|Latin: Universitas Carolinae Septentrionalis|
|Type|| Public |
|Established||1789 (Chapel Hill)|
1972 (current structure)
|President||William L. Roper (Interim)|
|Governing body||UNC Board of Governors|
|13,564 (fall 2008)|
|30,664 (2008 Fall)|
|Students||239,987 (2019 Fall)|
|Undergraduates||182,462 (2016 Fall)|
|Postgraduates||46,062 (2016 Fall)|
The University of North Carolina is the multi-campus public university system for the state of North Carolina. Overseeing the state's 16 public universities and the NC School of Science and Mathematics, it is commonly referred to as the UNC System to differentiate it from its flagship, UNC-Chapel Hill.
The university system has a total enrollment of over 239,987 students[ when? ] and in 2008 conferred over 75% of all baccalaureate degrees in North Carolina. UNC campuses conferred 43,686 degrees in 2008–2009, the bulk of which were at the bachelor's level, with 31,055 degrees awarded.
Founded in 1789, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is one of three schools to claim the title of oldest public university in the United States. It closed from 1871 to 1875, faced with serious financial and enrollment problems during the Reconstruction era. In 1877, the State of North Carolina began sponsoring additional higher education institutions. Over time the state added a women's college (now known as the University of North Carolina at Greensboro), a land-grant university (North Carolina State University), five historically black institutions (North Carolina A&T State University, North Carolina Central University, Winston-Salem State University, Fayetteville State University, and Elizabeth City State University) and one to educate American Indians (the University of North Carolina at Pembroke). Others were created to prepare teachers for public education and to instruct performing artists.
During the Depression, the North Carolina General Assembly searched for cost savings within state government. Towards this effort in 1931, it redefined the University of North Carolina, which at the time referred exclusively to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; the new Consolidated University of North Carolina was created to include the existing campuses of University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina State College (now North Carolina State University), and the Woman's College (now the University of North Carolina at Greensboro). The three campuses came under the leadership of a single board of trustees and a single president, with "Deans of Administration" serving as day-to-day leaders of the three campuses. In 1945, the title "Dean of Administration" was changed to "Chancellor." By 1969, three additional campuses had joined the Consolidated University through legislative action: the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, the University of North Carolina at Asheville, and the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.
In 1971, North Carolina passed legislation bringing into the University of North Carolina all 16 public institutions that confer bachelor's degrees. This latest round of consolidation gave each constituent school its own chancellor and board of trustees. In 1985, the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, the nation's first public residential high school for gifted students, was declared an affiliated school of the university. In 2007, the high school became a full member of the university.
In March 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the UNC System shut down in-person instruction at all of its campuses indefinitely. In an unprecedented move to limit the spread of the disease, institutions were asked to remove as many students from on-campus housing as possible, implement teleworking wherever practical, and to transition to an online learning environment.
|Rev. Joseph Caldwell||1804–1812|
|Robert Hett Chapman||1812–1816|
|Rev. Joseph Caldwell||1816–1835|
|Elisha Mitchell *||1835|
|David Lowry Swain||1835–1868|
|Rev. Solomon Pool||1869–1872|
|Rev. Charles Phillips||1875–1876|
|Kemp Plummer Battle||1876–1891|
|George Tayloe Winston||1891–1896|
|Edwin Anderson Alderman||1896–1900|
|Francis Preston Venable||1900–1914|
|Edward Kidder Graham||1914–1918|
|Marvin Hendrix Stacy||1918–1919|
|Harry Woodburn Chase||1919–1930|
|Frank Porter Graham||1930–1949|
(UNC Consolidation in 1931)
|William Donald Carmichael, Jr.*||1949–1950|
|J. Harris Purks*||1955–1956|
|William Clyde Friday||1956–1986|
(acting until 1957)
|Molly Corbett Broad||1997–2006|
|Thomas W. Ross||2011–2016|
|Junius J. Gonzales *||2016|
|William L. Roper *||2019–Present|
An asterisk (*) denotes acting president.
The legal authority and mandate for the University of North Carolina is contained in the State's first Constitution (1776),which provided in Article XLI
That a school or schools shall be established by the Legislature, for the convenient instruction of youth, ... and all useful learning shall be duly encouraged, and promoted, in one or more universities,
The state legislature granted a charter and funding for the university in 1789.
Article IX of the 1971 North Carolina Constitution deals with all forms of public education in the state. Sections 8 and 9 of that article address higher education.
The General Assembly shall maintain a public system of higher education, comprising The University of North Carolina and such other institutions of higher education as the General Assembly may deem wise. The General Assembly shall provide for the selection of trustees of The University of North Carolina and of the other institutions of higher education, in whom shall be vested all the privileges, rights, franchises, and endowments heretofore granted to or conferred upon the trustees of these institutions. The General Assembly may enact laws necessary and expedient for the maintenance and management of The University of North Carolina and the other public institutions of higher education.
