 17 campuses of the University of North Carolina system. After being chartered in 1789, the university first began enrolling students in 1795, which also allows it to be one of three schools to claim the title of the oldest public university in the United States. Among the claimants, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is the only one to have held classes and graduated students as a public university in the eighteenth century.
The title of oldest public university in the United States is claimed by three universities: University of Georgia, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and College of William and Mary. Each has a distinct basis for the claim: North Carolina being the first to hold classes and graduate students, Georgia being the first created by state charter, and William & Mary having the oldest founding date of any currently public university, though it was private for over 200 years and completely closed for a period after the Civil War.
The Reconstruction era was the period from 1863 to 1877 in American history. It was a significant chapter in the history of American civil rights.
During the Depression, the North Carolina General Assembly searched for cost savings within state government. Towards this effort in 1931, it redefined the University of North Carolina, which at the time referred exclusively to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; the new Consolidated University of North Carolina was created to include the existing campuses of University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina State University, and the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. The three campuses came under the leadership of just one board and one president. By 1969, three additional campuses had joined the Consolidated University through legislative action: the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, the University of North Carolina at Asheville, and the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations; in most countries it started in 1929 and lasted until the late-1930s. It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the Great Depression is commonly used as an example of how intensely the world's economy can decline.
The North Carolina General Assembly is the bicameral legislature of the State government of North Carolina. The legislature consists of two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives. The General Assembly meets in the North Carolina Legislative Building in Raleigh, North Carolina, United States.
North Carolina State University is a public research university in Raleigh, North Carolina. It is part of the University of North Carolina system and is a land-, sea-, and space-grant institution. The university forms one of the corners of the Research Triangle together with Duke University in Durham and The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
In 1971, North Carolina passed legislation bringing into the University of North Carolina all 16 public institutions that confer bachelor's degrees. This round of consolidation granted each constituent institution a Chancellor and a Board of Trustees. In 1985, the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, a residential high school for gifted students, was declared an affiliated school of the university. In 2007, the high school became a full member of the university.
A chancellor is a leader of a college or university, usually either the executive or ceremonial head of the university or of a university campus within a university system.
The legal authority and mandate for the University of North Carolina is contained in the State's first Constitution (1776),which provided in Article XLI
That a school or schools shall be established by the Legislature, for the convenient instruction of youth, ... and all useful learning shall be duly encouraged, and promoted, in one or more universities,
The state legislature did not get around to granting a charter for the University until 1789.
Article IX of the current version of the North Carolina Constitution deals with all forms of public education in the state. Sections 8 and 9 of that article address higher education. Sec. 8. Higher education.
The General Assembly shall maintain a public system of higher education, comprising The University of North Carolina and such other institutions of higher education as the General Assembly may deem wise. The General Assembly shall provide for the selection of trustees of The University of North Carolina and of the other institutions of higher education, in whom shall be vested all the privileges, rights, franchises, and endowments heretofore granted to or conferred upon the trustees of these institutions. The General Assembly may enact laws necessary and expedient for the maintenance and management of The University of North Carolina and the other public institutions of higher education.
Sec. 9. Benefits of public institutions of higher education.
The General Assembly shall provide that the benefits of The University of North Carolina and other public institutions of higher education, as far as practicable, be extended to the people of the State free of expense.
Statutory provisions stipulate the current function and cost to students of the University of North Carolina.
Within its seventeen campuses, UNC houses two medical schools and one teaching hospital, ten nursing programs, two schools of dentistry, one veterinary school and hospital, and a school of pharmacy, as well as a two law schools, 15 schools of education, three schools of engineering, and a school for performing artists.The oldest university, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, first admitted students in 1795. The smallest and newest member is the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, a residential two-year high school, founded in 1980 and a full member of the University since 2007. The largest university is North Carolina State University, with 34,340 students as of fall 2012.
While the official names of each campus are determined by the North Carolina General Assembly, abbreviations are determined by the individual school.
