Covington, Kentucky

Last updated

Covington, Kentucky
Covington, Kentucky.jpg
Downtown Covington skyline
Seal of Covington, Kentucky.png
Seal
Kenton County Kentucky Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Covington Highlighted 2117848.svg
Location of Covington in Kenton County, Kentucky.
Coordinates: 39°05′01″N84°30′31″W / 39.08361°N 84.50861°W / 39.08361; -84.50861 Coordinates: 39°05′01″N84°30′31″W / 39.08361°N 84.50861°W / 39.08361; -84.50861 [1]
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Kenton
Founded1815
Government
  TypeCommission-City Manager
   Mayor Joseph U. Meyer (D) [2]
Area
[3]
  Total13.75 sq mi (35.62 km2)
  Land13.20 sq mi (34.18 km2)
  Water0.56 sq mi (1.44 km2)
Elevation
[1]
509 ft (155 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total40,640
  Estimate 
(2019) [4]
40,341
  Density3,056.83/sq mi (1,180.28/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
41011-41012, 41014-41019
Area code(s) 859
FIPS code 21-17848
GNIS feature ID0490167 [1]
Website covingtonky.gov

Covington is a city in Kenton County, Kentucky, United States, located at the confluence of the Ohio and Licking Rivers. Cincinnati, Ohio, lies to its immediate north across the Ohio and Newport, Kentucky, to its east across the Licking. Covington had a population of 40,640 at the time of the 2010 U.S. census, making it the largest city of Northern Kentucky and the fifth-most populous city in the state. [5] It is one of its county's two seats, [6] along with Independence.

Contents

Name

The initial American settlement at Covington was known as The Point, from its position at the confluence of the Licking and Ohio Rivers[ citation needed ]. When it was laid out in 1815, it was named in honor of Gen. Leonard Covington, [7] who was killed at the Battle of Crysler's Farm during the War of 1812. [8]

History

Daniel Carter Beard's boyhood home Daniel Beard Boyhood Home.jpg
Daniel Carter Beard's boyhood home
The former C&O Railroad station in 2018 Covington station 2018.jpg
The former C&O Railroad station in 2018

In 1814, John Gano, Richard Gano, and Thomas Carneal purchased The Point, 150 acres (0.6 km2) of land on the west side of the Licking River at its confluence with the Ohio, from Thomas Kennedy for $50,000, and laid out the settlement of Covington the next year. [9] The town was formally incorporated by the Kentucky General Assembly a year later[ citation needed ] and raised to city status in 1834. [8]

The city prospered as an emporium for Kentucky's tobacco and cigar production. [10] In 1862, Stewart Iron Works was established; for a time, it was the largest iron fence maker in the world. There were also distilleries, glassworks, and stove factories. [10] Like nearby Cincinnati, Covington's factories and businesses were particularly staffed by Catholic and German immigrants. [10] Its Catholic church was eventually raised to the level of a bishopric. [8]

By 1900, Covington was the second-largest city and industrial region in Kentucky. [8] At the time, its population of almost 43,000 was about 12% foreign-born and 5% black. [8] Before World War I, it was connected to the Chesapeake & Ohio and Louisville & Nashville railways and offered steamboat service to ports on the Ohio River. [8] Its factories had expanded to include cotton goods, machinery, and cordage. [8]

Covington even boasted a Federal League baseball team, the Covington Blue Sox, during the 1913 season. The present-day circuit courthouse is located at the site of its former grounds, Federal Park, which is thought to have been the smallest stadium ever used by a professional baseball club.

It declined in importance during the Great Depression and the middle 20th century. [9] The city has undergone some redevelopment during the late 20th and early 21st centuries as the most populous city in Kenton County.

Neighborhoods

A view of the John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge, looking south across the Ohio River toward Covington JohnARoeblingSuspensionBridge.jpg
A view of the John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge, looking south across the Ohio River toward Covington

Covington claims 19 distinct neighborhoods, [11] ranging in population from several hundred to 10,000 people. Many of the neighborhoods are located in 12 historic districts that are predominantly found in the northern portion of the city. Most of the neighborhoods have active resident associations or block watches that are dedicated to involving residents in strengthening their neighborhoods, improving safety, housing, and beautification.

Geography

The city is on the south bank of the Ohio River with Cincinnati, Ohio across the river to the north. The Licking River forms the eastern boundary with Newport in the adjacent Campbell County. [12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, Covington has a total area of 13.7 square miles (35 km2), of which 13.1 square miles (34 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (3.88%) is covered by water.