The General Assembly shall provide that the benefits of The University of North Carolina and other public institutions of higher education, as far as practicable, be extended to the people of the State free of expense.
Statutory provisions stipulate the current function and cost to students of the University of North Carolina.
Within its seventeen campuses, UNC houses two medical schools and one teaching hospital, ten nursing programs, two schools of dentistry, one veterinary school and hospital, and a school of pharmacy, as well as a two law schools, 15 schools of education, three schools of engineering, and a school for performing artists.The oldest university, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, first admitted students in 1795. The smallest and newest member is the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, a residential two-year high school, founded in 1980 and a full member of the University since 2007. The largest university is North Carolina State University, with 34,340 students as of fall 2012.
While the official names of each campus are determined by the North Carolina General Assembly, abbreviations are determined by the individual school.
As of Fall 2019
|Carnegie Classification||Founded||Nickname||Joined system||References|
| Appalachian State University |
(Appalachian State Teacher's College, until 1967)
|Boone, Watauga County||19,280||master's university||1899||Mountaineers||1972|
| East Carolina University |
(East Carolina College, until 1967)
|Greenville, Pitt County||28,651||doctoral/research university||1907||Pirates||1972|
| Elizabeth City State University |
(Elizabeth City State College, until 1969)
|ECSU||Elizabeth City, Pasquotank County||1,772||baccalaureate college||1891||Vikings||1972|
| Fayetteville State University |
(Fayetteville State College, until 1969)
|FSU||Fayetteville, Cumberland County||6,551||master's university||1867||Broncos||1972|
| North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University |
(The Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina, until 1969)
|NC A&T||Greensboro, Guilford County||12,556||doctoral/research university||1891||Aggies||1972|
| North Carolina Central University |
(North Carolina College at Durham, until 1969)
|Durham, Durham County||8,011||master's university||1909||Eagles||1972|
| North Carolina State University |
(North Carolina State College of Agriculture and Engineering, until 1963)
NC State or State
|Raleigh, Wake County||36,304||doctoral/research university||1887||Wolfpack||1932|
| University of North Carolina at Asheville |
(Asheville-Biltmore College until 1969)
|Asheville, Buncombe County||3,600||baccalaureate college||1927||Bulldogs||1969|
| University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill |
(University of North Carolina, until 1963)
|UNC-Chapel Hill, |
UNC-CH, North Carolina, or Carolina
|Chapel Hill, Orange County||29,877||doctoral/research university||1789||Tar Heels||1932|
| University of North Carolina at Charlotte |
(Charlotte College, until 1965)
|Charlotte, Mecklenburg County||29,615||doctoral/research university||1946||49ers||1965|
| University of North Carolina at Greensboro |
(The Woman's College of the University of North Carolina, until 1963)
|UNCG||Greensboro, Guilford County||20,196||doctoral/research university||1891||Spartans||1932|
| University of North Carolina at Pembroke |
(Pembroke State University, until 1996)
|UNCP||Pembroke, Robeson County||7,698||master's university||1887||Braves||1972|
| University of North Carolina Wilmington |
(Wilmington College, until 1969)
|UNCW||Wilmington, New Hanover County||17,499||doctoral/research university||1947||Seahawks||1969|
| University of North Carolina School of the Arts |
(North Carolina School of the Arts, until 2008)
|UNCSA||Winston-Salem, Forsyth County||1,086||special-focus institution||1963||The Fighting Pickle||1972|
| Western Carolina University |
(Western Carolina College, until 1967)
|Cullowhee, Jackson County||12,167||master's university||1889||Catamounts||1972|
| Winston-Salem State University |
(Winston-Salem Teacher's College, until 1969)
|WSSU||Winston-Salem, Forsyth County||5,124||baccalaureate college||1892||Rams||1972|
|North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics||NCSSM||Durham, Durham County||680||residential high school||1980||Unicorns||2007|
The enrollment numbers are the official headcounts (including all full-time and part-time, undergrad and postgrad students) from University of North Carolina website.. This does not include the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, the figure for NCSSM is taken from its own website.
The following universities became four-year institutions after their founding (date each became a four-year institution in parentheses):[ citation needed ]
With the exception of the University of North Carolina at Pembroke and the University of North Carolina School of the Arts, the institutions that joined the University of North Carolina in 1972 did so under their current name. As of 1972, all public four-year institutions in North Carolina are members of the University.[ citation needed ]
|North Carolina Arboretum||Asheville, Buncombe County||1989|
|North Carolina Center for International Understanding||Raleigh, Wake County|
|North Carolina Center for Nursing||Raleigh, Wake County|
|North Carolina State Approving Agency||Raleigh, Wake County|
|North Carolina State Education Assistance Authority||Raleigh, Wake County|
|UNC Center for Public Television (UNC-TV)||Research Triangle Park, Durham County||1955|
|UNC Faculty Assembly||Chapel Hill, Orange County|
|University of North Carolina Press||Chapel Hill, Orange County||1922|
|UNC Staff Assembly||Chapel Hill, Orange County|
East Carolina University (ECU) is a public research university in Greenville, North Carolina. It is the fourth largest university in North Carolina.