As of Fall 2016
|Carnegie Classification||Founded||Nickname||Joined system||References|
| Appalachian State University |
(Appalachian State Teacher's College, until 1967)
|Boone, Watauga County||18,295||master's university||1899||Mountaineers||1972|
| East Carolina University |
(East Carolina College, until 1967)
|Greenville, Pitt County||28,962||doctoral/research university||1907||Pirates||1972|
| Elizabeth City State University |
(Elizabeth City State College, until 1969)
|ECSU||Elizabeth City, Pasquotank County||1,357||baccalaureate college||1891||Vikings||1972|
| Fayetteville State University |
(Fayetteville State College, until 1969)
|FSU||Fayetteville, Cumberland County||6,223||master's university||1867||Broncos||1972|
| North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University |
(The Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina, until 1969)
|NC A&T||Greensboro, Guilford County||11,877||doctoral/research university||1891||Aggies||1972|
| North Carolina Central University |
(North Carolina College at Durham, until 1969)
|Durham, Durham County||9,224||master's university||1909||Eagles||1972|
| North Carolina State University |
(North Carolina State College of Agriculture and Engineering, until 1963)
NC State or State
|Raleigh, Wake County||33,755||doctoral/research university||1887||Wolfpack||1932|
| University of North Carolina at Asheville |
(Asheville-Biltmore College until 1969)
|Asheville, Buncombe County||3,821||baccalaureate college||1927||Bulldogs||1969|
| University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill |
(University of North Carolina, until 1963)
|UNC-Chapel Hill, |
UNC-CH, North Carolina, or Carolina
|Chapel Hill, Orange County||29,468||doctoral/research university||1789||Tar Heels||1932|
| University of North Carolina at Charlotte |
(Charlotte College, until 1965)
|Charlotte, Mecklenburg County||28,721||doctoral/research university||1946||49ers||1965|
| University of North Carolina at Greensboro |
(The Woman's College of the University of North Carolina, until 1963)
|UNCG||Greensboro, Guilford County||19,647||doctoral/research university||1891||Spartans||1932|
| University of North Carolina at Pembroke |
(Pembroke State University, until 1996)
|UNCP||Pembroke, Robeson County||6,268||master's university||1887||Braves||1972|
| University of North Carolina at Wilmington |
(Wilmington College, until 1969)
|UNCW||Wilmington, New Hanover County||15,740||master's university||1947||Seahawks||1969|
| University of North Carolina School of the Arts |
(North Carolina School of the Arts, until 2008)
|UNCSA||Winston-Salem, Forsyth County||1,040||special-focus institution||1963||The Fighting Pickle||1972|
| Western Carolina University |
(Western Carolina College, until 1967)
|Cullowhee, Jackson County||10,805||master's university||1889||Western Carolina Catamounts||1972|
| Winston-Salem State University |
(Winston-Salem Teacher's College, until 1969)
|WSSU||Winston-Salem, Forsyth County||5,151||baccalaureate college||1892||Rams||1972|
|North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics||NCSSM||Durham, Durham County||700||residential high school||1980||Unicorns||2007|
The enrollment numbers are the official headcounts (including all full-time and part-time, undergrad and postgrad students) from University of North Carolina website: https://web.archive.org/web/20100527154058/https://www.northcarolina.edu/web/facts.php . This does not include the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, the figure for NCSSM is taken from its own website: https://web.archive.org/web/20080919063321/http://www.ncssm.edu/about-ncssm/facts.php .
The following universities became four-year institutions after their founding (date each became a four-year institution in parentheses):
With the exception of the University of North Carolina at Pembroke and the University of North Carolina School of the Arts, the institutions that joined the University of North Carolina in 1972 did so under their current name. As of 1972, all public four-year institutions in North Carolina are members of the University.
