Niagara Falls, Ontario

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Niagara Falls
City of Niagara Falls
Niagara Falls Skyline.jpg
Skyline of Niagara Falls, Ontario
Nickname(s): 
The Honeymoon Capital of the World, the Falls
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Location of Niagara Falls in the Niagara Region
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Niagara Falls
Location
Canada Ontario location map 2.svg
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Niagara Falls
Niagara Falls (Ontario)
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Niagara Falls
Niagara Falls (Canada)
Coordinates: 43°03′36″N79°06′24″W / 43.06000°N 79.10667°W / 43.06000; -79.10667 Coordinates: 43°03′36″N79°06′24″W / 43.06000°N 79.10667°W / 43.06000; -79.10667
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Regional municipality Niagara
Incorporated 12 June 1903
Government
  Mayor Jim Diodati
  Governing body Niagara Falls City Council
   MP Rob Nicholson
   MPP Wayne Gates
Area
  Land209.73 km2 (80.98 sq mi)
  Urban
382.68 km2 (147.75 sq mi)
  Metro
1,397.50 km2 (539.58 sq mi)
Population
   City (lower-tier)88,071 (Ranked 64th)
  Density419.9/km2 (1,088/sq mi)
   Urban
308,596 (Ranked 12th)
  Urban density545.02/km2 (1,411.6/sq mi)
   Metro
390,317 (Ranked 12th)
  Metro density279.3/km2 (723/sq mi)
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Forward Sortation Area
Area code(s) 905, 289, 365
Highways Ontario QEW crown.svg  Queen Elizabeth Way
Ontario 420 crown.svg  Highway 420
Ontario 20 crown.svg  Highway 20
GNBC CodeFEDBA [4]
Website www.niagarafalls.ca

Niagara Falls is a city in Ontario, Canada. It is on the western bank of the Niagara River in the Golden Horseshoe region of Southern Ontario, with a population of 88,071 at the 2016 census. [1] The municipality was incorporated on 12 June 1903. Across the Niagara River is Niagara Falls, New York. The Niagara River flows over Niagara Falls at this location, creating a natural spectacle which attracts millions of tourists each year.

Ontario Province of Canada

Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada. Located in Central Canada, it is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, and is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included. It is home to the nation's capital city, Ottawa, and the nation's most populous city, Toronto, which is also Ontario's provincial capital.

Niagara River river in Canada and the USA

The Niagara River is a river that flows north from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario. It forms part of the border between the province of Ontario in Canada and the state of New York in the United States. There are differing theories as to the origin of the river's name. According to Iroquoian scholar Bruce Trigger, Niagara is derived from the name given to a branch of the locally residing native Neutral Confederacy, who are described as being called the Niagagarega people on several late-17th-century French maps of the area. According to George R. Stewart, it comes from the name of an Iroquois town called Ongniaahra, meaning "point of land cut in two".

Golden Horseshoe Urban area and conurbation in Ontario, Canada

The Golden Horseshoe is a secondary region of Southern Ontario, Canada which lies at the western end of Lake Ontario, with outer boundaries stretching south to Lake Erie and north to Lake Scugog. The region is the most densely populated and industrialized in Canada. With a population of 7,826,367 people in its core and 9,245,438 in its greater area, the Golden Horseshoe accounts for over 21 per cent of the population of Canada and more than 55 per cent of Ontario's population. It is part of the Quebec City–Windsor Corridor and the Great Lakes Megalopolis.

Contents

The tourist area, which stretches along the Niagara Parkway and promenade, is particularly concentrated at the brink of the falls. Apart from the river's natural attractions, it includes observation towers, high-rise hotels, souvenir shops, museums, indoor water parks, casinos and theatres, mostly with colourful neon billboards and advertisements. Farther to the north or south, golf courses are operated alongside historic sites from the War of 1812.

