North Carolina Central University

Last updated
North Carolina Central University
North Carolina Central University seal.svg
MottoTruth and Service
Type Public, HBCU
Established1910;111 years ago (1910)
Parent institution
UNC System
Endowment $54 million
Chancellor Johnson O. Akinleye
Provost Yolanda Banks Anderson (interim)
Students8,207 (Fall 2018)
Location, ,
United States
Campus Urban
NewspaperThe Campus Echo [1]
Colors Maroon & Gray
   
Athletics NCAA Division I
Nickname Eagles
Affiliations Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference
Website www.nccu.edu
North Carolina Central University logo.svg
North Carolina Central University
NCCU campus grounds.JPG
North Carolina Central University campus
USA North Carolina location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
LocationBounded by Lawson St., Alston Ave., Nelson, and Fayetteville Sts., Durham, North Carolina
Coordinates 35°58′27″N78°53′55″W / 35.97417°N 78.89861°W / 35.97417; -78.89861 Coordinates: 35°58′27″N78°53′55″W / 35.97417°N 78.89861°W / 35.97417; -78.89861
Built1928
ArchitectAtwood & Nash; Public Works Administration
Architectural styleColonial Revival, Georgian Revival
MPS Durham MRA
NRHP reference No. 86000676 [2]
Added to NRHPMarch 28, 1986

North Carolina Central University (NCCU or NC Central), a state-supported liberal arts institution, is a public, historically black university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Dr. James E. Shepard in affiliation with the Chautauqua movement in 1909, it was supported by private funds from both Northern and Southern philanthropists. It was made part of the state system in 1923, when it first received state funding and was renamed as Durham State Normal School. It added graduate classes in arts and sciences and professional schools in law and library science in the late 1930s and 1940s.

Contents

In 1969 the legislature designated this as a regional university and renamed it as North Carolina Central University. It has been part of the University of North Carolina system since 1972, and offers programs at the baccalaureate, master's, professional and doctoral levels. The university is a member-school of Thurgood Marshall College Fund.

History

Presidents/Chancellors
James E. Shepard President19091947
Alfonso Elder President19481963
Samuel P. Massie President19631966
Albert N. Whiting President
Chancellor
19671972
19721982
LeRoy T. Walker Chancellor19831986
Tyronza R. Richmond Chancellor19861992
Donna J. BensonInterim Chancellor19921993
Julius L. Chambers Chancellor19932001
James H. Ammons Chancellor20012007
Beverly Washington JonesInterim Chancellor20072007
Charlie Nelms Chancellor20072012
Charles Becton Interim Chancellor20122013
Debra Saunders-White Chancellor20132016
Johnson O. Akinleye Interim Chancellor20162017
Johnson O. Akinleye Chancellor2017Present

North Carolina Central University was founded by Dr. James E. Shepard as the National Religious Training School and Chautauqua for the Colored Race in the Hayti District. Chautauqua was an educational movement that originated in the Northeast. The school was chartered in 1909 as a private institution and opened on July 5, 1910. Woodrow Wilson, the future U.S. president, contributed some private support for the school's founding. [3]

The school was sold and reorganized in 1915, becoming the National Training School; it was supported by Margaret Olivia Slocum Sage, a philanthropist of New York who was particularly concerned about education. (She founded the Russell Sage Foundation and made generous bequests to several schools.) The National Training School supported Black teacher development in the Jim Crow era, a time when Black education was underfunded by southern states at both the lower and upper levels.

Statue of NCCU founder James E. Shepard. James E. Shepard was also a pharmacist, civil servant and educator. He served as the first president of NCCU for nearly 40 years. NCCU James E. Shepard statue.JPG
Statue of NCCU founder James E. Shepard. James E. Shepard was also a pharmacist, civil servant and educator. He served as the first president of NCCU for nearly 40 years.

