Munfordville, Kentucky

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Munfordville, Kentucky
Hart County Courthouse Kentucky.jpg
Hart County Courthouse in Munfordville
Hart County Kentucky Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Munfordville Highlighted 2154570.svg
Location of Munfordville in Hart County, Kentucky.
Coordinates: 37°16′36″N85°53′52″W / 37.27667°N 85.89778°W / 37.27667; -85.89778 Coordinates: 37°16′36″N85°53′52″W / 37.27667°N 85.89778°W / 37.27667; -85.89778
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Hart
Incorporated1880
Named for a local landowner
Area
[1]
  Total2.25 sq mi (5.82 km2)
  Land2.24 sq mi (5.80 km2)
  Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
614 ft (187 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total1,615
  Estimate 
(2019) [2]
1,659
  Density740.62/sq mi (285.93/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
42765
Area code(s) 270 & 364
FIPS code 21-54570
GNIS feature ID0499104
Website cityofmunfordville.com

Munfordville is a home rule-class city [3] in, and the county seat of, Hart County, Kentucky, United States. [4] The population was 1,615 at the 2010 U.S. census. [5]

Contents

History

The settlement was once known as "Big Buffalo Crossing". The current name came from Richard Jones Munford, who donated the land to establish the new county seat in 1816. Munfordville was incorporated in 1858. [6]

In 1862, the Civil War Battle of Munfordville took place in the town.

Geography

Munfordville is located in central Hart County at 37°16′36″N85°53′52″W / 37.27667°N 85.89778°W / 37.27667; -85.89778 (37.276608, -85.897822), [7] on the north side of the Green River. U.S. Route 31W is Munfordville's Main Street, while Interstate 65 passes just northwest of town, with access from Exit 65. I-65 leads north 32 miles (51 km) to Elizabethtown and southwest 40 miles (64 km) to Bowling Green.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Munfordville has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.8 km2), of which 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2), or 0.47%, are water. [5]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1830 194
1840 27441.2%
1860 265
1870 249−6.0%
1880 27410.0%
1900 440
1910 4758.0%
1920 58322.7%
1930 549−5.8%
1940 83251.5%
1950 8947.5%
1960 1,15729.4%
1970 1,2336.6%
1980 1,78344.6%
1990 1,556−12.7%
2000 1,5630.4%
2010 1,6153.3%
2019 (est.)1,659 [2] 2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]

As of the census [9] of 2000, there were 1,563 people, 698 households, and 418 families residing in the city. The population density was 619.0 people per square mile (238.5/km2). There were 776 housing units at an average density of 307.3 per square mile (118.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.33% White, 11.45% Black or African American, 0.13% Asian, 0.13% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.09% of the population.

There were 698 households, out of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 36.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.82.

The age distribution was 20.7% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 22.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $18,015, and the median income for a family was $26,333. Males had a median income of $25,417 versus $20,417 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,447. About 23.7% of families and 26.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.9% of those under age 18 and 25.8% of those age 65 or over.

In 2010, Munfordville had the 20th-lowest median household income of all places in the United States with a population over 1,000. [10]

Amish settlement

The Amish settlement near Munfordville was founded in 1989. It has ties to the Geauga Amish settlement in Ohio, from where many of the Munfordville Amish came. It is the fastest-growing Amish settlement in America and had 14 church districts and a total population of about 1,800 as of 2013. [11] [12]

Education

Munfordville has a lending library, the Hart County Public Library. [13]

Notable people

Several government officials were born in Munfordville. Thomas John Wood, a US Army major general, and Simon B. Buckner Sr, a Confederate lieutenant general, knew each other as boys but then fought on opposing sides during the American Civil War. Buckner became governor of Kentucky (1887–1891) and ran unsuccessfully for vice president of the United States (1896). His son, Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr., was also born in Munfordville and served as a lieutenant general during World War II. Thelma Loyace Hawkins Stovall was a pioneering female Southern politician who won several statewide elective offices in Kentucky.

Poet, Davis McCombs, grew up in Munfordville.

See also

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References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331 City Classification Reform" (PDF). Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  4. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Munfordville city, Kentucky". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2017.[ dead link ]
  6. Collins, Lewis (1877). History of Kentucky. p. 332.
  7. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. "US Census". Archived from the original on 12 February 2020. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  11. Joseph F. Donnermeyer and David Luthy: Amish Settlements across America: 2013, page 114.
  12. "Munfordville" at amishamerica.com.
  13. "Kentucky Public Library Directory". Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. Archived from the original on 11 January 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019.