Climate

Covington is located within a climatic transition zone; it is nestled within the southern end of the humid continental climate zone and the northern periphery of the humid subtropical climate of the Upland South, with hot, humid summers and cool winters. Evidence of both a humid subtropical and humid continental climate can be found here, particularly noticeable by the presence of plants indicative of each climatic region; for example, the southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora) from the subtropics and the blue spruce from cooler regions are successful landscape plants in and around Covington.

Climate data for Cincinnati (Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Int'l), 1991–2020 normals, [lower-alpha 1] extremes 1871–present [lower-alpha 2]
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)77
(25)
79
(26)
88
(31)
90
(32)
95
(35)
102
(39)
108
(42)
103
(39)
102
(39)
95
(35)
82
(28)
75
(24)
108
(42)
Mean maximum °F (°C)62
(17)
66
(19)
74
(23)
81
(27)
87
(31)
92
(33)
94
(34)
93
(34)
91
(33)
83
(28)
72
(22)
64
(18)
95
(35)
Average high °F (°C)39.6
(4.2)
43.7
(6.5)
53.5
(11.9)
65.5
(18.6)
74.5
(23.6)
82.6
(28.1)
86.0
(30.0)
85.2
(29.6)
78.9
(26.1)
66.7
(19.3)
53.8
(12.1)
43.3
(6.3)
64.4
(18.0)
Daily mean °F (°C)31.4
(−0.3)
34.7
(1.5)
43.6
(6.4)
54.6
(12.6)
64.1
(17.8)
72.3
(22.4)
75.9
(24.4)
74.9
(23.8)
68.1
(20.1)
56.2
(13.4)
44.4
(6.9)
35.6
(2.0)
54.7
(12.6)
Average low °F (°C)23.1
(−4.9)
25.8
(−3.4)
33.8
(1.0)
43.7
(6.5)
53.7
(12.1)
62.1
(16.7)
65.9
(18.8)
64.6
(18.1)
57.3
(14.1)
45.7
(7.6)
35.1
(1.7)
27.9
(−2.3)
44.9
(7.2)
Mean minimum °F (°C)0
(−18)
7
(−14)
15
(−9)
27
(−3)
37
(3)
49
(9)
56
(13)
55
(13)
42
(6)
30
(−1)
19
(−7)
9
(−13)
−3
(−19)
Record low °F (°C)−25
(−32)
−17
(−27)
−11
(−24)
15
(−9)
27
(−3)
39
(4)
47
(8)
43
(6)
31
(−1)
16
(−9)
0
(−18)
−20
(−29)
−25
(−32)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.30
(84)
3.17
(81)
4.16
(106)
4.53
(115)
4.67
(119)
4.75
(121)
3.83
(97)
3.43
(87)
3.11
(79)
3.35
(85)
3.23
(82)
3.73
(95)
45.26
(1,150)
Average snowfall inches (cm)7.7
(20)
6.7
(17)
3.4
(8.6)
0.4
(1.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.8
(2.0)
4.1
(10)
23.3
(59)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)13.212.012.513.113.511.811.08.98.38.710.312.4135.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)6.75.92.70.60.00.00.00.00.00.11.14.621.7
Average relative humidity (%)72.270.167.062.866.969.271.572.372.769.271.073.869.9
Average dew point °F (°C)19.9
(−6.7)
22.5
(−5.3)
31.3
(−0.4)
39.6
(4.2)
50.5
(10.3)
59.7
(15.4)
64.2
(17.9)
63.0
(17.2)
56.7
(13.7)
43.7
(6.5)
34.7
(1.5)
25.5
(−3.6)
42.6
(5.9)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 120.8128.4170.1211.0249.9275.5277.0261.5234.4188.8118.799.32,335.4
Percent possible sunshine 40434653566261626355393452
Average ultraviolet index 2356899874225
Source 1: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990) [13] [14] [15] [16]
Source 2: Weather Atlas (UV) [17]

Demographics

The Ascent at Roebling's Bridge AscentAtRB.jpg
The Ascent at Roebling's Bridge
Historical population
CensusPop.
1830 743
1840 2,026172.7%
1850 9,408364.4%
1860 16,47175.1%
1870 24,50548.8%
1880 29,72021.3%
1890 37,37125.7%
1900 42,93814.9%
1910 53,27024.1%
1920 57,1217.2%
1930 65,25214.2%
1940 62,018−5.0%
1950 64,4523.9%
1960 60,376−6.3%
1970 52,535−13.0%
1980 49,585−5.6%
1990 43,264−12.7%
2000 43,3700.2%
2010 40,640−6.3%
2019 (est.)40,341 [4] −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [18]

As of the census [19] of 2000, 43,370 people, 18,257 households, and 10,132 families resided in the city. The population density was 3,301.3 people per square mile (1,274.4/km2). The 20,448 housing units averaged 1,556.5 per square mile (600.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.05% White, 10.14% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.63% from other races, and 1.57% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.38% of the population.

