University of North Carolina

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University of North Carolina
University of North Carolina system seal.png
Latin: Universitas Carolinae Septentrionalis
Type Public
University system
Established1789 (Chapel Hill)
1972 (current structure)
President William L. Roper (Interim)
Academic staff
13,564 (fall 2008) [1]
Administrative staff
30,664 (2008 Fall) [1]
Students228,524 (2016 Fall) [2]
Undergraduates 182,462 (2016 Fall) [3]
Postgraduates 46,062 (2016 Fall) [3]
Location, ,
US
Campus17 campuses state-wide
Website www.northcarolina.edu
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ECU
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A&T
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UNC
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WCU
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University of North Carolina System Locations

The University of North Carolina is a multi-campus public university system composed of all 16 of North Carolina's public universities, as well as the NC School of Science and Mathematics, the nation's first public residential high school for gifted students. Commonly referred to as the University of North Carolina System or the UNC System to differentiate it from the original campus in Chapel Hill, the university has a total enrollment of over 183,001 students[ when? ] and in 2008 conferred over 75% of all baccalaureate degrees in North Carolina. [4] [5] UNC campuses conferred 43,686 degrees in 2008–2009, the bulk of which were at the bachelor's level, with 31,055 degrees awarded. [6]

North Carolina State of the United States of America

North Carolina is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It borders South Carolina and Georgia to the south, Tennessee to the west, Virginia to the north, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. North Carolina is the 28th-most extensive and the 9th-most populous of the U.S. states. The state is divided into 100 counties. The capital is Raleigh, which along with Durham and Chapel Hill is home to the largest research park in the United States. The most populous municipality is Charlotte, which is the second-largest banking center in the United States after New York City.

North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics

North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics (NCSSM) is a two-year, public residential high school located in Durham, North Carolina, US, that focuses on the intensive study of science, mathematics and technology. The prestigious school accepts rising juniors from across North Carolina and enrolls them through senior year. Though NCSSM is a public school, enrollment is limited, and applicants undergo a highly competitive review process prior to admission. NCSSM is a founding member of the National Consortium for Specialized Secondary Schools of Mathematics, Science and Technology (NCSSSMST) and a constituent institution of the University of North Carolina system.

Contents

History

Founded in 1789, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is one of three schools to claim the title of oldest public university in the United States. It closed from 1871 to 1875, faced with serious financial and enrollment problems during the Reconstruction era. In 1877, the State of North Carolina began sponsoring additional higher education institutions. Over time the state added a women's college (now known as the University of North Carolina at Greensboro), a land-grant university (North Carolina State University), five historically black institutions (North Carolina A&T State University, North Carolina Central University, Winston-Salem State University, Fayetteville State University, and Elizabeth City State University) and one to educate American Indians (the University of North Carolina at Pembroke). Others were created to prepare teachers for public education and to instruct performing artists.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill public research university in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), also known as UNC-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, or simply Carolina is a public research university in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. It is the flagship of the 17 campuses of the University of North Carolina system. After being chartered in 1789, the university first began enrolling students in 1795, which also allows it to be one of three schools to claim the title of the oldest public university in the United States. Among the claimants, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is the only one to have held classes and graduated students as a public university in the eighteenth century.

The title of oldest public university in the United States is claimed by three universities: University of Georgia, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and College of William and Mary. Each has a distinct basis for the claim: North Carolina being the first to hold classes and graduate students, Georgia being the first created by state charter, and William & Mary having the oldest founding date of any currently public university, though it was private for over 200 years and completely closed for a period after the Civil War.

Reconstruction era Era of military occupation in the Southern United States after the American Civil War (1865–1877)

The Reconstruction era was the period from 1863 to 1877 in American history. It was a significant chapter in the history of American civil rights.

During the Depression, the North Carolina General Assembly searched for cost savings within state government. Towards this effort in 1931, it redefined the University of North Carolina, which at the time referred exclusively to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; the new Consolidated University of North Carolina was created to include the existing campuses of University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina State University, and the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. The three campuses came under the leadership of just one board and one president. By 1969, three additional campuses had joined the Consolidated University through legislative action: the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, the University of North Carolina at Asheville, and the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.

Great Depression 20th-century worldwide economic depression

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations; in most countries it started in 1929 and lasted until the late-1930s. It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the Great Depression is commonly used as an example of how intensely the world's economy can decline.

North Carolina General Assembly legislature of North Carolina

The North Carolina General Assembly is the bicameral legislature of the State government of North Carolina. The legislature consists of two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives. The General Assembly meets in the North Carolina Legislative Building in Raleigh, North Carolina, United States.

North Carolina State University public research university in Raleigh, North Carolina, United States

North Carolina State University is a public research university in Raleigh, North Carolina. It is part of the University of North Carolina system and is a land-, sea-, and space-grant institution. The university forms one of the corners of the Research Triangle together with Duke University in Durham and The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

In 1971, North Carolina passed legislation bringing into the University of North Carolina all 16 public institutions that confer bachelor's degrees. This round of consolidation granted each constituent institution a Chancellor and a Board of Trustees. In 1985, the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, a residential high school for gifted students, was declared an affiliated school of the university. In 2007, the high school became a full member of the university.