Observation tower structure used to view events from a long distance

An observation tower is a structure used to view events from a long distance and to create a full 360 degree range of vision to conduct the long distance observations. They are usually at least 20 metres (66 ft) tall and made from stone, iron, and wood. Many modern towers are also used as TV towers, restaurants, or churches. The towers first appeared in Germany at the end of the 18th century, and their numbers steadily increased, especially after the invention of the lift.

Hotel Establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis

A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a modest-quality mattress in a small room to large suites with bigger, higher-quality beds, a dresser, a refrigerator and other kitchen facilities, upholstered chairs, a flat screen television, and en-suite bathrooms. Small, lower-priced hotels may offer only the most basic guest services and facilities. Larger, higher-priced hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference and event facilities, tennis or basketball courts, gymnasium, restaurants, day spa, and social function services. Hotel rooms are usually numbered to allow guests to identify their room. Some boutique, high-end hotels have custom decorated rooms. Some hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. In the United Kingdom, a hotel is required by law to serve food and drinks to all guests within certain stated hours. In Japan, capsule hotels provide a tiny room suitable only for sleeping and shared bathroom facilities.

Museum institution that holds artifacts and other objects of scientific, artistic, cultural, historical, or other importance

A museum is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance. Many public museums make these items available for public viewing through exhibits that may be permanent or temporary. The largest museums are located in major cities throughout the world, while thousands of local museums exist in smaller cities, towns and rural areas. Museums have varying aims, ranging from serving researchers and specialists to serving the general public. The goal of serving researchers is increasingly shifting to serving the general public.

History

This area was long part of the Iroquois Confederacy territory: five powerful First Nations mostly along the southern edge of the Great Lakes. The Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca were based largely in present-day New York, ranging from east near the Hudson River, to western areas of Seneca Lake and along Ontario and other Great Lakes.

The Niagara Falls area has had some European settlement since the 17th century. Louis Hennepin, a French priest and missionary, is regarded as the first European to visit the area in the 1670s. French colonists settled mostly in Lower Canada, beginning near the Atlantic, and in Quebec and Montreal. Increased settlement in this area took place during and after the American Revolutionary War, when the British Crown made land grants to Loyalists to help them resettle in Upper Canada and provide some compensation for their losses after the United States became independent. Loyalist Robert Land received 200 acres (81 ha) and was one of the first people of European descent to settle in the Niagara Region. He moved to nearby Hamilton three years later due to the relentless noise of the falls. [5]

Louis Hennepin French explorer and missionary

Father Louis Hennepin, O.F.M. baptized Antoine, was a Belgian Roman Catholic priest and missionary of the Franciscan Recollet order and an explorer of the interior of North America.

Priest person authorized to lead the sacred rituals of a religion (for a minister use Q1423891)

A priest or priestess is a religious leader authorized to perform the sacred rituals of a religion, especially as a mediatory agent between humans and one or more deities. They also have the authority or power to administer religious rites; in particular, rites of sacrifice to, and propitiation of, a deity or deities. Their office or position is the priesthood, a term which also may apply to such persons collectively.

Missionary member of a religious group sent into an area to do evangelism

A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to promote their faith or perform ministries of service, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care, and economic development. The word "mission" originates from 1598 when the Jesuits sent members abroad, derived from the Latin missionem, meaning "act of sending" or mittere, meaning "to send". The word was used in light of its biblical usage; in the Latin translation of the Bible, Christ uses the word when sending the disciples to preach The gospel in his name. The term is most commonly used for Christian missions, but can be used for any creed or ideology.

In 1856, the Town of Clifton was incorporated. The name of the town was changed to Niagara Falls in 1881. In 1882, the community of Drummondville (near the present-day corner of Lundy's Lane and Main Street) was incorporated as the village of Niagara Falls. The village was referred to as Niagara Falls South to differentiate it from the town. In 1904, the town and village amalgamated to form the City of Niagara Falls. In 1962, the city amalgamated with the surrounding Stamford Township, resulting in a doubling of population. With the creation of a Niagara regional government in 1970, the city absorbed the village of Chippawa, Willoughby Township and part of Crowland Township, creating the present-day municipal boundaries.