Becoming a state-funded institution in 1923, this school was renamed as Durham State Normal School for Negroes; normal schools trained teachers for elementary grades. In 1925, reflecting the expansion of its programs to a four-year curriculum with a variety of majors, the General Assembly converted the institution into the North Carolina College for Negroes, dedicating it to the offering of liberal arts education and the preparation of teachers and principals of secondary schools. It was the nation's first state-supported liberal arts college for black students. [4] To avoid the state Jim Crow system of segregated passenger cars on trains, Shepard insisted on traveling to Raleigh by car to lobby the legislature. [4] The college's first four-year class graduated in 1929.

The college was accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools as an "A" class institution in 1937 and was admitted to membership in that association in 1957. Graduate courses in the School of Arts and Sciences were added in 1939, in the School of Law in 1940, and in the School of Library Science in 1941. In 1947, the General Assembly changed the name of the institution to North Carolina College at Durham.

On October 6, 1947, Dr. Shepard, the founder and president, died. He was succeeded in 1948 by Dr. Alfonso Elder. At the time of Dr. Elder's election, he was serving as head of the Graduate Department of Education and had formerly been Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Elder retired September 1, 1963. Dr. Samuel P. Massie was appointed as the president on August 9, 1963, and resigned on February 1, 1966. On July 1, 1967, Dr. Albert N. Whiting assumed the presidency. He served as president and chancellor of the institution. Among the significant developments during his service was the creation of NCCU School of Business. Programs in public administration and criminal justice were also launched. Dr. Whiting retired June 30, 1983.

The 1969 General Assembly designated the institution as one of the State's regional universities, and the name was changed to North Carolina Central University. Since 1972, NCCU has been a constituent institution of the University of North Carolina system. On July 1, 1972, the state's four-year colleges and universities were joined to become The Consolidated University of North Carolina, with 16 individual campuses, headed by a single president and governed by the University of North Carolina Board of Governors. However, each campus was led by a separate chancellor and a campus-specific Board of Trustees. [5]

Whiting was succeeded by LeRoy T. Walker as chancellor, followed by Tyronza R. Richmond, Julius L. Chambers (who had previously been director-counsel (chief executive) of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund), James H. Ammons, Charlie Nelms, and Debra Saunders-White in 2013. Dr. Saunders-White was the first woman to hold the office on a permanent basis (Donna Benson was the first woman to serve as interim chancellor of the university). [6] Dr. Saunders-White took a leave of absence in 2016, then provost, Dr. Johnson O. Akinleye, was appointed as acting chancellor. Following her death in November 2016, Akinleye became interim chancellor.

Dr. Johnson O. Akinleye was elected as the 12th chancellor of NCCU on June 26, 2017. [7] In this position, Dr. Akinleye has worked to expand the university's academic partnerships, including new agreements with community colleges, as well as introduced a robust online, distance-education program, NCCU Online. He also created K-12 initiatives and implemented a security strategy to increase safety for campus constituents. He continues to enhance the NCCU legacy with his platform, The Eagle Promise [8] which focuses on six strategic priorities.

Campus

The campus is located about a mile south of downtown Durham, North Carolina and about three miles east of Duke University. Eleven buildings built before 1940 are included in a national historic district. All of the buildings, except for the three residences, are Georgian Revival-style buildings; they have contemporary fireproof construction with steel trusses and brick exterior walls. They include the James E. Shepard Administration Building, Alexander Dunn Hall, Annie Day Shepard Hall, and five institutional buildings built in the late 1930s under the auspices of the Public Works Administration. [9] The campus was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986. [2]

Organization

NCCU is a part of the University of North Carolina (UNC) System. The campus is governed by a thirteen-member Board of Trustees: eight elected, four appointed, and the president of the Student Government Association also serves as an ex-officio member. The Board elects its officers annually and meets five times per year. [10]

As of Fall 2020, NCCU had a total of 8,078 students, (full and part-time) including 6,067 undergraduate and 1,608 graduate students. Nearly 70% are women and 30% are men. 71.6% percent are Black, 9.7% are white, 6.6% are Hispanic and 1.3 Asian. [11] As of 2020, NCCU had a student faculty ratio of 16:1. [12]

Schools and colleges

Research institutes

Additional programs

Student activities

Student organizations

North Carolina Central University has over 130 registered student organizations and 12 honor societies.

