Hart County, Kentucky

Last updated
Hart County
Hart County Courthouse Kentucky.jpg
Hart County Courthouse in Munfordville
Map of Kentucky highlighting Hart County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Kentucky
Kentucky in United States.svg
Kentucky's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°17′N85°53′W / 37.29°N 85.89°W / 37.29; -85.89
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Kentucky.svg  Kentucky
Founded1819
Named for Nathaniel G. S. Hart
Seat Munfordville
Largest city Horse Cave
Area
  Total418 sq mi (1,080 km2)
  Land412 sq mi (1,070 km2)
  Water5.8 sq mi (15 km2)  1.4%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2018)
18,906
  Density46/sq mi (18/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 2nd
Website www.hartcountyky.org

Hart County is a county located in the south central portion of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,199. [1] Its county seat is Munfordville. [2] Hart County is a prohibition or dry county.

Contents

History

Hart County was formed in 1819 from portions of Hardin and Barren counties. [3] The county is named for Captain Nathaniel G. S. Hart, a Kentucky militia officer in the War of 1812 who was wounded at the Battle of Frenchtown and died in the Massacre of the River Raisin. [4] [5]

The Battle of Munfordville, a Confederate victory, was fought in the county in 1862, during the American Civil War.

A courthouse fire in January, 1928 resulted in the loss of some county records. [6]

In 1989 the Amish settlement near Munfordville was founded. It has ties to the Geauga Amish settlement in Ohio, from where many of the Munfordville Amish came. It is the fastest growing Amish settlement in America and had 14 church districts and a total population of about 1,800 people as of 2013. [7] [8]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 418 square miles (1,080 km2), of which 412 square miles (1,070 km2) is land and 5.8 square miles (15 km2) (1.4%) is water. [9]

Fauna

A female wolf shot in 2013 in Hart County by a hunter was the first gray wolf seen in Kentucky in modern times. [10]

Adjacent counties

Natural features

A portion of Mammoth Cave National Park and the cave for which it is named is located in western Hart County.

The Fisher Ridge Cave System is located in Hart County. As of 2018 it has been mapped to a length of 125 miles (201 km) and is the fifth-longest cave in the United States and the tenth-longest cave in the world. [11] [12]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1820 4,184
1830 5,19124.1%
1840 7,03135.4%
1850 9,09329.3%
1860 10,34813.8%
1870 13,68732.3%
1880 17,13325.2%
1890 16,439−4.1%
1900 18,39011.9%
1910 18,173−1.2%
1920 18,5442.0%
1930 16,169−12.8%
1940 17,2396.6%
1950 15,321−11.1%
1960 14,119−7.8%
1970 13,980−1.0%
1980 15,40210.2%
1990 14,890−3.3%
2000 17,44517.2%
2010 18,1994.3%
2018 (est.)18,9063.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [13]
1790-1960 [14] 1900-1990 [15]
1990-2000 [16] 2010-2013 [1] 2018 [17]

As of the census [18] of 2000, there were 17,445 people, 6,769 households, and 4,812 families residing in the county. The population density was 42 per square mile (16/km2). There were 8,045 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.58% White, 6.20% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. 0.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,769 households, out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.70% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,378, and the median income for a family was $31,746. Males had a median income of $26,994 versus $19,418 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,495. About 18.60% of families and 22.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.40% of those under age 18 and 22.00% of those age 65 or over.

Amish settlement

The Amish settlement in Hart County mainly between Munfordville and Horse Cave was founded in 1989. It has ties to the Geauga Amish settlement in Ohio, from where many of the Hart County Amish came. It is the fastest-growing Amish settlement in America and had 14 church districts and a total population of about 1,800 as of 2013. [7] [8]

Communities

Cities

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated places

Politics

Federal

In the U.S House of Representatives, Hart County is represented by Brett Guthrie (R) of the second district. [19]

In presidential elections, Hart County was a swing county up until the 21st century. After that, they have shifted heavily towards the Republican Party. The last Democratic Party presidential candidate to carry the county was Bill Clinton in 1992.

Presidential election results
Presidential election results [20]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 75.8%6,34522.8% 1,9081.4% 117
2016 73.2%5,32023.8% 1,7303.0% 214
2012 64.3%4,25734.5% 2,2831.2% 82
2008 64.5%4,39733.6% 2,2901.9% 131
2004 62.9%4,26936.4% 2,4700.7% 45
2000 61.9%3,72536.6% 2,2011.6% 93
1996 46.9%2,70143.9% 2,5279.2% 530
1992 41.0% 2,40148.7%2,85210.3% 605
1988 53.5%2,92746.1% 2,5190.4% 22
1984 57.1%3,06542.4% 2,2780.5% 29
1980 50.4%3,12948.4% 3,0051.1% 70
1976 38.4% 2,01360.8%3,1890.8% 42
1972 60.3%3,58238.8% 2,3070.8% 50
1968 51.4%2,81730.2% 1,65818.4% 1,009
1964 37.0% 1,96162.6%3,3130.4% 21
1960 53.6%3,61046.4% 3,1290.0% 0
1956 50.4%3,27649.3% 3,2070.4% 23
1952 49.7% 2,93450.0%2,9520.3% 17
1948 46.9% 2,31150.7%2,4952.4% 118
1944 48.9% 3,01450.9%3,1380.2% 10
1940 46.6% 2,86653.3%3,2800.2% 9
1936 48.3% 3,14751.3%3,3410.4% 23
1932 39.2% 2,60160.3%4,0080.5% 33
1928 59.7%3,48040.1% 2,3390.2% 14
1924 48.1% 2,73650.3%2,8621.6% 93
1920 51.7%3,26447.1% 2,9721.2% 77
1916 49.1% 2,03149.5%2,0481.4% 56
1912 16.0% 59245.3%1,67438.7% 1,431

State

In the Kentucky State Senate, all of Hart county is located in the 5th district. It is represented by Stephen Meredith. [21]

In the Kentucky house of representatives all of Hart county is located in the 5th district. It is represented by Bart Rowland. [22]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. p. 133. ISBN   0813126312 . Retrieved 2013-04-28.
  4. The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. pp.  35.
  5. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp.  151.
  6. Hogan, Roseann Reinemuth (1992). Kentucky Ancestry: A Guide to Genealogical and Historical Research. Ancestry Publishing. p. 249. ISBN   9780916489496 . Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  7. 1 2 Joseph F. Donnermeyer and David Luthy: Amish Settlements across America: 2013, page 114.
  8. 1 2 "Munfordville" at amishamerica.com.
  9. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  10. Russ McSpadden (August 19, 2013). "Wild Wolf in Kentucky, First in 150 Years, Killed by Hunter". Earth First! News. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
  11. Gulden, Bob (January 6, 2018). "USA Longest Caves" . Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  12. Gulden, Bob (January 7, 2018). "Worlds Longest Caves" . Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  13. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  14. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  15. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  16. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  17. "QuickFacts. Hart County, Kentucky". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  18. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  19. "Brett Guthrie". Brett Guthrie. Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  20. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.
  21. "Legislator-Profile - Legislative Research Commission". legislature.ky.gov. Retrieved 2019-07-25.
  22. "Bart Rowland". Ballotpedia. Retrieved 2019-07-02.

Coordinates: 37°17′N85°53′W / 37.29°N 85.89°W / 37.29; -85.89