A chancellor is a leader of a college or university, usually either the executive or ceremonial head of the university or of a university campus within a university system.

UNC Charlotte. The university expanded significantly in the 1960s and 1970s. UNCCNewQuad.jpg
UNC Charlotte. The university expanded significantly in the 1960s and 1970s.

The legal authority and mandate for the University of North Carolina is contained in the State's first Constitution (1776), [7] which provided in Article XLI

That a school or schools shall be established by the Legislature, for the convenient instruction of youth, ... and all useful learning shall be duly encouraged, and promoted, in one or more universities,

The state legislature did not get around to granting a charter for the University until 1789. [8]

Article IX of the current version of the North Carolina Constitution deals with all forms of public education in the state. Sections 8 and 9 of that article address higher education. Sec. 8. Higher education.

The General Assembly shall maintain a public system of higher education, comprising The University of North Carolina and such other institutions of higher education as the General Assembly may deem wise. The General Assembly shall provide for the selection of trustees of The University of North Carolina and of the other institutions of higher education, in whom shall be vested all the privileges, rights, franchises, and endowments heretofore granted to or conferred upon the trustees of these institutions. The General Assembly may enact laws necessary and expedient for the maintenance and management of The University of North Carolina and the other public institutions of higher education.

Sec. 9. Benefits of public institutions of higher education.

The General Assembly shall provide that the benefits of The University of North Carolina and other public institutions of higher education, as far as practicable, be extended to the people of the State free of expense. [9]

Statutory provisions stipulate the current function and cost to students of the University of North Carolina. [10]

Institutions

Within its seventeen campuses, UNC houses two medical schools and one teaching hospital, ten nursing programs, two schools of dentistry, one veterinary school and hospital, and a school of pharmacy, as well as a two law schools, 15 schools of education, three schools of engineering, and a school for performing artists. [4] The oldest university, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, first admitted students in 1795. The smallest and newest member is the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, a residential two-year high school, founded in 1980 and a full member of the University since 2007. The largest university is North Carolina State University, with 34,340 students as of fall 2012.

While the official names of each campus are determined by the North Carolina General Assembly, abbreviations are determined by the individual school. [11]

Official name
(Previous name)
Official abbrev.LocationEnrollment
As of Fall 2016
Carnegie Classification FoundedNicknameJoined systemReferences
Appalachian State University
(Appalachian State Teacher's College, until 1967)
ASU,
App State
(for athletics)
Boone, Watauga County 18,295 master's university 1899Mountaineers1972 [12] [13]
East Carolina University
(East Carolina College, until 1967)
ECU,
East Carolina
(for athletics)
Greenville, Pitt County 28,962 doctoral/research university 1907Pirates1972 [14] [15]
Elizabeth City State University
(Elizabeth City State College, until 1969)
ECSU Elizabeth City, Pasquotank County 1,357 baccalaureate college 1891Vikings1972 [16] [17]
Fayetteville State University
(Fayetteville State College, until 1969)
FSU Fayetteville, Cumberland County 6,223master's university1867Broncos1972 [18] [19]
North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University
(The Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina, until 1969)
NC A&T Greensboro, Guilford County 11,877doctoral/research university1891Aggies1972 [20] [21]
North Carolina Central University
(North Carolina College at Durham, until 1969)
NCCU,
NC Central
(for athletics)
Durham, Durham County 9,224master's university1909Eagles1972 [22] [23]
North Carolina State University
(North Carolina State College of Agriculture and Engineering, until 1963)
NCSU,
NC State or State
(for athletics)
Raleigh, Wake County 33,755doctoral/research university1887 Wolfpack 1932 [24] [25]
University of North Carolina at Asheville
(Asheville-Biltmore College until 1969)
UNCA or
Asheville
Asheville, Buncombe County 3,821baccalaureate college1927Bulldogs1969 [26] [27]
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
(University of North Carolina, until 1963)
UNC-Chapel Hill, [28] [29]
UNC-CH, North Carolina, or Carolina
(for athletics)
Chapel Hill, Orange County 29,468doctoral/research university1789 Tar Heels 1932 [30] [31]
University of North Carolina at Charlotte
(Charlotte College, until 1965)
UNC Charlotte,
Charlotte
(for athletics)
Charlotte, Mecklenburg County 28,721doctoral/research university194649ers1965 [32] [33]
University of North Carolina at Greensboro
(The Woman's College of the University of North Carolina, until 1963)
UNCG Greensboro, Guilford County 19,647doctoral/research university1891Spartans1932 [34] [35]
University of North Carolina at Pembroke
(Pembroke State University, until 1996)
UNCP Pembroke, Robeson County 6,268master's university1887Braves [36] 1972 [37] [38]
University of North Carolina at Wilmington
(Wilmington College, until 1969)
UNCW Wilmington, New Hanover County 15,740master's university1947Seahawks1969 [39] [40]
University of North Carolina School of the Arts
(North Carolina School of the Arts, until 2008)
UNCSA Winston-Salem, Forsyth County 1,040 special-focus institution 1963The Fighting Pickle1972 [41] [42]
Western Carolina University
(Western Carolina College, until 1967)
WCU,
Western Carolina
(for athletics)
Cullowhee, Jackson County 10,805master's university1889 Western Carolina Catamounts 1972 [43] [44]
Winston-Salem State University
(Winston-Salem Teacher's College, until 1969)
WSSU Winston-Salem, Forsyth County 5,151baccalaureate college1892Rams1972 [45] [46]
North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics NCSSM Durham, Durham County 700 residential high school 1980Unicorns2007 [47] [48]