Student media

The students of North Carolina Central University publish the Campus Echo, a bi-weekly newspaper that has been in publication since the school's founding in 1910. [18] [19] The Campus Echo contains articles covering local events, arts and entertainment, and sports among other topics.

Athletics

NCCU sponsors fourteen men's and women's sports teams that participate in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I as a newly readmitted member of the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference. Athletic teams include football, softball, baseball, basketball, track and field, tennis, volleyball, bowling, and golf.

Read More: NCCU Championships
Basketball (Men)
Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association Champions (CIAA)1946, 1950
NCAA Division II Tournament Appearances1957, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1993, 1996, 1997
NCAA Division II Regional Champions1989, 1993
NCAA Division II National Champions1989
Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference Champions (MEAC)2014, 2015, 2017
Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference (MEAC) Tournament Champions and NCAA Division I Tournament Appearances2014, 2017, 2018, 2019
Football
Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association Champions (CIAA)1953, 1954, 1956, 1961, 1963, 1980, 2005, 2006
NCAA Division II Playoff Appearances1988, 2005, 2006
Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference Champions (MEAC)1972, 1973, 2014, 2015, 2016
Track & Field (Men)
Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association Champions (CIAA)1964, 1965, 1971
Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference Champions (MEAC)1972, 1973, 1974
NAIA National Champions1972
Tennis (Men)
Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association Champions (CIAA)1957, 1958, 1959, 1964, 1965, 1998
Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference Champions (MEAC)1972, 1973, 1974, 1975
Volleyball (Women)
Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association Champions (CIAA)1999, 2004, 2005, 2006
NCAA Division II Playoff Appearances2004, 2005, 2006
Softball
Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association Champions (CIAA)1998, 1999, 2006
NCAA Division II Playoff Appearances2006, 2007
Basketball (Women)
Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association Champions (CIAA)1984, 2007
NCAA Division II Playoff Appearances1984, 2001, 2002, 2006, 2007
Cross Country (Women)
Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association Champions (CIAA)2005, 2006
NCAA Division II Regional Champions2006
Cross Country (Men)
Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association Champions (CIAA)2004
Bowling (Women)
Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association Champions (CIAA)2001