Chippawa is a community located within the city of Niagara Falls, Ontario.

Tourism started in the early 19th century and has been a vital part of the local economy since that time. The falls became known as a natural wonder, in part to their being featured in paintings by prominent American artists of the 19th century such as Albert Bierstadt. Such works were reproduced as lithographs, becoming widely distributed. In addition, Niagara Falls markets itself as a honeymoon destination; it is the self-proclaimed "honeymoon capital of the world."

Albert Bierstadt 19th-century American landscape painter

Albert Bierstadt was a German-American painter best known for his lavish, sweeping landscapes of the American West. He joined several journeys of the Westward Expansion to paint the scenes. He was not the first artist to record the sites, but he was the foremost painter of them for the remainder of the 19th century.

A honeymoon is a holiday taken by newlyweds immediately after their wedding, to celebrate their marriage. Today, honeymoons are often celebrated in destinations considered exotic or romantic.

An internment camp was set up at The Armoury in Niagara Falls from December 1914 to August 1918. [6]

The city's official historian is Sherman Zavitz, who gives regular radio broadcasts on many aspects of Niagara's history. [7]

Black history

R. Nathaniel Dett Chapel, British Methodist Episcopal Church Nathaniel Dett Chapel 2012-09-17 23-02-42.jpg
R. Nathaniel Dett Chapel, British Methodist Episcopal Church

Niagara Falls has had a Black population since at least 1783. Up to 12 African-Americans were a part of the Butler's Rangers, including Richard Pierpoint. When they were disbanded in 1783, they tried to establish themselves through farming nearby, making them among the first Black settlers in the region. [8] [9] It is estimated that nearly 10 percent of the Loyalists to settle in the area were Black Loyalists. [10]

Niagara Fall's Black population increased in the following decades, as a destination on the Underground Railroad. In 1856, a British Methodist Episcopal (BME) Church was established for African-Canadian worshipers. [11] The BME Church, Nathaniel Dett Memorial Chapel is now a National Historic Site, remaining in operation into the 21st century. [12] [13] Composer, organist, pianist and music professor Nathaniel Dett was born in Niagara Falls in 1882. [14]

In 1886, Burr Plato became one of the first African Canadians to be elected to political office, holding the position of City Councillor of Niagara Falls until 1901. [15] [16]

Geography

Looking north on the Niagara River towards Niagara Falls, Ontario Niagara Falls, Ontario, skyline, 2010.jpg
Looking north on the Niagara River towards Niagara Falls, Ontario

Niagara Falls is approximately 130 km (81 mi) by road from Ontario's capital of Toronto, which is across Lake Ontario to the north. The area of the Niagara Region is approximately 1,800 km2 (690 sq mi).

Topography

The city is built along the Niagara Falls waterfalls and the Niagara Gorge on the Niagara River, which flows from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario.

Climate

The city of Niagara Falls has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa/Dfb) which is moderated to an extent in all seasons by proximity to water bodies. Winters are cold, with a January high of −0.4 °C (31.3 °F) and a low of −7.8 °C (18.0 °F). [17] However, temperatures above 0 °C (32.0 °F) are common during winter. [17] The average annual snowfall is 154 centimetres (61 in), in which it can receive lake effect snow from both lakes Erie and Ontario. Summers are warm to hot, with a July high of 27.4 °C (81.3 °F) and a low of 17 °C (62.6 °F). [17] The average annual precipitation is 970.2 millimetres (38 in), which is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year.