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is a public research university in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. The flagship of the University of North Carolina system, it is considered a Public Ivy, or a public institution which offers an academic experience equivalent to an Ivy League university. After being chartered in 1789, the university first began enrolling students in 1795, which also allows it to be one of three schools to claim the title of the oldest public university in the United States. Among the claimants, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is the only one to have held classes and graduated students as a public university in the eighteenth century.
The University of North Carolina Asheville is a public liberal arts university in Asheville, North Carolina. UNC Asheville is the only designated liberal arts institution in the University of North Carolina system. UNC Asheville is a member of the Council of Public Liberal Arts Colleges.
The University of North Carolina at Charlotte is a public research university in Charlotte, North Carolina. UNC Charlotte offers 23 doctoral, 64 master's, and 140 bachelor's degree programs through nine colleges: the College of Arts + Architecture, the College of Liberal Arts & Sciences, the Belk College of Business, the College of Computing and Informatics, the Cato College of Education, the William States Lee College of Engineering, the College of Health and Human Services, the Honors College, and the University College.
North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University is a public, historically black, research university in Greensboro, North Carolina. It is a constituent institution of the University of North Carolina System. Founded by the North Carolina General Assembly on March 9, 1891, as the Agricultural and Mechanical College for the Colored Race, it is the second college established under the provisions of the Morrill Act of 1890, and the first for people of color in the state of North Carolina. Initially, the college offered instruction in agriculture, English, horticulture, and mathematics. In 1967, the college was designated a Regional University by the North Carolina General Assembly and renamed North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University.
The Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education, or simply the Carnegie Classification, is the framework for classifying colleges and universities in the United States. Created in 1970, it is named after and was originally created by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, but responsibility for the Carnegie Classification was transferred to Indiana University's Center for Postsecondary Research, in 2014. The framework primarily serves educational and research purposes, where it is often important to identify groups of roughly comparable institutions. The classification includes all accredited, degree-granting colleges and universities in the United States that are represented in the National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS).
Research I university is a category that the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education uses to indicate universities in the United States that engage in the highest levels of research activity.
Texas has over 1,000 public school districts—all but one of the school districts in Texas are independent, separate from any form of municipal government. School districts may cross city and county boundaries. Independent school districts have the power to tax their residents and to assert eminent domain over privately owned property. The Texas Education Agency (TEA) oversees these districts, providing supplemental funding, but its jurisdiction is limited mostly to intervening in poorly performing districts.
Herbert Holden Thorp is an American chemist, inventor, musician, professor, and entrepreneur. He served as the tenth chancellor of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Thorp assumed the position of chancellor on July 1, 2008, succeeding James Moeser, and, at age 43, was noted at the time as being among the youngest leaders of a university in the United States. At the time of his selection as chancellor, Thorp was the dean of the College of Arts and Sciences and a Kenan Professor of chemistry at the university. Thorp is a 1986 graduate of UNC; he later earned a Ph.D in chemistry from California Institute of Technology, and was a postdoctoral associate at Yale University.
Lake Forest College is a private liberal arts college in Lake Forest, Illinois. Founded in 1857 as Lind University by a group of Presbyterian ministers, the college has been coeducational since 1876 and an undergraduate-focused liberal arts institution since 1903. Lake Forest enrolls approximately 1,600 students representing 47 states and 81 countries. Lake Forest offers 30 undergraduate major and minor programs in the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences, and features programs of study in pre-law, pre-medicine, communication, business, finance, and computer science. The majority of students live on the college's wooded 107-acre campus located a half-mile from the Lake Michigan shore.
The Center for Measuring University Performance is a research center at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. The Center is best known for an annual report it produces, The Top American Research Universities, that ranks American universities on nine different measures: Total Research, Federal Research, Endowment Assets, Annual Giving, National Academy Members, Faculty Awards, Doctorates Granted, Postdoctoral Appointees, and SAT/ACT range. The center also produces other scholarly works on ranking and education quality. The raw data used by the researchers at The Center is made available to the public on the web. This ranking's influence within the academic community has been described as being "commonly regarded to be one of three indicators that reflect an institution's rank as a Tier One institution", the other two being the classification of a university with "very high research activity" by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and membership within the Association of American Universities.
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is a coeducational public research university located in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States. It is one of three schools to claim the title of the oldest public university in the United States. The first public institution of higher education in North Carolina, the school opened on February 12, 1795.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to University of North Carolina at Charlotte .|
|Wikisource has the text of a 1905 New International Encyclopedia article about University of North Carolina .|