Rivals

Notable alumni

NameClass yearNotabilityReference(s)
Arenda Wright Allen 1985judge of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia
Sunshine Anderson singer
Louis Austin newspaper publisher
Dorothy F. Bailey 1962civic leader, Maryland Women's Hall of Fame inductee [20]
Frank Ballance 1963former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (North Carolina 1st district)
Ernie Barnes 1960artist and former professional football player
Larry Black Olympic track & field gold and silver medalist
Dan Blue 1970multiple African-American "firsts": North Carolina Speaker of the House; president of National Conference of State Legislatures
Herman Boone 1958former high school football coach, profiled in the motion picture Remember the Titans
Julia Boseman 1992State Senator (North Carolina)
Jim Brewington former professional football player
Wanda G. Bryant 1982North Carolina Court of Appeals jurist
G. K. Butterfield 1974Congressman and former Associate Justice, North Carolina Supreme Court
Phonte Coleman rapper
Kim Coles comedian and actress
Julius L. Chambers 1958lawyer, civil rights leader, and educator. Founded the first integrated law firm in North Carolina
Eva M. Clayton former member of the U.S. House of Representatives (North Carolina's 1st district)
Lee Davis 1968former professional basketball player, 1-time ABA all-star [21]
Morris "Moe" Davis 1983 United States Air Force officer, lawyer, and administrative law judge who is running as a Democrat for Congress in North Carolina's 11th Congressional District. Davis was appointed the third Chief Prosecutor of the Guantanamo military commissions, where he served from September 2005 until his resignation in October 2007 citing objections over the use of waterboarding in obtaining evidence.
Ivan Dixon 1954actor, Hogan's Heroes
Patrick Douthit ("9th Wonder") attendedGrammy award-winning hip-hop producer, college lecturer and former teaching fellow at Harvard University
Mike Easley 1976former Governor of North Carolina
Rick Elmore 1982North Carolina Court of Appeals jurist
Stormie Forte 2002First African-American woman and openly LGBTQ woman to serve on the Raleigh City Council
Robert D. Glass 1949First African American justice of the Connecticut Supreme Court
Bill Hayes 1965former head football coach at Winston Salem State University and North Carolina A&T State University; current athletic director at Winston-Salem State University
Harold Hunter first African-American to sign a contract with the NBA; former coach for Tennessee State, player for North Carolina College [22]
Maynard Jackson 1964first black mayor of Atlanta, Georgia. Graduate of NC Central University School of Law
Sam Jones NBA Hall of Famer
Vernon Jones politician, former Georgia state legislator, and former chief executive officer of DeKalb County, Georgia
Eleanor Kinnaird Member of the North Carolina Senate (23rd district)
Clarence Lightner First black mayor of Raleigh, N.C.
Bishop Eddie Long Senior Pastor, New Birth Missionary Baptist Church, Lithonia, Georgia
Lillian M. Lowery Superintendent of the Maryland State Department of Education
Jeanne Lucas first black elected to the North Carolina Senate
Crystal Mangum False accuser in the Duke lacrosse case and convicted murderer. [23]
Robert Massey 1989former NFL defensive back and current head football coach at Shaw University
Jonathan Melton 2011first opnely gay member of the Raleigh City Council
Henry "Mickey" Michaux member of the North Carolina House of Representatives (31st district)
LeVelle Moton 1996former NC Central basketball player and current head coach of the men's basketball team
Ida Stephens Owens 1961Biochemist at the National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Greg Peterson 2007former professional football player
Xavier Proctor 2013football player
Charles Romes 1977former professional football player
Ben Ruffin 1964civil rights activist, educator, and businessman
Julius Sang former Kenyan track athlete
Richard Sligh 1966professional football player-Oakland Raiders (California) and Cincinnati "Bengals" (Ohio); "Tallest Pro Football Player"
Al Stewart J.D.acting United States Secretary of Labor (2021)
Ted G. Stone M.A. 1958Southern Baptist evangelist and recovered amphetamine addict
André Leon Talley Editor-at-Large, Vogue Magazine
Cressie Thigpen 1968 North Carolina Court of Appeals jurist
Doug Wilkerson former professional football player
Paul Winslow former professional football player
Yahzarah attendedsinger
David Young former professional basketball player
Ernie Warlick former AFL and CFL professional football player
Harold T. Epps Sr. 1948,1950Prominent North Carolina attorney who was instrumental in desegregating the University of North Carolina School of Law.

Related Research Articles

North Carolina State University Public research university in Raleigh, North Carolina, United States

North Carolina State University is a public land-grant research university in Raleigh, North Carolina. Founded in 1887 and part of the University of North Carolina system, it is the largest university in the Carolinas. The university forms one of the corners of the Research Triangle together with Duke University in Durham and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. It is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity".

University of North Carolina at Greensboro Public research university in Greensboro, North Carolina, USA

The University of North Carolina at Greensboro is a public research university in Greensboro, North Carolina. It is part of the University of North Carolina system. UNCG, like all members of the UNC system, is a stand-alone university and awards its own degrees. UNCG is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges to award baccalaureate, masters, specialist and doctoral degrees. It is classified among "R2: Doctoral Universities – High research activity".

East Carolina University Public research university in Greenville, North Carolina, United States

East Carolina University (ECU) is a public research university in Greenville, North Carolina. It is the fourth largest university in North Carolina.

Appalachian State University

Appalachian State University is a public university in Boone, North Carolina. It was founded as a teachers college in 1899 by brothers B.B. and D.D. Dougherty and D.D.’s wife, Lillie Shull Dougherty. The university expanded to include other programs in 1967 and joined the University of North Carolina System in 1971.