Notes

The enrollment numbers are the official headcounts (including all full-time and part-time, undergrad and postgrad students) from University of North Carolina website: https://web.archive.org/web/20100527154058/https://www.northcarolina.edu/web/facts.php . This does not include the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, the figure for NCSSM is taken from its own website: https://web.archive.org/web/20080919063321/http://www.ncssm.edu/about-ncssm/facts.php .

The following universities became four-year institutions after their founding (date each became a four-year institution in parentheses):

With the exception of the University of North Carolina at Pembroke and the University of North Carolina School of the Arts, the institutions that joined the University of North Carolina in 1972 did so under their current name. As of 1972, all public four-year institutions in North Carolina are members of the University.

Affiliates

NameLocationFounded
North Carolina Arboretum Asheville, Buncombe County 1989
North Carolina Center for International Understanding Raleigh, Wake County
North Carolina Center for Nursing Raleigh, Wake County
North Carolina State Approving Agency Raleigh, Wake County
North Carolina State Education Assistance Authority Raleigh, Wake County
UNC Center for Public Television (UNC-TV) Research Triangle Park, Durham County 1955
UNC Faculty Assembly Chapel Hill, Orange County
University of North Carolina Press Chapel Hill, Orange County 1922
UNC Staff Assembly Chapel Hill, Orange County

Presidents

Margaret Spellings is the current President of the University of North Carolina Official Photo of Margaret Spellings.jpg
Margaret Spellings is the current President of the University of North Carolina
NameTerm
Rev. Joseph Caldwell 1804–1812
Robert Hett Chapman 1812–1816
Rev. Joseph Caldwell 1816–1835
Elisha Mitchell *1835
David Lowry Swain 1835–1868
Rev. Solomon Pool 1869–1872
Rev. Charles Phillips1875–1876
Kemp Plummer Battle 1876–1891
George Tayloe Winston 1891–1896
Edwin Anderson Alderman 1896–1900
Francis Preston Venable 1900–1914
Edward Kidder Graham 1914–1918
Marvin Hendrix Stacy1918–1919
Harry Woodburn Chase 1919–1930
Frank Porter Graham 1930-1949
(UNC Consolidation in 1931)
William Donald Carmichael, Jr.*1949–1950
Gordon Gray 1950–1955
J. Harris Purks*1955–1956
William Clyde Friday 1956–1986
(acting until 1957)
Clemmie Spangler 1986–1997
Molly Corbett Broad 1997–2006
Erskine Bowles 2006–2011
Thomas W. Ross 2011–2016
Junius J. Gonzales *2016
Margaret Spellings 2016–2019 [49]
William L. Roper*2019–Present

An asterisk (*) denotes acting president.

See also

Related Research Articles

Tertiary education advanced level of education, usually for adults

Tertiary education, also referred to as third-level, third-stage or postsecondary education, is the educational level following the completion of a school providing a secondary education. The World Bank, for example, defines tertiary education as including universities as well as trade schools and colleges. Higher education is taken to include undergraduate and postgraduate education, while vocational education beyond secondary education is known as further education in the United Kingdom, or continuing education in the United States.

University of North Carolina at Asheville

The University of North Carolina Asheville (UNCA) is a co-educational, four year, public liberal arts university. The university is also known as UNC Asheville. Located in Asheville, Buncombe County, in the U.S. state of North Carolina, UNC Asheville is the only designated liberal arts institution in the University of North Carolina system. UNC Asheville is member of the Council of Public Liberal Arts Colleges. In 2016, The Princeton Review ranked the university number one in its listing of "Best Schools for Making an Impact".

Western Carolina University coeducational public university in Cullowhee, North Carolina, United States

Western Carolina University (WCU) is a public university in Cullowhee, North Carolina, United States. It is part of the University of North Carolina system.

University of North Carolina at Pembroke

The University of North Carolina at Pembroke (UNCP), also known as UNC Pembroke, is a public, co-educational, historically American Indian liberal arts university in the town of Pembroke in Robeson County, North Carolina, United States. UNC Pembroke is a master's level degree-granting university and one of 17 schools that constitute the University of North Carolina system. Its history is intertwined with that of the Lumbee nation.

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References

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  49. Spellings has announced her resignation. William Roper will become interim president in January 2019.

Further reading

Coordinates: 35°54′31″N79°2′57″W / 35.90861°N 79.04917°W / 35.90861; -79.04917