|North Carolina Arboretum||Asheville, Buncombe County||1989|
|North Carolina Center for International Understanding||Raleigh, Wake County|
|North Carolina Center for Nursing||Raleigh, Wake County|
|North Carolina State Approving Agency||Raleigh, Wake County|
|North Carolina State Education Assistance Authority||Raleigh, Wake County|
|UNC Center for Public Television (UNC-TV)||Research Triangle Park, Durham County||1955|
|UNC Faculty Assembly||Chapel Hill, Orange County|
|University of North Carolina Press||Chapel Hill, Orange County||1922|
|UNC Staff Assembly||Chapel Hill, Orange County|
|Rev. Joseph Caldwell||1804–1812|
|Robert Hett Chapman||1812–1816|
|Rev. Joseph Caldwell||1816–1835|
|Elisha Mitchell *||1835|
|David Lowry Swain||1835–1868|
|Rev. Solomon Pool||1869–1872|
|Rev. Charles Phillips||1875–1876|
|Kemp Plummer Battle||1876–1891|
|George Tayloe Winston||1891–1896|
|Edwin Anderson Alderman||1896–1900|
|Francis Preston Venable||1900–1914|
|Edward Kidder Graham||1914–1918|
|Marvin Hendrix Stacy||1918–1919|
|Harry Woodburn Chase||1919–1930|
|Frank Porter Graham||1930-1949|
(UNC Consolidation in 1931)
|William Donald Carmichael, Jr.*||1949–1950|
|J. Harris Purks*||1955–1956|
|William Clyde Friday||1956–1986|
(acting until 1957)
|Molly Corbett Broad||1997–2006|
|Thomas W. Ross||2011–2016|
|Junius J. Gonzales *||2016|
|William L. Roper*||2019–Present|
An asterisk (*) denotes acting president.
Tertiary education, also referred to as third-level, third-stage or postsecondary education, is the educational level following the completion of a school providing a secondary education. The World Bank, for example, defines tertiary education as including universities as well as trade schools and colleges. Higher education is taken to include undergraduate and postgraduate education, while vocational education beyond secondary education is known as further education in the United Kingdom, or continuing education in the United States.
The University of North Carolina Asheville (UNCA) is a co-educational, four year, public liberal arts university. The university is also known as UNC Asheville. Located in Asheville, Buncombe County, in the U.S. state of North Carolina, UNC Asheville is the only designated liberal arts institution in the University of North Carolina system. UNC Asheville is member of the Council of Public Liberal Arts Colleges. In 2016, The Princeton Review ranked the university number one in its listing of "Best Schools for Making an Impact".
Western Carolina University (WCU) is a public university in Cullowhee, North Carolina, United States. It is part of the University of North Carolina system.
The University of North Carolina at Pembroke (UNCP), also known as UNC Pembroke, is a public, co-educational, historically American Indian liberal arts university in the town of Pembroke in Robeson County, North Carolina, United States. UNC Pembroke is a master's level degree-granting university and one of 17 schools that constitute the University of North Carolina system. Its history is intertwined with that of the Lumbee nation.
The University of North Carolina at Charlotte is a public research university in Charlotte, North Carolina. UNC Charlotte offers 23 doctoral, 64 master's, and 140 bachelor's degree programs through nine colleges: the College of Arts + Architecture, the College of Liberal Arts & Sciences, the Belk College of Business, the College of Computing and Informatics, the Cato College of Education, the William States Lee College of Engineering, the College of Health and Human Services, the Honors College, and the University College.
Collin College is a community college district which serves Collin and Rockwall counties, located north and northeast of Dallas. Founded in 1985, the district has grown as the county has grown from around 5,000 students in 1986 to more than 55,000 credit and continuing education students annually.
The Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education, or simply the Carnegie Classification, is the framework for classifying colleges and universities in the United States. Created in 1970, it is named after and was originally created by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, but responsibility for the Carnegie Classification was transferred to Indiana University's Center for Postsecondary Research, in 2014. The framework primarily serves educational and research purposes, where it is often important to identify groups of roughly comparable institutions. The classification includes all accredited, degree-granting colleges and universities in the United States that are represented in the National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS).
Research I university is a category that the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education uses to indicate universities in the United States that engage in the highest levels of research activity.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to University of North Carolina at Charlotte .|
|Wikisource has the text of a 1905 New International Encyclopedia article about University of North Carolina .|