University of North Carolina at Pembroke United States historic place

The University of North Carolina at Pembroke is a public university in Pembroke, North Carolina. UNC Pembroke is a master's level degree-granting university and part of the University of North Carolina system. Its history is intertwined with that of the Lumbee nation.

University of North Carolina at Charlotte

The University of North Carolina at Charlotte is a public research university in Charlotte, North Carolina. UNC Charlotte offers 24 doctoral, 66 master's, and 79 bachelor's degree programs through nine colleges: the College of Arts + Architecture, the College of Liberal Arts & Sciences, the Belk College of Business, the College of Computing and Informatics, the Cato College of Education, the William States Lee College of Engineering, the College of Health and Human Services, the Honors College, and the University College.

Elizabeth City State University (ECSU) is a public, historically black college in Elizabeth City, North Carolina. ECSU, which enrolls nearly 2,500 students in 28 undergraduate programs and 4 graduate programs, is a member-school of the Thurgood Marshall College Fund, as well as a member-institution of the University of North Carolina system.

Fayetteville State University Public HBCU in Fayetteville, North Carolina, United States

Fayetteville State University (FSU) is a historically black public regional university in Fayetteville, North Carolina. FSU is part of the University of North Carolina System and the Thurgood Marshall College Fund.

National Chengchi University

National Chengchi University is a Taiwan-based national research university. The university is also considered as the earliest public service training facility of the Republic of China. First established in Nanjing in 1927, the university was subsequently relocated to Taipei in 1954. It is considered to be one of the most prestigious and prominent universities in Taiwan. The university, abbreviated as NCCU, specializes in arts and humanities, mass media, linguistics and literature, social sciences, economics, management, politics, and international affairs programs. It is the only publicly funded university in Taiwan which provides courses in journalism, advertising, radio and television, diplomacy, and several languages which are not taught at other institutions in Taiwan. The name Chengchi (政治) means governance or politics, and refers to its founding in 1927 as a training institution for senior civil service for the Nanjing Nationalist government of the Republic of China. The university has strong ties with academic institutions like Academia Sinica, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, National Taiwan University and National Palace Museum. NCCU is a member of the University System of Taiwan.

Marjorie Lee Browne American mathematician, educator

Marjorie Lee Browne was a mathematics educator. She was one of the first African-American women to receive a PhD in mathematics.

James H. Ammons

Dr. James H. Ammons was the president of Florida A&M University (FAMU). He served from July 2, 2007, until his resignation took effect on July 16, 2012. He is a native Floridian who grew up in the heart of Florida's citrus belt. He graduated from Winter Haven High School in 1970 and entered Florida A&M University on the Thirteen College Curriculum Program during the fall semester of 1970. Dr. Ammons was appointed Chancellor at Southern University at New Orleans January 8th 2021.

William Gaston Pearson (1858–1947) was an American educator and businessman in North Carolina.

Charlie Nelms

Charlie Nelms is an educator and administrator who served as the tenth chancellor of North Carolina Central University in Durham, North Carolina. On July 26, 2012, after completing a five-year commitment to serve at the institution, Dr. Nelms announced his retirement, effective August 6, 2012. He currently is a contributing writer to The Huffington Post on educational issues and has founded Destination Graduation, a non-profit organization focused on increasing retention and graduation rates at the nation's historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs).

James E. Shepard

James Edward Shepard was an American pharmacist, civil servant and educator, the founder of what became the North Carolina Central University in Durham, North Carolina. He first established it as a private school for religious training in 1910 but adapted it as a school for teachers. He had a network of private supporters, including northern white philanthropists such as Olivia Slocum Sage of New York.

Durham University Collegiate public research university in Durham, United Kingdom

Durham University is a collegiate public research university in Durham, England, founded by an Act of Parliament in 1832 and incorporated by royal charter in 1837. It was the first recognised university to open in England for more than 600 years, after Oxford and Cambridge, and is thus one of the institutions to be described as the third-oldest university in England. As a collegiate university its main functions are divided between the academic departments of the university and its 17 colleges. In general, the departments perform research and provide teaching to students, while the colleges are responsible for their domestic arrangements and welfare.