Climate data for Niagara Falls
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)22.2
(72.0)
19.5
(67.1)
26.5
(79.7)
33.0
(91.4)
35.0
(95.0)
34.6
(94.3)
38.4
(101.1)
38.3
(100.9)
35.6
(96.1)
32.8
(91.0)
24.4
(75.9)
21.5
(70.7)
38.4
(101.1)
Average high °C (°F)−0.4
(31.3)
1.3
(34.3)
5.9
(42.6)
12.8
(55.0)
19.4
(66.9)
24.5
(76.1)
27.4
(81.3)
26.0
(78.8)
21.9
(71.4)
15.1
(59.2)
8.7
(47.7)
2.7
(36.9)
13.8
(56.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)−4.1
(24.6)
−2.7
(27.1)
1.2
(34.2)
7.5
(45.5)
13.6
(56.5)
19.1
(66.4)
22.2
(72.0)
21.1
(70.0)
17.1
(62.8)
10.7
(51.3)
4.9
(40.8)
−0.7
(30.7)
9.2
(48.6)
Average low °C (°F)−7.8
(18.0)
−6.6
(20.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
2.2
(36.0)
7.7
(45.9)
13.7
(56.7)
17.0
(62.6)
16.2
(61.2)
12.3
(54.1)
6.3
(43.3)
1.1
(34.0)
−4.1
(24.6)
4.5
(40.1)
Record low °C (°F)−26
(−15)
−25
(−13)
−20
(−4)
−13.5
(7.7)
−4.4
(24.1)
2.2
(36.0)
5.6
(42.1)
1.0
(33.8)
0.0
(32.0)
−6.7
(19.9)
−12.5
(9.5)
−24
(−11)
−26
(−15)
Average precipitation mm (inches)75.6
(2.98)
61.8
(2.43)
61.7
(2.43)
72.0
(2.83)
86.8
(3.42)
80.9
(3.19)
78.9
(3.11)
79.2
(3.12)
98.2
(3.87)
79.7
(3.14)
91.8
(3.61)
81.1
(3.19)
947.5
(37.30)
Average rainfall mm (inches)27.8
(1.09)
29.6
(1.17)
36.7
(1.44)
66.0
(2.60)
85.9
(3.38)
80.9
(3.19)
78.9
(3.11)
79.2
(3.12)
98.2
(3.87)
79.7
(3.14)
81.9
(3.22)
49.3
(1.94)
794.0
(31.26)
Average snowfall cm (inches)47.7
(18.8)
32.2
(12.7)
25.0
(9.8)
6.0
(2.4)
0.9
(0.4)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
9.8
(3.9)
31.8
(12.5)
153.5
(60.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)14.411.411.312.613.511.310.910.811.213.013.013.4146.6
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)5.04.57.211.613.411.310.910.811.213.011.17.7117.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)9.87.75.01.60.080.00.00.00.00.02.46.633.2
Source #1: Environment Canada (normals 1981–2010, extremes 1981–2006) [18]
Source #2: Environment Canada (extremes for Niagara Falls 1943−1995) [17]

Communities and neighbourhoods

Although more historical and cultural diversity exists, Niagara Falls has 11 communities and 67 neighbourhoods defined by Planning Neighbourhoods and Communities for the City of Niagara Falls. [19]

  • Beaverdams
    • Hyott
    • N.E.C. West
    • Nichols
    • Shriners
    • Warner
  • Chippawa
    • Bridgewater
    • Cummings
    • Hunter
    • Kingsbridge
    • Ussher
    • Weinbrenner
  • Crowland
    • Crowland
  • Drummond
    • Brookfield
    • Caledonia
    • Coronation
    • Corwin
    • Drummond Industrial Basin
    • Hennepin
    • Leeming
    • Merrit
    • Miller
    • Orchard
    • Trillium
  • Elgin
    • Balmoral
    • Central Business District
    • Glenview
    • Hamilton
    • Maple
    • Oakes
    • Ryerson
    • Valleyway
  • Grassybrook
    • Grassybrook Industrial Basin
    • Oakland
    • Rexinger
  • Northwest
    • Carmel
    • Kent
    • Mulhearn
  • Queen Victoria
  • Stamford
    • Burdette
    • Calaguiro
    • Church
    • Cullimore
    • Gauld
    • Ker
    • Mitchellson
    • Mountain
    • N.E.C. East
    • Olden
    • Pettit
    • Portage
    • Queensway
    • Rolling Acres
    • Thompson
    • Wallice
  • Westlane
    • Garner
    • Hodgson
    • Lundy
    • Munro
    • Oakwood
    • Royal Manor
    • Westlane Industrial Basin
  • Willoughby
    • Niagara River Parkway
    • Willoughby