Of the 18,257 households, 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.3% were married couples living together, 16.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.5% were not families; 36.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 3.08.

The age distribution was 25.9% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,735, and the median income for a family was $38,307. Males had a median income of $31,238 versus $24,487 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,841. About 15.5% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.0% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.

Covington has some of the least expensive real estate in Kentucky; the median house price in Covington is around $95,430, while the median house price for Kentucky as a whole is $124,100. [20]


Transportation

Delta (Comair) Planes at CVG Concourse C EM C-GATES-CVG (2726391021).jpg
Delta (Comair) Planes at CVG Concourse C

Bus transit is served by the Transit Authority of Northern Kentucky (TANK). [21]

Air

Covington is served by Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport (CVG), which is the largest airport in the state, and is hub to passenger airline Delta Air Lines and headquarters of its Delta Private Jets. The airport is one of DHL Aviation's three superhubs, serving destinations throughout the Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia, making it the seventh-busiest airport in the U.S. based on cargo operations. [22] CVG is also a focus city for Frontier Airlines and is the largest O&D airport and base for Allegiant Air, along with home to a maintenance for American Airlines subsidiary PSA Airlines and Delta Air Lines subsidiary Endeavor Air.

Economy

Principal employers

According to Covington's 2019 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [23] the principal employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1 Internal Revenue Service - Closed 2019 3,951
2 Fidelity Investments 2,069
3Club Chef1,039
4 Covington Board of Education 914
5Crown Services Inc.524
6Rosedale Manor488
7 State of Kentucky 477
8St. Elizabeth Hospital408
9 Diocese of Covington Board of Education403
10Atkins & Pearce Mftg339

Education

Public education within Covington is provided by Covington Independent Public Schools, the largest independent school district in Kentucky. Its high school, Holmes Junior/Senior High School, is the oldest public high school in the state. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Covington operates two high schools in the city, Covington Latin School and Holy Cross High School. Two Catholic high schools, the all-boys' Covington Catholic High School and all-girls' Notre Dame Academy, moved to neighboring Park Hills in the 1950s. Calvary Christian School, a Baptist school, is also located in Covington.

Historic churches

Saint John the Evangelist Catholic Church Stjohn.png
Saint John the Evangelist Catholic Church
Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption in Covington 051030 109 cov cath.jpg
Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption in Covington

Notable people

See also

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References

Citations

  1. 1 2 3 U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Covington, Kentucky
  2. "Joseph U Meyer". The City of Covington, Kentucky Official Government Website. City of Covington, Kentucky. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
  3. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  4. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. Covington, Kentucky QuickFacts Archived October 8, 2012, at WebCite U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
  6. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  7. Gannett, Henry (1905), The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, Washington: Government Printing Office, p. 94.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 EB (1911).
  9. 1 2 Our History City of Covington. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
  10. 1 2 3 EB (1878).
  11. "Center for Great Neighborhoods of Covington". Archived from the original on January 26, 2014. Retrieved March 3, 2014.
  12. Covington, KY, 7.5 Minute Topographic Quadrangle, USGS, 1981
  13. "NowData—NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  14. "Station: Cincinnati Northern KY AP, KY". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  15. "Records for Cincinnati". National Weather Service. Retrieved April 13, 2012.
  16. "WMO Climate Normals for CINCINNATI/GREATER CINCINNATI,KY 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  17. "Cincinnati, Ohio, USA - Monthly weather forecast and Climate data". Weather Atlas. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
  18. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  19. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  20. "Kentucky Homes For Sale By City". Kentucky Real Estate Trends. RealEstate.com. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
  21. TANK Destinations Transit Authority of Northern Kentucky. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
  22. https://www.faa.gov/airports/planning_capacity/passenger_allcargo_stats/passenger/media/cy17-cargo-airports.pdf
  23. Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2019 (PDF). City of Covington, Kentucky. December 20, 2019. p. 135. Retrieved March 29, 2020.
  24. "Interview with Artist Jamour Chames". Noragouma.com. Retrieved on October 16, 2016.

Notes

  1. Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.
  2. Official records for Cincinnati kept at downtown from January 1871 to March 1915, at the Cincinnati Abbe Observatory just north of downtown from April 1915 to March 1947, and at KCVG near Hebron, Kentucky since April 1947. For more information, see Threadex and History of Weather Observations Cincinnati, Ohio 1789–1947.

Bibliography