Horse trainer

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Wade Meador of Marietta, Oklahoma, is the horse trainer at the Cannon Quarter Horse ranch near the town of Venus in north-central Texas LCCN2015630742.tif

A horse trainer is a person who tends to horses and teaches them different disciplines. [1] [2] [3] Some of the responsibilities trainers have are caring for the animals’ physical needs, as well as teaching them submissive behaviors and/or coaching them for events, which may include contests and other riding purposes. [4] The level of education and the yearly salary they can earn for this profession may differ depending on where the person is employed. [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]



Horse domestication by the Botai culture in Kazakhstan dates to about 3500 BC. [7] Written records of horse training as a pursuit has been documented as early as 1350 BC, by Kikkuli, the Hurrian "master horse trainer" of the Hittite Empire. [8] Another source of early recorded history of horse training as a discipline comes from the Greek writer Xenophon, in his treatise On Horsemanship. [9] Writing circa 350 BC, Xenophon addressed starting young horses, selecting older animals, and proper grooming and bridling. He discussed different approaches to spirited and dull horses and how to deal with vices. His approach is credited as the first known method of training horses through a sympathetic approach, wherein the trainer attempts to understand the natural instincts of the horse and build a relationship. [10]

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In horse racing, a trainer prepares a horse for races, with responsibility for exercising it, getting it race-ready and determining which races it should enter. Leading horse trainers can earn a great deal of money from a percentage of the winnings that they charge the owner for training the horse.

Outside horse racing, most trainers specialize in a certain equestrianism discipline, such as show jumping, reining, rodeo, sport horse disciplines, training of a specific horse breed, starting young horses, or working with problem horses. There are a wide variety of horse training methods used to teach the horse to do the things humans want them to do. Some fields can be very lucrative, usually depending on the value of the horses once trained or prize money available in competition. However, as a rule, most horse trainers earn, at best, a modest income which often requires supplementation from a second job or additional horse-related business, such as horse boarding or riding lessons.

Horse trainers are typically deemed to have the status of agents for the horse owners. As such, they have legal obligations to their owners, as well as authority to represent and even bind their owners to certain transactions. [11]

Education and training

Graduation from some form of secondary school, which is usually mandatory to become an animal trainer, is one of the qualifications a horse trainer may need. [6] While this is a requirement for some employers, others may only require that horse trainers learn as they go along. [2] Beginners in horse training can learn more about the subject at a college institution, which can be beneficial for their profession, but it is not always mandatory for horse trainers. [5] Apprenticeship is also another option if a person wants to gain more knowledge about the profession. [2]

When starting out in the profession, a horse trainer may not be given the assignments of a more learned and seasoned trainer until they gain more maturity in the job. Or, prior to their employment, they can learn and develop their skills elsewhere. [4]

A horse trainer may also need to acquire a license in order to train. [2] [3]


The earnings of horse trainers may be different depending on the country and the place of employment. According to the United States Department of Labor, “The median annual wage for animal trainers was $25,270 in May 2012. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $17,580, and the top 10 percent earned more than $49,840.” [4] The Government of Western Australia Department of Training and Workforce Development, in their section about horse trainers, state that $43,399 may be the standard yearly wages in Western Australia. [2] Racehorse trainers in the UK can earn up to a standard yearly amount of £45,000, depending on the level of expertise a person possesses. [3]

For independent horse trainers, their status and the amount of work they do can influence the salary. [2]

"Race winnings" can also provide a trainer with additional money. [3]


Drug usage in horses has been a disputed topic in the field of equine. The acceptable purpose of drugs in this area is to reduce suffering of injuries in racehorses, but sometimes drugs are used unlawfully to get an advantage over other horses, which can result in penalties for the horse trainer in question. [12] [13] [14] With the numerous weekly deaths of racehorses, drugs are a disputed cause of death in horses. The intoxication of horses is concerning to some people, such as veterinarians and legislators. Some trainers defend drugs, implying that they are not the causes of the deaths. Some trainers also deny that they use drugs for unlawful purposes, sometimes because of their respect for horses. [13]