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1881 2,347    
1891 3,349+42.7%
1901 4,244+26.7%
1911 9,248+117.9%
1921 14,764+59.6%
1931 19,046+29.0%
1941 20,371+7.0%
1951 22,874+12.3%
1961 22,351−2.3%
1971 67,163+200.5%
1981 70,960+5.7%
1991 75,399+6.3%
2001 78,815+4.5%
2006 82,184+4.3%
2011 82,997+1.0%
2016 88,071+6.1%
Ethnic OriginPopulation
English 22,880
Italian 15,425
Scottish 13,910
Irish 11,200
French 8,710
Source: 2001 Census of Canada [20]

In 2011, the population of Niagara Falls was 81,300 persons, while the metropolitan area had 422,805. The population of Niagara Falls is older than Canada in general in terms of age structure. Youths under 18 years of age number 19.3%. Some 7,715 (9.5%) inhabitants described themselves as visible minorities (non-white/non-European), with the majority of those Black, Chinese, Filipino and South Asian people. [21] [22]

83.97% of Niagara Falls city residents self-identified with Christian denominations. The largest denominations are Catholic (41.99%), Protestant (36.80%), and 5.18% other Christian mostly Eastern Orthodox, 14.10% claimed no religious affiliation, while other religions (1.93%) including Sikh, Jewish, Buddhist, Hindu, and Muslim accounted for the rest. [23]

Economy

Niagara Falls, Ontario. The Fallsview area is in the background. CasinoNiagara.JPG
Niagara Falls, Ontario. The Fallsview area is in the background.

With a plentiful and inexpensive source of hydroelectric power from the waterfalls, many electro-chemical and electro-metallurgical industries located there in the early to mid-20th century.

Industry began moving out of the city in the 1970s and 80s because of economic recession and increasing global competition in the manufacturing sector. Tourism increasingly became the city's most important revenue source. Generally speaking, Niagara Falls, Ontario is a more popular destination than Niagara Falls, New York, in part due to the better view of the falls from the Canadian side of the river. In the 20th century, there was a favourable exchange rate when comparing Canadian and U.S. currencies, and Ontario had a greater focus on tourism. Also, Ontario's legal drinking age of 19, in comparison to a legal drinking age of 21 in the U.S., attracts potential alcohol consumers from across the border.

The Ontario government introduced legal gambling to the local economy in the mid-1990s. Casino Niagara precipitated an economic boom in the late 1990s as numerous luxury hotels and tourist attractions were built, and a second casino, Niagara Fallsview, opened in 2004. Both attracted American tourists due in part to the comparatively less expensive Canadian dollar, and despite the opening of the Seneca Niagara Casino on the American side. When the Canadian and US currencies moved closer to parity in the 2000s, Niagara Falls, Ontario continued to be a popular destination for Americans. Its tourist areas had many attractions and a vibrancy, while Niagara Falls, New York languished in a prolonged economic downturn.

In 2004, several tourist establishments in Niagara Falls began adding a three percent marketing fee to bills. The collected money is untraceable, and there are no controls over how each establishment spends it. The Ontario governmentconcerned tourists could be misled into believing the fees were endorsed by the governmentwarned hotels and restaurants in 2008 not to claim the fee if it was not being remitted to a legitimate non-profit agency that promotes tourism. The practise continues, and takes in an estimated $15 million per-year from tourists unaware the fee is voluntary and can be removed from their bill. [24] [25]

Clifton Hill Attractions, February 2017 Clifton Hill Attractions, 2017.jpg
Clifton Hill Attractions, February 2017

Recent development has been mostly centred on the Clifton Hill and Fallsview areas. The Niagara Falls downtown (Queen Street) is undergoing a major revitalization; the city is encouraging redevelopment of this area as an arts and culture district. The downtown was a major centre for local commerce and night life up until the 1970s, when the Niagara Square Shopping Centre began to draw away crowds and retailers. Since 2006, Historic Niagara has brought art galleries, boutiques, cafés and bistros to the street. Attractions include renovation of the Seneca Theatre.