The North Carolina Central University School of Law is the law school associated with North Carolina Central University. The school is fully accredited by the American Bar Association (ABA) and the North Carolina State Bar Council, and is a member of the Association of American Law Schools (AALS). According to NC Central's official 2018 ABA-required disclosures, 37.9% of the Class of 2018 obtained full-time, long-term, JD-required employment nine months after graduation.

The history of North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, the first land grant college for people of color in the state of North Carolina, can be traced back to 1890, when the United States Congress enacted the Second Morrill Act which mandated that states provide separate colleges for the colored race. The "Agricultural and Mechanical College for the Colored Race" was established On March 9, 1891 by an act of the General Assembly of North Carolina and began in Raleigh, North Carolina as an annex to Shaw University. The college made a permanent home in Greensboro with the help of monetary and land donation by local citizens. The college granted admission to both men and women from 1893 to 1901, when the Board of Trustees voted to restrict admission to males only. This policy would remain until 1928, when female students were once again allowed to be admitted.

Elwood Robinson

Elwood L. Robinson is an American academic, university administrator and clinical psychologist currently serving as the 13th Chancellor of Winston-Salem State University. He previously served as Provost and Vice President of Academic Affairs at Cambridge College in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Helen G. Edmonds

Helen Grey Edmonds was an American historian, scholar, and civic leader. She was the first African American woman to earn a doctorate from Ohio State University, to become a graduate school dean and the first to second the nomination of a United States presidential candidate.

Johnson O. Akinleye Nigerian-American academic administrator

Johnson O. Akinleye is the twelfth chancellor of North Carolina Central University. He was installed as chancellor of the university on June 26, 2017.

References

  1. "Campus Echo Online".
  2. 1 2 "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  3. James Edward Shepard to Woodrow Wilson, October 2, 1909, in Arthur S. Link, ed., The Papers of Woodrow Wilson, Volume 19, pp. 399-400.
  4. 1 2 Channing, Steven (2009-04-01). "John Hope Franklin, 1915-2009". Independent Weekly.
  5. "Board of Trustees" . Retrieved 2010-11-12.
  6. Platt, Wes (February 8, 2013). "The stars kind of collided". Durham Herald-Sun. Archived from the original on 2014-04-15. Retrieved April 14, 2014.
  7. "Johnson O. Akinleye, Ph.D., NCCU 12th Chancellor".
  8. "The Eagle Promise".
  9. Claudia Roberts Brown (June 1984). "North Carolina Central University" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved 2014-10-01.
  10. "About the Board". NCCU. Archived from the original on 2011-06-22. Retrieved 2010-11-13.
  11. "North Carolina Central University College Portrait" . Retrieved 2010-11-13.
  12. "North Carolina Central University". U.S. News and World Report.
  13. "School of Library and Information Sciences". Nccuslis.org. Retrieved 2015-07-28.
  14. "Welcome". Nccu.edu. Archived from the original on 2011-01-07. Retrieved 2015-07-28.
  15. "College of Arts and Sciences". Nccu.edu. Retrieved 2015-07-28.
  16. "School of Graduate Studies".
  17. "NCCU Online".
  18. Echo Staff. "About the Campus Echo". Archived from the original on 2012-05-11. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  19. Digital NC. "North Carolina Central University Newspapers". digitalnc.org/. Digital NC. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  20. "Dorothy F. Bailey". Maryland Women's Hall of Fame. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved July 8, 2016.
  21. "Lee Davis Statistics". Sports Reference, LLC. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
  22. "Former Tennessee State basketball coach Harold Hunter dies". The City Paper . 2013-03-07. Archived from the original on 2013-11-02. Retrieved 2013-03-30.
  23. http://www.foxnews.com/story/2007/04/11/crystal-gail-mangum-profile-duke-rape-accuser.Missing or empty |title= (help)