See also

Related Research Articles

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<i>On Horsemanship</i> Treatise on horsemanship by Xenophon

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Kikkuli was the Hurrian "master horse trainer" (assussanni) of the land Mitanni" and author of a chariot horse training text written primarily in the Hittite language, dating to the Hittite New Kingdom. The text is notable both for the information it provides about the development of Indo-European languages and for its content. The text was inscribed on cuneiform tablets discovered during excavations of Boğazkale and Ḫattuša in 1906 and 1907.

Equine drug testing is a form of drug testing applied to performance horses in regulated competition. Most common in racehorses, drug tests are also performed on horses in endurance riding and in international competition such as the Olympics and FEI-sanctioned competition. Many horses in a competition sanctioned by various national organizations, such as the United States Equestrian Federation in the USA are also tested for improper drug use.

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Racehorse injuries and fatalities are a side effect of training and competition. The problem with equine injuries is that they so often result in death. A 2005 study by the United States Department of Agriculture found that injuries are the second leading cause of death in horses, second only to old age. Nureyev's recovery from a broken leg while retired at stud in 1987 typifies the struggle horses have after being injured.

Hipparchicus is one of the two treatises on horsemanship by the Athenian historian and soldier Xenophon (circa 430–354 BC). Other common titles for this work include The cavalry commander and The cavalry general. The other work by Xenophon on horsemanship is Περὶ ἱππικῆς, Perì hippikēs, usually translated as On horsemanship, De equis alendis or The Art of Horsemanship. The title De re equestri may refer to either one of the two works. Hipparchicus deals mainly with the duties of the cavalry commander (hipparchus), while On horsemanship deals with the selection, care and training of horses in general.

Hot walker

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Horse racing in Ireland

Horse racing in Ireland is intricately linked with Irish culture and society. The racing of horses has a long history on the island, being mentioned in some of the earliest texts. Domestically, racing is one of Ireland's most popular spectator sports, while on the international scene, Ireland is one of the strongest producers and trainers of Thoroughbred horses. The Irish horse racing industry is closely linked with that of Great Britain, with Irish horses regularly competing and winning on the British racing circuit.


  1. "419.224-010: HORSE TRAINER (agriculture; amuse. & rec.)". Dictionary Of Occupational Titles. Retrieved 2013-01-20.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Horse trainer". Retrieved 2017-12-04.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 "Racehorse trainer | Job profiles | National Careers Service". Retrieved 2017-12-04.
  4. 1 2 3 4
  5. 1 2 "Information on College Education Required for Horse Trainers" . Retrieved 2017-12-04.
  6. 1 2 "Animal Care and Service Workers : Occupational Outlook Handbook: : U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics". Retrieved 2017-12-04.
  7. "Botai: Early Horse Herders on the Steppes of Northern Kazakhstan". Carnegie Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  8. B. Hrozy; Anthony Dent. "Kikkuli, 1345, BCE". International Museum of the Horse. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  9. Xenophon and Morris H. Morgan. On Horsemanship. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN   978-1463549787.
  10. Whitaker, Julie (2007). The Horse: A Miscellany of Equine Knowledge (First ed.). Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN   978-0312371081.
  11. Becker, Frank T (2013). Equine Law. p. 83. ISBN   978-0-615-90347-7.
  12. Kane, Ed (September 2012). "Senate hearing reveals the realities of doping in horse racing". DVM. North Olmstead. 43 (9): 38–39. ProQuest   1039297509.[ failed verification ]
  13. 1 2 Barker, Jeff (19 May 2012). "A hot debate over equine safety: Trainers contend they use drugs to aid their horses; critics say industry endangers animals". The Baltimore Sun. p. D.1. ProQuest   1015602296.[ failed verification ]
  14. Barker, Jeff (18 May 2012). "Industry practices are at the center of debate on horse safety". The Baltimore Sun.