On 3 October 2012, the Mayor of Niagara Falls opened the new Queen Street Downtown Park featuring a children's playground complete with soft artificial turf, benches, seating, landscaping and the "Water Molecule" sculpture, created by artist Derek Costello.

The city encourages location filming of movies and TV series and many have taken advantage of locations. Recent titles include several currently filming as well as Reliving Marilyn (2017 TV Movie), Fight! (2017), Odd Squad: The Movie (2016)and Blanket Fort: Vada Gets Toxic (2016). [26]

Culture

Some cultural areas of Niagara Falls include Queen Street, Main and Ferry Streets, Stamford Centre and Chippawa Square. [27] [28] Community centres that are host to cultural activities include the City of Niagara Falls Museums, Niagara Falls Public Libraries, Coronation 50 Plus Recreation Centre, Club Italia and Scotia Bank Convention Centre.

Visual arts

Performing arts

Music

Literacy and literary arts

History

Nature, parks and gardens

Festivals and events

Tourism

Niagara Falls observation attractions

Horseshoe Falls Niagara3573.jpg
Horseshoe Falls
The Niagara Falls Hard Rock Cafe Niagra Falls Hard Rock Cafe.jpg
The Niagara Falls Hard Rock Cafe
Clifton Hill CliftonHill01.JPG
Clifton Hill

Niagara River and Parkway attractions

Clifton Hill, Niagara Falls attractions, Feb. 2017 Clifton Hill, Niagara Falls attractions, Feb. 2017.jpg
Clifton Hill, Niagara Falls attractions, Feb. 2017

Tourist sector entertainment

Conventions and conferences

Sports and active living

Venues

  • Niagara Falls Sportsplex
  • MacBain Centre
  • Gale Centre
  • Willoughby Memorial Arena
  • Coronation 50 Plus Recreation
  • Oakes Park Running Track

Events

  • Ride of Silence
  • International Marathon

Sports clubs

  • Amici Per La Vita Cycling Club
  • Niagara Falls Soccer Club
  • Niagara Falls Revolver Club Incorporated
  • Niagara Bowmen Archery Club
  • Niagara Storm Football Club
  • Boys and Girls Club of Niagara
  • Niagara Wasp Rugby Club
  • Niagara Falls Minor Hockey

Sports teams and leagues

ClubLeagueSportVenueEstablishedChampionships
Niagara United Canadian Soccer League soccer Kalar Sports Park 2010
0
FC Niagara Falls Srbija Niagara Falls Soccer League soccerSt. George Serbian Orthodox Church1974
7
Niagara Falls Canucks Greater Ontario Junior Hockey League ice hockeyGale Centrec. 1971
2

The Niagara Stars of the defunct Canadian Baseball League played in Welland, Ontario and the Niagara IceDogs play in St. Catharines, Ontario.

Government

Niagara Falls City Council consists of eight councillors and a mayor. City elections take place every four years with the most recent election held on 27 October 2014. [30] Council is responsible for policy and decision making, monitoring the operation and performance of the city, analysing and approving budgets and determining spending priorities. Due to regulations put forward by the Municipal Elections Act 1996, elections are held on the fourth Monday in October except for religious holidays or if a member of council or if the mayor resigns.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Highways

The Rainbow Bridge Rainbow Bridge(2).jpg
The Rainbow Bridge

Niagara Falls and Niagara Falls, New York are linked to major highways in Canada and the United States respectively, with the Queen Elizabeth Way acting as a major artery between Toronto and Fort Erie, Ontario. Highway 420 (along with Niagara Regional Road 420) connect the Rainbow Bridge to the QEW. The Whirlpool Bridge is at the end of Bridge Street. The Niagara Parkway is a road operated under the Niagara Parks Commission which connects Niagara-on-the-Lake to Fort Erie via Niagara Falls.

Niagara Falls formerly had King's Highways passing through the city. These included:

  • The original routing of Highway 3, (which later became Highway 3A,) which ended at the Whirlpool Rapids Bridge via River Road
  • Highway 8, which ended at the Whirlpool Rapids Bridge via Bridge Street
  • Highway 20, which ended at the Honeymoon Bridge and later the Rainbow Bridge via Lundy's Lane and Clifton Hill
  • The Queen Elizabeth Way followed Roberts Street and Newman Hill to the Rainbow Bridge—later renamed Highway 420

Regional airports

Rail

Via Rail station in Niagara Falls, Ontario Niagara Falls Station 2012 p3.jpg
Via Rail station in Niagara Falls, Ontario

Via Rail Canada and Amtrak jointly provide service to the Niagara Falls station via their Maple Leaf service between Toronto Union Station and New York Penn Station.

In summer 2009, Go Transit Started a pilot project providing weekend and holiday train service from Toronto to Niagara falls From Mid June to mid October. These GO Trains run seasonally between Toronto Union Station and Niagara Falls at weekends. [31]

At other times, regular hourly GO train services are provided between Toronto Union and Burlington station, where connecting bus services operate to and from the rail station at Niagara. [32]

As of January 2019, GO Transit offers two-way, weekday commuter service from Niagara Falls station (Ontario) to Union Station (Toronto) as part of the Niagara GO Expansion. The full expansion project is expected to be complete by 2025.

Bus

Cabs and shuttle buses

  • Buffalo Airport Shuttle is a reservation based shuttle that operates from the Buffalo Airport to and from Niagara Falls, Buffalo, Hamilton, and Toronto.
  • Niagara Livery Service is a taxi/limo company in Niagara.
  • 5-0 is a local cab service. A taxi shuttle provides transfers to airports from Buffalo, New York to Niagara Falls, Ontario and Toronto, Ontario.
  • Niagara Falls Taxi is a local taxi service from Buffalo, New York and Toronto, Ontario airports back to Niagara.
  • Elite Taxi is a local taxi service that provides regular and wheelchair accessible taxi service to and from Niagara Falls, ON. Specialists in airport transfers (Buffalo, Hamilton, Toronto, Niagara Falls, NY).

Active transportation

The City of Niagara Falls is working toward Bike Friendly designation and providing more resources to encourage active transportation.

Education

Niagara Falls has one post-secondary institution in the city and another in the Niagara Region. Niagara is served by the District School Board of Niagara and the Niagara Catholic District School Board which operate elementary and secondary schools in the region. There are also numerous private institutions offer alternatives to the traditional education systems.

Post secondary

High schools

Library

Niagara Falls is also served by Niagara Falls Public Library, a growing library system composed of four branches, [34] with the main branch in the downtown area. [35] It is visited by over 10,000 people weekly. An extensive online database of photographs and artwork is maintained at Historic Niagara Digital Collections. [36]

Media

Niagara Falls is served by two main local newspapers, three radio stations and a community television channel. All other media is regionally based, as well, from Hamilton and Toronto.

Newspapers

Local newspapers are:

Due to its proximity to Hamilton and Toronto, local residents have access to the papers like The Hamilton Spectator, the Toronto Star, and the Toronto Sun.

Radio

The area is otherwise served by stations from Toronto, Hamilton and Buffalo.

Television

Television stations from Toronto and Buffalo are also widely available. Officially, Niagara Falls is part of the Toronto television market, even though it is directly across the Niagara River from its American twin city, which is part of the Buffalo market.

Notable people

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Further reading